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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Power Electronics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Oct 2005
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Jul 2005
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
Advanced Tools for Modeling, Design and Optimization of Wind Turbine Systems
Iov Florin ; Hansen Anca Daniela ; Jauch Clemens ; Sorensen Poul ; Blaabjerg Frede ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 83~98
As wind turbine technology and control has advanced over the last decade, this has led to a high penetration of wind turbines into the power system. Whether it be for a large wind turbine or an offshore wind farm with hundreds of MW power capacity, the electrical system has become more and more important in controlling the interaction between the mechanical system of the wind turbine and the main power system. The presence of power electronics in wind turbines improves their controllability with respect not only to its mechanical loads but also to its power quality. This paper presents an overview of a developed simulation platform for the modeling, design and optimization of wind turbines. The ability to simulate the dynamic behavior of wind turbines and the wind turbine grid interaction using four simulation tools (Matlab, Saber, DIgSILENT and HAWC) is investigated, improved and extended.
A New Three Winding Coupled Inductor-Assisted High Frequency Boost Chopper Type DC-DC Power Converter with a High Voltage Conversion Ratio
Ahmed Tarek ; Nagai Shinichiro ; Hiraki Eiji ; Nakaoka Mutsuo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 99~103
In this paper, a novel circuit topology of a three-winding coupling inductor-assisting a high-frequency PWM boost chopper type DC-DC power converter with a high boost voltage conversion ratio and low switch voltage stress is proposed for the new energy interfaced DC power conditioner in solar photovoltaic and fuel cell generation systems. The operating principle in a steady state is described by using its equivalent circuits under the practical condition of energy processing of a lossless capacitive snubber. The newly-proposed power MOSFET boost chopper type DC-DC power converter with the three-winding coupled inductor type transformer and a single lossless capacitor snubber is built and tested for an output power of 500W. Utilizing the lower voltage and internal resistance power MOSFET switch in the proposed PWM boost chopper type DC-DC power converter can reduce the conduction losses of the active power switch compared to the conventional model. Therefore, the total actual power conversion efficiency under a condition of the nominal rated output power is estimated to be 81.1 ％, which is 3.7％ higher than the conventional PWM boost chopper DC power conversion circuit topology.
Performance Improvement of Voltage-mode Controlled Interleaved Buck Converters
Veerachary Mummadi ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 104~108
This paper presents the performance improvement of voltage-mode controlled interleaved synchronous buck converters. This is a voltage-mode controlled scheme, where the controllers do not need an external saw-tooth generator for PWM generation and the loop design is easier. The controller implementation requires only a single error amplifier and gives almost current mode control performance. The control scheme uses voltage feedback with two loops similar to current mode control: one for the slow outer loop and the other for the faster inner PWM control loop. To improve the performance of the converter system a coupled inductor is used. This coupled inductor reduces the magnetic size and also improves the converter's transient performance without increasing the steady-state current ripple. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is demonstrated through PSIM simulations.
A Solid State Controller for Self-Excited Induction Generator for Voltage Regulation, Harmonic Compensation and Load Balancing
Singh Bhim ; Murthy S. S. ; Gupta Sushma ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 109~119
This paper deals with the performance analysis of static compensator (STATCOM) based voltage regulator for selfexcited induction generators (SEIGs) supplying balanced/unbalanced and linear/ non-linear loads. In practice, most of the loads are linear. But the presence of non-linear loads in some applications injects harmonics into the generating system. Because an SEIG is a weak isolated system, these harmonics have a great effect on its performance. Additionally, SEIG's offer poor voltage regulation and require an adjustable reactive power source to maintain a constant terminal voltage under a varying load. A three-phase insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) based current controlled voltage source inverter (CC- VSI) known as STATCOM is used for harmonic elimination. It also provides the required reactive power an SEIG needs to maintain a constant terminal voltage under varying loads. A dynamic model of an SEIG-STATCOM system with the ability to simulate varying loads has been developed using a stationary d-q axes reference frame. This enables us to predict the behavior of the system under transient conditions. The simulated results show that by using a STATCOM based voltage regulator the SEIG terminal voltage can be maintained constant and free from harmonics under linear/non linear and balanced/unbalanced loads.
Control of C-dump Converters fed from Switched Reluctance Motors on an Automotive Application
Yoon Yong-Ho ; Kim Yuen-Chung ; Song Sang-Hoon ; Won Chung-Yuen ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 120~128
This paper deals with the analysis of switched reluctance motor drives for different drive circuit topologies used in automobile. So we attempt to improve the weaknesses associated with the asymmetric bridge converter in the limited internal environment of automotive application. Two kinds of c-dump converters are tested in terms of dump capacitor voltage, speed response according to the variation of advance angle and efficiency for the radiator cooling-fan drive of an automobile. They enable more economical and efficient converter topology for automobile industries. This paper describes the performance characteristics of 12V-250W-3000rpm SRM drives for automotive application. Computer simulation and experiment results are then presented to verify the performance of the two kinds of c-dump converters.
