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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 17, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Awareness and Attitudes Toward Advance Directives among Korean Adults
Kim, Su-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 450~459
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify awareness and attitudes toward advance directives (ADs) among Korean adults and to examine various opinions in the utilization of ADs among young, middle-aged, and older adults. Methods: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from 384 adults selected by a quota sampling method on the basis of age. Results: The majority of participants preferred that they themselves would be the primary decision maker. Most of them were unaware of the option of ADs but supported the utilization of ADs. Most of the participants preferred detailed descriptions on end-of-life decisions in ADs but wanted to allow some leeway in following it. Significant differences were found among age groups in terms of the preferences regarding the utilization of ADs. Conclusion: It is suggested that nurses make efforts to educate the general public about ADs and facilitate advance care planning, which focuses on the process of communication on end-of-life preferences within the social network of relationships.
Factors Associated with Attitude toward Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Hong, Ji-Yeon ; Shin, Mee-Kyung ; Yi, Hye-Reyon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 460~469
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), general characteristics associated with CPR and attitude toward CPR by college students. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design with a convenience sample. Data collection was done using self-report questionnaires with 424 college students. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression. Results: Most of the students had received CPR training (58.3%) and 17% of the students had given help on request in an emergency situation. But only 11.3% of them performed CPR. The mean scores for knowledge of CPR and attitude toward CPR by students were
, respectively. The 18.3% of explained variance for attitude toward CPR was significantly explained by gender, age, having received CPR training and knowledge of CPR. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study the development of CPR training programs which are tailored to personal characteristics of college students are necessary to improve attitudes toward CPR. Further nursing research is needed on the characteristics of college students associated with attitude toward cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Predictors of Depression In Middle-School Girls
Um, Hwa-Yun ; Lee, Hae-Jung ; Jee, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 470~477
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of depression and predictors of depression in middle-school girls. Method: A self-report survey was conducted with 2nd and 3rd grade students in a girls'middle school (N=401) in Pusan. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and simultaneous multiple regression using the SPSS program. Results: The mean score for the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) was 20.63. The level of depression was negatively related to problem-solving ability, self-esteem, total household income, school achievement, self-perception of body-image, and satisfaction in relationships with siblings, parents, and friends. A multivariate approach showed that predictors explained 61% of variance in depression. Significant predictors of depression were self-esteem (
=-.38), problem-solving ability (
=-.34), and satisfaction in relationships with friends (
=-.14) and parents (
=-.08). Conclusion: The findings suggest that it is important to develop educational programs to increase self-esteem and problem-solving abilities in middle school girls. Considering the high levels of depression in middle school girls, school nurses play an important role in detecting and reducing emotional tension among these students. Nursing interventions, including art therapy, problem-solving counseling, and bibliotherapy could be useful in enhancing self-esteem, problem-solving abilities, and satisfaction in relationship with friends, siblings and parents.
ICU Nurses' Compliance with Standards for Critical Care Nursing Practice
Yi, Young-Hee ; Jung, Yoen-Yi ; Kim, Mi-Soon ; Kim, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 478~486
Purpose: To explore nurses' compliance with standards for critical care nursing practice in intensive care units (ICUs) and to provide basic data for high quality of critical care nursing. Method: A total of 616 participants from 61 ICUs which are graded from 1 to 7 throughout the nation were surveyed. Data were collected from February 9 to February 27, 2009 using a questionnaire consisting of 58 questions including 50 nursing activities as indicators. Results: The rate of ICU nurses' compliance with standards for critical care nursing practice was high. As for individual standards, compliance with the standard of assessment was the highest, followed by implementation, diagnosis, and planning in that order. There were differences in compliance according to nurses' ICU experience, work place (unit), and ICU grade. A shortage of manpower was considered as a main cause for noncompliance. Conclusion: The present compliance rate with standards for critical care nursing practice by ICU nurses was identified. Therefore, compliance rate can be used to promote quality of critical care nursing and development of educational programs for ICU nurses.
The Validity and Reliability of a Lifestyle Evaluation Tool for Patients with Metabolic Syndrome
Kang, Se-Won ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 487~497
Purpose: This study examined the validity and reliability to develop a lifestyle evaluation tool for metabolic syndrome patients. Methods: A methodological research design was used. The construct factors and preliminary items were identified by reviewing previous researches and tools related to lifestyle and reviewed by ten experts. It was tested with 195 patients with metabolic syndrome in a university hospital. The data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 14.0. Results: To test the validity, principal component analyses were used and resulted in the extraction of six components. The convergent validity resulted r= .72 (p<.001) with Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile. The discriminant validity with Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale resulted r= -.15 (p=.004). The Internal consistency of the tool had an Cronbach's a of .92. The self-report format Lifestyle Evaluation Tool for the patients with metabolic syndrome was developed with 36 items and four-rating scales:'physical activity and weight control' eight items, 'dietary habits' sixteen items, 'drinking and smoking' three items, 'sleep and rest' two items, 'stress' three items, 'drug and health management' four items. Conclusion: This Tool will evaluate health behaviors in patients with metabolic syndrome. Also, it will contribute to the development of nursing intervention to improve the metabolic syndrome patients' lifestyle.
