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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Power Electronics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Oct 2005
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Jul 2005
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
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Rotor Position Sensing Method for Switched Reluctance Motors Using an Indirect Sensor
Shin Duck-Shick ; Yang Hyong-Yeol ; Lim Young-Cheol ; Freere Peter ; Gurung Krishna ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 173~179
In this paper, a very low cost and robust sensing method for the rotor position of a TSRM(Toroidal Switched Reluctance Motors) is described. Position information of the rotor is essential for SRM drives. The rotor position sensor such as an opto-interrupter or high performance encoder is generally used for the estimation of rotor position. However, these discrete position sensors not only add complexity and cost to the system but also tend to reduce the reliability of the drive system. In order to solve these problems, in the proposed method, rotor position detection is achieved using voltage waveforms induced by the time varying flux linkage in the search coils, and then the appropriate phases are excited to drive the SRM. But the search coil's EMF is generated only when the motor rotates. Therefore the rotor position sensing method using squared Euclidean distance at a standstill is also examined. The simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the performance of the proposed method in this paper.
DSP Based Control of Interleaved Boost Converter
Sudhakarababu C. ; Veerachary Mummadi ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 180~189
In this paper a DSP based control scheme for the interleaved boost converter is presented. The mathematical model for the interleaved boost converter operating in a continuous inductor current mode is developed. A state-space averaging technique is used for modeling the converter system. A fixed frequency sliding mode controller is designed to ensure current distribution between the two converter modules and to achieve the load voltage regulation simultaneously. Necessary and sufficient conditions, using variable structure theory, are derived for the sliding mode to exist. The range of sliding mode controller coefficients is also determined. The designed controller capability, load distribution among the individual boost cells and load voltage regulation against source and load disturbances, are demonstrated through PSIM simulation results. A real-time controller based on ADMC401 DSP is developed. Experimental results are provided to validate the proposed control scheme.
A Control Technique for 120Hz DC Output Ripple-Voltage Suppression Using BIFRED with a Small-Sized Energy Storage Capacitor
Kim Jung-Bum ; Park Nam-Ju ; Lee Dong-Yun ; Hyun Dong-Seok ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 190~197
This paper presents a technique to reduce the low frequency ripple voltage of the dc output in a BIFRED converter with a small-sized energy storage capacitor. The proposed pulse width control method can be effectively used to suppress the low frequency ripple appeared in the dc output and still maintains generally good performance such as low THD of input line current and a high power factor. Using the small-sized energy storage capacitor, it has better merits of low cost and smaller size than a conventional BIFRED converter. The proposed technique is illustrated its validity and effectiveness through simulations.
Identification of the Mechanical Resonances of Electrical Drives for Automatic Commissioning
Pacas Mario ; Villwock Sebastian ; Eutebach Thomas ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 198~205
The mechanical system of a drive can often be modeled as a two- or three-mass-system. The load is coupled to the driving motor by a shaft able to perform torsion oscillations. For the automatic tuning of the control, it is necessary to know the mathematical description of the system and the corresponding parameters. As the manpower and setup-time necessary during the commissioning of electrical drives are major cost factors, the development of self-operating identification strategies is a task worth pursuing. This paper presents an identification method which can be utilized for the assisted commissioning of electrical drives. The shaft assembly can be approximated as a two-mass non-rigid mechanical system with four parameters that have to be identified. The mathematical background for an identification procedure is developed and some important implementation issues are addressed. In order to avoid the excitation of the system with its natural resonance frequency, the frequency response can be obtained by exciting the system with a Pseudo Random Binary Signal (PRBS) and using the cross correlation function (CCF) and the auto correlation function (ACF). The reference torque is used as stimulation and the response is the mechanical speed. To determine the parameters, especially in advanced control schemes, a numerical algorithm with excellent convergence characteristics has also been used that can be implemented together with the proposed measurement procedure in order to assist the drive commissioning or to achieve an automatic setting of the control parameters. Simulations and experiments validate the efficiency and reliability of the identification procedure.
Steady-State Characteristics of Resonant Switched Capacitor Converters
Shoyama Masahito ; Deriha Fumitoshi ; Ninomiya Tamotsu ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 206~211
Conventional switched capacitor converters have an inherent drawback that their efficiency decreases as the output current increases. This inherent drawback is due to a periodical forced charging and discharging operation in the internal switched capacitors accompanied by a large capacitor current. Their efficiency can not be increased by decreasing its internal resistance. As a result, conventional switched capacitor converters have been limited to uses with a very small output current. To solve this problem we presented a novel switched capacitor converter topology that uses a resonant operation instead of the forced charging and discharging operation. Its advantage over a conventional switched capacitor converter is higher efficiency even in a high output current region. In this paper, the operation analysis and steady-state characteristics are described in detail for a half buck type switched capacitor converter, and they are confirmed by experimentation.
