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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Dec 2005
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Aug 2005
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Apr 2005
Selecting the target year
A Comparison of Learning Objectives in Fundamentals of Nursing between 2000 and 2004 year
Lim Nan-Young ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Shon Young-Hee ; Gu Mee-Ock ; Kim Kyung-Hee ; Kim Hwa-Soon ; Paik Hoon-Jung ; Byeon Young-Soon ; Lee Yoon-Kyoung ; Kim Jong-Im ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 278~283
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare changes in learning objectives in Fundamentals of Nursing which were established between 2000 and 2004. Method: 2000, 2004 learning objectives were analyzed with frequencies and percents. Results: There was an increase in the total number of learning objectives used in 2004(n=534) over 2000(n=527). In 2004 compared to 2000, there was an increase in learning objectives related to nursing process, need of oxygenation, need of nutrition, need of temperature regulation, need of activity and exercise, need of comfort, medication, preoperative care. According to Bloom's taxonomy, learning objectives established in 2004, mainly consisted of three domains, 35.5% for comprehension, 23.6% for synthesis, 20.4% for knowledge Changes in learning objectives established in 2004 compared to 2000 decreases in the comprehension domain and increases in the synthesis domain. Conclusion: The learning objectives established in 2004 showed remarkable change when compared to those established in 2000. But the learning objective domains in Bloom's taxonomy were distributed unevenly. For better learning objectives in Fundamentals of Nursing, constant revision will be needed.
Analysis of Test Items for National Qualifying Examination in Fundamentals of Nursing
Kim Jong-Im ; Kang Jung-Hee ; Kim Hye-Suk ; Na Duck-Mi ; Shin Youn-Soon ; Lee Hyun-Ju ; Chaung Seung-Kyo ; Choi Soon-Hee ; Kim Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 284~289
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore changes in the test items in the preparation book for the national qualifying examination. Test items which developed in the year 2000 and 2004 through nationwide faculty workshop in Fundamentals of Nursing were examined. Method: Test items for the national qualifying examination for 2000 and 2004 in Fundamentals of Nursing were analyzed using frequencies and percent. Results: The test items for the national qualifying examination for 2004 in Fundamentals of Nursing showed an increase in the number of test item over the year 2000. According to McGuire's taxonomy, domains of the test items in 2000 were recall(65.1%), interpretation (22.0%), and problem solving(12.9%) in that order. In 2004 items for the recall domain(74.7%) increased 9.6% above the level of 2000, and interpretation and problem solving domains showed a slight decrease. With regard to type of test items, the proportion of A type in 2004 was the same with 37.6% as 2000, and that of K type(61.5%) increased by 0.7% over the year 2000(60.8%). Conclusion: The test items for the national qualifying examination of 2000 and 2004 were not different except for the increase in the number of test items.
Effectiveness of Web-Based Learning in Basic Nursing Practice Education - focusing on Asepsis technique practice -
Nam Mi-Ra ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 290~297
Purpose: This study was done to compare the effectiveness of web learning versus traditional education for learning Asepsis technique in Basic Nursing Practice. Method: This research was a quasi-experimental study. The participants were 60 students who were taking Basic Nursing at a nursing college in G city. Thirty students each were assigned to the experimental and the control group. Data were collected between September 26 and 30, 2005, The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Independent t-test and ANCOVA Results: The mean score for competence in Asepsis technique practice in the experimental group was 24.73 and in the control group 22.80. This result was statistically significant(t = 3.723, P = .001). The mean score for knowledge in the experimental group was 42.93 and in the control group 38.93. This result was statistically significant(t = 2.119, P = .038). The mean score for satisfaction with degree of study in the experimental group was 55.50 for the pre-test and 56.17 for the post-test, and in the control group 60.23 and 58.00 respectively. This result was statistically significant(F = 10.537, P = .002). Conclusion: The Web based learning was found to be effective in nursing practice, student satisfaction and knowledge, but web-based programs have to be continuously managed and various demands from learners have to be accepted. Eventually we have to use web-based program as educational medium to promote effective learning nursing education.
