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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 17, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Effect of Water Drinking on the Postprandial Fall of Blood Pressure in the Elderly
Son, Jung-Tae ; Lee, Eun-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 304~313
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine preventive effects of water drinking on postprandial fall of blood pressure in the elderly. Method: Participants were 25 elders who had experienced postprandial fall of systolic blood pressure of more than 15mmHg in a previous study. Within subject repeated measures design using random order allocation was used to control extraneous variables among participants. During the experiment, each participant had to drink 400mL water before lunch, whereas when in the control, they only had their lunch. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured for both times before lunch and at 15 minutes intervals up to 90 minutes after lunch. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, repeated measures of ANOVA, paired t-test and Bonferroni adjustment as Post-hoc analysis. Results: Water drinking before lunch elicited significant pressor effects by increasing systolic and diastolic pressure
compared blood pressure during the control p<.005, p<.022. Heart rate, however, did not change significantly at either time. Conclusion: Drinking water before meal is recommended for elders who experience postprandial hypotension. However, the appropriate volume of water to prevent postprandial fall in blood pressure should be further studied.
Skin Hydration Status and Skin Surface pH According to the Body Parts of the Aged with Immobilization
Han, Ae-Kyung ; Won, Jong-Soon ; Kim, Ok-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 314~323
Purpose: This study was performed to identify skin hydration status and skin surface pH according to the body parts of the aged with immobilization. Methods: The subjects were 101 aged patients in a hospital and a institution for the elderly in Seoul. Data for skin hydration and skin surface pH were collected using corneo-meter and skin pH-meter. The body parts of measurement were 10 parts; face, forearm, back of the hand, flank, upper abdomen, leg, back of the foot, heel, scapular, and sacrum. The data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: Skin hydration status were relatively low especially on lower extremity and back of body, and skin surface pH of scapular and sacrum were high. There was significant negative correlation between skin hydration status and skin surface pH on the 6 body parts. Conclusion: Skin hydration status and skin surface pH, especially on scapular, sacrum, and lower extremity need to be considered as important control factors for increasing skin health status of the aged with immobilization.
Comparison of Oral Care Interventions on the Oral Status of Intubated Patients in Intensive Care Units
Park, Jin-Hee ; Sohng, Kyeong-Yae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 324~333
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three different oral care treatments on the oral state of patients with intubation in intensive care units. Methods: The research design was a nonequivalent control group design with repeated measures. The patients were assigned a normal saline, chlorhexidine or toothbrushing group. Each group received its own oral care treatment for 5 minutes, twice a day and for 8 days. The oral assessment guide, hygiene performance index and pathogenic microorganisms. Data were collected from patients before the experiment, 4 days after, and 8 days after completion and were evaluated. Results: The chlorhexidine group and tooth brushing group showed significant improvement on the oral assessment guide and decrease in the hygiene performance index, compared to the normal saline group. Similarly, pathogenic microorganisms were significantly decreased in the chlorhexidine group and tooth brushing group, when compared to the normal saline group. Conclusions: Oral treatments with chlorhexidine and toothbrushing improve the oral health state of patients, therefore use of chlorhexidine and toothbrushing could be an effective nursing intervention for intubated patients in intensive care units.
Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Fitness, Bone Mineral Density, and Fracture Risk in Institutionalized Elderly
Kim, Hyun-Li ; So, Hee-Young ; Song, Rha-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 334~342
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Tai Chi exercise on flexibility, balance, walking ability, muscle strength, bone mineral density, and fracture risk in institutionalized elders. Method: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a nonequivalent comparison group was utilized, and 53 older adults living in one institution were recruited and assigned to one of two groups, experimental group (18) or comparison (20). Both groups completed posttest measures at 6 months. There was a 31% rate of dropouts. Tai Chi exercise was provided twice a week for 24 weeks. Outcome measurements were conducted by a physiotherapist at a university hospital health promotion center who did not know the group assignment. Results: At 6 months, the experimental group had significantly greater grip strength(t=2.12, p=.04), back muscle strength (t=2.42, p=.02), balance (t=5.31, p<001), and flexibility (t=3.57, p<.001). They also showed significantly greater bone mineral density of lumbar spine and femur, and reduced fracture risk. Conclusion: Tai Chi exercise was safely and effectively used with institutionalized elders for 6 months and significantly improved physical fitness, bone mineral density along with a reduction in fracture risk. Whether Tai Chi exercise would lead to prevention of fall episodes and fall related fractures in this population will require further study.