A Novel Boost-Input Full-Bridge Converter
Sonoda Takahiro ; Ninomiya Tamotsu ; Tomioka Satoshi ; Sato Kei ; Terashi Hiroto ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 212~217
In order to correct the power boost topology has been used for easy control. But conventional boost topology has the following drawbacks: switching voltage surge, cross conduction current and right-half-plane zero of its control transfer function. Furthermore, in this topology the output voltage is always higher than the input voltage. As a result, a first-stage boost PFC converter needs to be connected with a second-stage DC-DC converter. A new topology which can be used as single stage PFC converter is proposed in this paper.
A Performance Comparison of Excitation Strategies For a Low Noise SRM Drive
Lee Dong-Hee ; Kim Tae-Hyoung ; Ahn Jin-Woo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 218~223
A simple construction, low cost, and a fault tolerant power electronic drive have made the switched reluctance drive a strong contender for many applications. But the switched reluctance drive exhibits higher levels of vibration and acoustic noise than most competing drives. The main source of vibration in the switched reluctance drive is generated by the rapid change of radial magnetic force when the phase current is extinguished during commutation. In this paper, some excitation methods are proposed to reduce the vibration and acoustic noise of the switched reluctance drive. The excitation strategies considered in this research are 1-phase, 2-phase and hybrid excitation methods. The 1-phase method is the conventional approach, while in the 2-phase method, the two phases are excited simultaneously. The hybrid excitation has 2-phase excitation using a long dwell angle as well as conventional 1-phase excitation. The vibration and acoustic noise are compared and tested. The suggested 2-phase and hybrid strategies reduce acoustic noise because the schemes reduce the abrupt change in excitation level by using distributed and balanced excitation.
A Three Phase Three-level PWM Switched Voltage Source Inverter with Zero Neutral Point Potential
Oh Won-Sik ; Han Sang-Kyoo ; Choi Seong-Wook ; Moon Gun-Woo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 224~232
A new three phase three-level Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Switched Voltage Source (SVS) inverter with zero neutral point potential is proposed. It consists of three single-phase inverter modules. Each module is composed of a switched voltage source and inverter switches. The major advantage is that the peak value of the phase output voltage is twice as high as that of a conventional neutral-point-clamped (NPC) PWM inverter. Thus, the proposed inverter is suitable for applications with low voltage sources such as batteries, fuel cells, or solar cells. Furthermore, three-level waveforms of the proposed inverter can be achieved without the switch voltage imbalance problem. Since the average neutral point potential of the proposed inverter is zero, a common ground between the input stage and the output stage is possible. Therefore, it can be applied to a transformer-less Power Conditioning System (PCS). The proposed inverter is verified by a PSpice simulation and experimental results based on a laboratory prototype.
Three-Phase PWM Inverter and Rectifier with Two-Switch Auxiliary Resonant DC Link Snubber-Assisted
Nagai Shinichiro ; Sato Shinji ; Matsumoto Takayuki ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 233~239
In this paper, a new conceptual circuit configuration of a 3-phase voltage source, soft switching AC-DC-AC converter using an IGBT module, which has one ARCPL circuit and one ARDCL circuit, is presented. In actuality, the ARCPL circuit is applied in the 3-phase voltage source rectifier side, and the ARDCL circuit is in the inverter side. And more, each power semiconductor device has a novel clamp snubber circuit, which can save the power semiconductor device from voltage and current across each power device. The proposed soft switching circuits have only two active power semiconductor devices. These ARCPL and ARDCL circuits consist of fewer parts than the conventional soft switching circuit. Furthermore, the proposed 3-phase voltage source soft switching AC-DC-AC power conversion system needs no additional sensor for complete soft switching as compared with the conventional 3-phase voltage source AC-DC-AC power conversion system. In addition to this, these soft switching circuits operate only once in one sampling term. Therefore, the power conversion efficiency of the proposed AC-DC-AC converter system will get higher than a conventional soft switching converter system because of the reduced ARCPL and ARDCL circuit losses. The operation timing and terms for ARDCL and ARCPL circuits are calculated and controlled by the smoothing DC capacitor voltage and the output AC current. Using this control, the loss of the soft switching circuits are reduced owing to reduced resonant inductor current in ARCPL and ARDCL circuits as compared with the conventional controlled soft switching power conversion system. The operating performances of proposed soft switching AC-DC-AC converter treated here are evaluated on the basis of experimental results in a 50kVA setup in this paper. As a result of experiment on the 50kVA system, it was confirmed that the proposed circuit could reduce conduction noise below 10 MHz and improve the conversion efficiency from 88. 5% to 90.5%, when compared with the hard switching circuit.
A Low Cost Position Sensing Method with Optical Sensors for Switched Reluctance Motor
Yoon Yong-Ho ; Jeong Kyun-Ha ; Kim Jae-Moon ; Won Chung-Yuen ; Kim Ji-Won ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 5, issue 3, 2005, Pages 240~246
Considering the start-up and economical efficiency, the optical sensor technique using a slotted-disk and an opto-interrupter are appropriate, however, this method needs three opto-interrupters and a slotted-disk when driving the 6/4 pole SRM(switched reluctance motor). In this paper, we propose an economic method by replacing the conventional opto-interrupter and slotted-disk with only optical sensor which enables the motor to start up and forward and reverse operation. Also the control circuit includes only analog devices, which makes the process more economical.