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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 17, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Effect of a Hospital Life Guidance Movie for Elderly In-patients
Jeong, Hyeon-Cheol ; Seong, Kea-Mi ; Jeong, Mi-Yang ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 142~148
Purpose: This study was done to determine how a hospital life guidance movie enhanced the understanding of hospital life by elderly in-patients. Method: A non-equivalent control group post-test design was used for the study. The experimental group watched a movie on guidance for hospital life while an in-patient control group read corresponding guidance booklets. The understanding and satisfaction from the respective programs for the two groups were surveyed with a questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS. Results: The group which watched the movie had a better understanding of hospital life than the group which read the booklets. The patients who watched the movie also expressed more satisfaction with their guide program than the patients who only read the booklets. Understanding of hospital life had relevance to satisfaction with the given program. Conclusion: The results of this study suggests that a movie on hospital life provides better guidance which helps the prospective patients understand and adapt better to their hospital life. Therefore, this type of movie is considered to be an effective medium to provide guidance to elderly in-patients.
Work Experience of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis
Park, Min-Sun ; Kim, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 149~158
Purpose: This study was done to gain understanding of what career and related experience mean to individuals undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: Ten male patients receiving hemodialysis participated in the study. Data collection took place between November 18, 2008 and February 10, 2010, via unstructured interviews. Data collection and analysis were conducted simultaneously, and Colaizzi's phenomenological method (1978) was used for the analysis. Results: The significance the participants found in their "dual" life as worker and dialysis patients was classified into five categories: 'Recognition of self-existence value', 'My health comes before my work', 'Being afraid of stigma', 'Limitation of restricted work', and 'Difficulty with time management.' Conclusion: It was found that the dialysis patients showed ambivalent feelings towards their careers, hoping they will be able to continue to work yet fearing that the continued work might break balance the between their livelihood and healing. Therefore, it is recommended that hours for hemodialysis be more flexible to ensure that patients can keep their jobs and better manage their time while undergoing treatment.
The Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Function, Stress and Depression in Middle Aged Women with Osteoarthritis
Lee, Sook-Ryon ; Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Cho, Gyoo-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 159~168
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of 12 weeks of Tai Chi exercise on physical function, stress and depression in middle aged women with osteoarthritis. Method: The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Forty two participants were assigned to either the experimental group (21) or control group (21). Frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviations,
-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and repeated measured ANOVA with SPSS 12.0/PC program were used to analyzed the collected data. Results: For physical function the physical fitness of the experimental group improved significantly more than the control group: Leg strength, balance, flexibility and grip strength. Difficulty of performing activity had a tendency of decrease. Stress showed a tendency of as time passed but the decrease was not significant. Depression decreased and the change was significant. Conclusion: The Tai Chi exercise was effective in improving physical function and reducing the stress and depression of middle aged women with osteoarthritis. Therefore the Tai Chi exercise could be used as a nursing intervention for osteoarthritis in middle aged women.
Sleep Disturbance in Prostate Cancer Patients
Jun, Seong-Sook ; Kim, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Min-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 169~176
Purpose: This study was done to investigate clinical characteristics and risk factors for sleep disturbance in patients with prostate cancer. Method: Participants were recruited from P hospital outpatient clinic from March 23 to April 20, 2006, and 101 participants completed a questionnaire assessing general and clinical characteristics, sleep quality, physical symptoms and psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression. The data was analyzed using the SPSS 12.0 program. Results: In this study, 29.7% of the patients reported sleep disturbance. Cancer diagnosis related factors which affected sleep disturbance were onset (55.3%) and aggravation (83.3%). Habitual sleep efficiency of patients with sleep disturbance was as follows: bedtime was 10 PM, wake-up time was 6AM, sleep duration was six hours and twenty minutes. Risk factors for the presence of sleep disturbance included metastasis, the presence of intestinal symptoms, depression and anxiety. Conclusion: Sleep disturbance is a frequent problem associated with prostate cancer and seems to be influenced by aggravation of illness and the presence of physical and psychological symptoms.
A Study on the Application of Physical Restraints in Intensive Care Units
Kim, Mi-Yeon ; Park, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 177~186
Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate the application of physical restraints in ICUs of a university hospital. Method: Data were collected from August 1 to October 1 2009, using a recording tool from Electric Nursing Records and an observation tool for physical restraints and related factors. Frequency, percentage, and paired t-test with the SPSS/WIN 16.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: The application rate for physical restraints in 5 ICUs was 34.3%, the highest application rate was 48.4% in the neurosurgical ICU. The mean frequency for physical restraint application per patient was 1.14, and the mean hours of restraint application per incident was 113.01 hours. The most common complications of physical restraints were bruising and edema. Conclusion: Many ICU nurses use physical restraints when caring for patients who are at high risk for falls, including patients have high levels of acuity, decreased level of consciousness or increased irritability. When physical restraints are applied, patients show resistance against the use resulting in side effects of bruising and edema. Therefore, nurses should observe changes in restrain sites, perform nursing interventions to prevent complications, and minimize the use of physical restraints.