The Effects of Preoperative PCA Education with Multimedia and Brochure on Pain Management in Surgical Patients
Kang, Hee-Young ; Lee, Sang-Yoon ; Yang, Kyung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 498~507
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of preoperative PCA (Patient-Controlled Analgesia) education on pain, patient attitude, and patient satisfaction in surgical patients. Methods: The study was a quasi-experimental research design. The participants were 54 patients who were admitted for surgery at I hospital in G city, Korea. Of the 54 patients, 26 were assigned to the experimental group and the rest to the control group. The PCA education was provided in the nurses' station, individually to patients in the experimental group the day before their operation. Multimedia and brochure, and a real PCA model were used. The control group received only verbal education about PCA. Results: The postoperative pain scores were significantly different for lapse of time in the experimental group compare to the control group. Patient attitude toward using pain medicine was significantly more positive in the experimental group than in the control group. The postoperative patient satisfaction with pain management was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group. Conclusion: The study findings indicate that preoperative PCA education could be an effective nursing intervention for pain management of surgical patients.
A Study on the Types of Pain Identification by Nurses for Nursing Home Patients with Dementia
Lee, Su-Jung ; Chang, Sung-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 508~519
Purpose: This study was done to identify the types of pain identification made by nurses caring for patients with dementia in nursing homes. Method: To collect the Q-population, 12 nurses working in nursing homes were interviewed. From the collected data, 69 statements were derived and eight patterns of pain identification were categorized. Thirty statements were derived as the Q-sample. Thirty nurses were sampled as the P-sample. The 30 Q-cards with Q-statements were Q-sorted by the P-sample. The results of the Q-sorting were coded and analyzed using the PC QUANL program. Results: Five types of pain identification were identified by nurses for patients with dementia living in nursing homes; Type 1 was named "estimating based on verbal expressions". Type 2 was named "reasoning through physical symptoms". Type 3 was named "confirming pain based on nonverbal expressions being consistent with conditions of physical function". Type 4 was named "empathizing with vocal expressions". Type 5 was named "confirming by comparison with objective pain indicators one by one". Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that comprehensive understanding of pain identification by nurses could help improve the assessment of pain in patients with dementia.
Nurses' Influenza A (H1N1) Infection Control Performance and Stress at Hub Hospitals in Honam Region
Park, Jin-Hee ; Kang, Jeong-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 520~530
Purpose: In this study influenza A (H1N1) infection control performance and stress in nurses were surveyed, to identify factors influencing stress for the nurses, and to provide basic materials for promoting infectious disease control by nurses. Method: The participants were 447 nurses who had worked at isolation clinics and/or isolation rooms in hub hospitals in the Honam region during the period of the outbreak of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus. Data were collected in February 2010 using self-report questionnaires. Results: The performance of participants from clinics was high for 'helping patients wearing masks', but low for 'maintaining distance over 1 meter among waiting patients'. The performance of participants from hospital rooms was high for 'putting a surgical mask on a patient going out of the room', but low for 'keeping patients' family out of the room'. The participants' stress was higher in those younger and less experienced nurses, those working at a hospital with 500-999 beds, those working at both isolation clinics and rooms, and those working at a clinic longer. Conclusion: In order to lower nurses' stress from working at isolation clinics/rooms for infectious diseases, we may need to deploy experienced nurses and limit their working days to five or less.
Effects of Qi Hand Reflexology on Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Physical Resistance to Stress in Inpatients
Oh, Sei-Young ; Park, Ok-Soon ; Woo, Myung-Yi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 531~538
Purpose: This study was done to identify the effects of Qi hand reflexology on autonomic nerve activity in patients admitted to hospital. Method: A non-equivalent control group and quasi-experimental research with pre/post test design were used and 59 patients on a medical ward were assigned to either the experimental group (32) or the control group (27). The study variables included vital signs, autonomic nerve activities (ALF (absolute low frequency), AHF (absolute high frequency), nLF (normalized low frequency), nHF (normalized high frequency), SDNN (standard deviation of all normal-normal intervals)) and were evaluated using the QECG-3 system. The experimental group was treated with Qi hand reflexology for 10 minutes per day, for 3days. Results: Skin temperature and systolic blood pressure in the experimental decreased with treatment. ALF, AHF and SDNN for the experimental group increased with regulating proportion (nLF: nHF=6:4) and a significant difference between the groups was observed. Conclusion: The results indicated that application of Qi hand reflexology for patients in the hospital is effective in regulating the autonomic nervous system activation. Implication of finding should be useful for future research.
