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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Factors Influencing Basic Nursing Skill Competency in Nursing Students
Park, Sun-Nam ; Lee, Sun-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 6~13
Purpose: This research was conducted to identify major factors that influence competency for nursing students in basic nursing skills. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 290 first year students in one college of nursing. The instrument tools included motivation for admission to nursing, concern about fundamentals of nursing, perceived importance of fundamentals of nursing, level of active participation in fundamentals of nursing, number of times to use open Lab, Lab class satisfaction, self-efficacy, self-evaluation and student attitude. Results: There was no significant correlation between competency in basic nursing skills and motivation for admission to nursing, concern about fundamentals of nursing, perceived importance of fundamentals of nursing, or number of times to use open Lab. Competency in basic nursing skill in these students showed a significantly positive correlation to Lab class satisfaction, self-efficacy, self-evaluation, student attitude and level of active participation in fundamentals of nursing. The major factors that influenced competency in basic nursing skills for nursing students were student attitude, self-efficacy and number of times to use open Lab. These factors explained 15.5% of the variance in competency. Conclusion: Basic nursing skill practice education programs should be developed to improve self-efficacy and active participation.
Educational Effects of OSCE Module Development Activity on Student Nurses
Han, Mi-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 14~21
Purpose: Objective Structured Clinical Examination(OSCE) has been used for clinical skill evaluation. This study was done investigate whether there are positive impact educational effects if nursing students are invited to develop OSCE modules. Method: The participants were 63 second-year students in one nursing college. Students were divided into 3 groups; the OSCE module development group(Exp1), traditional study group(Exp2), and control group(Cnt). Students were allocated according to clinical skill test scores to make the 3 groups equal. Exp1 developed OSCE modules, and Exp2 studied using traditional methods. Clinical skill tests and surveys were done to measure self-directed readiness, problem-solving ability, and self-efficacy before and after experimental treatments. Results: Clinical skill test scores increased significantly in all three groups, but Exp1 and Exp2 showed a higher clinical skill test score increment than Cnt. Self-directed readiness scores increased significantly in Exp1, but not in Exp2 and Cnt. Problem-solving ability scores increased significantly in Exp1 compared to Cont. Conclusion: Development of OSCE modules has positive educational effects for participating students in terms of clinical skill tests, self-directed readiness, and problem-solving ability.
Frequency and Importance of Nursing Practice between Novice Nurses and Student Nurses
Song, Jung-Hee ; Moon, Myeong-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 22~33
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare frequency and importance of nursing practice in novice nurses and student nurses. Method: A descriptive design was used with convenience sampling of 292 novice nurses in 2 hospitals with 500 beds and 214 student nurses from 4 universities. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Results: 1) The total score for frequency of nursing practice was
and for the importance of nursing practice was
in novice nurses and in student nurses the frequency score was
and the total score for importance was
. 2) The total score for frequency was not different between novice and student nurses, but 9 of the top 10 categories in order of frequency were significantly different. 3) The score for importance between novice nurses and student nurses was significantly different with the student nurses having higher scores than the novice nurses. 4) Frequency scores were not different for students in universities compared to students in community colleges. Conclusion: Novice nurses perform skills associated with medication, but student nurses do not and therefore do not recognize the importance of these skills. Education in nursing needs to identify strategies to strengthen practice in this vulnerable area.
Development of an Eye Cure Protocol for ICU Patients
Yoo, Ji-Soo ; Lee, Won-Hee ; Kim, So-Sun ; Ko, Il-Sun ; Oh, Eui-Geum ; Chu, Sang-Hui ; Lee, Ju-Hee ; Kang, Se-Won ; Song, Eun-Kyeung ; Chang, Soo-Jung ; Kim, Bok-Hee ; Lee, Jung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 34~44
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an eye care protocol for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Method: A systematic review was conducted to develop an eye care protocol for ICU patients. Searches were performed using computerized databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, EBM Review) and citation search from 1996 to January 2007. For the keywords, "eye care", and "randomized controlled trial" were used to identify experimental studies regarding eye care for ICU patients. After reviewing the collected studies, a preliminary eye care protocol algorithm was created. Then, content validity was examined with ophthalmologists and ICU nurses. Results: Six studies were included to serve as a basis for framing of the preliminary algorithm. The final eye care protocol was completed after verifying the preliminary algorithm's content validity. The final eye care protocol was organized in the following manner: 3 items in the assessment stage, 7 items in the no-risk stage, 4 items in the low-risk stage, and 5 items in the high-risk stage. Conclusion: The results indicate that, for ICU patients, nurses can broaden their knowledge regarding ocular diseases, as well as improve their practice-based eye care nursing performance.
