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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Optical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
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A Vapor Sensor Based on a Porous Silicon Microcavity for the Determination of Solvent Solutions
Bui, Huy ; Nguyen, Thuy Van ; Nguyen, The Anh ; Pham, Thanh Binh ; Dang, Quoc Trung ; Do, Thuy Chi ; Ngo, Quang Minh ; Coisson, Roberto ; Pham, Van Hoi ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 301~306
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.301
A porous silicon microcavity (PSMC) sensor has been made for vapors of solvent solutions, and a method has been developed in order to obtain simultaneous determination of two volatile substances with different concentrations. In our work, the temperature of the solution and the velocity of the air stream flowing through the solution have been used to control the response of the sensor for ethanol and acetone solutions. We study the dependence of the cavity-resonant wavelength shift on solvent concentration, velocity of the airflow and solution temperature. The wavelength shift depends linearly on concentration and increases with solution temperature and velocity of the airflow. The dependence of the wavelength shift on the solution temperature in the measurement contains properties of the temperature dependence of the solvent vapor pressure, which characterizes each solvent. As a result, the dependence of the wavelength shift on the solution temperature discriminates between solutions of ethanol and acetone with different concentrations. This suggests a possibility for the simultaneous determination of the volatile substances and their concentrations.
Synthesis and Exploitation in Solar Cells of Hydrothermally Grown ZnO Nanorods Covered by ZnS Quantum Dots
Mehrabian, Masood ; Afarideh, Hossein ; Mirabbaszadeh, Kavoos ; Lianshan, Li ; Zhiyong, Tang ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 307~316
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.307
Improved power conversion efficiency of hybrid solar cells with ITO/ZnO seed layer/ZnO NRs/ZnS QDs/P3HT/PCBM/Ag structure was obtained by optimizing the growth period of ZnO nanorods (NRs). ZnO NRs were grown using a hydrothermal method on ZnO seed layers, while ZnS quantum dots (QDs) (average thickness about 24 nm) were fabricated on the ZnO NRs by the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique. Morphology, crystalline structure and optical absorption of layers were analyzed by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-Visible absorption spectra, respectively. The XRD results implied that ZnS QDs were in the cubic phase (sphalerite). Other experimental results showed that the maximum power conversion efficiency of 4.09% was obtained for a device based on ZnO NR10 under an illumination of one Sun (AM 1.5G,
Adaptable Center Detection of a Laser Line with a Normalization Approach using Hessian-matrix Eigenvalues
Xu, Guan ; Sun, Lina ; Li, Xiaotao ; Su, Jian ; Hao, Zhaobing ; Lu, Xue ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 317~329
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.317
In vision measurement systems based on structured light, the key point of detection precision is to determine accurately the central position of the projected laser line in the image. The purpose of this research is to extract laser line centers based on a decision function generated to distinguish the real centers from candidate points with a high recognition rate. First, preprocessing of an image adopting a difference image method is conducted to realize image segmentation of the laser line. Second, the feature points in an integral pixel level are selected as the initiating light line centers by the eigenvalues of the Hessian matrix. Third, according to the light intensity distribution of a laser line obeying a Gaussian distribution in transverse section and a constant distribution in longitudinal section, a normalized model of Hessian matrix eigenvalues for the candidate centers of the laser line is presented to balance reasonably the two eigenvalues that indicate the variation tendencies of the second-order partial derivatives of the Gaussian function and constant function, respectively. The proposed model integrates a Gaussian recognition function and a sinusoidal recognition function. The Gaussian recognition function estimates the characteristic that one eigenvalue approaches zero, and enhances the sensitivity of the decision function to that characteristic, which corresponds to the longitudinal direction of the laser line. The sinusoidal recognition function evaluates the feature that the other eigenvalue is negative with a large absolute value, making the decision function more sensitive to that feature, which is related to the transverse direction of the laser line. In the proposed model the decision function is weighted for higher values to the real centers synthetically, considering the properties in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the laser line. Moreover, this method provides a decision value from 0 to 1 for arbitrary candidate centers, which yields a normalized measure for different laser lines in different images. The normalized results of pixels close to 1 are determined to be the real centers by progressive scanning of the image columns. Finally, the zero point of a second-order Taylor expansion in the eigenvector's direction is employed to refine further the extraction results of the central points at the subpixel level. The experimental results show that the method based on this normalization model accurately extracts the coordinates of laser line centers and obtains a higher recognition rate in two group experiments.
