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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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International Journal of Railway
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Railway
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Estimating the Efficiency of Transportation Energy Consumption based on Railway Infrastructure and Travel behavior Characteristics
Choi, Hyunsu ; Nakagawa, Dai ; Matsunaka, Ryoji ; Oba, Tetsuharu ; Yoon, Jongjin ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 33~44
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.033
In recent years, energy consumption in the transportation sector by expanding motorization continues to increase in almost every country in the world. Moreover, the growth rate of the transportation energy consumption is significantly higher than those of the civilian and industrial sectors. Therefore, every country strives to reduce its dependence on private transport, which is the main contributor to the transportation energy consumption. In many countries, concepts such as Transit Oriented Development (TOD) or New Urbanism, which controls road traffic by increasing the proportion of the public transportation significantly, have been implemented to encourage a modal shift to public transport. However, the level of change required for eliminating environmental problems is a challenging task. Minimizing transportation energy consumption by controlling the increase of the traffic demand and maintaining the level of urban mobility simultaneously is a pressing dilemma for each city. Grasping the impact of the diversity of the urban transport and infrastructure is very important to improve transportation energy efficiency. However, the potential for reducing urban transportation energy consumption has often been ineffectively demonstrated by the diversity of cities. Therefore, the accuracy of evaluating the current efficiency rate of the urban energy consumption is necessary. Nevertheless, quantitative analyses related to the efficiency of transportation energy consumption are scarce, and the research on the current condition of consumption efficiency based on international quantitative analysis is almost nonexistent. On the basis of this background problem definitions, this research first built a database of the transportation energy consumption of private modes in 119 cities, with an attempt to reflect individual travel behaviors calculated by Person Trip data. Subsequently, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used as an assessment method to evaluate the efficiency of transportation energy consumption by considering the diversity of the urban traffic features in the world cities. Finally, we clarified the current condition of consumption efficiency by attempting to propose a target values for improving transportation energy consumption.
Probabilistic Approach on Railway Infrastructure Stability and Settlement Analysis
Lee, Sangho ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.045
Railway construction needs vast soil investigation for its infrastructure foundation designs along the planned railway path to identify the design parameters for stability and serviceability checks. The soil investigation data are usually classified and grouped to decide design input parameters per each construction section and budget estimates. Deterministic design method which most civil engineer and practitioner are familiar with has a clear limitation in construction/maintenance budget control, and occasionally produced overdesigned or unsafe design problems. Instead of using a batch type analysis with predetermined input parameters, data population collected from site soil investigation and design load condition can be statistically estimated for the mean and variance to present the feature of data distribution and optimized with a best fitting probability function. Probabilistic approach using entire feature of design input data enables to predict the worst, best and most probable cases based on identified ranges of soil and load data, which will help railway designer select construction method to save the time and cost. This paper introduces two Monte Carlo simulations actually applied on estimation of retaining wall external stability and long term settlement of organic soil in soil investigation area for a recent high speed railway project.
Study on Young`s Modulus of Geomaterials used in Korean Railway Infrastructures
Lee, Sung Jin ; Lee, Seong Hyeok ; Lee, Il Wha ; Hwang, Su Beom ; Kim, Ki Jae ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 53~58
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.053
In this study, cyclic triaxial tests were carried out with the coarse granular materials used in Korean railway infrastructure (reinforced trackbed, gravel of transition zone, upper subgrade of railway) and Young`s modulus for the target materials in small strain level were suggested. And the result of elastic modulus suggested in this study is expected to be effectively applied to dynamic analysis of the railway embankment structure using similar material, since the grain size distributions and unit weight of the material tested in this study are specified in Korean Railway Design Criteria.
