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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Dec 2004
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Aug 2004
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Apr 2004
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Evaluation of Student Learning Achievement through Self Study Using a Web-based Wound Care E-book
Ko Il-Sun ; Kang Kyu-Sook ; Park Jin-Hee ; Yook Shin-Young ; Song In-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 6~12
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-study learning achievement in undergraduate nursing students who used a web-based wound care e-book. Method: The web-based wound care e-book was applied to 80 nursing students at Y university. The students studied the wound care e-book for four weeks and practiced wound dressing by themselves in open laboratory. Learning achievement was evaluated according to achievement of unit objectives and performance of an actual wound dressing. Result: 1. The total mean score for achievement of unit objectives was 3.06 (
) and the total mean score on the performance of the wound dressing was 89.40 (
). 2. There was no difference between the scores in the performance test (F=1.012, p=.366) for students who used self-study and those who were given a lecture. 3. A positive correlation was found between achievement of unit objectives and performance of the wound dressing (r=0.306, p<0.05). Conclusion: The web-based wound care e-book was effective in facilitating self-study for nursing students, and there is a need to continuously develop and up-date web-based nursing education e-books to facilitate self-study.
Educational Evaluation of Competency in Nursing Skills through Open Laboratory Self-directed Practice
Paik Hoon-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 13~20
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of open laboratory self-directed practice in improving nursing skill competency. Method: This study was a one group posttest only design that examined the competency in basic nursing skills after traditional education and open laboratory self-directed practice. Students participated in traditional education and open laboratory practice through self-study. Whenever practice was done, the item of practice and time were measured and documented. Collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentages, averages and standard deviations, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Result: 1 The average number of students who participated in the open lab self-directed practice was 53.9 (64.2%) and the total number of hours of participation was 1567.5 minutes per year. Each student participated for an average of 29.1 minutes per year. 2. Analysis showed a statistically positive correlation between practical skill and open laboratory self-study (r=0.252, p=0.048).
Changes in Student Nurses' Perception between Initial and Final Clinical Practice
Kim Myung-Ae ; Nam Seung-Hee ; Kim Hyo-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~30
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore perception of clinical experience between the initial and final practice and to explore changes in the perception of clinical experience. Method: The study used a Q-method to measure perception of clinical practice. Thirty-six statements made up the finalized Q-sample. The P sample used thirty three nursing college students from K university. The initial collection was done in the first semester of their junior year and second collection was done in the last semester of their senior year. The Q-sorts by each student were coded and analysed with the Quanl PC program. Result: Many students classified as having the perception type 'alienation of ideal and reality' or 'perception of limitation of ability' in the initial clinical practice changed to the type, 'active participation' by the final clinical practice. Further, in the initial clinical practice, part of 'active participation' and 'perception of limitation of ability' changed to 'alienation of ideal and reality'. Conclusion: This study shows that perception of their clinical practice by student nurses changed in a positive direction through clinical experience and that this fact was related to the level of satisfaction with nursing. The knowledge and understanding obtained in this research provide insights for nursing faculty and students involved in nursing education.
A Comparative Study of Nurses' Recognition and Practice Level of General Nosocomial Infection, MRSA and VRE Infection Control
Yoo Moon-Sook ; Son Youn-Jung ; Ham Hyoung-Mi ; Park Mi-Mi ; Um Aee-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 31~40
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses' recognition of, and practice level in management of general nosocomial infections, and methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) infections. Method: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were collected on June, 2003 from 190 nurses in one university affiliated hospital located in Suwon. Result: The mean score for nurses' recognition of general nosocomial infection control was 3.57, MRSA control was 3.54, and VRE control was 3.86. The mean score on practice for control of general nosocomial infection was 3.19, for MRSA control, 3.20, and for VRE control, 3.63. There were statistically significant relationships between the recognition level and practice level for general nosocomial, MRSA, and VRE infection control. According to the general characteristics of the nurses, the mean scores for both recognition and practice were higher for those nurses who had had infection control education, for those who had worked longer in nursing, and for those who worked in the ICU. Conclusion: It is suggested that appropriate hospital infection control programs should be developed through continuous education and practice to improve nurses' level of the practice in general infection control, and especially in MRSA and VRE infection control.
