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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Dec 2003
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Aug 2003
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Apr 2003
Selecting the target year
Smoking History and Quality of Life in the Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
Son Haeng-Mi ; Lee Dong-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 276~282
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate smoking history and quality of life in the patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Method: Data were collected from 157 men who quit smoking or attempted to quit smoking. Quality of life was measured with the SCQoL(smoking cessation quality of life) scale which was developed by Olufade et al. (19?19), and includes 5 factors; social interactions, cognitive functioning, self control, anxiety, and sleep. Result: The patients usually smoking in their twenties (61.8%), continued to smoke for over 30 years (70.7%), and smoked 20-29 cigarettes a day (50.3%). The total mean scores for the SCQoL was
. Of the 5 factors, self control had the highest mean score (
). Patients who began smoking in their twenties had a higher SCQoL. However, there were no significantly differences in the SCQoL according to duration of smoking or amount of smoking per day. Conclusion: Age when smoking is begun is an important variable to explain SCQoL in patients with CAD. But, further study is needed to identify the influence of other variables such as duration and amount of smoking.
Relationship between Climacteric Symptoms and Sexual Satisfaction in Middle-aged Women
Cha Bo-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 283~291
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the relationship between climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction in middle-aged women. Method: Self-selection was used to recruit, for the study, 272 middle-aged women between 40 and 59 years of age from 2 metropolitan areas and 2 provinces in Korea. The questionnaire included information on demographic characteristics, climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction. Result: The results are as follows: 1. The mean/item climacteric symptom score was 1.91 and the mean sexual satisfaction score was 38.19.2. Climacteric symptoms were significantly influenced by age, education, economic status, frequency of abortions and menopausal status. Sexual satisfaction was influenced significantly by age, education, economic status and menopausal status. 3. There was a significant negative correlation between climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction (r=-.24, p =.0002). Conclusion: Sexuality should be considered when developing nursing strategies for middle-aged women, especially when dealing with climacteric symptoms.
Content Analysis on Motivation and Barriers Preparing for the NCLEX-RN in Korean Nurses
Kang Hee-Sun ; Seo Mi-A ; Lee Han-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 292~299
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe motivational factors and barriers which nurses experience while preparing for the NCLEX-RN Exam. Method: Data was collected from July 5 to August 28, 2002 using self-administered open questionnaires. A total 144 nurses preparing for the NCLEX-RN Exam participated in this study. Descriptive statistics were used and respondents' statements were analyzed using content analysis. Result: The motivation for taking the NCLEX-RN Exam was for a new adventure (23.7%), better working conditions and benefits (20.4%), children's education (14.5%), to study aboard (13.8%), economic issues (11.8%), and career issues (11.2%). The barriers while preparing for the NCLEX-RN Exam were studying in English (35.3%), fatigue (21.8%) limited time (16.0%), lack of information (8.3%), complicated documentation (5.1%), and cultural differences (4.5%). Conclusion: The result suggests that it is imperative to improve working conditions and benefits for nurses in Korea to prevent the brain drain of highly experienced nurses to other countries. It is also essential to develop strategies to minimize the barriers to support nurses preparing for the NCLEX-RN Exam and promote jobs overseas.
A Study of Knowledge of Medical Insurance Costs by Clinical Nurses
Lee Hea-Shoon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 300~306
Purpose: This study was done to help provide patients with information on medical insurance cost through medical insurance education for nurses, to increase effective management, check on omissions in treatment and appropriateness and accuracy of fees, and to contribute to the economic growth of hospital by providing nurses with necessary knowledge about medical insurance cost. Method: The participants in this study were clinical nurses in general hospitals. The study instrument was a questionnaire developed by the researcher through reference to data for medical insurance education. The data were analyzed with percentages, means, ANOVA, and Duncan method using SPSS PC+10. Result: The results on knowledge of medical insurance according to general characteristics of the nurses showed that there were significant differences according to age: (p=.0036) highest level of education (p=.0007), position (p=.0010) and place where education on medical insurance was received (p=.0093). Conclusion: Continuous in-service education for clinical nurses is reflected in increased knowledge about medical insurance costs but special attention needs to be given to younger nurses and nurses with less education, as well as staff nurses, and those nurses who only received education on medical insurance during their schooling. Accordingly, in-service education is necessary for nurses at the time of orientation so that they have knowledge on standards for recuperation allowance, guidelines to calculate material costs, and guidelines to calculate drug rates. In addition, as medical insurance cost frequently change, all nurses need continuous in-service education.
