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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Magnetics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Magnetics Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Shape Dependent Coercivity Simulation of a Spherical Barium Ferrite (S-BaFe) Particle with Uniaxial Anisotropy
Abo, Gavin S. ; Hong, Yang-Ki ; Jalli, Jeevan ; Lee, Jae-Jin ; Park, Ji-Hoon ; Bae, Seok ; Kim, Seong-Gon ; Choi, Byoung-Chul ; Tanaka, Terumitsu ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.001
The coercivity of a single 27 nm-spherical barium ferrite (S-BaFe) particle was simulated using three models: 1) Gibbs free energy (GFE), 2) Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG), and 3) Stoner-Wohlfarth (S-W). Spherically and hexagonally shaped particles were used in the GFE and LLG simulations to investigate coercivity with the different shape anisotropies. The effect of shape was not included in the S-W model. It was found that the models using a spherical shape resulted in a coercivity higher than the models using the hexagonal shape with both shapes having the same diameter. The coercivity estimated with the S-W model was approximately the same as that for the spherical-shape models, which indicates that spherical shape has no significant effect on the particle's coercivity at nanoscale.
Mössbauer Study of the Dynamics in BaFe
Choi, J.W. ; Sur, J.C. ; Lim, Jung-Tae ; Kim, Chin-Mo ; Kim, Chul-Sung ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 6~8
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.006
ssbauer spectra of hexagonal
single crystals were studied at various temperatures (4-300 K). It was found that the spin states in Fe atoms were parallel to the
-ray's direction into a single crystal along the caxis. The location of the Fe ion in the 2b site is unusual in an oxide structure and has strong anisotropic lattice vibrations. Moreover, at room temperature, the zero absorption lines of the Fe ions at the 2b site were observed due to fast diffusion motion in a double well atomic potential. The two Fe ions of the single crystal mainly enter into the sites in the mirror plane of the trigonalbipyramidal structure.
Enhanced Field Emission Behavior from Boron-Doped Double-walled Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition
Kang, J.H. ; Jang, H.C. ; Choi, J.M. ; Lyu, S.C. ; Sok, J.H. ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 9~12
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.009
Attempts to dope carbon nanotube (CNT) with impurities in order to control the electronic properties of the CNT is a natural course of action. Boron is known to improve both the structural and electronic properties. In this report, we study the field emission properties of Boron-doped double-walled CNT (DWCNT). Boron-doped DWCNT films were fabricated by catalytic decomposition of tetrahydrofuran and triisopropyl borate over a Fe-Mo/MgO catalyst at
. We measured the field emission current by varying the doping amount of Boron from 0.8 to 1.8 wt%. As the amount of doped boron in the DWCNT increases, the turn-on-field of the DWCNT decreases drastically from 6 V/
to 2 V/
. The current density of undoped CNT is 0.6 mA/
at 9 V, but a doped-DWCNT sample with 1.8 wt% achieved the same current density only at only 3.8 V. This shows that boron doped DWCNTs are potentially useful in low voltage operative field emitting device such as large area flat panel displays.
Electron Spin Transition Line-width of Mn-doped Wurtzite GaN Film for the Quantum Limit
Park, Jung-Il ; Lee, Hyeong-Rag ; Lee, Su-Ho ; Hyun, Dong-Geul ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 13~18
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.013
Starting with Kubo's formula and using the projection operator technique introduced by Kawabata, EPR lineprofile function for a
-doped wurtzite structure GaN semiconductor was derived as a function of temperature at a frequency of 9.49 GHz (X-band) in the presence of external electromagnetic field. The line-width is barely affected in the low-temperature region because there is no correlation between the resonance fields and the distribution function. At higher temperature the line-width increases with increasing temperature due to the interaction of electrons with acoustic phonons. Thus, the present technique is considered to be more convenient to explain the resonant system as in the case of other optical transition systems.
