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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Management Science and Financial Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Operations and Management Science Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Nov 1997
Volume 3, Issue 1 - May 1997
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METAPHORIC NAVIGATION AIDS FOR CYBER SHOPPING MALLS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY TOWARD THE CONSTRUCTION OF CUSTOMER INTERFACE
Kim, Jin-Woo ;
Management Science and Financial Engineering, volume 3, issue 2, 1997, Pages 1~27
Designing effective navigation aids for customer interfaces is critical for the success of cyber shopping malls. Navigation aids can be classified into either basic ones which are based on the structure of the malls or add-ons which are not. Add-on navigation aids provide various short-cuts to promote efficient traversal in the cyber shopping malls, but too many of them would increase the complexity of the customer interface. Metaphors have been used widely for the design of add-on navigation aids, but little research evaluates their impact on the processes and outcomes of customers behavior in cyber shopping malls. This paper presents an empirical study that investigates the navigation process of customers and the subjective evaluation of their shopping experience. This research implemented two versions of a test-bed cyber shopping mall according to different metaphors used; one based on a spatial metaphor, and the other based on a non spatial metaphor. The results of the experiment indicate that navigation aids based on the spatial metaphor were used more frequently, which resulted in better understanding about the entire structure of the cyber shopping malls, which in turn led to an increased ease of finding target items and also a more pleasant shopping experience. The benefits of navigation aids based on the spatial metaphor became more evident when customers were looking for ad-hoc category items rather than common items. This paper presents plausible explanations for the results and implications to the design of navigation aids for cyber shopping malls.
DYNAMIC SELECTION OF DISPATCHING RULES BY ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS
Lee, Jae-Sik ;
Management Science and Financial Engineering, volume 3, issue 2, 1997, Pages 29~43
Many heuristics have been developed in order to overcome the computational complexity of job shop problems. In this research, we develop a new heuristic by selecting four simple dispatching rules, i.e., SPT, LPT, SR and LR, dynamically as scheduling proceeds. The selection is accomplished by using artificial neural networks. As a result of testing on 50 problems, the makespan obtained by our heuristic is, on the average, 13.0% shorter than the longest makespan, and 0.4% shorter than the shortest makespan obtained by existing dispatching rules.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INFLUENCE FACTORS AND THE AUDITOR′S USE OF EDP AUDIT TECHNIQUES IN KOREAN ACCOUNTING FIRMS
Choe, Jong-Min ;
Management Science and Financial Engineering, volume 3, issue 2, 1997, Pages 45~70
The objectives of this study are to suggest and empirically prove the relationship model for investigating influence factors on the use of EDP audit techniques, and to identify moderating effects of the task types of EDP audit on the relationships between the influence factors and the use of EDP audit techniques. The results of the empirical test suggested that there are significant (positive or negative) correlations between the use of some EDP audit techniques and the influence factors, such as audit education, auditor's familiarity and age, and effectiveness of the technique, etc. The significant differences in the use of EDP audit techniques were empirically proved in the ratio of audit fees and the audit structure. It was also proved that the relationships between the use of techniques and the influence factors are different according to the task types of EDP audit. This study proposed the technique and the auditor related implications of these findings for the successful fulfilment of EDP audit.
SPECIFICATION AND CONTROLLER SYNTHESIS FOR THE HIERARCHICAL CONTROL OF FMS
Chang, Jin-Tae ; Kim, Hun-Tai ; Kang, Suk-Ho ;
Management Science and Financial Engineering, volume 3, issue 2, 1997, Pages 71~92
Developing FMS controllers has been a difficult problem largely because of the variety of the system configuration. The purpose of this paper is to develop a method of building an FMS controller. The controller consists of control module and execution module. A hierarchically layered structure of these modules is proposed. The control module generates abstract-level execution requested by identifying a set of activities that can be executed without creating any irregular state. The execution module transmits the requests to physical device controllers and reports back the completion of the requests to the control module. Both of these two modules use Petri Net-based models. In this paper, a controllable Petri Net model is automatically synthesized from declarative specifications provided by a user. An execution Petri Net model for the execution module is designed to ensure the consistency between the control module and the real target system. The controller operates in MMS on TCP/IP and UNIX environment.