Fatigue and Exercise in Middle-aged Women
Byeon Young-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 307~315
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship between fatigue and exercise in middle-aged women. Method: A descriptive survey study design was used. Result: The fatigue level for middle-aged women was 1.98. It was found that about 52.7% of the participant do exercise now. Fatigue according to exercise level was not significant, but the degree of fatigue was low for women who do exercise. Conclusion: The degree of fatigue for middle-aged woman should be assessed and exercise suited to each person should be taught. Fatigue needs to be controlled before it develops to the point of disease, and appropriate exercise is an suitable intervention.
A Study on Role Conflict and Job Satisfaction in Nurses in Oriental Medicine Hospitals
Song Mi-Ryeong ; Lee Jeong-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 316~325
Purpose: This study was done to identify role conflict and job satisfaction in nurses in oriental medicine hospitals. Method: Study participants were 128 nurses employed in oriental medicine hospitals. The data were collected using a survey questionnaire. The instruments included a 37-item role conflict scale and 20-item job satisfaction scale. The data were analyzed using frequencies, means, percentages, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient with the Window's SPSS program. Result: There were significant differences in job satisfaction according to marital status, motivative for being a nurse and length of work time. The mean score for role conflict was 3.69 and for job satisfaction, 2.96. Job satisfaction had a significant inverse correlation with role conflict in these nurses. Conclusion: It is suggested that further studies are needed to identify factors affecting role conflict and job satisfaction in oriental medicine nurses, which will help to identify strategies to decrease the role conflict and increase job satisfaction in nurses employed in oriental medicine hospitals.
A Survey Study on Characteristics Associated with Fractures in Elderly People
Lee Jong-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 326~334
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics associated with fractures in elderly people in order to provide basic data for fracture preventive programs for the elderly people. Method: The participants were 84 patients over age of 65, who were admitted to the orthopedic department in a hospital in Chungnam province. Data were collected from Sep. 1, 2002 to Aug, 30, 2003 through personal interviews using a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSSPC program. Result: Physical characteristics before the fracture included weakness or paralysis in the extremities (29.8%), need of assistance or appliances (13.1%), difficulty on balance (28.6%), visual disturbances (26.2%), hearing impairment (17.9%), speech disturbances (2.4%), urinary dysfunction (21.4%), and sleep disturbances (54.8%). The fractures occurred most frequently in winter (32.1%), between 1 pm and 6 pm (48.8%), on weekends (41.6%), in the road (58.3%) while wearing snickers (27.4%) or shoes (27.4%). The region of fractures occurred most frequently was lower extremities (57.1%), and the causes of fractures were loss of balance (31.0%) and car accident (25.0 %). A significance difference was found for type of accident, footwear at the time of the accident, place of the accident according to gender and age. Also a significance difference was found for type of accident and place of accident according to season(p<.05). Conclusion: Therefore, these results should be considered when a fracture preventive program for elderly people is designed.