Dynamic Range Improvement of IM-DD Optical Link using Dual-Wavelength Dual-Parallel Modulation
Li, Xianghua ; Yang, Chun ; Zhou, Zhenghua ; Chong, Yuhua ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 330~334
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.330
In this paper, we present an incoherent dual-parallel modulation linearized optical link employing two different optical wavelengths. Comparing with previous dual-parallel modulation, this linearization method prevents the recreation of distortion products and can be readily implemented. Furthermore, a dual-wavelength dual-parallel modulation linearized optical link constructed with the commercially available devices is experimentally demonstrated with a spurious-free dynamic range of
. More than 25 dB suppression of the intermodulation distortion, 15.6 dB improvement of spurious-free dynamic range and 1.5 dB improvement of compression dynamic range are achieved after linearization.
Error-immune Algorithm for Absolute Testing of Rotationally Asymmetric Surface Deviation
Zhang, Yanwei ; Su, Dongqi ; Li, Le ; Sui, Yongxin ; Yang, Huaijiang ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 335~340
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.335
Based on Zernike polynomial fitting, we propose an algorithm believed to be new for interferometric measurements of rotationally asymmetric surface deviation of optics. This method tests and calculates each angular surface by choosing specified rotation angles with lowest error. The entire figure can be obtained by superimposing these sub-surfaces. Simulation and experiment studies for verifying the proposed algorithm are presented. The results show that the accuracy of the proposed method is higher than single-rotation algorithm and almost comparable to the rotation-averaging algorithm with fewer rotation measurements. The new algorithm can achieve a balance between the efficiency and accuracy.
Modified Sub-aperture Stitching Algorithm using Image Sharpening and Particle Swarm Optimization
Chen, Yiwei ; Miao, Erlong ; Sui, Yongxin ; Yang, Huaijiang ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 341~344
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.341
This study proposes a modified sub-aperture stitching algorithm, which uses an image sharpening algorithm and particle swarm optimization to improve the stitching accuracy. In sub-aperture stitching interferometers with high positional accuracy, the high-frequency components of measurements are more important than the low-frequency components when compensating for position errors using a sub-aperture stitching algorithm. Thus we use image sharpening algorithms to strengthen the high-frequency components of measurements. When using image sharpening algorithms, sub-aperture stitching algorithms based on the least-squares method easily become trapped at locally optimal solutions. However, particle swarm optimization is less likely to become trapped at a locally optimal solution, thus we utilized this method to develop a more robust algorithm. The results of simulations showed that our algorithm compensated for position errors more effectively than the existing algorithm. An experimental comparison with full aperture-testing results demonstrated the validity of the new algorithm.
Color-Matching Liquid Crystal Display using a Lenticular Lens Array and RGB Light Sources
Jeon, Hwa Joon ; Park, Gyeungju ; Gwag, Jin Seog ; Lee, Jong Hoon ; Kwon, Jin Hyuk ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 345~349
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.345
A direct-lit color-matching liquid crystal display using a lenticular lens array with grouped lens elements that image linear RGB light sources on the RGB subpixels of a color filter to enhance transmittance is designed, simulated, and fabricated. The RGB LED linear light sources were fabricated using small RGB LEDs in a linear array arrangement, and the lenticular lens array consisted of eight units of the same structure with a gap of 2.19 mm. The optical transmittance of the liquid crystal panel was improved by as much as 240% due to the color matching.
Three-Dimensional Analysis of the Collapse of a Fatty Acid at Various Compression Rates using In Situ Imaging Ellipsometry
Hwang, Soon Yong ; Kim, Tae Jung ; Byun, Jun Seok ; Park, Han Gyeol ; Choi, Junho ; Kang, Yu Ri ; Park, Jae Chan ; Kim, Young Dong ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 350~358
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.350
The collapse of Langmuir monolayers of arachidic acid (AA) on water at various rates of molecular area compression has been investigated in situ by imaging ellipsometry (IE). The thickness of the collapsed AA molecules, which are inherently inhomogeneous, was determined by IE with a spatial resolution of a few microns. For the analysis, we determined the dielectric function of AA monolayers from 380 to 1690 nm by conventional spectroscopic ellipsometry. Compression rates ranged from 0.23 to
. A change of multilayer domains was observed in the in situ IE images. Lower compression rates resulted in more uniform collapsed films. Our experimental results correspond with previous theoretical simulations.
