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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Power Electronics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Oct 2001
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
STATCOM Helps to Guarantee a Stable System
Andersen, B.R ; Gemmell, B.D. ; Horwill, C. ; Hanson, D.J. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 65~70
Transmission System Operators are governed by operational security standards that are applied in real time. During system disturbances, the System Operators must rely on the installed protection and control equipment, prior to human intervention. New power electronic solutions bring rapid and repeatable responses to disturbances, which will help System Operators to guarantee a stable system. Last year, Alstom completed the world's first competitively bid STATCOM to support the voltage on National Grid's 400kV network that supplies London and the Southeast from the north of the UK. It is rated
and forms part of a Static Var System (SVS) with a total rating of 0 to 225MVAr. This paper will describe the reasons for its size, location, its chain-link configuration and give examples of its operating performance. The paper will also describe the features that allow this STATCOM to deliver much more than reactive compensation in support of a wider transmission service objective, as system conditions require.
Improved Zero-Current-Switching(ZCS) PWM Switch Cell with Minimum Additional Conduction Losses
Park, Hang-Seok ; Cho, B.H. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 71~77
This paper proposes a new zero-current switching (ZCS) pulse-width modulation (PWM) switch cell that has no additional conduction loss of the main switch. In this cell, the main switch and the auxiliary switch turn on and turn off under zero current condition. The diodes commutate softly and the reverse recovery problems are alleviated. The conduction loss and the current stress of the main switch are minimized, since the resonating current stress of the main switch are minimized, since the resonating current for the soft switching does not flow through the main switch. Based on the proposed ZCS PWM switch cell, a new family of DC to DC PWM converters is derived. The new family of ZCS PWM converters is suitable for the high power applications employing IGBTs. Among the new family of DC to DB PWM converters, a boost converter was taken as an example and has been analyzed. Design guidelines with a design example are described and verified by experimental results from the 2.5 kW prototype converter operating at 40 kHz.
A High-Power Step-up Converter with High Efficiency and Fast Control-to-Output Dynamics
Kang, Jeong-il ; Roh, Chung-Wook ; Moon, Gun-Woo ; Youn, Myung-Joong ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 78~87
A new high-power step-up based on the two-module parallel-input (PISO) modular dual inductor-fed push-pull converter is proposed. The proposed converter is operated at a constant duty cycle and employs and auxiliary circuit to control the output voltage with a phase-shift between two modules. It shows a high efficiency due to the greatly reduced switch turn-off stress. It also shows a high and linear voltage conversion ratio, low current stress in the output capacitor, and fast control-to-output dynamics. The operation principles and the mathematical models of the proposed converter are presented. Features of the proposed converter are discussed in comparison with the two-module PISO modular dual inductor-fed push-pull converter. Also, experimental results from a 50kHz, 800W, 350 Vdc prototype with an input voltage range of 20-32 Vdc are provided to confirm the validity of the proposed converter. The new converter compares favorably with the conventional counterpart, and is considered well siuted to high-power step-up applications.
An Improved Stationary Frame-based Digital Current Control Scheme for a PM Synchronous Motor
Kim, Kyeong-Hwa ; Young, Myung-Joong ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 88~98
An improved stationary frame-based digital current control technique for a permanent magnet(PM) synchronous motor is presented. Generally, the stationary frame current controller is known to provide the advantage of a simple implementation. However, there are some unavoidable limitations such as a steady-state error and a phase delay in the steady-state. On the other hand, in the synchronous frame current regulator the regulated currents are dc quantities and a zero steady-state error can be obtained through the integral control. However, the need to transform the signals between the stationary and synchronous frames makes the implementation of a synchronous frame regulator complex. Although the PI controller in the stationary frame gives a steady-state error and a phase delay, the control performance can be greatly improved by employing the exact decoupling control inputs for the back EMF., resulting in an ideal steady-state control characteristics irrespective of an operating condition as in the synchronous PI decoupling controller. However, its steady-state response may be degraded due to the inexact cancellation inputs under the parameter variations. To improve the control performance in the stationary frame, the disturbance is estimated using the time delay control. The proposed scheme is implemented on a PM synchronous motor using DSP TMS320C31 and the effectiveness is verified through the comparative simulations and experiments.
