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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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Research Trends in the Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing - Based on Analysis of the Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing from 2001 to 2007 -
Sohng, Kyeong-Yae ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Choi, Dong-Won ; Kim, Ae-Kyung ; Chaung, Seung-Kyo ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Sun-Nam ; Paik, Hoon-Jung ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Chang, Sung-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 262~273
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze articles published in the Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing from 2001 to 2007. Method: Three hundred articles were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The focus was on research type, methodolgy and keywords. Results: Thirty percent of the research was supported financially. Ninety-four percent was quantitative research and of these the majority were surveys (73.2%). The rate of adoption for hypotheses in experimental studies were 55.07% but only 3% of the research included conceptual framework. The most common settings for data collection were clinical settings (51.99%), followed by community settings (43.71%). For data analysis, descriptive statistics (27.5%), t-test (17.1%), ANOVA (15.3%) and chi-square (7.9%) were most frequently used. Keywords were categorized into four nursing metaparadigms : human-beings, health, nursing, and environment. The most frequently used domain was health. Conclusion: The number of research papers published in the Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing has increased and the quality has improved compared with articles published before 2001 year. Research topics varied and were mostly conducted on the basis of logical positivism.
Factors Influencing Care Burdens of Caregivers of Elders with Dementia who Request Dementia Domiciliary Welfare Services
Lee, Young-Whee ; Kim, Hwa-Soon ; Cho, In-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 274~283
Purpose. The purpose of the study was to identify the factors, which predict care burden perceived by caregivers of elders with dementia. Methods: The participants in this descriptive survey were 92 caregivers who used one of six daycare centers located in Incheon. The data were collected by questionnaires composed of items on general characteristics of the elders and caregivers, care burden, caregiver fatigue, and functional status of the elders. Results: General characteristics of the elders associated with care burden were age, gender, religion, and the presence of a spouse. Features of caregivers related to care burden were education, relationship with elderly, amount of rest, intention to care, monthly family income, and perceived family economic status. There were significant correlations among care burden, fatigue of caregiver and functional status of the elders. In stepwised multiple regression analysis, significant influencing factors were identified as caregiver fatigue, functional status of the elders, intention to care, relationship with the elders, amount of rest and elder's gender. Those variables explained 46% of variance of care burden. Conclusion: Functional status of elders and amount of rest were significant predictors and are supported by other previous studies. Future interventions for caregivers need to be focused on the slowing down of functional status of elders and increasing of number and length of caregiver's rest periods.
Factors Influencing Self-Rated Health in Elderly Women in the Community
An, Ok-Hee ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 284~290
Purpose: This study was done to identify factors that influence self-rated health in elderly women. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling method. Data collection was done using a self-questionnaire with 201 women participating in the study. Frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS 10.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: The age of the women ranged from 65 to 89 and mean was 72.9. The main factors that affected self-rated health were depression, sleep, family APGAR, economic level, social activities and number of illnesses. These variables accounted for 44% of self-rated health. Conclusion: The findings of this study provide useful information for constructing intervention programs for elderly women.
Effects of a Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management Program on Perceived Stress, Coping Strategies, and Stress Response in People with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Park, Kyung-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 291~300
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a cognitive behavioral stress management program on perceived stress, coping strategies, and cortisol in people with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. Method: Patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited from of a public health center in an urban area. Thirty-five participants (experimental group=17, and control group=18) enrolled. The experimental group received small group-based cognitive behavioral stress management training for eighty minutes per session, once a week for eight weeks. Data were collected at baseline and ninth week for perceived stress, affect-oriented coping, problem-oriented coping, and cortisol. The data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0. Results: The experimental group had significantly less perceived stress (t=-9.82, P<.001) and cortisol (t=-2.14, p=.040) than the control group. No significant group differences were found in affect-oriented coping (t=-.43, p=.673) or problem-oriented coping (t=1.40, P<.170). Conclusion: These results suggest that a cognitive behavioral stress management program can have positive effects on perceived stress and cortisol in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. Further research with a larger sample and for a longer period is needed to expand our understanding of the effects of the program for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.
Factors Influencing Family Functioning in Family Caregivers of Patients with Cancer
Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Yu, Su-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 301~311
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors related to the functioning of family caregivers of patients with cancer. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 124 patient-family caregiver dyads at a hospital in Seoul. Data collection was done between August, 2004 and January, 2005. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean score for family functioning was 68.73. Family functioning showed a significant negative correlation with burden of family caregiver and performance status of patients with cancer, and a significant positive correlation with previous relationship between the patient with cancer and caregiver. The most powerful predictor of family functioning was the relationship between the patient and caregiver. The relationship between the patient with cancer and caregiver, and performance status of the patient accounted for 25.4% of the variance of family functioning. Conclusion: The results showed that the relationship between patients with cancer and caregivers and performance status of patients with cancer were significant factors influencing family functioning in family caregiver of patients with cancer.