Experiences of Sexual Life of Korean Women with Breast Cancer: Descriptions from Focus Groups and Interviews
Yi, Myung-Sun ; Son, Haeng-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 187~199
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe experiences of sexual life among Korean women with breast cancer. Methods: Data were collected by focus group and individual tape-recorded interviews. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Participants were 13 women who had stage I, II, or III breast cancer. Four major categories were discovered. "Not interested in sexual life at all" in which participants described their struggle to live while avoiding sexual life during initial stages of disease. "Sexual life that could not go back to previous normal life" in which participants described how they began to recognize many problems related to their sexual life resulting from the loss of femininity and pain during intercourse. "Dangerous marriage due to no sexual life" in which participants illustrated how no or unsatisfactory sexual life threatened their entire marriage and family life. Finally, "rediscovery of sexual life as a vital element in life" in which participants described how, with support from their spouse, they came to realize that sexual life was an important and vital part of their life. Conclusions: The results of this study could help in developing-educational programs to improve sexual well-being of women with breast cancer and their spouses.
Effects of an Education Program for AIDS Prevention on Knowledge and Attitudes Towards AIDS among Male High School Students in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province
Lee, Eun-Hyun ; Moon, Seong-Mi ; Park, Jong-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 200~208
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an education program for AIDS prevention on knowledge about AIDS and attitudes towards AIDS/people with AIDS among male-high school students. Methods: A research design used in this study was a randomized and non-synchronized control group pre-and-post test. The participants were 560 male students from five high schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. In each school two classes were randomly assigned to each the experimental or control group. The contents of the education program for AIDS prevention consisted of six parts with a total of 50 minutes. The data were analyzed using t-test and chi-square test with SPSS WIN program version 13.0. Results: There were significant differences in knowledge and attitudes between experimental and control groups. The experimental group showed higher scores in knowledge and more positive attitudes than the control group. Conclusion: The education program was effective in increasing positive attitudes towards AIDS/people with AIDS among male high school students. Further application of the program with female students is needed before the results of the study can be generalized.
Nurses' Perceptions Regarding Sign & Symptom Management in End of Life Care in Nursing Homes
Lee, Se-Hyun ; Chang, Sung-Ok ; Kim, Mi-So ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 209~219
Introduction: The phenomenon related to sign & symptom management for end of life of the patients is of interest to researchers in nursing society today. This study was conducted to clarify and to conceptualize the factors of sign & symptom management in end of life care though nurses' perceptions on this phenomena. Methods: The qualitative study method was used to explore the experienced nurses' perceptions related to sign & symptom management in end of life care. It included a field study carried out in South Korea using in-depth interviews with 30 experienced nurses from three nursing home facilities. Results: This study identified the following categories related to end of life care with sub-categories for each category: (1) nurses' modes in identifying the signs related to patients' end of life, (2) nurses' perceived directions on patients' end of life care, (3) nurses' perceived strategies in end of life care and (4) nurses' perceived barriers in end of life care Conclusion: Through this study, characteristics of the way nurses' provide for patients' end of life care are identified, along with how nursing decisions are made to manage the sign & symptom indicating patients' end of life.
Rewarming Intervention Program for Abdominal Surgery Patients
Ahn, Hye-Young ; Eom, Mi-Ran ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 220~230
Purpose: This study was done to identify differences in three groups of operative patients (Forced Air Warming, Electrical Blanketrol, Control) for discomfort and pattern of body temperature during surgery and post operatively. Methods: The sample consisted of 3 randomized 3 groups of abdominal surgery patients admitted to an university hospital in D-city : The Bair Hugger and upper body blanket were used with the first group, electrical blanketrol with PVC Film with the second, and the third group was the control. ANOVA was used with the WIN SPSS 17.0 program to analyze the data. Results: Significant differences were found among the three groups for tympanic and esophageal body temperature at 1 hour after starting surgery. There was significant difference in tympanic body temperature during the 15 minute stay in the post anesthetic room. There were no significant differences in thermal discomfort while in the post anesthetic room. or There among the three groups for serum cortisol during surgery. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, application of a Bair Hugger or electrical blanketrol improves maintenance of body temperature of operative patients as well as body temperature of post operative patients, and is a clinically significant warming method providing a more consistent body temperature.
Yangsaeng and Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) in Adult and Elderly Koreans Practicing Dan Jeon Breathing (DJB)
Kim, Kyung-Won ; Kim, Ae-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 231~239
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between Yangsaeng and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) of Korean adults and older people practicing Dan Jeon Breathing. Methods: The participants were 133 adults and elderly people practicing Dan Jeon Breathing. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires, which were constructed to include Yangsaeng and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF). Frequency, percentage, mean standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Cronbach
value were used with the SPSS 14.0 win program to analyze the data using for finding. Results: Significant differences in Yangsaeng were evident on the basis of age, gender, duration of DJB, regular practice of DJB, and other exercises. There were significant differences in quality of life in terms of existence of spouse and duration of DJB. Also, all subcategories in Yangsaeng were positively related to all domain of quality of life. Conclusion: The results indicate that the quality of life of adult and elderly Koreans who practice DJB is more closely associated with Yangsaeng. Therefore, Dan Jeon Breathing can be utilized as a nursing intervention for Yangsaeng and quality of life of Koreans.
