Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Kyung Hee Oriental Medicine Research Center, Kyung Hee University
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Aug 2000
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Antiallergy drugs from Oriental medicines
Kim, Hyung-Min ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~7
Although Oriental medicines have long been used effectively in treating many diseases throughout the world, the pharmacological mechanisms of most Oriental medicines used have not been defined. As part of our continuing search for biologically active antiallergic drugs from natural sources, Oriental medicines were analyzed. Some Oriental medicines have been used against various allergic diseases for generations, and still occupies an important place in traditional medicine in Korea. It is also still unclear how Oriental medicine prevents allergic disease in experimental animal models. Some Korean folk medicines inhibited the mast cell-mediated allergic reaction. This review summarizes the effective folk medicine in experimental effect of allergic reaction. Potential antiallergic folk medicines include: Poncirus trifoliata; Siegesbeckia glabrescence; Solanum lyratum; Aquilaria agallocha; Ulmi radicis; Polygonum tinctorium; Hwanglyun-Haedok-Tang; Rehmannia glutinosa; Kum- Hwag-San; Syzygium aromaticm; Spirulina platensis; Sosiho-Tang; Sinomenium acutum; Schizonepta tenuifolia; Shini-San; Magnoliae flos; Sochungryoung-Tang; Oryza sativa; Cryptotympana atrata; Salviae radix; Rosa davurica; Asiasari radix; Chung-Dae-San; and Cichorium intybus. Understanding the mechanisms of action for these Oriental medicines can permit drug development and laying of the ground-work for evaluating potential synergistic effects by addition and subtraction of prescriptions.
Clinical and molecular biological aspect of the hyaluronidases: basis and clinical overview for oriental medical application
Kim, Cheorl-Ho ; Lee, Dong-Gyu ; Jang, Jun-Hyouk ; Kim, Jong-De ; Nam, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Jeong-Joong ; Park, Jong-Kun ; Choo, Young-Kug ; Kim, Hyung-Min ; Lee, Young-Choon ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 8~27
Components of extracellular matrix and the matrix-degrading enzymes are some of the key regulators of tumor metastasis and angiogenesis. Hyaluronic acid (HA), a matrix glycosaminoglycan, is known to promote tumor adhesion and migration, and its small fragments are angiogenic. Until now, we have compared levels of hyaluronidase, an enzyme that degrade HA, in normal adult prostate, benign prostate hyperplasia and prostate cancer tissues and in conditioned media from epithelial explant cultures, using a substrate (HA)-gel assay and ELISA-like assay (Kim et al., unpublished results). The present review described an overall characterization of hyaluronidases and its application to human diseases. The hyaluronidases are a family of enzymes that have, until recently, deed thorough explication. The substrate for these enzymes, hyaluronan, is becoming increasingly important, recognized now as a major participant in basic processes such as cell motility, wound healing, embryogenesis, and implicated in cancer progression. And in those lower life forms that torment human beings, hyaluronidase is associated with mechanisms of entry and spread, e.g. as a virulence factor for bacteria, for tissue dissection in gas gangrene, as a means of treponema spread in syphilis, and for penetration of skin and gut by nematode parasites. Hyaluronidase also comprises a component of the venom of a wide variety of organisms, including bees, wasps, hornets, spiders, scorpions, sh, snakes and lizards. Of particular interest is the homology between some of these venom hyaluronidases and the enzyme found in the plasma membrane of mammalian spermatozoa, attesting to the ancient nature of the conserved sequence, a 36% identity in a 300 amino acid stretch of the enzyme protein. Clearly, hyaluronidase is of biological interest, being involved in the pathophysiology of so many important' human disorders. Greater effort should be made in studying this family of enzymes that have, until recently, been overlooked. Also, oriental medical application of the hyaluronidase will be discussed with respect to inhibition and suppression of inflammation and malignacy.
