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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Railway
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Railway
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
Selecting the target year
Development of Generic Train Operation Model Based on Korean Urban Transit Regulations
Lee, Young-Hoon ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 4, issue 4, 2011, Pages 81~85
This paper discusses the development of a generic train operation model from a set of Korean Urban Transit Regulations such as Regulation for Train Operation of Urban Transit, Regulation for Safety Requirements of Urban Transit and so on. It is to communicate with various stakeholders on urban transit system, and to elicit copious requirements in performance of the urban transit train operation based on the model.
Two Dimensional Chloride Ion Diffusion in Reinforced Concrete Structures for Railway
Kang, Bo-Soon ; Shim, Hyung-Seop ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 4, issue 4, 2011, Pages 86~92
Chloride ion diffusion at the corner of rectangular-shaped concrete structures is presented. At the corner of rectangular-shaped concrete, chloride ion diffusion is in two-dimensional process. Chloride ions accumulate from two orthogonal directions, so that corrosion-free life of concrete structures is significantly reduced. A numerical procedure based on finite element method is used to solve the two-dimensional diffusion process. Orthotropic property of diffusion coefficient of concrete is considered and chloride ion profile obtained from numerical analysis is used to produce transformed diffusion coefficient. Comparisons of experimental data are also carried out to show the reliability of proposed numerical analysis. As a result of two-dimensional chloride diffusion, corrosion-free life of concrete structure for railway is estimated using probability of corrosion initiation. In addition, monographs that produces transformed diffusion coefficient and corrosion-free life of concrete structure are made for maintenance purpose.
The Design of the Feedback Control System of Electromagnetic Suspension Using Kalman Filter
Jo, Jeong-Min ; Han, Young-Jae ; Lee, Chang-Young ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 4, issue 4, 2011, Pages 93~96
The basic element of the EMS suspension is the electromagnet system, which suspends the vehicle without contact by attracting forces to the rails at the guideway. The suspension of a vehicle by attractive magnetic forces is inherently unstable and consequently it is continuously adjusted by the strength of the suspending electromagnet from rail irregularity and bending of the guideway. In order to improve reliable tracking, it needs to get feedback signals without measurement delay time. In this paper the concept of feedback control system with Kalman Filter in EMS is proposed. The input signals in the feedback control system are an air-gap and an acceleration signal. The air-gap signal with noise from the gap sensor is transformed to the filtered air-gap signal y without measurement delay time by using Kalman Filter. The filtered air-gap signal is transformed to a relative velocity and a relative acceleration signal. Then it multiplies these values by gain matrix in order to get the actuator's reference voltage value. The simulation results show that the dynamic responses of the suspension system can be improved by reducing the influence of measurement delay time of air-gap signals.
Effect of Bogie Frame Flexibility on Air Gap in the Maglev Vehicle with a Feedback Control System
Kim, Ki-Jung ; Han, Hyung-Suk ; Kim, Chang-Hyun ; Yang, Seok-Jo ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 4, issue 4, 2011, Pages 97~102
In an EMS (Electromagnetic suspension)-type Maglev (Magnetically-levitated) vehicle, the flexibility of the bogie frame may affect the acceleration of the electromagnet that is input into the control system, which could lead to instability in some cases. For this reason, it is desirable to consider bogie frame flexibility in air gap simulations, for the optimization of bogie structure. The objective of this paper is to develop a flexible multibody dynamic model of 1/2 of an EMS-type Maglev vehicle that is under testing, and to compare the air gap responses obtained from the rigid and the flexible body model. The feedback control system and electromagnet models that are unique to the EMS-type maglev vehicle must be included in the model. With this model, dynamics simulations are carried out to predict the air gap responses from the two models, of the rigid and flexible model, and the air gaps are compared. Such a comparative study could be useful in the prediction of the air gap in the design stage, and in designing an air gap control system.
The Effect of Shape of Core Cell on Shock Absorption Characteristics of Biomimetically Inspired Honeycomb Structures
Kim, Tae-Min ; Kim, Jung-Soo ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 4, issue 4, 2011, Pages 103~108
The effect of the core cell shape on shock absorption characteristics of biomimetically inspired honeycomb structures has been numerically investigated. The finite element models of honeycomb test specimen composed of five core cells of identical mass have been constructed, and numerical simulations have been run on PAMCRASH. The dimensions of the sides of core cells as well as the angle between the sides have been shown to influence the shock absorption characteristics of the honeycomb structure. The specimen with regular hexagonal core cell shape is found to show the best shock absorbing capacity, and specimen with rectangle-like core cell are found to provide good shock absorbing characteristics.
The Effect of Scaling of Owl's Flight Feather on Aerodynamic Noise at Inter-coach Space of High Speed Trains based on Biomimetic Analogy
Han, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Tae-Min ; Kim, Jung-Soo ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 4, issue 4, 2011, Pages 109~115
An analysis and design method for reducing aerodynamic noise in high-speed trains based on biomimetics of noiseless flight of owl is proposed. Five factors related to the morphology of the flight feather have been selected, and the candidate optimal shape of the flight feather is determined. The turbulent flow field analysis demonstrates that the optimal shape leads to diminished vortex formation by causing separation of the flow as well as allowing the fluid to climb up along the surface of the flight feather. To determine the effect of scaling of the owl's flight feather on the noise reduction, a two-fold and a four-fold scaled up model of the feather are constructed, and the numerical simulations are carried out to obtain the aerodynamic noise levels for each scale. Original model is found to reduce the noise level by 10 dBA, while two-fold increase in length dimensions reduces the noise by 12 dBA. Validation of numerical solution using wind tunnel experimental measurements is presented as well.