Evaluation of Practice Education Using Checklists in Fundamentals of Nursing - Focused on measuring blood pressure on the upper arm and sterilized gloving(open method) -
Kim Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 298~306
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine satisfaction and dissatisfaction factors with the method of testing practice in Fundamentals of Nursing with the students using checklists. Method: Subjects were 251 students doing three month practice. Checklists by K Publishing were used to assess skill in measuring blood pressure and sterilized. Measure for satisfaction and dissatisfaction factors were developed by researcher through a literature review. Collected data were processed using SAS. Results: 1. Average score for satisfaction was
for theoretical subjects of basic nursing,
for practical subjects and
for practice. Average score for interest was
, 2. Average score for general satisfaction was
, and the satisfaction factor with the highest score was 'It was helpful in improving practical skills after the test'(average
). Average Score for general dissatisfaction was
, and dissatisfaction factor With the highest score was 'As I did not think deeply, I don't know exactly what mistakes I made'(average
). 3. Students who wanted to study further in the future appeared to be satisfied with practical tests using checklists(F=2.04, p=.038), and students appeared to be dissatisfied with them when they didn't have enough time for practice(F=3.38, p=.010). Conclusion: Students' satisfaction was relatively high, particularly as the tests were seen as helpful in improving practical skills after tests.
24 Hours Blood Pressure Variation and Related Risk factors
Choi In-Joo ; Kim Young-Mi ; Lee Hae-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 307~316
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify 24 hours blood pressure variations among adults over 40 years of age. Method: The participants(50 adults) were recruited from P hospital and B company. The participants were divided into normotensive and hypertensive tendency groups and then sub-divided into non-dipper, dipper, and extreme dipper. The data were collected from April, 2003 to September, 2004 and analyzed using SPSS for Window program. Results: 1) There were significant differences in cardiovascular risk factor, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and LDH, diet between the normotensive and hypertensive tendency groups. 2) Dippers in both groups showed a marked decrease in blood pressure during the night, but non-dippers in both groups didn't show a marked nocturnal decrease in blood pressure. 3) There were significant differences in heart rate, WHR, BMI, LDH, triglyceride, glucose, affective-oriented coping strategies between dippers and non-dippers. 4) There were significant differences in heart rate, WHR, BMI, LDH, triglyceride, affective-oriented coping strategies between dipper and non-dipper within hypertensive tendency group. Conclusion: Further studies are needed to provide effective intervention in hypertension when applying 24 hour blood pressure monitoring.
Effect of Positioning on Back Pain and Comfort of Bed Rest Patients after Transhepatic Arterial Chemoembolization
Park Han-Jong ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 317~324
Purpose: The study was done to investigate whether positioning relieves the back pain and enhances comfort during bed rest after transhepatic arterial chemoembolization(TACE). Methods: A quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design was used. The experimental group was placed semi Fowler's position for the first 2 hours. The following 4 hours the position was rotated hourly between 30 degrees laterally inclined position and a semi Fowler's position. The control group was maintained in a supine position for the 6 hours. Data were analyzed using t-test,
-test, Fisher's exact test and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: 1) Back pain intensity significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group. 2) Comfort level significantly decreased in both groups, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. 3) There were no hematoma and bleeding complication in either group. In addition, there was no significant difference in urinary retention between the two groups. 4) Analgesics were less frequently taken by the experimental group. Conclusion: These results suggest that positioning relieves back pain without causing an increased incidence of hematoma and bleeding formation after TACE and this nursing intervention might help patients be more comfortable during the treatment of TACE.
An Analysis of Trends in Exercise-Related Studies in Nursing and Non-Nursing Fields in Korea
Yoo Ji-Soo ; Park Jee-Won ; Ham Ok-Kyung ; Kang Se-Won ; Choi Eun-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 325~336
Purpose: This study was done to analyze the trends in excercise-related research in nursing and non nursing research studies published in Korea. Method: Two hundred and ten research studies published in Korea between January, 1990 and December, 2002 were analyzed according to the criteria of methological characteristics, pattern of excercise-related program, and measurement index of exercise effect. Results: There were twice many papers from nursing compared to other fields, and many experimental studies in nursing were done with more variety than in non nursing fields. Aspects of exercise pattern, such as excercise type. duration, and frequency, exercise-intervention pattern, and applying theory were especially included. When patterns of excercise therapy and index of exercise effect were analyzed, each researcher used their own unique excercise contents and intervention patterns(excercise time per week, exercise duration at each time period, excercise, intervention time, and etc). Conclusion: For the importance of exercise therapy to health improvement and the proper suggestion of exercise therapy on the basis of this research, meta-analysis of exercise effect are needed, and with this analysis, intervention patterns of exercise, development of standard exercise therapy, and identification of exercise effects are required.