Effects of Utilizing Animation Prior to Fundamental Nursing Practice on Learning Motivation and Self-Directedness in Student Nurses
Kim, Yeong-Hie ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 240~248
Purpose: This study was done to examine learning motivation and self-directedness when animation prior learning of fundamental nursing practice education was used. Method: For the study 220 nursing students participated in a fundamental nursing practice session after prior study using animation every week for 15 weeks. They responded to questionnaires that included measures of learning motivation and self-directedness. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in total scores for learning motivation over the 15 weeks of the practice sessions, but there was a difference for self-directedness. There was a significant difference in learning motivation in the group that always watched the animation and for which animation helped with the practice sessions and where the application purpose was postive. There was a difference in self-directedness for the students whose future was described as health teachers and where the application purpose was positive. Learning motivation showed positive correlations with self-directedness. Conclusion: Learning motivation and self-directedness utilizing animation prior to fundamental nursing practice were high and correlated with each other indicating the usefulness of this teaching method.
Development and Evaluation of an e-learning Blood-borne Infection Control Program for Nursing Students
Choi, Jeong-Sil ; Eom, Mi-Ran ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 249~258
Purpose: To develop an e-learning blood-borne infection control program and to evaluate the effects of the program on risk perception, knowledge, preventive health behaviors related to blood-borne infections, and satisfaction with the program by nursing student. Methods: The program was developed through the processes of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The pre-experimental research design involved a one group pretest-posttest design. The setting was two universities located in Daejeon, Korea. Results: Using the program that was designed and developed, results for the total score of risk perception, knowledge, and preventive health behaviors in the post-test application were significantly higher than in the pre-test application (p<.05). Relevance and usefulness of the information received the highest ratings, while the system's design were demonstrated to have the lowest ratings. Those areas requiring correction were modified accordingly. Conclusions: Application of an e-learning blood-borne infection control program is effective, and can be expanded to other student nurses who also have a high risk of blood-borne infections.
Impact of Self-esteem, Family Function and Social Support on Stress in Undergraduate Students
Ha, Ju-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 259~266
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate self-esteem, family function, and social support which might influence stress in college students. Method: Data were collected from October 15 to December 20, 2007 when 411 students completed a questionnaire which included Self-esteem scale, Family APGAR questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Global Assessment of Recent Stress scale. The collected data was analyzed with the SPSS Win 14.0 statistics program. Results: The scores for stress showed significantly negative correlations with the scores for self-esteem (r= -.394, p<.001), family function (r= -.215, p<.001), and social support (r= -.249, p<.001). Self-esteem, family function and social support by friends were significant predictors and accounted for 18.5% of the variance in stress in undergraduate students. Conclusion: Future stress management programs for undergraduate students should be developed to reinforce self-esteem, family function and social support by friends.
Performance and Importance of Nursing Jobs in General Hospitals according to Levels of Work Experience of Nursing Staff
Park, Sun-Hee ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Hyun, Kyung-Sun ; Kim, Won-Ok ; Sok, So-Hyune R. ; Lee, Ji-A ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 267~273
Purpose: In this study differences in levels of performance and importance of nursing jobs were explored in relation to levels of work experience. Method: The sample was chosen by convenient sampling (N=363) and a cross-sectional study design was used. Frequencies and percentages were used for descriptive statistics. ANOVA was utilized to examine differences in performance and importance of nursing jobs among three groups of nurses, divided based on levels of work experience (less than 1 year, 1 to 4 years, and 5 or more years). Results: Regarding performance of nursing jobs, novice nurses provided more support for patients, but provided less assessment of patients (i.e., investigation of levels of nutrition and exercise, and observation of verbal, and non-verbal behavior, and levels of cognition). Regarding the importance of nursing jobs, nursing linked to exercise and activities, and post-operative and excretion care were considered to be less important among novice nurses than among experienced nurses. Conclusion: Different training programs should be developed and provided to nurses according to levels of work experience. By doing so, it will be feasible to minimize differences in quality of nursing care triggered by different levels of work experience.
Professional Autonomy and Clinical Decision Making Ability in Clinical Nurses
Sung, Mi-Hae ; Eum, Ok-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2010, Pages 274~281
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation between level of professional autonomy and clinical decision making abilities in clinical nurses, and to provide basic information for promoting competency nurses in making independent decisions. Method: Data were collected from July 1 to July 18, 2008, and participants were 202 clinical nurses in general hospitals. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics: frequency and percentage and Pearson correlation coefficients with the SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results: The professional autonomy index for the nurses was 159.63 points. The clinical decision making ability index was 119.79 points. The most highly ranked factor in clinical decision making was search for information and unbiased assimilation of new information. There was a statistically significant difference in professional autonomy according to age, clinical experience, and type of duty. Relation between level of professional autonomy and clinical decision making showed a positive correlation. Conclusion: As a results show a significant correlation between professional autonomy and clinical decision making in clinical nurses, improvement in professional autonomy of clinical nurses, would be promoted through continuous support and training.