Effects of citrus aglycone flavonoids, hesperetin and naringenin, on triacylglycerol metabolism in hamsters fed with a cholesterol diet
Cha, Jae-Young ; Lee, Jin-Woo ; Lee, Young-Choon ; Cho, Young-Su ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 28~36
Effects of hesperetin and naringenin on the concentration of triacylglycerol in the serum and liver were studied in male golden hamster fed with the semipurified diet containing at 1% level of them for 3 weeks. The concentration of triacylglycerol in serum of the naringenin group decreased by 31%, whereas that in liver increased by 37% compared to the control group. The concentration of triacylglycerol in the serum and liver of the hesperetin group was slightly lower than the control group. The activity of microsomal phosphatidate phosphohydrolase in the liver, which is a key enzyme for biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, was significantly inhibited in the hesperetin group, whereas it was not affected in the naringenin group. The effect of hesperetin on phosphatidate phosphohydrolase was also measured in vitro. Hesperetin decreased the activity of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase with a dose-dependent manner. Both naringenin and hesperetin did not statistically affect the daily food consumption, body weight, liver weight, and total cholesterol in the serum. The observation accounts for the hypotriglyceridemic effect of hesperetin in the hyperlipidemic hamster.
Effects of polysaccharide fractions from phellodendron chinese SCHNEID on tumor progression and immunopontentiation
Jun, Kya-I ; Lee, Tae-Kyun ; Kim, Cheorl-Ho ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 37~44
In the previous paper (Kim et al., Glycoconjugate Journal 16, 247-252, 1999), heteropolysaccharides from Korean medicinal plant, Phellodendri cortex (Hwangbek) showed a poten B-Iymphocyte-stimulating activity in a system using polyclonal antibody forming cells in C57BL/6XC3H mice at dosages of 2-10 mg. In a series of biolgical active polysaccharides from natural medicinal plants, the polysaccharide fractions were isolated and purified from Phellodendron chinese SCHNEID, and antitumor activities were examined at dosages of 2, 5 and 10 mg/100 g. F-7 and F-8 showed the highest tumor inhibitory activities (inhibition ratio 96.4 and 98.2% in 2 mg/100 g), and in dose of 5 mg/100 g, the inhibitory ratios were 95.3 and 97.5%, respectively. Furthermore, 10 mg/100 g of intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection gave 97.3 and 98.7% of inhibition. In oral administration, the inhibitory activities were not markedly observed, indicating that the polysaccharides are directly acting to immune system. When the effects on TS and TK activities were determined, TS activities in the F-2 and F-7-treated mice were markedly suppressed to 73.7% and 79.5% of that in the control (p<0.01), while there was little difference in TK activity with a slight decrease in F-2 only. However, in i.p. injection, TS activities in the F-2, F-5, F-7 and F-8-treated mice were markedly suppressed to 83% to 85% of that in the control (p<0.01). Furthermore, there was also significant differences in TK activities in F-2, F-5, F-7 and F-8-treated mice (p<0.05). Therefore, polysaccharide fraction F-8 was further purified to active fractions of F-9 and F-11 by gel permeation chromatography using TSK Gel HW50S. The purified polysaccharides of F-9 and F-11 were composed of GlcNAc (47.3%), Gal (24.7%) and Man (28.0%). These results clearly indicated that the i.p. injection is much effective to suppress tumor growth than oral administration.
The antiproliferative activity of cannabidiol ethyl ethers against human ora epitheloid carcinoma cells
Baek, Seung-Hwa ; Kang, Kil-Ung ; Chung, Soon-Ryang ; Kim, Hyung-Min ; Chung, Woo-Young ; Han, Du-Seok ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~54
Cannabidiol derivatives (1, 2 and 3), and 5-fluorouracil (4, 5-FU) were tested for their growth inhibitory effects against human oral epitheloid carcinoma cell lines (KB) using two different 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and sulforhodamine B protein (SRB) assay. These compounds showed a potent inhibitory activity in vitro in the micromolar range against KB cell lines. In general, the antitumor activity of these compounds (1, 2, 3 and 4) was in a dose-dependent over the micromolar concentration ranges from
. The comparison of
values of these compounds in tumor cell lines shows that their susceptibility to these compounds decreases in the following order: CBD > 5-FU > CBDME > CBDDE by the MTT assay and SRB assay. Cannabidiol derivatives (1, 2 and 3), and 5-FU were tested for their cytotoxic effects on NIH 3T3 fibroblasts using two different MTT assay and SRB assay. These compounds exhibited potent cytotoxic activities in vitro in the micromolar range against NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. In general, the cytotoxic activities of these compounds (1, 2, 3 and 4) were in a dose-dependent over the micromolar concentration range
. The comparison of
values of these compounds on NIH 3T3 fibroblasts shows that their susceptibility to these compounds decreases in the following order; CBD > 5-FU > CBDDE > CBDME by MTT assay, CBD > 5-FU > CBDME > CBDDE by SRB assay. These results suggest that cannabidiol (1, CBD) retains the most growth-inhibitory activity against KB cell lines.