Development of an Educational Program for Parents of Children with Epilepsy
Kim Myung-Ae ; Shin Yeong-Hee ; Park Yeong-Sook ; Kim Yeon-Ha ; Kim Hae-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 335~344
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an educational program for parents of children with epilepsy. Method: The first step was to survey the need for information and social support for these parents. The second step was to design the educational program based on the survey results, literature review, and the theory of chronic sorrow that provided a framework for understanding and working with people suffering a loss of health. Result: The information which these parents were most anxiously seeking was information on the causes of seizures, appropriate steps deal with seizures, and appropriate and supportive parental re]e for their children. The educational program for parents of children with epilepsy included understanding the responses to loss, increasing the parents' knowledge about how to care for their children, managing their stress, enhancing the psychosocial adaptation of children, and encouraging the participation of the family. Conclusion: The educational program developed by the researcher can used with parents of children with epilepsy, and is expected to enhance the psychosocial adaptation of these children.
Stress Coping Process in Elderly People: Grounded Theory Approach
Kim Ae-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 345~353
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the stress-coping process used by elderly people. Method: This study was based on the grounded theory methodology of Strauss & Corbin. The participants were 15 elders selected by theoretical sampling. Over a period of 3 months, in-depth interviews using audiotape recording were used to collect the data. The data were analyzed simultaneously by a constant comparative method in which new data were continuously coded in categories and properties according to Strauss and Corbin's methodology, Result: Stress in elderly people is caused by illness, family conflict, and loss of economic power. Stress occurred in connection with aging and limitation of social activity. The central incidents for stress were fear, alienation and anxiety. It was found that action/interactional strategies of stress-coping behavior were related to social support and mobility disorders. Action/interactional strategies to stress-coping in elderly people were dependent on medical treatment, mind control, participation of social activity, and renunciation of offensive behavior. Stress-coping in elderly people resulted in stability or instability in body and mind. Conclusion: It is suggested that the results of this study may contribute to the development stress-coping strategies for elderly people. There is need to develop social support systems and a positive environment to avoid negative coping strategies.
Relationship between Work Stress and lob Satisfaction Experienced by Nurses in Medical Insurance
Choi Soon-Hee ; Lee Eun-Ju ; Park Min-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 354~360
Purpose: This study was done for the purpose of identifying the relationship between work stress and job satisfaction of nurses who were evaluating medical insurance. Method: The participants in the study were 154 nurses who were in charge of evaluating medical insurance in 32 hospitals in Korea. Data were collected for 1 month from April 20 to May 20, 2001. Result: The mean total work stress score was 93.79. In comparison with work stress scores according to the work stress factors, 'work overload'(2.95) had the highest work stress score. The mean total job satisfaction score was 69.56. The total work stress scores did not show significant differences for any of the variables. The total job satisfaction score showed significant differences for the variables of age (F=3.51, p=.01), position (F=3.16, p=.02) and reason for transfer from one department to another (F=3.40, p=.003). Conclusion: The total work stress score showed a inverse correlation(v=-.36, p=.001) with the total job satisfaction score.
Identification of Nursing Interventions in the Operating Room using the Perioperative Nursing Data Set(PNDS)
Kim Gyoung-Hui ; Cho Bok-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 361~370
Purpose: This study was done to identify nursing interventions performed by operating room nurses using the Perioperative Nursing Data Set (PNDS). Method: The data were collected from 88 operating room nurses, from August 1 to October 25, 2002 using the PNDS developed by the Association of Operating Room Nurses and translated into Korean. Nurses working in 2 university hospitals in Gwang-ju and 2 general hospitals in Seoul. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program. Result: There were 15 of 127 nursing interventions which the operating room nurses indicated were important and which they performed at least once a day. Conclusion: The operating room nurses consider interventions to prevent physical injury and patient centered care to be very important, but the performance rate for patient centered care was low. It shows that there is a need in education courses for patient centered care to be more strongly emphasized.
