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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Factors Affecting Perceived Health of Elders in Welfare Centers for Senior Citizens
Park, Jung-Hee ; Yom, Young-Hee ; Lee, Kyu-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 264~271
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of life satisfaction, family support, physical health and demographic characteristics to perceived health, and to identify factors affecting perceived health of elderly participating in programs in welfare centers for senior citizens. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-questionnaire with 211 elders from 2 welfare centers for senior citizens located in Seoul. ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients and hierachical multiple regression with the SPSS Win 12.0 Program were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean score for degree of perceived health was 3.27
0.91. Perceived health had a significant positive correlation with life satisfaction (r= .362, p< .001), family support (r= .403, p< .001), physical health (r= .424, p< .001). The explained variance for perceived health was 37.9%. Among the variables, physical health (
= .175, p= .014), life satisfaction (
= .208, p= .002), and family support (
= .277, p< .001) significantly predicted the degree of perceived health. Conclusion: Findings of this study provide a comprehensive understanding of perceived health and related factors for elders in Korea. However, further study with a larger random sample from various living environment is necessary.
A Study on Burden and Well-being of Primary Caregivers of Patients with a Stroke
Lim, You-Jin ; Cho, Bok-Hee ; Jang, Hyun-Sook ; Jeong, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 272~281
Purposes: The purposes of this study were to identify factors related to burden and well-being in primary caregivers of patients who have had a stroke and examine the correlation between burden and well-being of the caregivers. Methods: Between April 2006 to June 2007 data were collected using self-report questionnaires and interviews with 85 primary caregivers of stroke patients in C University Hospital. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and Pearson's correlation with SPSSWIN 15.0. Results: Factors related to burden of primary caregivers were sex and activities of daily living of the patients, and age, education level and satisfaction with income of the caregivers. The factors related to well-being of primary caregivers were sex of patients, and age and education level of caregivers as well as cohabitation with the patient. A negative correlation was found between burden and well-being of the caregivers (r= -.393, p<.001). Conclusion: These results indicate a need to develop a nursing intervention program for caregivers and education program for other family members to reduce caregiver burden. These programs should lead to improvements in the well-being of the caregiver.
Gender Role Attitudes and Barriers in Korean Nurses When Addressing Patients' Sexual Health
Kim, Jung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 282~289
Purpose: The purpose of this research wasto examine the relationships between gender role attitudes and barriers in Korean nurses when addressing patients' sexual health. Method: The sample for this study was a convenience sample of Korean nurses who worked in hospitals in Seoul and Jeonju. Data were collected between November 2008 and January 2009. Results: Nurses showed less traditional gender role attitudes with means score of 40.72 (SD=3.99) of a possible 10 to 50 range. The barriers to addressing patients' sexual health were moderate in these nurses with a mean score of 44.92 (SD=7.66) of a possible 12 to 60 range. There were significant correlations between gender role attitudes and barriers to addressing patients' sexual health (r= -.142, p= .007). Nurses with less traditional gender role attitudes felt more barriers to addressing patients' sexual health. Conclusion: This study demonstrates a need for educational programs that will improve the problem-solving abilities of nurses in a hospital environment and help them gain ground as sexual health specialists. The results may contribute to the development and application of a patient-centered sexual health-related curriculum, which would aid nurses in addressing sexual concerns of their patients.
Risk Factors for Postoperative Delirium after Liver Transplantation in the Intensive Care Unit
Cha, Ok-Hee ; Yoo, Yang-Sook ; Choi, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Nam-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 290~299
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, incidence, duration and risk factors for delirium following liver transplantation while the patients were in the acute stage and admitted to the intensive care unit. Method: A retrospective chart review of 106 patients who had liver transplantation was conducted. A delirium risk factor checklist was used, to collect preoperative and postoperative data. Descriptive analysis, t-test, x2-test, and logistic regression analyses were used for data analysis. Results: The post-transplantation incidence of delirium was 29.3% (n=31). Multivariate analysis revealed that risk factors were preoperative conditions in the patients including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome, and postoperative laboratory test results, such as hyperbilirubinemia. Conclusion: Therefore, a daily delirium risk factor assessment should be conducted before liver transplantation as a way to identify risk of delirium after the liver transplantation and to effectively manage delirium when it occurs.