Effects of Aromatherapy on Anxiety and Discomfort in Patients Having Colonoscopy
Lee, Yun-Mi ; Ahn, Hye-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 539~547
Purpose: This study was done to determine the effects of aromatherapy on anxiety and discomfort for patients who were having colonoscopy. Methods: The study used a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. The participants were 48 people who were undergoing colonoscopy in a university hospital. The experimental group inhaled a blend of essential oil with neroli, camomile, lavender and lemon through an aroma stone for 5minutes before the examination. Then the aroma stone was put on the side of the pillow to spread the aroma scent in the room. The experimental group could inhale the aroma scent as soon as they came into the room and during the examination process. The control group received only fundamental nursing care. Results: Aromatherapy significantly decreased VAS anxiety. There were also significant differences in facial change and, tone change for objective discomfort. But there were no significant differences in subjective discomfort between the groups nor were there any significant differences in vital signs. Conclusion: Aromatherapy was perceived as an useful intervention to reduce anxiety and objective discomfort of patients receiving colonoscopy. The results of this study could be utilized as a clinical nursing intervention.
Self Esteem, Stress, Depression and School Adjustment in Adolescents who are Victims of Bullying
Lee, Hea-Shoon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 548~556
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the relationship between self esteem, stress, depression and school adjustment among adolescents who were victims of bullying and those who were not. Methods: The questionnaire included the Peer Victimization Scale (Callaghan & Joseph, 1995), Self-esteem Scale, (Rosenberg, 1965), Daily Hassles Questionnaire (Feiner, Ginter & Primavera, 1982) and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (Radloff, 1977). Data from 738 questionnaires were analyzed using frequencies, means,
-test, t-test and logistic regression analysis with SPSS 14.0. Results: Victims of bullying accounted for 19.8% of the students. Significant differences were found for grade, school record, family living together, satisfaction with parents and satisfaction with friends between students who were victims of bullying and those who were not. Self esteem and school adjustment for the victims of bullying were lower than for those in the non-victim group, and stress and depression were higher. The logistic regression analysis revealed that school record, family living together, satisfaction with friends, self esteem, friend related stress, family related stress and depression were significantly associated with being a victim of bullying. Conclusion: The result of this study offer basic data for the development of intervention programs to prevent students becoming victims of bullying.
A Study on the Quality of life of the Patients with Crohn's Disease
Kim, Yu-Na ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 557~565
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing the quality of life among the patients with Crohn's disease. Method: Data were collected from 97 Crohn's disease patients between September 17 and October 20 in 2009. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS program. Results: There were significant differences in the participants' quality of life depending on their age, economic status, pain, diarrhea, weight loss, Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI), and use of medications such as antidiarrhotica, steroid, and analgesics. The results also showed the correlations between the participants' qualities of life and thier pain, CDAI, anxiety, depression, perceived health condition, and of body image. Finally, the factors affecting the quality of life in patients with Crohn's disease included anxiety, perceived health state, pain, and CDAI. The explanatory power of these factors was 79.5%. Conclusion: The results imply that controlling the patients' pain and providing emotional support for anxiety reduction are crucial. In a similar vein, tailored nursing interventions considering individual patients' conditions are believed to help the patients positively perceive their disease. A future research, can conduct further investigations of these factors from more diverse perspectives, which is expected to promote more effective nursing strategies for Crohn's disease patients.
The Relationship between Job Characteristics and Organizational Commitment, and Turnover Intention in Emergency Department Nurses
Sung, Mi-Hae ; Cho, Soo-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 566~574
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of emergency department(ED) nurse's job characteristics, organizational commitment and turnover intention. Method: This study was conducted through a survey of 171 nurses from ED in nine general hospitals of Band U cities. The data were collected by self-report questionnaires and analyzed with the SPSS WIN 17.0 program using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean score for job characteristics was 3.37. Job characteristics according to position, number days night duty, and monthly income showed significant differences. Turnover intention according to age, total career, and monthly income showed significant differences. A significant positive correlation was found between job characteristics and organizational commitment. Significant negative correlations were found between job characteristics and turnover intention, organizational commitment and turnover intention were found. The significant factors influencing turnover intention were organizational commitment, monthly income, and total career, which explained 27.6% of the variance. Conclusion: The findings indicate that nurse managers should analyze the reasons for high turnover intention, focusing on the main factors affecting turnover intention and consider solutions for decreasing turnover intention.
Analysis of Research on Adherence for Secondary Prevention in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease in Korea
Son, Youn-Jung ; Kim, Sun-Hee ; Song, Hyo-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 575~587
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the research on adherence for secondary prevention in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in Korea, and to identify the strategies for improvement that should be included in future studies. Methods: Electric literature searches were conducted for Pubmed, CINAHL, RISS4U, KISTI, DBpia, KoreaMed, National Assembly Library, and National Library of Korea. A total of forty two articles published between 1986 and 2009 were selected based on established inclusion criteria. Results: Forty research papers were related to nursing, and there was only one research paper focused 011 elderly people with CAD. There were no papers using concept analysis, qualitative study. or randomized controlled clinical trial. Almost all definitions of adherence were adopted from outdated compliance definitions with the attribute of 'paternalistic obligation', Measurement tools were not based on theoretical framework of adherence but borrowed from tools for measuring self-care, health behavior, or self-efficacy. Overall patient's adherence was analyzed in most studies, except for a few studies which focused on diet and exercise only. Educational strategy was the main strategy used in intervention studies. Conclusions: The concept of adherence and measurement tools need to be clarified, along with development of the specific adherence interventions according to the type of adherence in patients with CAD.