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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Railway
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Railway
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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The Influence of Noise Environment upon Voice and Data Transmission in the RF-CBTC System
Kim, Min-Seok ; Lee, Sang-Hyeok ; Lee, Jong-Woo ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 3, issue 2, 2010, Pages 39~45
The RF-CBTC (Radio Frequency-Communication Based Train Control) System is a communication system in railroad systems. The communication method of RF-CBTC system is the wireless between the wayside device and on-board device. The wayside device collects its location and speed from each train and transmits the distance from the forwarding train to the speed-limit position to it. The on-board device controlling device controls the speed optimum for the train. In the case of the RF-CBTC system used in Korea, transmission frequency is 2.4 [GHz]. It is the range of ISM(Industrial Scientific and Medical equipment) band and transmission of voice and data is performed by CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) method. So noises are made in the AWGN (Additive White Gaussian Noise) and fading environment. Currently, the SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) is about 20 [dB], so due to bit errors made by noises, transmission of reliable information to the train is not easy. Also, in the case that two tracks are put to a single direction, it is needed that two trains transmit reliable voice and data to a wayside device. But, by noises, it is not easy that just a train transmits reliable information. In this paper, we estimated the BER (Bit Error Rate) related to the SNR of voice and data transmission in the environment such as AWGN and fading from the RF-CBTC system using the CDMA method. Also, we supposed the SNR which is required to meet the BER standard for voice and data transmission. By increasing the processing gain that is a ratio of chip transmission to voice and data transmission, we made possible voice and data transmission from maximally two trains to a wayside device, and demonstrated it by using Matlab program.
A Study on the Impedance Calculation by using Equivalent Model in Catenary System
Kim, Min-Kyu ; Kim, Min-Seok ; Kim, Dae-Hwan ; Lee, Jong-Woo ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 3, issue 2, 2010, Pages 46~53
Electric railroad systems consist of rolling stock, track, signal and catenary system. In the catenary system, one of the most important factors is the impedance according to the design and characteristic. Before the catenary system is designed, the impedance should be precedently researched. The railroad catenary system is complex system which is composed by five conductors. The five conductors classify up and down feeders, up and down contact wire group, rail group. Therefore, we should compose the catenary system of the equivalent five-conductors model. In this paper, we suggest a geometrical model and a equivalent conductor model by using geometric mean radius of five conductors in the catenary system. Also, we calculate demanded parameter values in the model. By using those, line constants of five conductors are analyzed by applying the equivalent method called as the condensed joint matrix.
A Study on the Applicability of the Conventional TTX Propulsion System on the High-speed Propulsion System for a Deep-underground GTX
Park, Chan-Bae ; Lee, Byung-Song ; Lee, Ju ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 3, issue 2, 2010, Pages 54~59
In order to develop the deep-underground GTX (Great Train eXpress) in domestic, the running performance analysis of the propulsion system by a variety of route condition must be carried out before studying the specification and the development of the high-speed propulsion system with inverter and traction motor. Then it is necessary to study the running resistance properties of the high-speed traction system for the variety of tunnel type and vehicle organization method at first. In addition, the properties of the power requirement of the traction motors needed to maintain the balanced speed of the high-speed traction system are next studied. We need to study properties of the emergency braking distance caused by the highest operation speed of the high-speed traction system and present the fundamental design technologies to develop the high-speed traction system for the deep-underground GTX. Finally, the paper analyzes the applicability of the conventional Korean Tilting Train eXpress (TTX) propulsion system on the high-speed propulsion system for the deep-underground GTX.
A Basic Study on Wheel Flange Climbing using Model Wheelset
Nagumo, Yosuke ; Tanifuji, Katsuya ; Imai, Junichi ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 3, issue 2, 2010, Pages 60~67
This paper deals with an experimental study on the wheel flange climbing of railway vehicles, which is a major factor leading to derailment. An experiment is carried out on a 1/5-scale model wheelset of a truck used on a standard-gauge track, which is placed on a roller rig. The lateral external force acting on the wheelset is ramped up until derailment occurs under the condition of a fixed attack angle and wheel-load unbalance ratio. Three parameters, the height of wheel lift, the lateral force, and the wheel load acting on the outer rail, are measured until derailment occurs. From these measurements, it is possible to observe the behavior of the wheelset and to elucidate how the attack angle, the wheel-load unbalance ratio and the lateral external force affect flange-climb derailment. Then, a numerical simulation is carried out using an analytical model based on a single wheelset. As a result, the flange-climb behavior observed in the experiment can be explained theoretically on the bases of the analytical results, although further improvement of the model is desired.
Influence of Semi-active Suspension on Running Safety of Vehicles
Liu, Hong-You ; Yu, Da-Lian ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 3, issue 2, 2010, Pages 68~72
Railway vehicles equipped with semi-active suspension system can improve the ride quality of car bodies. Semi-active suspension system is usually applied onto high speed train, and therefore higher running safety requirement is desirable. The influence of semi-active suspension system on safety of vehicles running on straight line and curve line is studied, and the influences of sky hook damping coefficient and system time-delay on operational safety of cars fitted with semiactive suspension system is analyzed. The results show that in vehicles equipped with semi-active suspension system, while the vibration of car body is decreased, the running safety of cars is not affected to any significant degree. As a result, the ride quality is much improved with negligible deterioration of the running safety of cars.
Seismic Response Analysis of Lightly Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls
Rhee, In-Kyu ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 3, issue 2, 2010, Pages 73~82
Global and local behaviors of a lightly RC shear walls are investigated in this paper. For the sake of cyclic behaviors, nominal ground accelerations of 0.15 g, 0.40 g and 0.55 g which associated with natural periods of the walls are applied as listed in French CAMUS-2000 shake table test. Modified Kent & Park model, Drucker-Prager model for concrete material and
-Menegotto-Pinto model for rebar are used for time history analyses using fiber/solids elements respectively. Alternatively, Eulerian beam analysis are discussed by imposing inelastic hinges at the most possible plastic hinge location using modified Takeda's trilinear model with stiffness reduction. Relative displacements, base shears, bending moments of 5-story shear building with 36-tons of mass under bi-lateral seismic excitation are extracted and compared with EC-8, PS-92 and KBC-09 provisions. Multi-scaled degradation process; material damage, elemental fracture and structural failure in turn is discussed in the view of numerical accuracy, efficiency and limitation depending on three different model-based analyses.