Parametric Study on Geogrid-Reinforced Track Substructure
Oh, Jeongho ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 59~63
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.059
The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of geogrid for conventional ballasted track and asphalt concrete underlayment track using PLAXIS finite element program. Geogrid element was modeled at various locations that include subballast/subgrade, subballast/ballast interfaces, middle of the ballast, and one-third depth of the ballast. The results revealed that the effectiveness of geogrid reinforcement appeared to be larger for ballasted track structure compared to asphalt concrete underlayment track. Particularly, in case of installing geogrid at one-third depth of ballast layer in a conventional ballasted track, the most effectiveness of geogrid reinforcement was achieved. The influence of geogrid axial stiffness on track substructure response was not clear to conclude. Further validations using a discrete element method along with experimental investigation are considered as a future study. The effect of asphalt concrete layer modulus was evaluated. The results exhibited that higher layer modulus seems to be effective in controlling displacement and strain of track substructure. However it also yields slightly higher stresses within track substructure. It infers that further validations are required to come up with optimum asphalt concrete mixture design to meet economical and functional criteria.
Review of the Improvement Plans on Catenary Systems for Speed Increase in Gyeongbu High-Speed Line
Eum, Ki Young ; Yun, Jangho ; Lee, Kiwon ; Kim, Jung Hwan ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 64~68
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.064
In recent years, the speed of a train has been recognized as one of the important factors to determine the competitiveness as a mean of transportation. In line with this, infrastructure improvements and enhancements are being made with increases in the speed of train. Accordingly, there is a need to establish plans for infrastructure improvements through a comprehensive analysis of signals, track/civil engineering, catenary and environment, etc. to improve the speed of a train of high-speed train service sections in Korea. This study proposes improvement plans for catenary systems by investigating the possibility of improvements through performance analysis of catenary equipment by speed increase based on the analysis on catenary systems in Gyeongbu high-speed line, and analysis the applicability of catenary improvements and economic feasibility.
A Study on Behavioral Characteristics of Track Roadbed according to Steel Pipe Press-in Excavation during Construction of Underground Railway Crossing
Kim, Young-Ha ; Eum, Ki-Young ; Kim, Jae-Wang ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.069
In this study, numerical analysis and model experiments were conducted to analyze behavioral characteristics acting on the track roadbed with excavation through steel pipe injection, a non-exclusive method of crossing construction under railroad as primary target. In model experiments that simulate injection excavation behaviors with an increase in the depth of soil cover, the upper displacement was measured by construction of the first and the second pipes in order to predict actual behaviors, and the behavior characteristics were verified through numerical analysis. The investigation results showed that surface displacement was smaller under the condition of higher soil cover. In the case of injecting two pipes, when the first pipe was injected, deformation of the surface increased linearly in both settlement and uplift experiments. However, when the second pipe was injected, the amount of change was found to be very small due to the relaxation and plastic zones around the first pipe. In addition, the results of numerical analysis on the same cross section with the model experiment found that the results of investigation into settlement ratio and volume loss were in very good agreement with those obtained by the model experiment.
A Study on Field Behavioral Characteristics of the Roadbed according to the Speed Increase in High-Speed Train (HEMU-430x)
Eum, Ki-Young ; Lee, Jee-Ha ; Park, Young-Kon ;
International Journal of Railway, volume 6, issue 2, 2013, Pages 78~84
DOI : 10.7782/IJR.2013.6.2.078
This paper is about the first experiment in Korea that was conducted on speeding increase up with rail speeds at 430km/h at high speed railway of designed 350km/h. and analysis data collected on vibration accelerations of roadbed. There are barely references on roadbed behavior measurement with rail speeds more than 350 km/h in Korea as it has never been conducted the experiment on it. So the experiments were confirmed the reliability through crosschecking the figures/values from respective sensors and measuring devices after measuring EMS and ICP types. Based on the study, values of vibration acceleration were less than 12% compared with the ones that conducted while speeding up of HEMU-430X. Also, figures of HSB for concrete bed tracks were 52% against the standard. According to the results, all the performance evaluation of vibration acceleration for roadbeds in transition zones is under the standard.