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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Dec 2003
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Aug 2003
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Apr 2003
Selecting the target year
A Comparaison of Patient Satisfaction with Care Received and Nurse Satisfaction with Care Given
Yoo Moon-Suk ; Yoo Il-Young ; Park Yon-Ok ; Lee Soon-Ok ; Hong Yoon-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 130~137
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to compare the level of satisfaction of patients with nursing care received, and of nurses with nursing care provided to their patients. Another purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between job satisfaction by the nurses and satisfaction with nursing care they provide. Method: A self-report questionnaire developed by Yoo & Hong (1999) was used to measure patient and nurse satisfaction. The participants were 147 patients and 133 nurses and data were collected from October 23 to October 30, 2002. Data analysis was done uslng SPSS WIN 11.0. Result: The average score for patient satisfaction was 2.47 (maximum score 5.0) and for nurses, 2.20. This difference was statistically significant. The patients gave high scores on care related personal hygiene, but they gave low scores for critical nursing areas such as following appropriate procedure for administering medications. No significant relationship was found between satisfaction with their nursing care by the nurses and satisfaction with the job. Conclusion: Even though the patient scores were significantly higher than nurses', the overall average score was very low and critical nursing actions received the lowest scores. It is necessary to identify areas in need of improvement and develop continuing education programs for nurses.
A Study of Stage of Change of Exercise in Young Adults
Byun Young-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 138~144
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the change processes for exercise behaviors in each stage. Method: Participants for this study were randomly selected from adults between the ages of 20-44. Data were collected using questionnaires over a 2 week period at the end of May, 2003. The instrument, Stages of exercise behavior change developed by Marcus et al. (1992b), and the instrument, Changing phases of exercise behaviors developed by Nigg et al. (1999) and translated by Kwon (2002) were used to investigate the behaviors. Result: 1. Related to stage of exercise behavior change of participants, it was found that 55.2% of participants exercised regularly. 2. Among the change processes according to stage of change showed that dramatic relief was the most frequently used process for all stages. Environmental reevaluation and social liberation were used most in the contemplation stage, while environmental reevaluation and stimulus control were used most in the preparation stage. In addition, scores for stimulus control and environmental reevaluation were high in the action stage. In the maintenance stage, social liberation and counter-conditioning were used most frequently. 3. The process of exercise behavior change which differentiates the stages of exercise behavior change were shown to be counter-conditioning, which was an influential factor that differentiates the contemplation stage and maintenance stage. Conclusion: The results suggest that change process management should be the focus to enhance the stage of change for exercise in this group.
A Validation Study of Nursing Diagnosis in Emergency Care Unit
Choi Kyung-Won ; Oh Hae-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 145~153
Purpose: Related factors for 24 nursing diagnoses frequently used in the emergency care unit were validated in this study. Method: A convenience sample of 65 registered nurses who had worked for 2 years or more in emergency care units and received instruction on nursing diagnosis was used for the study. The classification of nursing diagnoses was based on NANDA (1996) and validation, on Fehring (1987)'s DCV model. Result: Differences were found between emergency and general care units for related factors for nursing diagnosis. Newly reported related factors were not found for emergency care units. Conclusion: It is helpful for nurses who work in emergency care to be able to apply the nursing diagnosis validated in this study. These findings can be used as the database to provide a nursing diagnosis system appropriate to improving the emergency nursing practice.
Factors Related to Prehospital Delay Time in Patients with Stroke
Lee Jong-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 154~162
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors which can delay hospital arrival for patients with acute stroke. Method: The participants for this study were 102 patients who were admitted to the Department of Neurology in a hospital in Chungnam province. Data were collected from Oct, 2002 to June, 2003. The data were analyzed with frequencies, percentages, and
test using the SPSS PC program. Result: The results of this study were as follows: 1. Only 33.8 % of participants arrived at the hospital within 3 hours. 2. Educational level, economic status, people living in same residence, and place of residence were factors which significantly affected prehospital delay time. Also there were significant differences in prehospital delay time according to family history of stroke, day of the week when symptoms began, perception of seriousness of symptoms, type of hospital first used, and transportation. Conclusion: Therefore, to reduce prehospital delay time, educational programs which focus on the above factors need to be developed. Also, a public campaign for utilizing emergency service to reduce transportation time for acute stroke patients need to be facilitated.