Knowledge, Compliance and Levels of Risk Factor Recognition for Needlestick Injuries in Student Nurses
Park Sun-Nam ; Lee Eun-Young ; Kim Kyung-Mi ; Han Suk-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 337~346
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels in student nurse of knowledge, compliance and risk factor recognition for needlestick injuries. Method: Nine hundred and thirty eight(938) student nurse from 3 universities and 3 junior colleges participated in this study. Completed questionnaires were collected between October and November 2004. They were analyzed by using the descriptive statistics and
-test, t-test with the SAS program, Results: There were no significant differences in the general characteristics of participants between the two groups-Needlestick Injury(NSI) group and non-Needle stick Injury(non-NSI) group. The scores for knowledge levels of treatment after needle stick injuries and the risk factor recognition level were significantly higher in the NSI group. The scores for performance level as to handling and using needles after needlestick injuries were significantly higher in the non-NSI group. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a preventive program to decrease the needlestick injury rate among student nurse.
Neck Circumference as a Measure for Identifying Obesity in Female College Students
Chaung Seung-Kyo ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 347~353
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify whether neck circumference might be correlated with other obesity indices and to determine the neck circumference cutoff level for obesity in female college students. Method: The data were obtained by measuring other anthropometric indices including BMI and neck circumference from 325 female college students in J city, Chungbuk Province. Receiver Operating Characteristic curve(ROC curve) analysis was used to find the optimal neck circumference cutoff level against BMI
. Results: The mean BMI was
, and the prevalence of obesity was 12.6%. Neck circumference was significantly correlated with body weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio, % body fat, triceps skinfold thickness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Neck circumference of 31.95cm was the best cutoff level for determining female students with a BMI over
, and the characteristic was acceptable with 97.6% sensitivity and 85.6% specificity. Conclusions: Neck circumference was strongly correlated with the other conventional obesity indices. Female college students with neck circumference over 31.95cm require an additional evaluation of obesity.
The Relationship between Health Promoting Behaviors and Anger in Elderly Women
Park Mi-Young ; Kang Hyun-Sook ; Kim Jong-Im ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 354~361
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between health promoting behaviors and state anger and modes of anger expression in elderly women. Method: In this descriptive correlational study, the participants were 143 elderly women who lived in D city. Data were collected from September to December, 2004. Personal interviews with a structured questionnaire were used. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS Win 11.0 program. Results: The score for health promoting behavior in the elderly women was above the mean score, The dimension with the highest score was nutrition and the dimension with the lowest score was exercise. A significant negative correlation was found between health promoting behaviors and state anger, anger-in(suppression of anger) and anger-out(expression of anger) in elderly women. But there was a significant positive correlation between health promoting behaviors and anger discussion. Conclusion: State anger, anger-out, anger-in as negative variable and anger discussion as a Positive variable were identified. These results suggest that anger should be considered as an important factor when nurses develop educational programs to enhance health promoting behavior in elderly women.
Sexual Attitude Changes after Sex Education according to Family Environmental Factors in Middle School Students
Kim Eun-Ju ; Yom Young-Hee ; Cha Bok-Kyeong ; Cho Seon-Hwa ; Lee Kyu-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 362~373
Purpose: this study was carried out to identify family environmental factors related to changes in sexual attitudes through a sexuality education based on correct sexual attitude for middle school students. Methods: The subjects were 141 students (67 boys and 74 girls) in 4 classes of the first grade of a coeducational middle school, in Seoul. The school nurse provided the sexuality education for 18 hours over 16 weeks. Results: After the sexuality education, there was a significant increase in sexual attitude(t=59.06, p<.001). For family environmental factors related to changes in sexual attitude,'relationship with parents' was a significant factor for both boys and girls. For the girls, there were many other related factors such as 'parents' openness', 'family structure', and 'economic status'. Significant factors were 'Family structure' for attitude to abortion and 'parents' openness' for attitude to intercourse before marriage. Conclusions: Based on these results, systematic sexuality education is needed to enhance correct sexual attitudes in youth. To increase the effect of sexuality education, it should include contents to improve relationships with patents. Also, for parents, programs to improve relationships with their children and to change the values such as openness may also be required.
