Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Dec 2004
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Aug 2004
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Apr 2004
Selecting the target year
Comparison on Perceived Importance and Frequency of Nurse's Role Behaviors between Medical and Surgical Nurses
Lim Nan-Young ; Kang Hyun-Sook ; Suh Moon-Ja ; Yi Yeo-Jin ; Kwon Sung-Bok ; Kim Dong-Oak ; Kim Joo-Hyun ; Park Young-Sook ; Shon Young-Hee ; Son Haeng-Mi ; Lee Eun-Hee ; Cho Kyung-Sook ; Chi Sung-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 124~137
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the perceived importance and frequency of nurse role behaviors for medical and surgical nurses and to examine the relationship between perceived importance and frequency of nurse role behaviors in the two groups. Method: A descriptive design was used with convenience sampling of 351 medical and surgical nurses in the 40 hospitals with over 500 beds. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Results: 1) The total score for perceived importance of nurse role behaviors was
for medical nurses and
for surgical nurses. 2) The total score for frequency was
for medical nurses and
for surgical nurses. 3) The perceived importance of nurse role behaviors was higher than the frequency, but the difference between two groups was not significant. 4) The perceived importance of nurse role behaviors was highly correlated with frequency (r=.579, p=.000) for the two groups. Conclusion: Medical and surgical nurses perceived the importance nurse role behavior but the frequency of the behavior is lower. Therefore, further research is needed to develop strategies to increase the frequency of nurse role behaviors.
Effects of 6-week Foot Reflexology on the Blood Pressure and Fatigue in Elderly Patients with Hypertension
Cho Gyoo-Yeong ; Park Hyoung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 138~147
Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the effects of foot reflexology on blood pressure, serum lipids, fatigue and self-efficacy in patients with hypertension. Methods: The research was done between June 23 and July 31, 2003 and the design was an experimental treatment design. The thirty-four participants were assigned to either an experimental group (18) or a control group (16), Foot reflexology was administered twice a week for 6 weeks to participants in the experimental group. Results: There was a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure and diastolic pressure in the experimental group compared to the control group. After the foot reflexology, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels for the experimental group did not decrease significantly compared to the control group. High density lipoprotein find low density lipoprotein levels also did not decrease significantly after foot reflexology Fatigue in the experimental group decreased significantly after foot reflexology. Self-efficacy in the experimental group did not decrease significantly after foot reflexology. Conclusion: The results show that foot reflexology is an effective nursing: intervention to decrease systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and to treat fatigue but not serum lipids. Therefore, blood cholesterol should be further evaluated with a larger group of participants and for a longer period. Further research is necessary to evaluate and to compare effects of self-foot reflexology and foot reflexology.
The Knowledge and Learning Needs of Patients with a Permanent Pacemaker
Yoo Yang-Sook ; Lee Sun-Kyung ; Cho Ok-Hee ; Jeong Hye-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 148~155
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the level of knowledge and learning needs of patients with a permanent pacemaker implantation. Methods: The participants were 86 patients with a permanent pacemaker implantation. Data were collected during April and May 2002 using a questionnaire survey on knowledge and level of learning need. The collected data were analyzed using the SAS program. Results: 1. The average knowledge score was 13.21. The knowledge level was significantly higher in participants under 50 years of age and for those with higher levels of education. The items with the highest knowledge score was 'permanent pacemaker needs regular check ups' and the lowest, 'a bath can be taken 1 month after stitches are removed'. 2. The total average score for learning needs was 60.78 and the mean item score was 3.04 as measured on a 4-point Likert scale. The item showing the highest learning need was 'electrical fields can affect the pacemaker's function and the lowest learning need was for sexual activity after permanent pacemaker implantation'. Conclusion: According to the above findings, it can be concluded that an intensive nursing education program should be developed for patients with a permanent pacemaker especially for those patients over 50 years of age and those with lower levels of education.