Verification for the Validity and Reliability of the Type D Scale-14
Son, Haeng-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 312~320
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the validity and reliability of the Type D Scale-14 (DS14). Methods: The participants were 288 patients who were diagnosed with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and hypertension. DS14 was developed by Denollet(2005) and consists of two domains, 7 items on negative affectivity (NA) and 7 items on social inhibition (SI). The Korean version of DS14 was developed through translation-reversed translation and a preliminary test. Data were collected using a self-report questionnaire. Cronbach
and Guttman split-half were used to test reliability and item analysis and factor analysis for validity. The SPSS program was used. Results: 35.8% of the participants were classified as Type D. Mean score for NA was 16.80 and for SI, 14.10 in Type D participants. For reliability of NA, Cronbach
=0.771, and for SI, 0.707. Factor analysis on 12 items(numbers 1 & 3 were excluded as the corrected item-total correlations were below r=0.3) yielded two factors for NA (6 items) and SI (6 items). Number 7 in the NA domain was sorted into the SI domain. Conclusion: The results indicate, the cultural differences were between Europeans and Koreans. Repetition of the research is needed for generalization of DS14.
A Grounded Theory Study on Women's Menopause Experiences
Kim, Ae-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 321~331
Purpose: Purpose of this study was to explore the process of menopause experiences in middle-aged women. Method: The grounded theory methodology by Strauss & Corbin was the basis for this study. The participants were 15 middle-aged women selected by theoretical sampling. The data were collected by in-depth interviews using audiotape recording analyzed simultaneously by the constant comparative method described in Strauss and Corbin's methodology. Results: Experiencerelated to menopause in middle-aged women is caused by cognition of the aging process, difficult problems in family that occur with limitation of social activity, and perception of changingseasons. The central incident of menopause in middle-aged women was loss of the woman's identity. Intervening conditions, which are action/interactional strategies for menopause, are related to social support. Action/interactional strategies related to menopause management included medical treatment, mind control, and participation in social activity. Experiencerelated to menopause in middle-aged women resulted in comfort or discomfot of physical and emotional condition. Conclusion: The findings of this study may contribute to the development health promotion strategy for middle-aged women. There is need to develop family support systems and preventive nursing interventions to avoid negative coping strategy.
Oral Health-Related Quality of Life(OHQoL) and Related Factors among Elderly Women
Shin, Dong-Soo ; Jung, Young-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 332~341
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with oral health-related quality of life among elderly women living in the community. Method: The participants were 162 elderly women aged 65 and older who lived in D city. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression were used with SPSS/PC windows program to analyze the data. Results: The major findings of this study are as follows: 1) there were statistical differences in OHQoL for spouse presence, educational level, monthly income, self-rated health, number of teeth and chronic disease, and types of denture. 2) OHQoL was positively related to age, number of chronic disease and nutrition. Also, OHQoL was negatively related to educational level, monthly income, number of teeth, and diet habit. 3) Significant factors influencing OHQoL were self-rated health and nutritional status. Conclusion: Based on these results, it is necessary to do further study on oral health of those who have 20 or more teeth. Oral health promotion programs focusing on prevention are necessary for elderly women in the high risk group.
A Study on Hygiene and Skin Pruritus in Rural Elderly People
Jeon, Mi-Yang ; Kim, Hyang-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 342~349
Purpose: This study was done to develop data for a hygiene promotion program for elders living on rural islands. Method: Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Results: Most of the elders reported brushed their teeth and washing their faces twice a day. For other types of washing, 98.8% of reported washing their hands after the toilet and 22.8% reported washing their anus after defecation. Most of the elders reported changing their underwear two to three times a month and cutting their nails more than four times a month. Itchiness was reported by 24%. There were significant differences according to age for teeth brushing, face washing, shampooing, bathing, washing hands after the toilet, and cutting nails. According to sex, there were significant differences in teeth brushing, face washing, washing hands after using the toilet, washing anus after defecation, changing underwear, cutting nails, and feeling itchy. The elders showed significant differences in bathing, changing underwear, and cutting nails according to subjective economic status. They showed significant differences in teeth brushing and changing underwear when they lived with their families. Conclusion: In order to develop a proper hygiene promotion program for the elderly, their age, sex, and physical condition should be considered as well as their environmental, economical, and geographical condition.
Factors Influencing Aquatic Exercise Adherence of Patients with Arthritis
Kang, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 350~359
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify change in the exercise behavior and to identify factors influencing long-term adherence to aquatic exercise in patients with arthritis as a follow-up study after five years. Method: Baseline data had been collected using a structured interview 6 months after participants completed the aquatic exercise educational program. This second follow-up data collection included 133 participants from the original baseline study and was done 5 years after the original baseline study. Data was analyzed using SPSS 16 Win program. Results: The stage of change for the participants was as follows: Precontemplation (44.3%), Contemplation (24.1%), Preparation (3.0%), Action (0%) and Maintenance (adherence, 28.6%). The adherers (N=38) had significantly higher scores than non-adherers (N=91) in self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, group coherence and self-evaluation, and significantly lower scores in barriers to exercise. In logistic regression analysis, self-efficacy, group cohesion, barriers to exercise and self-evaluation were associated with exercise adherence (Chi Square=17.14, p=.002). Group cohesion (OR=2.5871, 95% CI=1.094-6.113, p= .030) was the most important factor. Conclusion: Self-efficacy, group cohesion, barriers to exercise and self-evaluation need to be considered in planning exercise programs to improve exercise adherence.