A Vector-Controlled PMSM Drive with a Continually On-Line Learning Hybrid Neural-Network Model-Following Speed Controller
EI-Sousy Fayez F. M. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 129~141
A high-performance robust hybrid speed controller for a permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drive with an on-line trained neural-network model-following controller (NNMFC) is proposed. The robust hybrid controller is a two-degrees-of-freedom (2DOF) integral plus proportional & rate feedback (I-PD) with neural-network model-following (NNMF) speed controller (2DOF I-PD NNMFC). The robust controller combines the merits of the 2DOF I-PD controller and the NNMF controller to regulate the speed of a PMSM drive. First, a systematic mathematical procedure is derived to calculate the parameters of the synchronous d-q axes PI current controllers and the 2DOF I-PD speed controller according to the required specifications for the PMSM drive system. Then, the resulting closed loop transfer function of the PMSM drive system including the current control loop is used as the reference model. In addition to the 200F I-PD controller, a neural-network model-following controller whose weights are trained on-line is designed to realize high dynamic performance in disturbance rejection and tracking characteristics. According to the model-following error between the outputs of the reference model and the PMSM drive system, the NNMFC generates an adaptive control signal which is added to the 2DOF I-PD speed controller output to attain robust model-following characteristics under different operating conditions regardless of parameter variations and load disturbances. A computer simulation is developed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed 200F I-PD NNMF controller. The results confirm that the proposed 2DOF I-PO NNMF speed controller produces rapid, robust performance and accurate response to the reference model regardless of load disturbances or PMSM parameter variations.
A Unified Carrier Based PWM Method In Multilevel Inverters
Nho Nguyen Van ; Youn Myung Joong ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 142~150
This paper presents a systematic approach to study the carrier based pulse width modulation (PWM) techniques applied to diode-clamped and cascade multilevel inverters by using multi-modulating patterns. This method is based on the description of controllable redundant parameters in the modulating signals. A unified mathematical formulation is presented for carrier based PWM methods, which obtains outputs similar to the corresponding space vector PWM. A full and separate control of the fundamental voltage, vector redundancies and phase redundancies can be obtained in the carrier based PWM. In this paper, the proposed PWM method and corresponding algorithm for generating multi-modulating signals will be formulated and demonstrated by our simulations.
Diminution of Current Measurement Error in Vector Controlled AC Motor Drives
Jung Han-Su ; Kim Jang-Mok ; Kim Cheul-U ; Choi Cheol ; Jung Tae-Uk ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 151~159
The errors generated from current measurement paths are inevitable, and they can be divided into two categories: offset error and scaling error. The current data including these errors cause periodic speed ripples which are one and two times the stator electrical frequency respectively. Since these undesirable ripples bring about harmful influences to motor driving systems, a compensation algorithm must be introduced to the control algorithm of the motor drive. In this paper, a new compensation algorithm is proposed. The signal of the integrator output of the d-axis current regulator is chosen and processed to compensate for the current measurement errors. Usually the d-axis current command is zero or constant to acquire the maximum torque or unity power factor in the ac drive system, and the output of the d-axis current regulator is nearly zero or constant as well. If the stator currents include the offset and scaling errors, the respective motor speed produces a ripple related to one and two times the stator electrical frequency, and the signal of the integrator output of the d-axis current regulator also produces the ripple as the motor speed does. The compensation of the current measurement errors is easily implemented to smooth the signal of the integrator output of the d-axis current regulator by subtracting the DC offset value or rescaling the gain of the hall sensor. Therefore, the proposed algorithm has several features: the robustness in the variation of the mechanical parameters, the application of the steady and transient state, the ease of implementation, and less computation time. The MATLAB simulation and experimental results are shown in order to verify the validity of the proposed current compensating algorithm.
A Harmonic Circulation Current Reduction Method for Parallel Operation of UPS with a Three-Phase PWM Inverter
Kim Kyung-Hwan ; Kim Wook-Dong ; Hyun Dong-Suk ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 160~165
In a parallel operation of UPS, there are two types of circulating currents between UPS. One is the low order circulating current with a fundamental frequency caused by the amplitude and phase differences of UPS output voltages, and the other is the harmonic circulating current with PWM switching frequency caused by non-synchronized PWM waveforms among UPS. The elimination of the low order circulating current is essential for optimal load sharing in parallel operations of UPS, which can be accomplished by the phase and magnitude control at each UPS. The harmonic circulating current may cause troubles and deteriorate in performance of the controller for optimal load sharing in parallel operation of UPS. This paper presents a PWM synchronizing method to eliminate the harmonic circulation current in parallel operation of UPS. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme has been investigated and verified through experiments by a 50kVA UPS.
The Design of Long-Stator Linear Motor Drives for RailCab Test Track
Grotstollen Horst ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 2, 2005, Pages 166~172
The basic equations of a doubly-fed long-stator linear motor for a shuttle-based railway system are established. They show which degrees of freedom exist for controlling the motor. The ratio of stator and rotor current proves to be an important parameter in determining the design of motors, converters and mechanics.