Comparison of Effects Lavender Abdominal Massage and Inhalation on Dysmenorrhea, Pain, Anxiety and Depression
Choi, En-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 300~306
Purpose: This study was done to investigate differences between lavender abdominal massage and inhalation on dysmenorrhea, menstrual pain, anxiety, and depression. Methods: This study used a non equivalent quasi-experimental design. Lavender essential oil and almond oil were used in massage and a lavender necklace and artificial perfume necklace in inhalation for female college students. Frequencies, percentages, Chi-square, Fisher's exact test and t-test with the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: Dysmenorrhea was significantly higher inhalation for placebo treatment compared to lavender inhalation (p< .001). There was not significant difference between lavender abdominal massage and inhalation. Conclusion: Lavender abdominal massage and inhalation could be effective methods to reduce dysmenorrhea. However, before lavender abdominal massage and inhalation can be considered as intervention, it is more needed to study of menstrual pain, anxiety and depression.
Relationship of Self Efficacy, Self-Directedness and Practice Satisfaction to Clinical Practice Education in Nursing Students
Kim, Yeong-Hie ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 307~315
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship of self efficacy, self-directedness and practice satisfaction to clinical practice for nursing students. Method: The participants were 122 nursing students in clinical practice. They responded to questionnaires that included measures of self efficacy, self-directedness and clinical practice satisfaction. Results: The average self efficacy score was 3.70, self-directedness, 3.66 and clinical practice satisfaction, 3.44. Self efficacy showed a significant difference according to gender with men having higher scores (t=-2.82, p= .005). Clinical practice satisfaction showed a significant difference according to motivation for nursing (F=3.86, p= .011), and location of clinical practice (F=3.73, p= .006). Self efficacy had a significant positive correlation to self-directedness (r= .755, p< .001) and clinical practice satisfaction (r= .379, p< .001). Self-directedness had a significant correlation with clinical practice satisfaction (r= .412, p< .001). Conclusion: After clinical practice, self efficacy, self-directedness and clinical practice satisfaction in nursing students were relative higher. Self efficacy, self-directedness were affected by clinical practice satisfaction.
Activities of Daily Living and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of Centenarians in Busan
Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Yun-Jin ; Son, Yong-Jin ; Lee, Jeong-Gyu ; Lim, Jie-Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 316~324
Purpose: The aim of the study was to identify the relationships among age, activities of daily living and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for centenarians in Busan. Methods: Forty-nine centenarians (2 males and 47 females) participated in the study, done from April to July, 2006. Pace-to-face interviews were used to collect data. Activities of daily living were measured using K-ADL, K-IADL and health-related quality of life, using the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Results: Over 50% of the centenarians reported independence for six-items but not for bathing. With regard to type of dependency, 77.6% were independent in transferring, 71.4%, in using the toilet, 67.3%, in feeding and in continence and 57.1% in dressing but just 24.5% were independent in bathing. Age was significantly associated with K-IADL (r= -.303, p= .03). The centenarians were more impaired in physical health components compared to mental health components for health-related quality of life. Conclusion: These results may contribute to a better understanding of activities of daily living and health-related quality of life of centenarians. The findings are relevant to health professionals, in particular professionals who are developing wellness programs to optimize health-related quality of life and functional status for the extremely old age population.
Relationship among Life Style, Body Composition, and Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in Female College Students
Kang, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 325~332
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship among the life style, body composition, and BMD in female college students. Method: For this study, 320 female college students aged 18 through 35 were sampled. Data were collected from June to September, 2007. The BMD was measured with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry, body composition with the Body Composition Analyzer, and stature was also taken. Results: Our findings indicated that the relationship among the life style, body composition and BMD significantly varied and that meal times (F=3.318, p= .038) and muscle mass (r= .240, p< .001) and fat-free mass (r= .233, p< .001) showed a significant positive relationship with BMD. Conclusions: Our findings indicated that optimal levels of the fat-free mass and muscle mass should be maintained. Since a decrease in the quantity of bones is expected to cause health issues for women after menopause, it is necessary to reduce risk factors including the unhealthy life style of college women that may lead to osteoporosis, and to introduce preventive nursing interventions against osteoporosis.