Factors Influencing Coping Strategies of Elders According to Types of Pain Belief
Kim, Geun-Myun ; Chang, Sung-Ok ; Lee, Yong-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 360~370
Purpose: This study was done to identify factors (pain stress, perceived stress, pain disability, fatigue, depression) strategies used by elders to cope with pain based on their type of pain belief. Method: Data were collected from 314 elders in community settings in Seoul from September to December of 2007. Cluster analysis, t-test, and ANOVA were used to analyze data. Result: The types of pain belief were classified as the following groups: Self-blame, Enduring & Mysterious, and Short-term & Understandable. Perceived stress (t=2.36, p=.02), social support (t=2.24, p=.03), extent of pain relief (t=2.39, p=.02), and duration of pain relief (t=2.09, p=.04) were important factors for active and passive coping in the Self-blame group. Pain stress (t=2.39, p=.01) and depression (t=-3.99, p=.00) were significantly related to the active coping in the Enduring & Mysterious group. Perceived stress (t=2.55, p=.01) was an important factor in the passive coping in the Short-term & Understandable group. Conclusion: Considering different types of pain belief in elders and factors that are significantly related to different coping strategies, future nursing interventions should be population specific to encourage active coping strategies and to decrease passive coping strategies.
Development and Evaluation of a Legal Communicable Disease Electronic System for Infection Control
Choi, Jeong-Sil ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 371~379
Purpose: The objective of the present study was to develop and evaluate a legal communicable diseases (LCDs) electronic system for infection control. Method: The system was developed through the procedure of analysis, design, implementation, application and evaluation, and was applied within an OCS (order communication system). Results: As indicated by the main menu, the present system is composed of an improved perception system for enhancing perception of LCDs, LCDs identification system, and improved efficiency in the report system. Detailed items included in the main menu are introduction and log-in screen, pop-up window for checking the outbreaks of LCDs, decision making icon, electronic signature icon, electronic report form, email system, etc. The total number of reports was greater after the application of the system (n=99) than before (n=80), and the adequacy of report time was statistically significantly higher after application of the system (P<0.05) Conclusion: The present system suggests a new method for LCDs report and infection control, and is expected to be adopted by other medical institutions in the future.
A Study Related to Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction with Practice and Fundamentals of Nursing Practicum
Shin, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 380~386
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among self-efficacy, satisfaction with practice and fundamentals of nursing practicum in student nurses. Method: The participants were 185 first year students at K College of Nursing in Jeonbuk Province who were taking a practicum for Fundamentals of Nursing and agreed to participate in the study. Data collection was done from November 19 to 30, 2007. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire on self-efficacy, satisfaction with practice and fundamentals of nursing practicum. Data were analyzed by SPSS-PC ver 12.0. Results: Self-efficacy and fundamentals of nursing practicum were significantly different depending on satisfaction with major and school life. Satisfaction with practice was significantly different depending on relationship with schoolmates and school life. Self-efficacy showed a significantly positive correlation with satisfaction with practice and fundamentals of nursing practicum. Also, satisfaction with practice showed a significantly positive correlation with fundamentals of nursing practicum. Conclusion: This study suggests that self-efficacy helps student nurses to plan a self-directed nursing performance, improves their ability to solve problems and helps to perform fundamentals of nursing practicum well.
Effects of the Program Improving Adjustment to Military Life, on Stress, Depression, Idea of Suicide, Self-esteem, and Adjustment to Military Living in Auxiliary Police
Kim, Jong-Im ; Yoon, Hye-Sun ; Han, Sun-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 15, issue 3, 2008, Pages 387~394
Purpose: This study was done to identify whether the program, improving adjustment to military life would have an effect on stress, depression, idea of suicide, adjustment to military living, and self-esteem in auxiliary police. Method: This quazi experimental study using a non-equivalent control group pretest and posttest design was conducted from February 1 to May 30, 2007. Using convenience sampling, the researcher recruited 120 auxiliary police and randomly assigned each to either the experimental and the control group. The experimental group received an 8-week program to improve adjustment to military life. Results: Anxiety, stress, depression, idea of suicide, self-esteem, and adjustment to military living were significantly different between the experimental and control groups. Conclusion: These results suggest that programs to improve adjustment to military life would improve psychological health and adaptation of military living in auxiliary police. Replication studies are needed to confirm the effects of this program and to identify the long-term maintenance effects of the program.