Factors Affecting Low Back Pain in Nurses in Intensive Care Unit
Sung, Mi-Hae ; Seo, Dong-Hee ; Eum, Ok-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 343~350
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors that influence low back pain in nurses in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Methods: A descriptive-correlational design was used, with a convenience sample of 116 nurses from one university hospital in Seoul. The data collected were processed using SPSS Window 17.0 Program for actual numbers and percentages, differences in the dependent variable according to general characteristics, and mean, standard deviations, correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. Results: The factor influencing low back pain in nurses in ICUs was functional ability (
=.652). This one factor explained 41.9% of low back pain in nurses in ICUs. Conclusion: These results show that functional ability was related to nurses' low back pain in nurses in ICUs. These results further suggest that more research is needed to develop program involving functional ability to prevent and management of low back pain in nurses in ICUs.
Emergency Nurses' Perception and Performance of Tuberculosis Infection Control Measures
Kim, Soo-Jung ; Kang, Ji-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 351~361
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception and performance of tuberculosis infection control measures among emergency department nurses. Methods: A structured questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of 227 emergency department nurses from 20 hospitals in B City. Results: The mean perception score was 4.52 out of a possible 5, and the mean performance score was 3.31 out of a possible 5. There were big differences between the perception and performance score on the items regarding wearing a gown or mask, while there were small differences on the items regarding dealing with patients' articles or medication. Conclusion: Emergency nurses showed high perception and low performance score on the items related to facilities and regulation such as visitation restriction or patient isolation. There was a positive correlation between perception and performance score. Conclusion: For emergency nurses, perception is higher than performance of tuberculosis infection control measures. The findings indicate the importance of providing continuing education for emergency nurse professionals seeking to update and increase their knowledge and to develop evidence-based nursing protocols on tuberculosis infection control in emergency department.
Study on the Present Status of Practicum of Fundamentals of Nursing and Test for Competency of Nursing Skills
Kim, Jong-Im ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Paik, Hoon-Jung ; Sohng, Kyeong-Yae ; Eom, Mi-Ran ; Oh, Sei-Young ; Lee, Woo-Sook ; Chang, Ock-Ja ; Jeon, Hyen-Sook ; Lee, Dong-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 362~370
Purpose: In this study the present status of the practicum in Fundamentals of Nursing and test for student competency in nursing skills were surveyed. Method: Participants included 72 nursing schools. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and SPSS 17.0 for data analysis. Results: Credits for Fundamentals of Nursing, credits for practicum and hours per credit were 2.93, 7.34, and 2.14 respectively. Number of students per practice unit, full time assistants and students per assistant were 28.6, 0.6, and 20.2 respectively. Utilization of CPX room and OSCE room for practice was 5.6%, and 9.7% respectively. Of the school, 32.0% included clinical practice in the practicum. 90.3% provided an open lab but only 48.4% had full-time assistants for these clinical practice areas. Testing for nursing skill competency was performed twice a semester in most schools. Utilization of standard patients and high fidelity models for testing was 8.3%, and 23.6% respectively. The test was thought to be inappropriate in 33.4% of the schools. Conclusions: The results suggest that to improve the outcomes, the practicum for Fundamentals of Nursing needs to be changed to include expansion of facilities and human resources, utilization of standard patients and high fidelity models and development of appropriate test methods.
Development of a Scenario and Evaluation for Simulation Learning of Care for Patients with Asthma in Emergency Units
Ko, Il-Sun ; Kim, Hee-Soon ; Kim, In-Sook ; Kim, So-Sun ; Oh, Eui-Gum ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Lee, Ju-Hee ; Kang, Se-Won ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 371~381
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a scenario and evaluate students' performance in simulation learning of care for patients with asthma in emergency units. Methods: Meetings of experts were used to develop a scenario based on actual patients and textbook material. An evaluation protocol was developed to evaluate the simulation learning. The scenario was used in 2006 with six groups of 26 senior nursing students who participated voluntarily. Results: The scenario was developed according to the nursing process for 15 minutes of simulation learning. The nursing students were able to demonstrate their knowledge and skills. The results showed a need to improve problem solving ability. In the self-evaluation, the students reported that simulation learning helped them to integrate their knowledge to practice and recognize their weaknesses and strengths. However, the scores for self-confidence about patient care after the simulation learning were low (4.8/10). Conclusion: The scenario in this study gave the students the experience of providing qualified and secure nursing care under conditions similar to reality. Further development of a variety of scenarios for simulation learning is needed.
Predictors of Depression of Widowed Elders
Lee, Kyu-Eun ; Yom, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 382~390
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of perceived health, coping strategies, dependency, suicidal ideation and depression widowed elders, and to identify predictors of depression in this population. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-questionnaire with 162 elders from welfare centers for senior citizens located in 3 cities, Seoul, Gangneung and Seosan. Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS Win 12.0 Program were used to analyze the data. Results: Depression had significant negative correlations with perceived health (r=-.525, p<.001), and coping strategies (r=-.253, p=.005) and positive correlations with dependency (r=.430, p<.001), and suicidal ideation (r=.473, p<.001). The explained variance for depression was 47.5%. Of the variables, perceived health (
, p=.003), suicidal ideation (
, p<.001) and dependency (
, p<.001) significantly predicted the degree of depression. Conclusion: Findings from this study provide a comprehensive understanding of depression and related factors for widowed elders in Korea. However, further study with a larger random sample and more a detailed research design is necessary.