A Study on factors Affecting Quality of Life in Patients on Dialysis
Kim Nam-Cho ; Song Hyo-Jeong ; Oh Jung-Aha ; Kim Tae-Yang ; Kim Myung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 163~170
Purpose: This study was done to identify stress, fatigue, and self efficacy in patients on dialysis and identify their effect on quality of life. Method: The participants (n=149) who agreed to participate in the research were selected from among those who were on dialysis treatment at C University Medical Centers in Seoul and Inchon, and at C University Medical Center in Jeju. The data were collected from July, 2001 to March, 2002 using interviews. Data analysis was done with t-test, ANOVA, and multiple stepwise regression using the SAS program. Result: Quality of life was significantly different according to economic status, and type of dialysis. Quality of life for the group with higher economic status was better than for the group with lower economic status, and the group on peritoneal dialysis had higher quality of lift scores than the group on hemodialysis. As for self-efficacy, there were significant difference according to duration of disease, type of dialysis, and duration of dialysis. Stress was significantly different according to marital status. Quality of life was significantly predicted by stress (40.02%) and fatigue (3.85%). Conclusion: To improve quality of life for people on dialysis, their stress should be treated positively, also multi-dimensional nursing interventions to provide emotional support and nursing interventions to diminish fatigue are required.
A Study of the Relationship of Self-Efficacy, Knowledge, and Self-Care Behavior to Metabolic Level in Patients with NIDDM
Lee Sook-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 171~180
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of self-efficacy, knowledge about the disease, and self-care behavior to the metabolic level in patients with NIDDM. Method: Data were collected from March 15 to April 15, 2001. Participants in the study were 48 patients with NIDDM who were seen regularly at the endocrinology out-patient department of Gwangju Christian Hospital. The data were collected through individual interviews and patient blood samples. The data were analyzed with SPSS/PC+, using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and Cronbach's Alpha. Result: 1. The mean score for self-efficacy was
, self-care behavior
. The mean score for HbAlc level was
, HDL cholesterol level,
and total cholesterol level,
. 2. There was a significant difference between patients with a spouse and those without one (t=-2.08, p=0.042), in knowledge according to level of obesity (t=5.14, p=0.010), duration of illness (t=3.22, p=0.031) and presence of complications related to diabetes (t=-2.58, p= 0.013). There were no significant differences in self-care behavior, but there were significant differences in sugar metabolic level according to sex (t=-2.02, p=0.050). 3. The correlation between diabetic patients' self-efficacy, knowledge and self-care behaviour and metabolic control was significantly related only to self-efficacy and self-care behavior (r=.692, p=0.000). Conclusion: It is necessary to improve self-efficacy, knowledge, and self-care behavior for patients with NIDDM by using nursing intervention programs to promote and maintain metabolic control.
A Survey of Blood Glucose Testing, Medication, Diet, and Exercise Adherence in Korean Patients with Type2 Diabetes
Kim Hee-Seung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 181~186
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the adherence to diabetes control recommendations (blood glucose testing, medication, diet, exercise) in patients with type 2 diabetes at home and to analyse the correlation between adherence and blood glucose level. Method: Participants, numbering 214, were recruited from the endocrinology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in an urban city. The data were collected by a self report adherence questionnaire. Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was determined by the high-performance liquid chromatography technique and fasting blood glucose was analyzed by the glucose oxidase method. Result: Medication adherence was higher than diet or exercise adherence. The frequency of blood glucose testing was lower for middle school graduates than college graduates. Diet adherence was significantly lower for participants who were obese, who did not have a spouse, and who had hyperglycemia. Medication and diet adherence were negatively correlated with HbA1c. Conclusion: A diet education program should be developed for patients with type 2 diabetes who are obese, who do not have a spouse, and who have hyperglycemia.
