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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Power Electronics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Oct 2006
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Jul 2006
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
A High Efficiency and High Power Chopper Circuit QRAS using Soft Switching under Test Evaluation at 8kW
Tsuruta Yukinori ; Kawamura Atsuo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~7
This paper is a record of the study on a high efficiency and high power chopper based on the new soft switching method QRAS (Quasi~resonant Regenerating Active Snubber) designed for a Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV). This power chopper is basically proposed for 25kHz soft switching. To confirm the practicality and effectiveness of the converter, the fabrication of a prototype-model using IGBTs was completed. Additionally, a 8kW rating test, a light load test, a current discontinuous mode test and a stable operation resonance test was completed. The circuit geometry, the basic operation, and the 8kW one-tenth-prototype test results are reported with a
A Realization Method of Fault-tolerant Control of Flexible Arm under Sensor Fault by Using an Adaptive Sensor Signal Observer
Izumikawa Yu ; Yubai Kazuhiro ; Hirai Junji ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 8~17
In this paper, we propose a fault-tolerant control system for the position control and vibration suppression of a flexible arm robot. The proposed control system has a strain gauge sensor signal observer based on a reaction force observer and detects a fault by monitoring an estimated error. In order to improve the estimation accuracy, the plant parameters included in the sensor signal observer are updated by using the strain gauge sensor signal in normal time through the adaptive law. After fault detection, the proposed control system exchanges the faulty sensor signal for the estimated one and switches to a fault mode controller so as to maintain the stability and the control performance. We confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed control system through several experiments.
Assessment of Earth Remote Sensing Microsatellite Power Subsystem Capability during Detumbling and Nominal Modes
Zahran M. ; Okasha M. ; Ivanova Galina A. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 18~28
The Electric Power Subsystem (EPS) is one of the most critical systems on any satellite because nearly every subsystem requires power. This makes the choice of power systems the most important task facing satellite designers. The main purpose of the Satellite EPS is to provide continuous, regulated and conditioned power to all the satellite subsystems. It has to withstand radiation, thermal cycling and vacuums in hostile space environments, as well as subsystem degradation over time. The EPS power characteristics are determined by both the parameters of the system itself and by the satellite orbit. After satellite separation from the launch vehicle (LV) to its orbit, in almost all situations, the satellite subsystems (attitude determination and control, communication and onboard computer and data handling (OBC&DH)), take their needed power from a storage battery (SB) and solar arrays (SA) besides the consumed power in the EPS management device. At this point (separation point, detumbling mode), the satellite's angular motion is high and the orientation of the solar arrays, with respect to the Sun, will change in a non-uniform way, so the amount of power generated by the solar arrays will be affected. The objective of this research is to select satellite EPS component types, to estimate solar array illumination parameters and to determine the efficiency of solar arrays during both detumbling and normal operation modes.
Sensorless Control for a PM Synchronous Motor in a Single Piston Rotary Compressor
Cho Kwan-Yuhl ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 29~37
A sensorless control for an IPM (Interior Permanent Magnet) synchronous motor in a single piston rotary compressor is presented in this study. The rotor position is estimated from the d-axis and q-axis current errors between the real system and a motor model of the position estimator. The torque pulsation of the single piston rotary compressor is compensated to reduce speed ripples, as well as, mechanical noise and vibration. The proposed sensorless drive enables the compressor to operate at a lower speed which increases energy savings and reduces mechanical noise. It also gives high speed operations by a flux weakening control for rapid air-cooling and heating of the heat pump air-conditioners.
Speed Sensorless Control of Ultrasonic Motors Using Neural Network
Yoshida Tomohiro ; Senjyu Tomonobu ; Nakamura Mitsuru ; Urasaki Naomitsu ; Funabashi Toshihisa ; Sekine Hideomi ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 38~44
In this paper, a speed sensorless control for an ultrasonic motor (USM) using a neural network (NN) is presented. In the proposed method, rotor speed is estimated by a three-layer NN which adapts nonlinearities associated with load torque and motor temperature into control. The intrinsic properties of a USM, such as high torque for low speeds, high static torque, compact size, etc., offer great advantages for industrial applications. However, the speed property of a USM has strong nonlinear properties associated with motor temperature and load torque, which make accurate speed control difficult. These properties are considered in designing a control method through the application of mathematical models. In these strategies, a detailed speed model of the USM is required which makes actual applications impractical. In the proposed method, a three-layer NN estimates the speed of the USM from the drive frequency, the root mean square value of input voltage and the surface temperature of the USM, where no mechanical speed sensor is needed. The NN speed based estimator enables inclusion of variations in driving conditions due to input signals of the NN involved during the driving state of the USM. The disuse of sensors offers many advantages on both the cost and maintenance front. Moreover, the model free sensorless control method offers practical controller construction within a small number of parameters. To validate the proposed speed sensorless control method for a USM, experiments have been executed under several conditions.
