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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Factors Influencing Health Conservation among Elders
Oh, Won-Oak ; Kim, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 134~143
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the predictors of health conservation for elders in Korea. Method: Random sampling method was used and data from 113 elders were used for final analysis. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include Health Conservation Scale, Purpose in Life Test and Self-efficacy Scale. Results: Health conservation of the elders was in the middle range. The elders of this study had few goals towards meaning in life, and were in an existential vacuum state. There was a positive correlation between health conservation, meaning in life and self-efficacy. The significant factors influencing health conservation of elders were meaning in life, education level and gender. These 3 factors explained 30.6% of health conservation of elders. Conclusions: The results indicate that health conservation is an important link with meaning in life in elders. There should be a comprehensive study in the future for in-depth understanding of health conservation of elders.
Predictors of Vascular Complications among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Ha, Jung-Mi ; Lee, Hae-Jung ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Suk ; Lee, Wha-Za ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 144~152
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to predict the risk factors for vascular complications among patients with type 2 diabetes. Method: The data were collected from August to September, 2007 using clinical examination and questionnaires. Patients (N=101) were recruited from the endocrinology department of P University hospital in D city. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The cardiovascular risk of patients with diabetes was significantly related to self care behavior, family history, and smoking status. The risk of peripheral vascular complications was not related to predictors included in the study. With multivariate analyses, significant predictors of cardiovascular risk for these patients were self care behavior, family history, and smoking status (
, p<.0001). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that smoking cessation and improving self-care behavior are essential to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications among patients with diabetes. To enhance self-care practices for the patients with diabetes, nursing interventions, such as telephone counseling, problem focused nursing counseling, and peer group activities should be considered.
Predictors of Quality of Life among Workers in Public Health Corporations
Eom, Hye-Jeang ; Lee, Hae-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 153~161
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of Quality of Life (QOL) among workers in public health corporations. Methods: Data were composed of 213 office workers in three public enterprise in Seoul. Data were collected from February 11 to March 20, 2007. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS Win 12.0 program. Results: The mean QOL of the study participants was 82.60. The QOLs of the workers were significantly different according to perceived health status of workers and working hours per week. The QOL of the workers was negatively related to working hours, job stress, and depression, and positively related to the health status, self-esteem, and health promotion lifestyle (HPLS). Significant predictors of QOL were HPLS
), depression (
), self-esteem (
), and hours of work per week (
), which explained 63% in the variance of QOL. Conclusion: These results suggest that strategies to enhance HPLS could improve the level of QOL. Further investigations of the direct relationship between QOL and health promotion program is warranted.
Comparison of Tympanic and Axillary Temperatures
Yea, Jae-Hee ; Jo, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 162~170
Purpose: To verify the usability of tympanic temperature measurement for adults, a comparison of tympanic and axillary temperatures was done. Method: The study was conducted during October 2008, and participants were 110 female nursing students. Axillary temperatures were taken with glass mercury thermometers for 5, 7 and 10 minutes. Tympanic temperatures were taken with Infrared Thermometer IRT 4520 on both ears, twice at a 5-second interval. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 12.0 program. Results: In the 1st measurement, the mean for right tympanic temperatures (
) and for left (
) were significantly higher than the 2nd. A comparison of mean temperatures for right and left, showed that the mean for the left side on the 1st measurement was significantly higher (
) than the right. Also the temperature on left side in the 2nd measurement was higher (
) than the right 2nd, but not significantly higher. The mean temperature for right and left tympanic on 1 st and 2nd measurements were significantly higher than axilla for 5 minutes (
), for 7 minutes (
), and for 10 minutes (
). The tympanic temperature was the most closely correlated with the axillary temperature at 10 minutes. Conclusion: Findings indicate that measurement of tympanic temperature is a useful alternative to axillary temperature taken for 10 minutes.