A Study of Airborne Microbes in the NSICU According to Number of Persons Who Pass through Every Hour
Park Hyoung-Sook ; Kang In-Soon ; Kim Jin-Wha ; Eo Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 41~48
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the colony count of airborne microbes contamination every hour in the Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit (NSICU) in order to identify the relationship of colony count to person-visits. Method: Data were collected during from 11:00 a.m. September 5 to 11:00 a.m. September 6, 2002. This study used blood agar & nutrient agar and handtally counter (USA) for collection of airborne microbes and number of person-visits. Data was analyzed using the SPSSWIN 10.0 with means, Pearson correlation coefficient, and simple regression. Result: The result of this study are as follows. Total colony count of airborne microbes for 24 hours in the NSICU was 4,609. Total number of person-visits to the NSICU was 15,347. The highest scores fur the total colony count in different areas of the NSICU was the rear door, followed by the preparation room, and the front entrance, while the lowest count was in the isolation rooms. There was a statistically significant relationship between colony count and number of person-visits to the NSICU. The most frequently airborne microbes in the NSICU were Micrococcus, CNS, Staphylococcus Micrococcus, Aureus. Conclusion: These findings indicate that the number of person-visits in hospitals influences total colony count of airborne microbes. This study contributes to assessment of biological indoor air quality in hospital and in the development of an NSICU care plan.
A Study on the Expression of Hostility, Trait Anger, and Anger in Patients with CAD
Son Youn-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~58
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of expressions of hostility, trait anger, and anger in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Method: Ninety patients between 30 and 80 who were admitted to A hospital participated in the study. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey using convenience sampling. The research tool consisted of 24 questions by Costa et al (1986) and 10 questions specifically on anger from the Korean version (Chon, Hahn, & Lee, 1998) of the State-Trait Anger Inventory by Spielberger (1988). All of the questions were answered using a 4-point Likert scale. The data were analyzed with SPSS Win version 10.0. Result: Mean scores for hostility, trait anger, anger-out, anger-in, and anger-control were 2.51, 2.19, 1.93, 1.85, and 2.56, respectively. Hostility and trait anger showed a significantly positive correlation to anger-out and anger-in. Conclusion: This study presented baseline data that indicate that psychosocial factors are associated with the occurrence and progression of CAD. Accordingly, various programs that include psychological interventions are required to diminish the level of hostility and anger. Also, further studies should be conducted with larger patient populations.
The Relationship between Eating Disorders, Self-esteem and Depression among in College Women
Sung Mi-Hae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 59~66
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between eating disorder, self-esteem and depression in college women. Method: Participants were 282 college women. Data were collected between Nov. 1st and 30th, 2003, and provide basic data on eating disorder levels in college women and basic data for health control programs. The instrument was a questionnaire consisting of 8 items on general characteristics and weight control, 24 on eating disorders, 10 on self-esteem and 10 on depression. Analysis of the data was done using numbers, percentages, means and standard deviations, t-test and Pearson correlation coefficients. SPSS WIN 10.0 was used in data analysis. Result: The greatest difference for eating disorders was between the group with normal body weight and the group with low body weight (t=-6.94, p=.000). There was a high positive correlation between Body Mass Index and eating disorder (r=.383, p<.01), between eating disorder and depression (r=.161, p<.01). There was a high negative correlation between eating disorder and self-esteem (r=-.196, p<.01), and between self-esteem and depression (r=-.537, p<.01). Conclusion: These results indicate that college women need more education and counseling on dietary concerns. Also, systematic efforts to establish a more health conscious social standard for beauty should be taken. Further empirical and experimental studies are required to investigate factors influencing attitudes towards eating held by college women and to determine variables which affect various specific dimensions of these attitudes.