Effects of Balance Taping Therapy for Elders with Leg Pain
Park, Kyung-Sook ; Park, Ka-Yoon ; Ryoo, Eon-Na ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 45~52
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of balance taping for elders suffering from leg pain. Method: This study was a nonequivalent pretest-posttest design, quasi-experimental study. There were 25 elders in the experimental group and 25 in the control group. The degree of leg pain was measured three times. Results: In the experimental group, the leg pain score before taping was 6.28, but 1 hour after the taping was applied it was 3.24, and at 24 hours after the taping was applied, 2.16. The leg pain score for elders in the experimental group decreased significantly but for those in the control group, it hardly changed. Conclusion: The findings of this study support the conclusion that balance taping may benefit individuals with leg pain. Also, balance taping therapy can be used as an independent nursing intervention.
Effects of Treadmill Walking Exercise on BMD and BMI in Middle-Aged Women
Lee, Jung-In ; Byeon, Young-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~59
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of treadmill walking exercise on the BMD (Bone Mineral Density) and BMI (Body Mass Index) of middle-aged women in their forties. Method: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for this study. The experiment was conducted for 10 weeks from May 17 to July 25, 2004 with 29 middle-aged women in their forties, who were assigned to a walking exercise group (16) or a control group (13). The experimental group had not exercised regularly before participating in this program. The control group received no exercise treatment during the research period. The BMD and BMI were measured with peripheral dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and bioelectrical impidence analysis, respectively.
and Mann-Whitney U test with the SPSS version 11.0 program were used to analyze the data. Result: Treadmill walking exercise was effective for middle-aged women in increasing BMD and decreasing BMI. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a need to develop walking exercise protocols for middle-aged women to help them achieve a healthy life.
Types of Smoking Decision Making-Temptation in Adolescents and Related Characteristics
Chang, Sung-Ok ; Song, Jun-Ah ; Lee, Su-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 60~70
Purpose: This study was done to identify types of smoking decision making-temptation in adolescents and characteristics related to type among student smokers. Method: Data collection was done from March to July. 2006. A survey was administered to 275 students in 13 high schools and 15 middle schools in Seoul, South Korea. To identify types and characteristics smoking decision making-temptation in adolescents, cluster analysis using the K-mean method was employed. Characteristics of the influential variables according to the identified types of adolescent smokers were evaluated using ANOVA. Results: Four types of smoking pattern in adolescents were identified: habitual craving (17.7%), nicotine dependence (35.8%), feeblemindedness (28.4%), and self control (18.1%). The score for nicotine dependency was higher in the habitual craving type than any other type (F=11.79, p=.001), while the score for self efficacy for smoking abstinence was higher in the self control type (F=23.06, p=.000). Conclusions: Findings from this study suggest that effective interventions for smoking cessation in adolescents require not only active implementation of nicotine replacement therapy but also development of individualized approaches for each person targeting change in the social environment that may lead to positive smoking decisional balance.
Effects of Family Support and Quality of Life in Relation to Smoking Cessation in Male Patient with Coronary Artery Disease
Son, Haeng-Mi ; Lee, Eun-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 71~79
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of family support and quality of life on smoking cessation in patients with coronary artery disease. Method: Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire included smoking history, family support and quality of life (QOL). The participants were 159 male patient with coronary artery disease who were current smokers or ex-smokers. A logistic model was developed to estimate the likelihood of current smoker or ex-smoker. Results: Of the participants, 28.3% were current smokers and 71.7% were ex-smokers. The mean score for family support was 27.41 for positive support and 23.11 for negative support. The mean score for QOL was 50.48. There were significant differences in QOL according to smoking status. The predictors of smoking cessation were social interaction QOL and self-control QOL, and duration of smoking. The model correctly classified 89.5% of ex-smokers and 44.4% of current smokers and the correct classification for the total was 76.8%. Conclusion: Social interaction QOL, self-control QOL and duration of smoking were significant variables in prediction of smoking cessation. QOL should be considered in developing smoking cessation interventions. It is advisable to also examine the mediating effect of family support on quality of life.