The Effects of the Mineral Oil on Skin under Casts for Relief of Skin Dryness and Pruritus
Lee Byung-Sook ; Baek Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 187~197
Purpose: This experimental study was to verify the effects of the mineral oil on skin under casts for relief of skin dryness and pruritus. Method: Participants in the study were inpatients at C university hospital in D city who had long leg casts. The mineral oil was applied to the skin under the casts in the experimental group of 18 patients and was not applied to the control group, also 18 patients. During the experimentation, the participants in the experimental group were informed about how to apply the mineral oil and 1 week later were responsible for applying the oil themselves. The oil was applied three times a day. Data collection was done from July 28, 2002 to September 28, 2002. The analyses were carried using frequencies, percentages,
-test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA with the SPSS WIN 10.0 program. Results: Hypothesis 1, 'The experimental group using the mineral oil application showed remarkably less dryness in the skin compared to the control group' was accepted (F=16.39, p=0.000). Hypothesis 2, 'The experimental group using the mineral, oil application showed remarkably less pruritus compared to the control group' was accepted (F=34.01, p=0.000). Conclusion: These results demonstrate that mineral oil application to skin under casts was effective in treating skin dryness and pruritus. Accordingly, it is concluded that mineral oil application to skin under casts can be an effective nurse intervention to treat skin dryness and pruritus.
Awareness of Information, Anxiety, Distress, and Perceived Value of Information in Patients undergoing Endoscopic Examination
Son Jung-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 198~205
Purpose: A descriptive study was conducted to identify awareness of information, emotional distress, behavioral distress, and perceived value of information in clients who were scheduled for endoscopic examinations, and to determine correlations between the variables. Method: Participants were 87 clients who were scheduled for endoscopic examinations; gastroscopy, bronchoscopy, and colonoscopy. The questionnaires were collected from September to December, 2002 by a trained nurse. Self reports, interviews, and observations were used. Data were analyzed with frequencies, percentages, means, Pearson correlation coefficients, ANOVA, and Scheffe post test using the SPSS/PC 9.0. Result: The score for awareness of information was 17.46, state anxiety was 47.26, emotional distress during exam was 2.90, behavioral distress was 11.18, and perceived value of information was 4.21, Clients aged above 60 showed significantly lower awareness of information than other groups. Clients undergoing broncoscopy reported significantly higher emotional distress during the ekam than subjects for colonoscopy. Clients undergoing gastroscopy showed significantly higher behavioral distress than any of the others. There were no relationships between awareness of information and anxiety, but, a significant positive relationship was found between anxiety and emotional distress during exam, between emotional distress and behavioral distress, and between awareness of information and perceived value of information. Conclusion: Awareness of information by the clients through provision of an educational booklet was low, and clients showed moderate level of state anxiety. Research studies are needed to compare providing information with other interventions for comfortable progress of endoscopic examinations. Especially specific strategies should be established for elderly clients to facilitate awareness of information.
A Survey on Pain and Self-Care Behavior of Patients with Chronic Arthritis
Sohng Kyeong-Yae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 206~213
Purpose: This study was designed to explore pain and self-care behaviors and identify related variables in patients with chronic arthritis. Method: One hundred fifty patients with arthritis were recruited from two university based arthritis centers according to selection criteria. Collected data were analyzed using the SAS program to analyze the responses to the structured questionnaires of the study. Result: Most of the participants expressed pain and the intensity of the pain was moderate. There were significant differences according to age, educational level, diagnosis, duration of illness, number of affected joint, and use of complementary therapy. Self-care behavior scores were moderately high. The highest practice was for 'regular visits to the hospital', and the lowest for 'applying physical therapy at home'. The mean self-care behavior scores showed significant differences according to economic status and educational level. Pain scores showed no correlation with self-care behavior. Conclusion: Developing self-management programs for patients with chronic arthritis should focus on self-care skills which are applicable in the relief of pain and enhancement of knowledge. The skills are recommended not only for better health practices but also for enhancing the level of well-being and life satisfaction.