Analysis of Nursing Research Trends in Study of Families of Patients with Chronic Diseases
Seomun Gyeong-Ae ; Chang Sung-Ok ; Im Hye-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 371~382
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze research trends and to suggest future directions for research on families of patients with chronic disease. Method: The method used was a review of 83 dissertations and articles related to these families published in Korea between 1980 and 2002. Analysis included design of the study, sources of data, interventions for experimental research and main concepts for non-experimental research. Result: It was found that 80.7% of the studies were non-experimental research and 85.1% of these were descriptive surveys. In 79.5% of research studies, data were collected at a hospital. Nursing interventions in the experimental studies included stress management, education, strengthening functional communication among family members and nursing management. The major concepts were family burden, family stress, and coping, and family experience. Conclusion: It is necessary that research on the family-as-a-client be more focused and that the results of family related research be applied to the family as a unit. Development of research instruments to measure the phenomena of Korean families of patients with chronic disease is also needed.
A Descriptive Survey of University Students' Prejudice toward AIDS, Social Interaction with AIDS Patients, Intention for AIDS Prevention, and Knowledge
Son Jung-Tae ; Suh Soon-Rim ; Cho Eun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 383~391
Purpose: A study of university students was conducted to explore their prejudice toward AIDS, social interaction with AIDS patients, and intention to practice AIDS preventive measures. Method: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive survey design. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 145 university students. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA with SPSS 11.5. Result: The mean score for prejudice toward AIDS was 23.54, implying a low level of prejudice toward AIDS by the subjects. The mean score for social interaction with AIDS patients was 20.92, indicating a moderate level of intention for social interaction with AIDS patients. The mean score for intention to practice AIDS prevention was 24,74, assuming a strong intention to practice AIDS prevention. Those who had higher mean scores for AIDS Knowledge showed significantly higher mean scores for social interaction with AIDS patients and intention to practice prevention than those who had lower scores. Conclusion: Research findings showed that university students had a low level of prejudice toward AIDS, a moderate level of social interaction with AIDS patients and a high level of intention to practice AIDS prevention. Therefore, a specially designed AIDS education program is needed for university students so as not to provoke fear or stigma toward AIDS patients and to support AIDS patients.
The Analysis of Trends in Complementary and Alternative Therapy (CAT) in Nursing Research in Korea
Han Kyung-Soon ; Im Nan-Young ; Song Kyung-Ae ; Hong Young-Hye ; Kim Jong-Im ; Kim Kyung-Hee ; Cho Nam-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 392~398
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in complementary and alternative therapy in nursing research in Korea. Method: The researchers examined academic theses and dissertations published from 1990 to 2002, and 151 articles were used for the analysis. Result: Nursing research on CAT increased rapidly from 1995 Articles with quantitative research designs made up 93.9% of the total and there were more experimental studies than non-experimental studies. Patients who had surgery, mental disorders, renal failure, hypertension, arthritis, dementia & cancer were the most frequently participants in studies on CAT. The type of CAT used in nursing research were mind-body therapy (65.8%), manual healing therapy (28.7%), phamacologic & biological therapy (3.7%), bioelectromagnetics (0.9%) and herbal therapy (0.9%). In 44 articles both psychological and physiological parameters were used as dependent variables. In 34 articles only physiological parameters were used and in 13 only psychological parameters. The most frequently used physiological parameters in CAT were pain, physiological function and vital signs, while the most used psychological parameters were anxiety, depression and stress. Conclusion: More studies about CAT are needed to extend the role and fields for professional nursing. There is a need to conduct qualitative studies in nursing about the experiences of patients who receive CAT and nurses who use CAT.
A Study on Physical Fitness in Student Nurses
Kim Hyang-Dong ; Park Jeong-Suk ; Kwon Young-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 399~407
Purpose: This study was done to identify levels of physical fitness in student nurses and to ascertain the relationship among the different aspects of physical fitness of strength, power, muscle endurance, agility, balance and flexibility. Method: The participants were 266 students selected from one college of nursing. From May 1 to July 31 in 2003, physical constitution, muscle strength (grip strength, back strength), power (standing long jump), muscle endurance (sit-ups), agility (whole body reaction time-light, sound), balance (close-eyes foot-balance), and flexibility (sitting trunk flexion) were measured. Result: The mean(standard deviation) for grip strength was 22.59(3.93) kg., for back strength, 48.52(12.85) kg., for standing long jump, 135.29(20.54) m., for sit-up's, 23.66(9.35) per minute, whole body reaction time (light), 0.43(0.11) sec, whole body reaction time (sound), 0.50(0.16) sec, close-eyes foot-balance, 33.35(38.67) sec, and sitting trunk flexion 34.72(9.37) cm. Conclusion: This study showed that the physical fitness of student nurses is very low compared to the results in a report from the Korea Sports Science Institute. It is necessary to include exercise programs for student nurses in order to improve their physical fitness.