A Survey of Knowledge of Diabetes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Kim Hee-Seung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~73
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge of diabetes and insulin use in patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: Participants (139) were recruited from the endocrinology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in an urban city. Knowledge of diabetes knowledge was measured by a brief diabetes knowledge test which had two components: a 14-item general test and a 9-item insulin-use subscale. Result: The average scores for knowledge of diabetes and insulin were 62.4 and 41.8 respectively. Scores were lower for items on the definition of glycosylated hemoglobin, diabetic diet, signs of ketoacidosis, and insulin reaction compared to other items. Knowledge scores were significantly lower for older participants, those who had lower levels of education, those who did not have a spouse, those who did not have a job, those who were not being treated with insulin, and those who tested their blood glucose less than 3 times a day. Conclusion: Definition of glycosylated hemoglobin, diabetic diet, signs of ketoacidosis, and insulin reaction should be included in education for patients with type 2 diabetes. Special education programs should be developed for elderly people, those with low levels of education those without a spouse, or without a job, or who are not being treated with insulin.
Needs Assessment for Information and Support of Parents of Children with Epilepsy
Shin Yeong-Hee ; Park Yeong-Sook ; Kim Myung-Ae ; Kim Joon-Sik ; Lee Ju-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 74~81
Purpose: This study investigated the need for information and social support in parents of children with epilepsy. Method: A total of 119 parents of children with epilepsy were recruited and asked to fill out questionnaires. Result: Of 119 parents, two-third reported that they received full and sufficient information about their child's disease and its management but one-third felt the information was insufficient and incomplete. Most parents (62.2%) felt at loss when their child had a seizure, either at home or at school. They wanted information on the causes of seizures, adequate steps deal with seizure and steps they should take to become adequate and supportive parents for their children. However, most parents were reluctant to disclose the disease or to receive support from outsiders. Conclusion: Regardless of the fact that most parents received sufficient information about the management of epilepsy, they felt at a loss when their child had a seizure attack. Therefore nurses should give specific instruction on seizure management and assess the needs of parents on a regular basis.
Health Promoting Behavior and Degree of Life Satisfaction in Rural Elderly People
Sung Myung-Sook ; Song Byung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 82~91
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify health promoting behavior and life satisfaction in rural elderly people. Method: The data were collected from October 1st 2002 to October 31th, 2003. The participants were 142 elderly people living in Hong Cheon, Korea. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analyzed using the SPSS program. Result: The average score for the health promoting behavior was 2.64 (
), with a minimum of 1.48 and maximum of 3.80. The average scores for each subscale were, nutrition, 2.98, interpersonal support, 2.78, health responsibility, 2.67, self-actualization, 2.66, stress management, 2.58, and exercise, 1.93. Signifiant differences in health promoting behavior were found according to the following general characteristics: education level, religion, senior citizens center usage and allowance. The average score for life satisfaction was 2.68 (
), with a minimum of 1.38 and a maximum of 3.85. Senior citizens center usage was the only general characteristics that showed a significant difference for life satisfaction. There was a significant positive correlation between health promoting behavior and life satisfaction (r= 0.5783, p=0.001). Self-actualization and stress management had statistically significant casual effects on life satisfaction (
=0.3961). Conclusion: Effective methods to enhance life satisfaction of rural elderly should emphasize self-actualization and stress management.
A Comparative Study on Spiritual Well-Being and Perceived Health Status between Above Average and tow Income for Elderly People
Park Jeong-Sook ; Lee Hae-Ran ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 1, 2004, Pages 92~100
Purpose: This study was to provide basic data for comprehensive nursing care for elderly people and to compare the spiritual well-being and perceived health status between elderly people who have above average income and those who have low income. Method: The data were collected from 80 elders with above average income and 81 with low income through face-to-face interviews. An elder was defined as a person over 60 years of age. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, ANCOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and Scheffe test. Result: The mean score for spiritual well being for elders with above average income was 2.90 of a total possible score of 4 and for elders with low income, 2.49 and the difference was significant. The mean score for perceived health status for elders with above average income was 8.93 of a total possible score of 14 and for elders with low income, 7.47 and the difference was also significant. There was a statistically positive correlation between existential well-being and perceived health status for the total sample of elderly people and for the elders with low income. Conclusion: Spiritual nursing care should be included in comprehensive health care programs for elderly people in Korea. Especially, it is important to develop nursing interventions for elders with low income that will increase their spiritual well-being and help them to develop positive thinking towards perceived health status.