Protection of spontaneous and glutamate-induced neuronal damages by Soeumin Sibjeundaibo-tang and Soyangin Sibimijihwang-tang in cultured mice cerebrocortical cells
Lee, Mi-Young ; Ma, Jin-Yeul ; Choo, Young-Kug ; Jung, Kyu-Yong ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 55~63
Soeumin Sibjeundaibo-tang (SJDBT) and Soyangin Sibimijihwang-tang (SMJHT) have been used traditionally to improve the systemic blood circulation and biological energy production in the patients with circulatory and neuronal diseases. The object of this study is to determine the protective effects of SJDBT and SMJHT extracts on the spontaneous and glutamate-induced neuronal damages in cultured cells derived from mice cerebral cortex. At 14 days after beginning the cultures, the activity of lactate dehydrogenase released into the culture media was significantly decreased by treatment of cerebroneuronal cells with SJDBT and SMJHT (0.1 mg/ml) for 7 days. By comparison with the normal cells, cerebroneuronal morphology was dramatically changed by treatment of glutamate (1 mM) for 12 hrs, and this was conspicuously recovered by pretreatment of cerebroneural cells with SJDBT and SMJHT (0.1-1.0 mg/ml) for 2 days. Moreover, glutamated-induced DNA fragmentation was also protected by pretreatment of cerebroneuronal cells with those extracts. These results suggest that naturally occurring and glutamate-induced degeneration of cultured cerebrocortical cells may be related, in part, to the process of apoptotic cell death. The pharmacological properties of SJDBT and SMJHT extracts to improve cerebroneuronal degeneration may be considered as one of useful medicines that can prevent cerebrocortical impairments resulted from age-dependent and excitotoxicity-induced neuronal degeneration in human brain.
Effect of Rhizoma gastrodiae on glucose oxydase induced neurotoxicity in cultured mouse spinal dorsal root ganglion neurons
Park, Seung-Taeck ; Park, Yang-Kyu ; Park, Jae-Hwang ; Cho, Kwang-Ho ; Ryu, Do-Gon ; Jeon, Byung-Hoon ; Shin, Min-Kyo ; Han, Du-Seok ; Cho, Nam-Su ; Shin, Dong-Min ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 64~70
Effects of Rhizoma gastrodiae on glucose oxidase-induced neurotoxicity was investigated in cultured newborn mouse spinal dorsal root ganglion(DRG) neurons that were treated in the media with or without glucose oxidase. In addition, the protective effect of Rhizoma gastrodiae extract against glucose oxidase-induced neurotoxicity was examined. Cytotoxic values were expressed as a percentage of number of living cells by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In this paper, exposure of neurons to glucose oxidase resulted in a significant call death in a dose- and time-dependent manners in DRG neuron cultures. The decrease in cell viability induced by the glucose oxidase was blocked by Rhizoma gastrodiae extract. These results indicate that the neuroprotective effect of Rhizoma gastrodiae extract against glucose oxidase-induced neurotoxicity may result from a prevention or attenuation of oxidative damage induced by glucose oxidase.