Frequency of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Entrance Examination Stress, Mental Health, and Quality of Life among Adolescent Women
Park, Hyo-Jung ; Lim, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 171~180
Purpose: This study was done to examine the frequency of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), entrance examination stress, mental health, and quality of life among adolescent women. Methods: A survey conducted to collect data from 925 adolescent women in Gyeonggi Province. The measurements included the Rome III criteria (to diagnose IBS), the entrance examination stress scale (to evaluate stress), symptom check list90R (SCL-90R to evaluate mental health), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Abbreviated Version (WHOQOL-BREF to evaluate quality of life). Frequency,
-tests, t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with the SPSS 16.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: The frequency of IBS in the women was 22.8%. One hundred thirty eight women (65.4%) had the mixed constipation and diarrhea subtype of IBS. Compared to the women without IBS, those with IBS reported significantly higher scores on entrance examination stress scale, SCL-90R, all subscales of SCL-90R, and lower scores on WOLQOL-BREF. Conclusion: Nursing interventions targeting adolescent women with IBS should be developed in order to alleviate the associated stress and mental health and to promote quality of life.
The Effect of Cancer-overcome BeHaS Exercise Program on Pain, Flexibility, Grip Strength and Stress in Breast Cancer Patients Following Surgery
Won, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Im ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 181~189
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cancer-overcome BeHaS exercise program on pain, flexibility, grip strength and stress in patient with breast cancer following surgery. Method: Study was designed as a non-synchronized research method with a nonequivalent control group. Data collection was performed from September 2007 to January 1, 2008. Participants were 34 patients (experimental group: 19, control group: 15) undergoing surgery for breast cancer in a hospital in D city. Women in the experimental group were participated in the cancer-overcome BeHaS (Be Happy and Strong) exercise program for 60 minutes per session once a week for 8 weeks and it was recommended that they do the exercises once more each week at home. The control group received one education session on breast cancer management. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups for pain, flexibility or grip strength. But stress in experimental group was significantly decreased compared to that of the control group. Conclusion: This result suggests that cancer-overcome BeHaS exercise program is helpful to reduce stress in patients after breast cancer surgery. Further research is needed for multi-dimensional evaluation on psycho-social effects of cancer-overcome BeHaS exercise program.
Factors Influencing Sleep Disorders in Patients on Hemodialysis
Lee, Hyein-Mi ; Ryu, Se-Ang ; Kim, Eun-A ; Jang, Keum-Seong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 190~199
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors contributing to sleep disorders in patients on hemodialysis. Methods: A descriptive correlational study design was used. The participants were 135 patients on hemodialysis in hemodialysis clinics. Data were collected from March to May 2007 using structured questionnaires and hematologic sample. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify factors influencing sleep disorders among the demographic-clinical factors, depression and fatigue. Results: About 69% of the patients had a sleep disorders. There were significant differences in sleep disorders according to marital status, caregiver, religion, economic level, insurance, erythropoietin, somnifacient, and antihypertensive agents. But there were no differences according to age, gender, dialysis period, or antidepressants. Their sleep disorders had significant correlations with depression, and fatigue, and a significant negative correlation with Protein, Albumin, Phosphate and BUN. But there were no correlations with hematocrit, hemoglobin, creatinine, sodium, potassium, or calcium. Depression and fatigue were factors influencing sleep disorders. They accounted for 43.8% of the variance in sleep disorders in these patients. Conclusion: Findings provide an understanding of sleep disorders and the factors that are an influence in patients on hemodialysis. To promote sleep in these patients, nursing interventions to manage depression and fatigue are needed.
Participation and Academic Achievement by Learning Styles in Problem Based Learning
Kim, Ji-Yun ; Chai, Eun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 200~206
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze nursing students' learning styles and relationship of learning style to participation and academic achievement. Method: The study participants were nursing students in C college learning through problem based learning (PBL). Data were collected using a questionnaire which included Kolb's learning styles. Performance evaluation and paper examination were used to evaluate academic achievement. Results: Most of the students had converger type learning style. Student with a tendency to abstract conceptualization, such as converger type and assimilator type, preferred discussion and presentation. The students with converger type learning style participated and achieved better than students with diverger style. Conclusion: The results indicate that learning style was related to participation and academic achievement. Therefore in order to use PBL effectively, facilitators should consider students' learning styles.