Comparison of Health Habits, Perceived Stress, Depression, and Suicidal Thinking by Gender between Elders Living Alone and Those Living with Others
Kim, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 333~344
Purpose: This study was done to identify differences in health habits, perceived stress, depression, and suicidal thinking by gender for elderly people who are living alone and elderly people who are living with others. Method: The study participants were 4,051 people aged 65 years and over who were surveyed in the Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2005. The relationship among outcomes and living arrangement by gender in elders was assessed using multiple logistic regression while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Older men living alone were less likely to have breakfast and more likely to perceive stress and think of suicide than older men living with family or others. On the other hand, older women who live alone were less likely to perceive stress than older women who live with others. Age, educational level, income, and number of diseases were significantly associated with each individual outcome. Conclusion: This study showed that living alone has a significant impact on physical health habits and psychological health of elderly people, especially for older men. Therefore, living arrangement should be considered in developing a health promotion program for elders as well as age, gender, education, and income.
Self-care, Family Support and Depression in Elderly Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Park, Kee-Sun ; Moon, Jung-Soon ; Park, Sun-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 345~352
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the degree of self-care, family support and depression, and relationship among these variables for elder with diabetes mellitus. Method: Participants were 202 diabetic patients, 65 years or over, living in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected using the self-care tool for diabetic patients by Kim (1996), the family support tool for diabetic patients by Park (1984), and Korea's BDI scale by Lee (1995). Results: Of the patients, 43.1% showed HbAlc levels than higher 7%. The highest mean score was for self-care for medication compliance, and the lowest for blood glucose testing compliance. Factors affecting self-care were employment, education, HbAlc level, diabetic self-care education and complications. Factors affecting family support were living with family, diabetic self-care education, hospitalization and complications. Factors affecting depression were gender, living with family and complications. All of these factors were significant. Patients experiencing depression were 16.8% of patients. There was a significant positive correlation between self-care and family support, and significant negative correlations between self-care and depression, and family support and depression. Conclusion: For more effective management of diabetes mellitus in elders, improvement in self-care compliance, and family support are needed.
Relationship of Satisfaction with Appearance, Self-Esteem, Depression, and Stress to Health Related Quality of Life in Women across the Lifespan
Park, Young-Rye ; Son, Youn-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 353~361
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of adult the women's satisfaction with their appearance, self-esteem, depression and stress to health related quality of life (HRQOL) across the lifespan. Method: In this study a convenience sample of Korean women aged 20 years and over was used. There were 1152 women and data were collected from November 2007 to February 2008. Results: There was no difference in satisfaction with appearance in all age group. Elderly women reported lowest self esteem and HRQOL and highest depression and stress. There were statistical significances between satisfaction with appearance, self-esteem, depression, stress and HRQOL for all age groups. The most significant predictors of HRQOL in early adulthood women were stress and depression. The most significant predictors of HRQOL in middle adulthood women were stress, disease, depression, self-esteem, and monthly income. The most significant predictors of HRQOL in elderly women were stress, disease, depression, and satisfaction with appearance. Conclusion: The results indicate that HRQOL of Korean women is associated with psychological distress as with stress and depression. When developing programs to enhance health in elderly women, consideration should be given to body image as well as psychological distress and chronic conditions.
The Effect of BeHaS (Be Happy and Strong) Program on Self Esteem, Fatigue and Anxiety in Postoperative Care Patients with Breast Cancer
Kim, Jong-Im ; Min, Hyo-Suk ; Park, Sun-Young ; Kim, Sun-Ae ; Jun, Young-Suk ; Lim, Joung-Sun ; Kim, So-Hyun ; Chang, Eil-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 16, issue 3, 2009, Pages 362~369
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify effects of the BeHaS program on self esteem, fatigue and anxiety in postoperative care patients with breast cancer who had surgery with, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, with or without current hormone therapy. Methods: This study was a 2-group quasi-experimental research study with a pre and post test design. Fifty-four patients with breast cancer were assigned to the experimental (n=29) or control group (n=25). The BeHaS program which strengthens self esteem through support over a 90-minute period, consists of theme activity (30 minutes), education (15 minutes), group support (15 minutes) and exercise (30 minutes). The experimental group participated in the program once a week for 10 weeks, but the control group was not involved. Data were gathered from October to December, 2008 using a questionnaire with measures of self esteem, fatigue and anxiety. Data were analyzed using t-test with SPSS Win 12.0 to identify differences between the groups. Results: Self esteem was significantly increased (p= .001) and fatigue significantly decreased (p= .013) in the experimental group. But there was no significant difference in anxiety (p= .868). Conclusion: These results suggest that the BeHaS program for patients with breast cancer had beneficial effects on self esteem and fatigue.