A Survey on Physical Health Status and Health Behavior Practice in Elderly People
Jang Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 156~165
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to Identify the physical health status and health behavior practice of elderly people in order to provide basic data for effective nursing interventions to promote health and quality of lift. Method: The participants for this study were 299 elderly persons in D city. Data were collected by interview with a questionnaire. Results: Average score for the physical health status of the participants was 3.98. There was a significant difference in average scores for physical health status for the variables age, sex, marital status, education level, religion, monthly income, source of living expense, perceived health status, alcohol use and type of household. The average score for the health behavior practice of the participants was 99.52, which means that elderly persons have good health behavior. There was a significant difference in average scores for health behavior practice for the variables age, sex, education level, perceived health status and type of household. Perceived health status, education level and alcohol use explained 50.6% of the variance for physical health status. Perceived health status and education level explained 27.4% of the variance for health behavior practice. Conclusion: To promote health behavior in elderly people, it is necessary to develop nursing interventions that take into consideration sociocultural traditions and demographic characteristics.
A Study on the Factors Influencing Depression among Elderly People with, and without, Dementia
Lee Keum-Jae ; Lee Shin-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 166~176
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that affect depression among elderly people with, and without, dementia. Method: The participants were 903 people who were 65 or older and resided in Sungnam City. Data were collected from April to July 2002 using a questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression aided by SPSS/PC. Result: The variables at the final step of the regression equation accounted for 28.2% of variance in the dementia group, 21.4% in the group with suspicious dementia, and 18.9% in the normal group. The multiple regression analysis revealed that ADL and instrumental support were related significantly to depression in the dementia group. Self-rated health, IADL, social activity support, and instrumental support were significantly related to depression in the group with suspicious dementia. In the normal group, education, self-rated health, and living arrangement with family were significantly related to depression. Conclusion: Social support and health condition are important to decrease depression in elderly people with dementia.
Anorexia, Nausea and Vomiting, and Food Intake Patterns in Patients on Chemotherapy
Yang Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 177~185
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between anorexia, nausea, and vomiting (ANV) and food intake patterns in patients with cancer on chemotherapy. Method: Ninety-one patients from a university hospital in Seoul were recruited and were asked to record food intake and ANV during one cycle of chemotherapy. Results: Caloric and protein intake decreased significantly. The mean caloric intake was 808.75 Kcal (SD=177.54), 48.2% of the recommended intake and the mean of protein intake was 28.44 g (SD=16.44) only 34.7% of the recommended intake. The mean score for dietary diversity was 3.57 (SD=.73) indicating that the patients had taken 3 or more of the 5 food groups. ANV had a significant negative correlation with caloric and protein intake and dietary diversity (
, p<.05) and dietary diversity had a significant positive correlation with caloric and protein intake (r=.46 and .57, p=.000). Conclusion: Patients receiving chemotherapy had a very poor intake that could lead to malnutrition and a compromised immune system. These findings suggest the need to develop interventions that encourage for food intake.
A Study on Health Status of Joints in Elderly People
Eun Young ; Kim Eun-Shim ; Kang Young-Sil ; Kwon In-Soo ; Oh Hyun-Sook ; Gu Mee-Ock ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 186~194
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the subjective health status of joints, flexibility of joints, muscle strength and state of Joint exercise in elderly people living in the community. Method: The participants were 74 elderly people in a health program of the Gerontological Health Research Center at G University. The data were collected from March to July, 2003. The instrument for the study included items on general characteristics (5 items), subjective health status of joints (10 items), flexibility of Joints and strength of muscle (8 items), and state of joint exercise (7 items). Results: The score for subjective health status of joints was 3.70 (range 1-5). Knee and waist joints were in the worst state. Neck extension and flexion were
respectively. Trunk extension and flexion were
respectively. Flexibility of the Rt./Lt. shoulder joints was
. Muscle strength of the Rt./Lt. leg was
(sec.). Shoulder joints were more flexible for men and people in their sixties compared to women and people in their seventies. Hand grip was stronger for men compared to women. The score for state of joint exercise was 2.83(range 1-4). The state of handgrip correlated with the state of joint exercise [r=.423 (Rt.)/r=.273(Lt.)]. Conclusion: To prevent falls and disorders in neuromuscular function, it is important to develop systemic joint exercise programs for elderly people.