Parametrization of the Optical Constants of AlAs
Alloys in the Range 0.74-6.0 eV
Kim, Tae Jung ; Byun, Jun Seok ; Barange, Nilesh ; Park, Han Gyeol ; Kang, Yu Ri ; Park, Jae Chan ; Kim, Young Dong ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 359~364
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.359
We report parameters that allow the dielectric functions
alloys to be calculated analytically over the entire composition range
in the spectral energy range from 0.74 to 6.0 eV by using the dielectric function parametric model (DFPM). The
spectra were obtained previously by spectroscopic ellipsometry for x = 0, 0.119, 0.288, 0.681, 0.829, and 1. The
data are successfully reconstructed and parameterized by six polynomials in excellent agreement with the data. We can determine
as a continuous function of As composition and energy over the ranges given above, and
can be converted to complex refractive indices using a simple relationship. We expect these results to be useful for the design of optoelectronic devices and also for in situ monitoring of AlAsSb film growth.
Analytical Solutions of Birefringence and Dichroism Spectroscopy for the J
= 0 → J
= 1 Transition
Noh, Heung-Ryoul ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 365~369
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.365
We present accurate analytical solutions of the lineshapes of birefringence (rotation) and dichroism (absorption) spectroscopy for a circular anisotropic medium composed of atoms of the transition
. The susceptibility of a weak probe beam was analytically calculated and was averaged over a Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution. The lineshapes of the two spectroscopies were then presented in analytical forms at arbitrary values of the linewidths of the inhomogeneous (Doppler) broadening and the homogeneous (natural) broadening of the atoms.
Improvement of Light Extraction Efficiency of LED Packages Using an Enhanced Encapsulant Design
Choi, Hyun-Su ; Park, Joon-Sik ; Moon, Cheol-Hee ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 370~376
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.370
We optimized the design of the flat encapsulant of a light-emitting diode (LED) package to obtain higher light output power (LOP), both by experiment and simulation using three-dimensional ray-tracing software. In the experiment, the refractive index of the encapsulant was varied (1.41 and 1.53). In addition, double-layer structures with these refractive indices (1.41/1.53) were investigated by varying the shape of the interface between the two among flat, concave, and convex. The experiments showed that the LOP of the double-layer encapsulant with convex interface increased by 13.4% compared to the single-layer encapsulant with a refractive index 1.41, which was explained by the increase of the light extraction efficiency (LEE) in connection with the increase of the critical angle (
) and the decrease of the Fresnel reflection.
Lasing of Coupled Guided Modes in Modified Hollow Hexagonal Semiconductor Cavities
Moon, Hee-Jong ; Lee, Jin-Woong ; Hyun, Kyung-Sook ; Jeong, Dae Cheol ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 377~381
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.377
Coupled guided modes, proposed in various modified hollow hexagonal cavities each attached internally to a hexagon, were demonstrated by investigating the laser oscillations in semiconductor cavities. The mode spacing between two adjacent lasing peaks decreased as the size of the internal hexagon increased, due to the increased round-trip length of the coupled guided modes. The linear dependency of the inverse mode spacing to the calculated round-trip length strongly confirmed the lasing of the coupled guided modes. The proposed modes in common-sized external cavities showed resonance structure that could be adjusted widely by controlling the size of the internal hexagon.
The Real-Time Temporal and Spatial Diagnostics of Ultrashort High-Power Laser Pulses using an All-Reflective Single-Shot Autocorrelator
Kim, Ha-Na ; Park, Seong Hee ; Kim, Kyung Nam ; Han, Byungheon ; Shin, Jae Sung ; Lee, Kitae ; Cha, Yong-Ho ; Jang, Kyu-Ha ; Jeon, Min Yong ; Miginsky, Sergei V. ; Jeong, Young Uk ; Vinokurov, Nikolay A. ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 382~387
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.382
An all-reflective, simple noncollinear second harmonic (SH) autocorrelator is described for monitoring the shot-to-shot behavior of ultrashort high-power laser pulses. Two mirrors are used for the dispersion-free splitting of a pulse into two halves. One of the mirrors is able to adjust the delay time and angle between two halves of the laser pulse in a nonlinear crystal. We present the possibility of real-time measurement of the pulse duration, peak intensity (or energy), and the pointing jitters of a laser pulse, by analyzing the spatial profile of the SH autocorrelation signal measured by a CCD camera. The measurement of the shot-to-shot variation of those parameters will be important for the detailed characterization of laser accelerated electrons or protons.