Sexual Knowledge of the Male High School Students in a Rural Area of Gangwon Province
Song Byung-Sun ; Sung Myung-Sook ; Kim Chun-Gill ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 374~381
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the level of sexual knowledge of male high school students. Method: The Participants were 503 male students from a high school in one county of Gangwon Province. The data were collected from May 1 to May 30, 2004. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS program to investigate the responses to the structured questionnaires used in the study. Results: The level of sexual knowledge of high school students was 10.25(range 0 to 17). In terms of response distribution of sexual knowledge by items, the correct response rate was highest for 'wet dream is discharge of semen during sleep', and the wrong response rate was lowest in 'gonorrhea occurred most frequency in 15-25 year old adolescents'. General characteristics showed significant differences in sexual knowledge depending on grade(grade 3 :10.45, grade 2: 10.40, grade1: 9.88). Depend on the sexual impulse and the solutions to sex problems, there were significant differences in sexual knowledge with respect to sexual characteristics. Conclusion: As a whole the sexual knowledge of the male high school students was low, sexual education programs for high school students should focus on sexually transmitted diseases and contraception.
Correlational study of IADL, Self-Esteem, Empowerment of Elderly People Living at Home
Moon Myeong-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 382~388
Purpose: The purpose of this study was investigate the relationship between IADL, self-esteem and empowerment of elderly home residents. Method: The data were collected from Aug. 1 st to September 30, 2004. The participants were 274 elderly people who lived at home. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and analysed using the SPSS program. Result: Mean scores for IADL, self-esteem and empowerment were 3.74, 3.22, 3.36 respectively. IADL and self-esteem showed a significantly positive correlation to empowerment. Conclusion: This results indicate that the elderly people need more self-esteem and empowerment. Therefor it is important to develop effective strategies to enhance empowerment in elderly people.
Relationship between Degree of Life Stress, Social Support and Depression in Koreans Living in the Philippines
Park Min-Jung ; Choi Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 389~394
Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship between life stress and depression, and the effect of social support of 100 Koreans living in the Phillippines. Theoretically social support is considered to mediate the relationship between lift stress and depression. Method: Data were collected from April 1 to May 30, 2002 and analysed using SAS. The first, two hypotheses were tested using Gamma, a measure of association for ordinal variables. Partial gamma was used to test the third hypothesis. Patterns of elaboration described by Babbie(1986) were selected to interpret the relationship of the three variables in the analysis. Results: 1) There was a positive relationship between life stress and depression(Gamma=.45, p=.017), and a inverse relationship between social support and depression(Gamma=-.561, p=.002). Thus the first, two hypotheses were supported. 2) When social support was controlled, the relationship between life stress and depression increased under the condition of low social support but with high social support, the relationship decreased. Conclusion: It can be interpreted that life stress is positively related to depression under the condition of low social support, however this relationship may be reversed with high social support.
Risk Factors for Acquisition of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit(NSICU): Case-Control Study
Shin Yong-Soon ; Lim Nan-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 395~403
Purpose: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major nosocomial pathogen in the intensive care units (ICUS). The purpose of this case-control study is to identify risk factors for acquisition of MRSA during ICU stays in patients with and without MRSA. Method: The study was conducted in a 16 beds-neurosurgical intensive care unit of a 2200-bed tertiary care university hospital in Seoul, Korea. Medical record and Critical Classification Scoring System were reviewed retrospectively in patients who were admitted more than 3 days from August 1, 2003 to May 30, 2004. Cases and controls were matched for age and gender. The obtained specimens were nasal swab and sputum. Result: There were 950 patients' admissions during the period. Among them, MRSA was isolated from twenty-three patients who were considered as hospital acquired. Artificial airway (p=.045), frequency of suction (p=.002), nasogastric tube (p=.004), wound drain (p=.045), and vancomycin (p=.019) were risk factors for MRSA acquisition in univariate analysis. Frequency of suction (p=.012, OR 3.5) was revealed as the only risk factor in multivariate conditional logistic regression. Conclusion: Our findings give support to recent studies that suggest that frequent physical contact maγ increase the nosocomial acquisition of MRSA in a neurosurgical ICU.