Study on Sleep Pattern and Utilization of Charcoal Eyepatch in High School Students
Yoo Kyung-Hee ; Song Whang-Soon ; Park Geum-Hwa ; Kim Keum-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 214~222
Purpose: This study was done to investigate sleep patterns and utilization of the charcoal eyepatch In high school students through a survey research. Method: The participants in this study were 80 students in a high school in Seoul. The period of data collection was from July 1, 2002 to 15, 2002. The research instruments used in this study were the measures of sleep and SPSSWIN 10.0 Program was used for data analysis. Result: The students went to bed after 12 p.m., but many of them easily fell asleep within 5 minutes. They woke up quite early at around 4 to 6 o'clock in the morning but remained in bed 1 hour. Satisfaction with their sleep was the response for 38.8% of the students. While 77% napped, they generally did so in the afternoon and 38.8% napped for half an hour. As for quality of sleep, 2.5% of the students could not sleep deeply, and 21.7% woke frequently during sleep. Their sleep environments were calm and comfortable, and they turned off the light when sleeping. The utilization of the charcoal eyepatch was effective for sleep, fatigue and powerlessness in high school students. Conclusion: Utilization of the charcoal eyepatch was effective for sleep in high school students and while the utilization of charcoal is recommended in life, the effect of charcoal must be testified through research.
A Comparative Study on Death Orientation and the Cognition & Nursing Needs of Hospice in Hospice Volunteers - a comparison between the trained and non trained volunteer -
Kang Ki-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 223~233
Purpose: The purpose of study was to identify the death orientation and cognition, attitude and nursing needs in hospice care according to training of volunteers. Method: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire which included characteristics, death orientation and cognition, attitude and nursing needs in hospice care. Data collection was done between June 1st and 20th, 2003. The participants in the study were the 86 trained hospice volunteers and 76 non-trained hospice volunteers. The data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC+ program. Result: The results are as follows: There was a significant difference in the average for the death orientation scores between non-trained hospice volunteers and trained hospice volunteers. There was a significant difference for the cognition of hospice and attitude, with higher responses being given by the hospice trained group. For the domains of nursing needs in hospice care, the highest response was to emotional needs. Conclusion: This study showed that training in hospice care was effective in changing the death orientation, cognition, attitude and nursing needs in hospice care.
Study on Determinants of Nursing Needs of Mothers with Hospitalized Children
Moon Ho-Jin ; Shin Sung-Rae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 234~243
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing nursing needs of mothers caring for children suffering from acute diseases and being treated in hospital. Method: The data were collected, using a nursing needs, social support, burden, and stress questionnaire. Data collection was done from July 10, to October 20, 2001 in the pediatric department of a general hospital. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Result: The results of this study are as follows. There were statistically significant differences in nursing needs according to differences in age, education level, marital status, religion, family income and relationship with spouse. The relationship between the nursing needs of the mother and anxiety (r=.758, p <.01), social support (r=-.659, p<.01), stress (r=.324, p <.01) were the most significant variables. The stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that anxiety, social support and stress define nursing needs at 57.5%, 4.3% and 1.1% respectively. Conclusion: Consideration needs to be given to anxiety, social support and stress when developing nursing intervention programs for mothers whose children are hospitalized with acute diseases.
The Effect of Hand Moxibustion Therapy on Knee Joint Pain, Joint Range of Motion and Discomfort during ADL in Elderly People
Woo Soon-Nyeol ; Yeo Hyun-Joo ; Kim Kyung-Suk ; Park Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 2, 2003, Pages 244~253
Purpose: This study was done for the purpose of testing the effects of hand moxibustion on pain in the knee joint, range of motion of the knee, and discomfort during ADL in elderly persons with knee joint pain. Method: Nonequivalent control group pre-post test research design was used. The participants were 35 elders who had knee joint pain. Sixteen were assigned to the experimental group and 19 to the control group. The instruments used for this study were the CRS (Graphic rating scale) for knee joint pain, goniometer for knee joint ROM, and modified ADL questionnaire developed by Lee. Analysis of data was done by percents, means and standard deviation,
-test, t-test, and ANCOVA using SPSS WIN 10.0. Result: The pain score for the right knee joint after hand moxibustion was significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after hand moxibustion (p=.035). The pain score for the left knee joint was not significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after hand moxibustion (p=.075). Right and left knee ROM scores were significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after hand moxibustion (Right p=.000, Left p=.034). Discomfort of ADL score was not significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after hand moxibustion (p=.053). Conclusion: In summary, knee joint pain in elders after hand moxibustion decreased and knee ROM in elders after hand moxibustion increased. So it would be useful for nurses to provide hand moxibustion as an alternative therapy to elders with knee joint pain in the community and thus reduce joint pain and increase knee ROM.