Factors Influencing Loneliness in Elderly Living in Nursing Homes
Kim, In-Sook ; Kim, Mi-Sook ; Kang, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 391~399
Purpose: This study was done to examine factors influencing loneliness in the elderly living in nursing homes. Method: The participants for this study were 150 adults, age 60 or over who had lived for one year or longer in two nursing homes in Gwangju. The questionnaires consisted of measurements of activities of daily living (ADL), social support and loneliness. Frequencies, percentages and means were used with Pearson correlation coefficients, t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test to analyze the data. The analysis was done with SPSS 12.0 Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify significant factors influencing loneliness in the elderly living in nursing homes. Results: Significant correlations were found between level of ADL and loneliness (r=-0.379, p<.001), support from friends and loneliness (r=-0.472, p<.001), and support from significant others and loneliness (r=-0.449, p<.001). Loneliness was significantly influenced by support from friends, ADL, and support from significant others. This regression model explained 29% of the variances in loneliness. Conclusion: The findings in this study suggest that improvement in support from friends and ADL can lead to a reduction in loneliness in the elderly living in nursing homes.
Effects of Leisure Attitude and Leisure Competence on Quality of Life for Elders in Korea
Yun, Ok-Jong ; Ha, Ju-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 400~408
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of quality of life for elders in Korea. Method: The participants were 348 older persons selected by convenience sampling in Y city. Data were collected from September 22 to October 23, 2008 when 348 elders completed a questionnaire which included the Leisure Attitude Scale by Raghep and Beard (1982), Leisure Competence Questionnaire by Witt and Ellis (1987) and the Quality of Life Questionnaire by Mckenna (2001). Cronbach alphas scores for Korean translation of the questionnaires were .85, .90 and .79 respectively. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 14.0 statistics program. Results: The scores for quality of life showed significant positive correlations with the scores for leisure attitude (r=.603, p<.001) and leisure competence (r=.703, p<.001). Leisure competence, leisure attitude, and education were significant predictors and accounted for 54.4% of the variance in quality of life in the elders. Conclusion: The findings suggest that high leisure competence and positive leisure attitude with learning opportunities will be helpful to promote a better quality of life for elders.
Factors Affecting Burnout in ICU Nurses
Park, Hyoung-Sook ; Kim, Kyoung-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 409~418
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting professional burnout in intensive care unit (ICU) nurses. Method: Data were obtained through questionnaires from 240 ICU nurses working in hospitals of 500 beds or more in two cities in South Korea. Data analysis was done with t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple stepwise regression with SPSS WIN 14.0. Result: Work stress was positively correlated with level of professional burnout and there was a negative correlation between hardiness and professional burnout. Social support was negatively correlated with level of professional burnout. Hardiness had a positive correlation with social support and a negative correlation with work stress. The explained variances for burnout was 44.7% and factors affecting professional burnout in the ICU nurses' were work satisfaction, work stress, social support, and hardiness. Conclusion: The findings indicate that high levels of stress coupled with low levels of hardiness and social support in ICU nurses result in high levels of professional burnout. Reducing work stress and the level of professional burnout in ICU nurses and increasing work satisfaction can be done by enhancing the mediating factors of hardiness and social support through educational efforts and nursing and administrative support.
Analysis of Women's Body Mass Index, Weight Perception and Obesity-related Quality of Life
Song, Mi-Ryeong ; Lee, Hae-Won ; Jo, Ji-Young ; Kim, Eun-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 3, 2010, Pages 419~426
Purpose: Women's weight perception and obesity-related quality of life were analyzed according to BMI (Body Mass Index). Methods: A survey was conducted using self-report questionnaires from 178 participants. The data analysis included descriptive statistics, frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Fisher's exact test and Kendall's tau using the SPSS version 14.0. Results: There were significant differences in BMI according to age (F=8.037, p=<.001), weight perception (F=60.71, p<.001), weight control experience (F=2.504, p=.013), weight control method (F=5.839, p=.001) and weight control success (F=-2.451, p=.016). There was a significant difference in obesity-related quality of life according to weight perception in the low weight group (F=5.587, p=.021) and in the obesity group (t=3.419, p=.003). Higher correlations were found between the women's BMI group, weight perception and obesity-related quality of life. Conclusion: A program to provide appropriate information for weight perception is needed for the low weight group. There is a need for a program about weight reduction as well as weight perception for the obesity group.