Descriptive Correlational Study on Personality Type using MBTI and lob Satisfaction
Han Ae-Kyung ; Won Jong-Soon ; Kim Ok-Soo ; Park Mi-Kyung ; Chang Jung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 404~412
Purpose: This study was done to examine the correlations between personality type and job satisfaction of nurses. Methods: Subjects included three hundred twelve nurses ages from 21 to 55. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI) was administered to determine the personality types of the nurses(n=312). A job satisfaction survey including a demographic and career questionnaire was also used. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. Results: The mean score fur job satisfaction was 113.68 out of 205. The result showed that there was no statistically significant correlation between job satisfaction and information gathering functions, S: Sensing, N: Intuition (t=.667, p=.499), T; Thinking, F; Feeling (t=.822, p=.412). The results, however, indicated that style for gaining energy(I: Introversion, E: Extroversion)(t=2.008, p=.046) and life dealing style(J : Judgement, P : Perception)(t=2.290, p=.023) were significantly correlated with job satisfaction. The extrovert focuses on the outside and get energy through interacting with people and doing things. Judgement type is described as organized, decisive, and orderly. Conclusion: Nurses in the extrovert and judgement types were more satisfied with their Jobs than those in the introvert and perceptive type. Other results support that educational level, marital status, job characteristics, clinical experiences, motivation for nursing, and night duty were correlated with job satisfaction.
A Study on Health Risk Behaviors in Adolescents
Byun Young-Soon ; Lee Hea-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 413~420
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify health risk behaviors in adolescents according to grade in school and to of for basic data to develop a health promotion for adolescents. Methods: A descriptive survey design was used and the SPSS 12.0 program was used for the data analysis, which included Chi-square test and Spearman correlation coefficients. The instrument for this study was based on the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Results: The results indicate that adolescent have an average of 2 risk behaviors out of 10 health risk behaviors categories. There are various types of risk behaviors, which art: different for each grade, such as physical fights, using alcohol, using heroin, weight control, and the lack of AIDS education. Physical fights, and the lack of AIDS education are common in the 9th grade, using alcohol, heroin, and weight control are common in the 11th grade. Physical fights were correlated with using cigarettes and sexual intercourses. Using alcohol was correlated with using cigarettes, heroin, sexual intercourses and weight controls. Using heroin was correlated with sexual intercourse and weight control. Conclusion: For the promotion of health in adolescents, different approaches to health education and prevention of health risk are needed for each grade because the health risk behaviors differ between grades.
Research Related Activities and Its Related Factors in Clinical Nurses
Yang Young-Hee ; Gu Mee-Ock ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 12, issue 3, 2005, Pages 421~429
Purpose: This study was don(B to describe research-related activities and attitudes toward research, barriers to and support needs for undertaking research in clinical nurses. Method: Data were collected by a questionnaire from 238 clinical nurses with over one year clinical experience working at 2 university hospitals. Results: Research related activities included courses or lecture about Nursing Research 85.7%, journal reading at least once every 2 to 3 months 30.0%, memberships in academic societies 29.4%, participation in academic conferences 45.0%, conducting research 45.4%, research utilization 24.6%. The score for attitudes toward research was 3.08(range 1-5). The score of barriers to undertaking research was 3.37(1-5) and the score for support needs for undertaking research 4.14(1-5). Attitudes toward research significantly correlated with barriers to undertaking research(r=.- 36, p=.000). Barriers to undertaking research significantly correlated with support needs for conducting research(r=.23, p=.000). Nurses with experience in conducting research had more negative attitudes toward research(t=-2.130, p=0.034) and more barriers to undertaking research than those without experience in conducting research (t=2.194, p=0.029). Conclusion: These results suggest that it is necessary to increase positive attitudes toward research in clinical nurses and nursing organizations need to provide strong supports for nurses conducting research.