A Study on the Demand for Nurse Anesthetists in Korea
Shin Sung-Rae ; Oh Pok-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 195~202
Purpose: This descriptive study was conducted to project the number of nurse anesthetists needed in hospital settings, up to the year 2015. Method: Necessary data and information were collected from various funded reports, professional literature, web sites and personal visits to national and private institutions. The number of nurse anesthetists needed was projected after considering the total number of cases requiring anesthesia including deliveries, workload ratio for caesarean section to total number of deliveries, and percent of deliveries requiring and anesthesia. Result: The projected number of nurse anesthetists needed for hospital settings are as follows: 1. The number of registered anesthesia personnel in Korea in 2002 was 2,481 anesthesiologists and 543 nurse anesthetists but only 60% of anesthesiologists and 30% of nurse anesthetists (147) were actually practicing in the field of surgery. 2. By the year 2015, the total number of projected nurse anesthetists needed in hospital settings will be between 214 and 265. Conclusion: In order to match the supply to the need, the professional organizations should direct efforts towards enacting legislation. Educational systems should identify strategies to initiating an adequate number of nurse anesthetist programs at the master's level as well as standardizing curriculums across programs.
The Effects of Auditory and Vestibular Stimulation on Stress Hormones in Preterm Infants
Yoo Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 203~212
Purpose: This study was done to determine whether providing auditory and vestibular stimulation to preform infants would have an effect on stress hormones. Methods: The design was a nonequivalent control group protest-posttest design in a quasi-experimental study Seventy-nine preform infants were assigned either one of two experimental groups or to a control group: 27 in the auditory stimulation group, 25 in the vestibular stimulation group and 27 in the control group. The criteria for inclusion in this study were 1) gestational age of less than 37 weeks, 2) birth weight of less than 2,500g, 3) the absence of congenital anomalies or specific diseases, 4) recovering physiological weight loss, and 5) weaned from ventilatory assistance or oxygen. The data were collected from March 2002 to May 2003. The auditory stimulation, a music audiotape, was provided 20 minutes twice a day for 10 days and the vestibular stimulation, an infant waterbed, was provided for 10 days. On day 1 and day 10 of the study, 24 hour urine sample was collected for norepinephrine, epinephrine, and cortisol assays. In the data analysis SPSSWIN 10.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, ANOVA and t-test. Results: General characteristics of the three groups showed no significant differences, thus three groups were found to be homogenous. The 24 hour urine cortisol for the auditory (t=3.489, p=.001) and for the vestibular (t=2.638, p=.013) stimulation group were significantly reduced compared to the control group after 10 days. Conclusions: The results suggest that auditory and vestibular stimulation can be used to reduce 24 hour urine cortisol in preform infants. Therefore, music audiotapes and waterbeds provided in incubator are be recommended for reduction of the stress in preform infants who are hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units.
Comparison of Death Orientation of Nurses before and after Hospice Training Program
Choi Soon-Hee ; Park Min-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 213~219
Purpose: This study was done for the purpose of comparing death orientation scores of nurses before and after a hospice training program. Method: The participants were 56 nurses who completed the hospice training program at C university in Kwang Ju city. The data were gathered from October 2001 to December 2002 by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by using frequency, paired t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The mean scores for death orientation before and after hospice training were mid range scores of 57.2 and 57.0 respectively and this difference was not significant. The death orientation score before hospice training was significantly different according to the 'work place (F=3.16, p=.033)' of nurses but after the hospice training there was no significant difference for any of the general characteristics. The death orientation scores before and after hospice training showed no correlation with the religiosity score either. Conclusion: Considering the mid range scores and the lack of significant difference after the intervention, this study shows that there is a need to analyze the content of hospice education programs and the need to change death orientation. This is especially true when the participants are professional hospice nurses who are being prepared to give care to people who are dying. In order to develop more appropriate programs there is a need to examine the process by which nurses come to view death more positively.
Reliability and Validity Tests for the fatigue Assessment Instrument (FAI)
Byeon Young-Soon ; Lee Jung-In ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 220~225
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of FAI and to apply it in Korea. Method: Data were collected from 180 middle-age women. The questionnaire, which was originally developed by Schwartz, Jandorf & Krupp, was analyzed using Cronbach's a and factor analysis. Results: Cronbach's a for the FAI was .9198. As a result of item analysis, 27 items were selected from the total of 29 items, Items that showed low correlation with the total scale were excluded. Six factors were fixed from the data analysis performed using principle component analysis and varimax rotation. These six factors account for 65.3% of total variance. The first factor was global fatigue severity, and the second one was fatigue consequences. The other factors were method of fatigue reduction, fatigue caused by exercise, fatigue caused by routine activity, and fatigue caused by stress and depression, sequentially. Conclusion: The reliability and validity of FAI were verified.