The Implementation of Storage Type Power Flow Controller using Battery Storage
Leung, K.K. ; Sutanto, D. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 99~106
This paper describes the implementation of a Storage Power Flow Controller (SPFC) connected to the grid which can provide concomitant benefits associated with a Unified Power Flow Controller while at the same time providing several other very important benefits to power system operation such as, load leveling dynamic voltage stability inprovement, harmonic compensation and power factor correction. This Storage power Flow Controller (SPFC) was implemented using real time signal processors, three-phase inverter(s) and battery bank which can provide improved power system operation and control, added system security and reduced power system losses.
A Study of AC-DC PWM Full-Bridge Integrated Converter Topologies
Gerry, Moschopoulos ; Praveen Jain ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 107~116
Two AC-DC PWM full-bridge converters that can input current to improve input power factor while performing dc-dc conversion are investigated in this paper. Both converters are simple in that they are similar to the standard PWM full-bridge converter with a diode rectifier/LC low-pass filter input, and both can operate with a simple method of PWM control. In the paper, the operation of the converters is explained and their steady-state characteristics are discussed. The feasibility of the converters and their ability to meet EN61000-3-2 Class D Standards for electrical equipment are shown with results obtained from experimental prototypes. The performance of both converters in terms of dc bus voltage level, input power factor and efficiency is compared and discussed.
Optimal Unity Power Factor Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with q-axis Field by Inverse LQ Method
Takami, Hiroshi ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 117~126
A synchronous motor(SM) with q-axis special field winding of which the q-axis field-current compensates and cancels armature reaction can be driven at unity power factor under the conditions of transient state as well as steady state. The motor operates in high efficiency in all conditions. However, in order to obtain maximum performance of the motor, it is required that the time constant of armature circuit corresponds to that of q-axis field circuit. Inverse LQ(ILQ) design method on a basis of the pole assignment is suitable for this problem:(1) The time constants of the output responses can be designed for desired specifications, (2) Relations between feedback gains and response of closed loop system are very clear and (3) Optimal solutions can be given by simple procedure of ILQ method without solving the Ricaati's equation, compared to the usual LQ design method. Accordingly, the ILQ method can make the responses of armature current and q-axis field-current correspond. In this paper, it is proved by numerical simulations and experiments that the ILQ method is very effective for optimal regulator design of this plant and realizes a high-performance motor with unity power factor and high efficiency.
Comparison of Flywheel Systems for Harmonic Compensation Based on Wound/Squirrel-Cage Rotor Type Induction Motors
Kim, Yoon-Ho ; Jeong, Yeon-Suk ; Jeong, Yeon-Suk ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 127~132
This paper describes two different systems which can compensate harmonic currents generated in a power system. As non-linear loads increase gradually in industry fields, harmonic current generated in the electric power network system also increases. Harmonic current makes a power network current distorted and generates heat, vibration and noise in the power machinery. Many approaches have been applied to compensate harmonic currents generated in the power system. Among various approaches, in this paper, two kinds are compared and evaluated. They are flywheel compensators bases on secondary excitation of WRIM(wounded rotor induction motor) and SCIM(squirrel cage induction motor). Both systems have a common structure. They use a flywheel as an energy storage device and use PWM inverters. The main differences are the size and rating of the converter used.
Status Review of Power Electronic Converters for Fuel Cell Applications
Emadi, Ali ; Williamson, Sheldon S. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 1, issue 2, 2001, Pages 133~144
Power electronics plays an important role in providing an interface between fuel cells and loads. Furthermore, power electronic converters ensure that the power is reliably and efficiently delivered to the load in the required DC or AC form. In this paper, major types of fuel cells are presented. Basic structures, operating principles, and different applications of fuel cells are described. In addition, current status and future trends in the areas of power electronics for fuel cells are described. In addition, current statue and future trends in the areas of power electronics for fuel cell applications are explained. A review of fuel cell power electronic system topologies and basic requirements are given as well.