Analysis of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator for Vortex Induced Vibration Hydrokinetic Energy Applications Based on Analytical Magnetic Field Calculations
Choi, Jang-Young ; Shin, Hyun-Jae ; Choi, Jong-Su ; Hong, Sup ; Yeu, Tae-Kyeong ; Kim, Hyung-Woo ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.019
This paper deals with the performance analysis and estimation of the electrical parameters of a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) for hydrokinetic energy conversion applications using vortex induced vibration (VIV). The analytical solutions for the magnetic fields produced by permanent magnets (PMs) and stator winding currents are obtained using a 2D polar coordinate system and a magnetic vector potential. An analytical expression for the 2D permeance is also derived, which takes into account stator skew effects. Based on these magnetic field solutions and the 2D permeance function, electrical circuit parameters such as the backemf constant and the air-gap inductance are obtained analytically. The performances of the PMSG are investigated using the estimated electrical circuit parameters and an equivalent circuit (EC). All analytical results are validated extensively using 2D finite element (FE) analyses. Experimental measurements for parameters such as the back-emf and inductance are also presented to confirm the analyses.
Parallel Load Techinques Application for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Choi, Sun-Seob ; Kim, Whi-Young ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~32
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.027
Transcranial magnetic stimulation requires an electric field composed of dozens of V/m to achieve stimulation. The stimulation system is composed of a stimulation coil to form the electric field by charging and discharging a capacitor in order to save energy, thus requiring high-pressure kV. In particular, it is charged and discharged in capacitor to discharge through stimulation coil within a short period of time (hundreds of seconds) to generate current of numerous kA. A pulse-type magnetic field is formed, and eddy currents within the human body are triggered to achieve stimulation. Numerous pulse forms must be generated to initiate eddy currents for stimulating nerves. This study achieved high internal pressure, a high number of repetitions, and rapid switching of elements, and it implemented numerous control techniques via introduction of the half-bridge parallel load method. In addition it applied a quick, accurate, high-efficiency charge/discharge method for transcranial magnetic stimulation to substitute an inexpensive, readily available, commercial frequency condenser for a previously used, expensive, high-frequency condenser. Furthermore, the pulse repetition rate was altered to control energy density, and grafts compact, one-chip processor with simulation to stably control circuit motion and conduct research on motion and output characteristics.
A Magnetic Brake for Small Wind Turbines
Jee, I.H. ; Nahm, S.Y. ; Kang, S.J. ; Ryu, Kwon-Sang ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 33~35
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.033
A magnetic brake system was fabricated for use with small wind turbines. The torque of the pivot did not change as the speed of revolution increased when the magnetic array disc was far from the salient of the aluminum housing, the torque abruptly increased as the magnetic array approached the salient of the aluminum housing. The torque increased as a quadratic function of the speed of revolution when the distance between the magnetic array and the datum point was 60 mm.
Pulse Application for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Ha, Dong-Ho ; Kim, Jun-Il ; Lee, Sun-Min ; Bo, Gak-Hwang ; Kim, Whi-Young ; Choi, Sun-Seob ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 36~41
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.036
The transcranial magnetic stimulation recharges the energy storing condenser, and sends the stored energy in the condenser to the pulse shaping circuit, which then delivers it to the stimulating coil. The previous types of transcranial magnetic stimulation required a booster transformer, secondary rectifier for high voltages and a condenser for smooth type. The energy storing condenser is recharged by switching the high-voltage direct current power. Loss occurs due to the resistance in the recharging circuit, and the single-pulse output energy in the transcranial magnetic stimulation can be changed because the recharging voltage cannot be adjusted. In this study a booster transformer, which decreases the volume and weight, was not used. Instead, a current resonance inverter was applied to cut down the switching loss. A transcranial magnetic stimulation, which can simultaneously alter the recharging voltage and pulse repeats, was used to examine the output characteristics.
Design of Alternating Magnetic Field Stimulator Using Duty Factor
Jang, Tae-Sun ; Lee, Jin-Yong ; Lee, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Sun-Wook ; Hwang, Do-Guwn ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 42~45
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.042
We have developed an alternating magnetic field stimulation system consisting of a switched-mode power supply and a digital control circuit which modulates a duty ratio to maintain a magnetic field intensity of a few mT even while the frequency increases up to 4 kHz with a controllable coil temperature below
in air. This duty ratio modulation and water circulation are advantageous for cell culture under ac-magnetic field stimulation by preventing the incubator from exceeding a cell-viable temperature of
. Although the temperature of the coil when subjected to a sinusoidal voltage rapidly increased, that of our system modulated by the duty factor did not change. This is a potentially valuable method to investigate the effects of intermediate frequency magnetic field stimulation on biological entities such as cells, tissues and organs.