A New High Efficiency Phase Shifted Full Bridge Converter for a Power Sustaining Module of Plasma Display Panel
Lee Woo-Jin ; Kim Chong-Eun ; Han Sang-Kyoo ; Moon Gun-Woo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 45~51
A new high efficiency phase shifted full bridge (PSFB) converter for the power sustaining module of a plasma display panel (PDP) is proposed in this paper. The proposed converter employs a voltage doubler rectifier without an output inductor. Since it has no output inductor, the voltage stresses of the secondary rectifier diodes can be clamped at the output voltage level. No dissipative resistor-capacitor (RC) snubber for rectifier diodes is needed. Therefore, high efficiency, as well as, a low noise output voltage can be realized. Due to the elimination of the large output inductor, it features a simple structure, lower cost, smaller mass and lighter weight. Furthermore, the proposed converter has wide zero voltage switching (ZVS) ranges with low current stresses of the primary switches. Also the resonance between the leakage inductor of the transformer and the capacitor of the voltage doubler cell reduces the current stresses of the rectifier diodes. In this paper, operational principles, an analysis of the proposed converter and experimental results are presented.
Maximum Power Point Tracking Control Scheme for Grid Connected Variable Speed Wind Driven Self-Excited Induction Generator
El-Sousy Fayez F. M. ; Orabi Mohamed ; Godah Hatem ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 52~66
This paper proposes a wind energy conversion system connected to a grid using a self-excited induction generator (SEIG) based on the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme. The induction generator (IG) is controlled by the MPPT below the base speed and the maximum energy can be captured from the wind turbine. Therefore, the stator currents of the IG are optimally controlled using the indirect field orientation control (IFOC) according to the generator speed in order to maximize the generated power from the wind turbine. The SEIG feeds a (CRPWM) converter which regulates the DC-link voltage at a constant value where the speed of the IG is varied. Based on the IG d-q axes dynamic model in the synchronous reference frame at field orientation, high-performance synchronous current controllers with satisfactory performance are designed and analyzed. Utilizing these current controllers and IFOC, a fast dynamic response and low current harmonic distortion are attained. The regulated DC-link voltage feeds a grid connected CRPWM inverter. By using the virtual flux orientation control and the synchronous frame current regulators for the grid connected CRPWM inverter, a fast current response, low harmonic distortion and unity power factor are achieved. The complete system has been simulated with different wind velocities. The simulation results are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed MPPT control scheme for a wind energy system. In the simulation results, the d-q axes current controllers and DC-link voltage controller give prominent dynamic response in command tracking and load regulation characteristics.
A New Study on Indirect Vector AC Current Control Method Using a Matrix Converter Fed Induction Motor
Lee Hong-Hee ; Nguyen Hoang M. ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 67~72
This paper introduces two different types of AC current control methods for an indirect vector controlled induction motor using a matrix converter. The proposed methods combine the advantages of matrix converters with the advantages of the indirect vector AC current control methods. The first proposed method explains the basic idea of the hysteresis current control method for matrix converters and shows its capability and stability in comparison to the conventional method usually used for VSI. With the aid of the special configuration of the matrix converter, we also propose another current method which is modified from the first one in order to reduce both current ripple and torque ripple. Simulation results have verified the feasibility and the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
High Frequency and High Luminance AC-PDP Sustaining Driver
Choi Seong-Wook ; Han Sang-Kyoo ; Moon Gun-Woo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 73~82
Plasma display panels (PDPs) have a serious thermal problem, because the luminance efficiency of a conventional PDP is about 1.5 1m/W and it is less than
of a cathode ray tube (CRT). Thus there is a need for improving the luminance efficiency of the PDP. There are several approaches to improve the luminance efficiency of the PDP and we adopted a driving PDP at high frequency range from 400kHz up to over 700kHz. Since a PDP is regarded as an equivalent inherent capacitance, many types of sustaining drivers have been proposed and widely used to recover the energy stored in the PDP. However, these circuits have some drawbacks for driving PDPs at high frequency ranges. In this paper, we investigate the effect of the parasitic components on the PDP itself and on the driver when the reactive energy of the panel is recovered. Various drivers are classified and evaluated based on their suitability for high frequency drivers. Finally, a current-fed driver with a DC input voltage bias is proposed. This driver overcomes the effect of parasitic components in the panel and driver. It fully achieves a ZVS of all full-bridge switches and reduces the transition time of the panel polarity. It is tested to validate the high frequency sustaining driver and the experimental results are presented.
A New High Efficiency and Low Profile On-Board DC/DC Converter for Digital Car Audio Amplifiers
Kim Chong-Eun ; Han Sang-Kyoo ; Moon Gun-Woo ;
Journal of Power Electronics, volume 6, issue 1, 2006, Pages 83~93
A new high efficiency and low profile on-board DC/DC converter for digital car audio amplifiers is proposed. The proposed converter shows low conduction loss due to the low voltage stress of the secondary diodes, a lack of DC magnetizing current for the transformer, and a lack of stored energy in the transformer. Moreover, since the primary MOSFETs are turned-on under zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) conditions and the secondary diodes are turned-off under zero-current-switching (ZCS) conditions, the proposed converter has minimized switching losses. In addition, the input filter can be minimized due to a continuous input current, and an output inductor is absent in the proposed converter. Therefore, the proposed converter has the desired features, high efficiency and low profile, for a viable power supply for digital car audio amplifiers. A 60W industrial sample of the proposed converter has been implemented for digital car audio amplifiers with a measured efficiency of
at nominal input voltage.