Sexual Knowledge in Academic High School Students
Sung Myung-Sook ; Song Byung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 408~414
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the positive aspects of sexual knowledge in high school students. Method: The participants were 1,106 students from two high school in Hong Cheon, Korea. Data were collected between June 1st and June 30th, 2001. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS program to investigate responses to a structured questionnaire. Result: The level of sexual knowledge in the high school students was 13.83 (range 1 to 19). In terms of the response distribution for sexual knowledge by items, the correct response rate was highest for 'wet dream', and the incorrect response rate was lowest for 'sexually transmitted disease'. There were significant differences in sexual knowledge according to the general characteristics of gender and grade (women: 14.07, men: 13.48; 12th grade: 14.52, 11th grade: 13.92, and 10th grade: 13.12). It was found that there were significant differences in sexual knowledge according to method of sex education, teacher, and effect of sex education. Conclusion: The level of sexual knowledge in high school students was low; thus, more effective methods to enhance the sexual knowledge of men students on sexually transmitted diseases and contraception are needed.
Development of Standard of Educational Equipment for Fundamental Nursing Practice in BSN Programs
Kim Jong-Im ; Lim Nan-Young ; Kim Keum-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 415~426
Purpose: This study was done to develop standards for educational equipment in fundamental nursing practice courses in BSN programs. Method: The participants in this study were 30 professors who taught fundamental nursing in colleges or departments of nursing. The data were gathered between December 2002 and May 2003 using a questionnaire on the present state of fundamental nursing practice and the educational equipment list for fundamental nursing practice. Result: There was variety in the content of the courses of fundamental nursing practice in BSN programs, and the environment for fundamental nursing practice was in diverse setting. A standard for educational equipment was developed consisting of 93 pieces of equipment for fundamental nursing practice. Conclusion: The standard for educational equipment for fundamental nursing practice in BSN programs provides the basics for fundamental nursing practice. Of these 72 were selected and the authors suggests establishing an educational committee of fundamental nursing practice and holding a workshop on educational equipment for fundamental nursing practice in BSN programs every 5 years.
Analysis on Basic Nursing Content Required for the Clinical Performance by Novice Nurses
Byeon Young-Soon ; Lim Nan-Young ; Kang Kyu-Sook ; Sung Myung-Sook ; Won Jong-Soon ; Ko Il-Sun ; Chang Sung-Ok ; Jang Hee-Jung ; Yang Sun-Hee ; Kim Hwa-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 10, issue 3, 2003, Pages 427~436
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify nurses' perceptions of the importance of concrete items as a basis for nursing practice. A total of 179 concrete items for basic nursing, which clinical nurses must know in order to practice appropriately, were identified. Method: The participants in this study were 225 nurses who had worked for two to five years in university hospitals. The nurses were asked to rate the importance of the 179 items (in 39 middle range categories) on a 5 point scale. Result: The mean age of the nurses was 26 and about 54% were university graduates. Of the 39 middle range categories those rated as the top ten were transfusion (4.682), IV injection (4.492), po medication (4.476), surgery (4.469), infection control (4.438), IM injection (4.413), safety (4.388), oxygenation (4.376), diagnostic test (4.366), and fluid & electrolyte balance (4.359). The categories that had the lowest scores were sexuality (3.449), conceptual nursing (3.465), spirituality (3.527) and personal hygiene (3.548). Conclusion: The results of this study show that most nurses evaluate items which they use frequently in their practice as important.