3D Image Correlator using Computational Integral Imaging Reconstruction Based on Modified Convolution Property of Periodic Functions
Jang, Jae-Young ; Shin, Donghak ; Lee, Byung-Gook ; Hong, Suk-Pyo ; Kim, Eun-Soo ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 388~394
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.388
In this paper, we propose a three-dimensional (3D) image correlator by use of computational integral imaging reconstruction based on the modified convolution property of periodic functions (CPPF) for recognition of partially occluded objects. In the proposed correlator, elemental images of the reference and target objects are picked up by a lenslet array, and subsequently are transformed to a sub-image array which contains different perspectives according to the viewing direction. The modified version of the CPPF is applied to the sub-images. This enables us to produce the plane sub-image arrays without the magnification and superimposition processes used in the conventional methods. With the modified CPPF and the sub-image arrays, we reconstruct the reference and target plane sub-image arrays according to the reconstruction plane. 3D object recognition is performed through cross-correlations between the reference and the target plane sub-image arrays. To show the feasibility of the proposed method, some preliminary experiments on the target objects are carried out and the results are presented. Experimental results reveal that the use of plane sub-image arrays enables us to improve the correlation performance, compared to the conventional method using the computational integral imaging reconstruction algorithm.
Fast Switching of Vertically Aligned Liquid Crystals by Low-Temperature Curing of the Polymer Structure
Park, Byung Wok ; Oh, Seung-Won ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Yoon, Tae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 395~400
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.395
We proposed a method for fast turn-off switching of a vertically-aligned liquid crystal cell by low-temperature curing of the polymer structure. We confirmed that the turn-off times of the fabricated cells were reduced significantly as the curing temperature was lowered to
. We accounted for the effect of low-temperature curing on the turn-off time by using a mathematical model and by observing images obtained via scanning electron microscopy. We also confirmed that low-temperature curing is more effective in reducing the response time when the device is operated at a low temperature.
Accumulation Encoding Technique Based on Double Random Phase Encryption for Transmission of Multiple Images
Lee, In-Ho ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 401~405
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.401
In this paper, we propose an accumulation encoding scheme based on double random phase encryption (DRPE) for multiple-image transmission. The proposed scheme can be used for a low-complexity DRPE system due to the simple structure of the accumulation encoder and decoder. For accumulation encoding of multiple images, all of the previously encrypted data are added, and hence the accumulation encoding can improve the security of the DRPE-encrypted data. We present a scheme for encryption and decryption for DRPE-based accumulation encoding, and a method for accumulation encoding and decoding. Finally, simulation results verify that the DRPE-based accumulation encoding scheme for multiple images is powerful in terms of data security.
Photonic True-Time Delay for Phased-Array Antenna System using Dispersion Compensating Module and a Multiwavelength Fiber Laser
Jeon, Hyun-Bin ; Lee, Hojoon ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 406~413
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.406
An optical true-time delay beam-forming system using a tunable dispersion compensating module (DCM) for dense-wavelength division modulation (DWDM) and a multiwavelength fiber ring laser for a phased array antenna is proposed. The multiwavelength fiber ring laser has one output that includes four wavelengths; and four outputs that include only single-wavelength. The advantage of such a multiwavelength fiber ring laser is that it minimizes the number of devices in the phased array antenna system. The time delays according to wavelengths, which are assigned for each antenna element, are obtained from the tunable DCM. The tunable DCM based on a temperature adjustable Fabry-Perot etalon is used. As an experimental result, a DCM could be used to obtain the change of the beam angle by adjusting the dispersion value of the DCM at the fixed lasing wavelengths of the fiber ring laser in the proposed optical true-time delay.
Position Detection of a Scattering 3D Object by Use of the Axially Distributed Image Sensing Technique
Cho, Myungjin ; Shin, Donghak ; Lee, Joon-Jae ;
Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, volume 18, issue 4, 2014, Pages 414~418
DOI : 10.3807/JOSK.2014.18.4.414
In this paper, we present a method to detect the position of a 3D object in scattering media by using the axially distributed sensing (ADS) method. Due to the scattering noise of the elemental images recorded by the ADS method, we apply a statistical image processing algorithm where the scattering elemental images are converted into scatter-reduced ones. With the scatter-reduced elemental images, we reconstruct the 3D images using the digital reconstruction algorithm based on ray back-projection. The reconstructed images are used for the position detection of a 3D object in the scattering medium. We perform the preliminary experiments and present experimental results.