High molecular weight water-soluble chitosan acts as an accelerator of macrophages activation by recombinant interferon
via a process involving
-arginine -dependent nitric oxide production
Kim, Hyung-Min ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 71~81
High molecular weight water-insoluble chitosan alone has been previously shown to exhibit in vitro stimulatory effect on macrophages nitric oxide (NO) production. However, high molecular weight water-soluble chitosan (WSC) had no effect on NO production by itself. When WSC was used in combination with recombinant
, there was a marked cooperative induction of NO synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. The optimal effect of WSC on NO synthesis was shown at 24 h after treatment with
. The increased production of NO from
plus WSC-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages was decreased by the treatment with
. The increase in NO synthesis was reflected, as an increased amounts of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein. Synergy between
and WSC was mainly dependent on WSC-induced nuclear
activation. The present results indicate that WSC may provide various activities such as anti-microbial, anti-tumoral, and anti-viral. In addition, since NO has emerged as an important intracellular and intercellular regulatory molecule having functions as diverse as vasodilation, neural communication, cell growth regulation and host defense, it is tempting to hypothesize that this WSC is involved in the local control of the various fundamental processes such as cardiagra, cardiac infarction, impotence etc.
Cichorium Intybus inhibits mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions
Jippo, Tomoko ; Nomura, Shintaro ; Kitamura, Yukihiko ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 82~88
We investigated the effect of aqueous extract of Cichorium intybus (CIAE) on mast cell-mediated immediate type allergic reactions. CIAE dose-dependently inhibited systemic anaphylactic reaction induced by compound 48/80 in mice. Especially, CIAE inhibited compound 48/80-induced anaphylactic reaction 100% with the dose of 1000 mg/kg. CIAE 1000 mg/kg also significantly inhibited local anaphylactic reaction activated by anti-dinitrophenyl (DNP) IgE. When mice were pretreated with CIAE at a concentration ranging from 0.1 to 1000 mg/kg, the plasma histamine levels were reduced in a dose-dependent manner. CIAE (1 to 1000 g/ml) dose-dependently inhibited histamine release from the rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMC) activated by compound 48/80 or anti-DNP IgE. These results indicate that CIAE inhibits mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions.
Asparagus cochinchinensis inhibits the ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells
Kim, Jeong-Joong ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 89~96
A human hepatoma cell line, Hep G2 cells are a reliable for the study of alcohol-induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, the author investigated the effect of an aqueous extract of Asparagus
(Liliaceae) roots (ACAE) on ethanol (EtOH)-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. ACAE dose-dependently inhibited the EtOH-induced tumor necrosis
secretion. ACAE also inhibited the EtOH and
cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the author found that ACAE inhibited the
apoptosis of Hep G2 cells. These results suggest that ACAE may prevent the EtOH-induced cytotoxicity through inhibition of the apoptosis of Hep G2 cells.
Antiosteoporotic activity of ‘Dae-Bo-Won-Chun’ in the ovariectomized rats
Chae, Han-Jung ; Kang, Jang-Sook ; Kim, Jong-Hwan ; Kim, Chul-Won ; Yoo, Sim-Keun ; Choi, Bom ; Kim, Hyung-Min ; Shin, Tae-Yong ; Kim, Hyung-Ryong ;
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, volume 1, issue 1, 2000, Pages 97~106
The preventive effect of herbal formulation, ‘Dae-Bo-Won-Chun’(DBWC), on the progress of bone loss induced by ovariectomy (OVX) was studied in rats. From light microseopic analyses, a porous or erosive appearances were observed on the surface of trabecular bone of tibia in ovariectomized rats. Whereas those of the same bone in sham rats were composed of fine particles. The trabecular bone area and trabecular thickness in ovariectomized rats decreased by 50% from those in sham-operated rats, these decreases were completely inhibited by administration of DBWC at concentration of 10mg/kg per day for 7 weeks. The mechanical strength in femur neck was decreased by ovariectomy, and this was significantly suppressed by the administration of DBWC. Serum phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, and thyroxine levels in ovariectomized rats were increased compared to those in sham-operated rats, and increases were completely inhibited by the administration of DBWC. These results strongly suggest that DBWC is effective in preventing the development of bone loss induced by ovariectomy in rats.