Reliability-Based Design Optimization of a Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage System (SMES) Utilizing Reliability Index Approach
Jeung, Gi-Woo ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Sung, Young-Hwa ; Kim, Heung-Geun ; Kim, Dong-Hun ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 46~50
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.046
A reliability-based optimization method for electromagnetic design is presented to take uncertainties of design parameters into account. The method can provide an optimal design satisfying a specified confidence level in the presence of uncertain parameters. To achieve the goal, the reliability index approach based on the firstorder reliability method is adopted to deal with probabilistic constraint functions and a double-loop optimization algorithm is implemented to obtain an optimum. The proposed method is applied to the TEAM Workshop Problem 22 and its accuracy and efficiency is verified with reference of Monte Carlo simulation results.
Stator Core with Slits in Transverse Flux Rotary Machine to Reduce Eddy Current Loss
Lee, Ji-Young ; Koo, Dae-Hyun ; Kang, Do-Hyun ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 51~55
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.051
This paper presents an eddy current loss analysis for a transverse flux rotary machine (TFRM) with laminated stator cores, which consist of inner and outer cores whose laminated directions are perpendicular to each other. Although the TFRM is laminated to reduce eddy current losses, it still exhibits rapidly increasing core losses as the frequency increases. To solve this problem, slits are introduced to the stator outer core. 3-dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA) based on the T-
formulation is used to solve the eddy-current problem for a various numbers of slits in the nonlinear lamination core. The effects of the slits are confirmed using experiment data and 3D FEA results.
Shorted Turn in the Flat Coil Actuator for Fast Initial Response
Hwang, Ki-Il ; Seo, Tae-Won ; Song, Bong-Sob ; Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 56~60
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.056
This paper presents an analysis and experiment of the flat coil actuator with shorted turn. The flat coil actuator is widely used in high precision products because it has no friction between the moving coil and the guide. A shorted turn and a center pole are placed into the flat coil actuator in order to reduce the inductance of the coil and improve the initial response when the actuator is voltage-driven. Enhanced dynamic performance of the flat coil actuator with shorted turn was demonstrated by simulation and experiment.
Design and Experiment of an Electromagnetic Vibration Exciter for the Rapping of an Electrostatic Precipitator
Kim, Je-Hoon ; Kim, Jin-Ho ; Jeong, Sang-Hyun ; Han, Bang-Woo ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 61~67
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.061
The miniaturization of an electrostatic precipitator has become a key element in successfully constructing an efficient electrostatic precipitator because of the limited space allowed for installation in a subway tunnel. Therefore, the miniaturization of the rapping system of the electrostatic precipitator has also become important. This research proposes a resonant-type electromagnetic vibration exciter as a vibrating rapper for an electrostatic precipitator. The compact vibrating rapper removes collected dust from the collecting plates without direct impact on those collecting plates. To characterize the dynamic performance of the electromagnetic vibration exciter, finite element analysis was performed using a commercial electromagnetic analysis program, MAXEWLL. Moreover, we analyzed the resonant frequency of an electrostatic precipitator, to which the electromagnetic vibration exciter was applied, by ANSYS. Also, to measure the acceleration generated by the electromagnetic vibration exciter, we manufactured a prototype of the ESP and electromagnetic vibration exciter and measured its acceleration at the resonant frequency.
The Effect of a Pulsed Electromagnetic Field with Time on Pain in Muscle Crushed Rat Model
Kim, Min-Hee ; Cheon, Song-Hee ;
Journal of Magnetics, volume 17, issue 1, 2012, Pages 68~71
DOI : 10.4283/JMAG.2012.17.1.068
Acute injuries to skeletal muscles can lead to significant pain and disability. Muscle pain results in muscle weakness and range of motion (ROM) decreases. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) promote tissue repair, healing rates and reduce musculoskeletal pain. The results of many previous studies suggest that PEMF can contribute to chronic pain reduction, particularly in musculoskeletal injurys. However, we do not have enough information of its effects compared to a placebo. The principal objective of this study was to investigate differences in acute pain induced by the direct destruction of muscle tissue (extensor digitorum) with varying times of the application of PEMF, measured through the expression of c-fos on the spinal cord. Significant reduction of pain was found in groups exposed to PEMF and the group exposed to PEMF immediately after muscle injury showed the most significant differences. In conclusion, PEMF may be a useful strategy in reducing acute pain in muscle injury.