Influence of Different Methods of Cutting Ampules on Drug Contamination by Glass Flakes from the Ampule
Jeong, Hyeon-Cheol ; Jeon, Mi-Yang ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 207~213
Purpose: This study was done to examine how medication contamination in a single-dose glass ampule is affected by minute glass flakes generated in different methods of cutting the ampule. Method: Sixty medication-containing glass ampules were randomly assigned to two groups. The number of glass flakes, resulting from two different cutting methods (with cotton and without cotton), were counted under the microscope. Contamination was evaluated by extracted the medication with a syringe and culturing it in E. coli, coliform, and aerobic bacteria culture media. Result: Fewer glass flakes were found in the ampules when the ampule was cut with cotton. The use of cotton, however, did not significantly change the degree of drug contamination. Conclusion: Although minute glass flakes generated in the ampule cutting operation did not significantly contaminate the medication and the use of cotton decreased the number of glass flakes in the ampules, glass flakes injected into the blood and tissues of the patient remain a risk factor. Therefore, pre-filled syringes or syringes with filters would be alternative methods and safeguards against the possible injection of glass flakes generated while cutting the ampule.
The Effects of Walking-Support Program on the Pulmonary Ventilatory Functions of Elders Following Upper-abdominal Surgery
Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Kim, Nam-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Sim ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 214~222
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a walking-support program on the pulmonary ventilatory functions of elderly people who had undergone upper-abdominal surgery. Method: The study was a quasi-experimental research design. There were 26 partcipants who were admitted for upper-abdominal surgery to P University Hospital in B city. Walking exercise education was provided individually to the experimental group the day before their operation and 20 minutes a day for five days after the surgery using the 'Walking Exercise Guide Document'. Pulmonary ventilatory function was with FVC (Forced Vital Capacity), PEF (Peak Expiratory Flow), FEVI (Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second), FER (Forced Expiratory Ratio), Oxygen Saturation, and VAS (Visual Analog Scale). Results: The objective indexes of pulmonary ventilatory function were not significantly different between the two groups, but the subjective index was significantly different. Conclusion: With the above results, the walking support program could be an effective nursing intervention for improving pulmonary ventilatory function of surgical patients.
Cognitive Function, Mood, Problematic Behavior and Response to Interaction with Robot Pet by Elders with Dementia
Lim, Nan-Young ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Park, Young-Sook ; Ahn, Dong-Hyun ; Oh, Jin-Hwan ; Song, Jung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 223~231
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects on cognitive function, mood, problematic behaviors and response to interaction with robot pet by elderly people with dementia. Method: A methodological triangulation design with quantitative and qualitative methods was used. The participants were 9 elderly people with dementia. The intervention was conducted twice a week for 4 weeks, Qualitative data were collected by interviews and video-taping for analysis of the responses of participants, Results: 1) Cognitive function, mood and problematic behaviors did not show any significantly differences after the program. 2) Analysis of the responses showed increases in verbal communication and positive action. Conclusion: The robot pet program had positive effects such as increasing communication and interaction. Therefore, this program could be considered as an effective program for emotional support for elderly people with dementia. However further repetitive study is need to validate the result.
Analysis of Importance, Difficulty, and Frequency of Nurses' Job in Outpatient Departments
Yi, Yeo-Jin ; Cho, Kyung-Sook ; Park, Young-Sook ; Lim, Nan-Young ; Kim, Dong-Oak ; Kwon, Sung-Bok ; Lee, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2009, Pages 232~241
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the importance, difficulty, and frequency of work (duties and tasks) done by nurses' in Outpatient Departments (OPD). Method: Data were collected using structured questionnaires, which included 11 duties and 92 tasks making up the OPD nurse's job. Questionnaires were completed by 286 nurses. Each duty and task was analyzed for importance, difficulty, and frequency (range 1-3). Results: The mean score for importance was
, for difficulty,
, and for frequency,
. OPD nurses recognized 'patient education and consultation' as important and difficult. However, in practice OPD nurses reported the most frequent task as 'support for medical services'. There was a significant difference in importance and difficulty of duties according to OPD nurses' university degree (F=3.693, p=.026; F=4.089, p=.018) and hospital size (F=4.274, p=.006; F=3.154, p=.025). However there were no differences in importance, difficulty, or frequency according to clinical experience in OPD. Conclusion: The findings indicate that OPD nurses must be able to do important and difficult duties and tasks, especially patient education and consultation. To have time for these uniquely nursing tasks, OPD nurses need to delegate 'preparation for medical service', and 'management of facility and environment' to nonmedical health-care workers.