Health Status of Married Immigrant Women in Busan
Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Bae, Kyung-Eui ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Yoon, Ae-Ryeun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 80~88
Purpose: By focusing on immigrant women's problems and considering human rights, resettlement plans and marital-life adaptation, health status is often overlooked. It was examined in this study. Method: The participants were 110 immigrant women who lived in Busan. Data were collected from September to November 2007 using a questionnaire. Results: One of five of the women had been hospitalized for a delivery, about 25% were pregnant, and most (80.9 %) have never had a pap-smear test. The average score for anxiety was 3.0 (
) and for depression 2.9 (
). Most were in the normal range for blood pressure, body mass index(BMI), blood sugar and urine test. There was a significant difference in level of anxiety according to education (F=3.42, p=.020) and in level of depression according to age (F=4.05, p=.020), number of children(t=-.444, p=.009), financial status (F=3.75, p=.027) and satisfaction with life (F=6.38, p=.002). There were significant differences in BMI according to age (F=7.73, p=.001), native nation (F=18.38, p=.000), period of stay in Korea (F=3.11, p=.049), education (F=3.82, p=.012), number of children (t=-4.26, p=.040). Conclusion: Although the health status of the immigrant women was good, procreative care protocols should be developed to support immigrant women who are pregnant.
Comparison of Perceived Nursing Needs between Spinal Surgery Patients and Nurses Caring for Them
Kim, Eun-Kyung ; Eom, Mi-Ran ; Jung, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 89~97
Purpose: The purpose of study was to compare perceived nursing needs between patients having spinal surgery and the nurses caring for them. Method: The participants were from three general hospitals, 71 patients who were having spinal surgery and 63 nurses. Data were collected from September 18 to November 17, 2006. Frequencies, mean, and t-test with the SPSS PC 14.0 program were used to analyze the collected data. Results: The score for perceived nursing needs during pre-op care was significantly different between the patients and nurses (t=-2.515, p=.013). The perceived nursing needs did not show significant differences in scores of perceived nursing needs at post-op or discharge. Conclusion: The results provide primary data to improve the quality of nursing care, plan, and implement appropriate nursing care for patients undergoing spinal surgery.
The Influence of Gender-Role Related Attitudes to the Acceptance of the Rape Myth
Kim, Aee-Lee ; Park, Cheong-Yeul ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 98~106
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the relationship between college students' acceptance of the rape myth and variables in gender-role attitude, which have been known to forecast the acceptance of the rape myth. Method: This study was a survey research. Data were collected from May 1, 2006 to February 31, 2007 with 240 undergraduate students. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and regression analysis with SPSSWIN 12.0 program were used for data analysis. Results: Men were more acceptable to the rape myth than women. Men were very likely to see the occurrence of rape incidents as the rapist being provoked by women, and this attitude made them misunderstand and perceive women as responsible for the occurrence of the incident. Women on the other deny their idea. As a result of analyzing the difference between males and females in attitudes related to gender-role, male students were shown to have a much more traditional and patriarchal attitude than female students. Conclusion: It was found that a hostile attitude toward women and the justification of violence to others act as the main factors in forecasting the acceptance of the rape myth.
Relationships of Self-esteem, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation in Youths - Focus on Auxiliary Policemen -
Kim, Jong-Im ; Han, Sun-Ok ; Yoon, Hye-Sun ; Lee, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2008, Pages 107~113
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree and relationship between self-esteem, depression, and suicidal ideation of youths in the auxiliary police force. Method: This descriptive study was conducted using a structured questionnaire from February 1 to March 25, 2007. The participants were 180 youths from 19 to 25 years old (average 20.82 years old) who were auxiliary policemen. The data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 12.0 program. Results: Six of the auxiliary police (3.34%) reported critical scores in suicidal ideation. There was a significant difference in depression according to work area. Self-esteem showed a significant negative correlation with depression (r=-0.38, p<.001) and suicidal ideation (r=-0.39, p<.001). There was a positive correlation between depression and suicidal ideation(r=0.53, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings suggest that auxiliary policemen have higher levels of depression and suicidal ideation. Therefore, further study is needed to develop and examine nursing interventions the enhance self-esteem, so that depression and suicidal ideation can be minimized.