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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Nov 2011
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Aug 2011
Volume 18, Issue 2 - May 2011
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The BMI, Body Image Recognition, and Weight Control Behavior of Female College Students
Park, Ju-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 444~451
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify weight control behavior according to body mass index and perception of body-image, and factors that affect weight control behavior in female college students. Methods: A convenience sample of 276 female college students agreed to complete a questionnaire. Data were collected from October 5 to October 15, 2009. The data were analyzed using SPSS win 18.0 program with descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and Logistic regression. Results: According to preferred body type, 86.9% of the students who preferred slim, 13.3% who preferred their own body type, and 4.2% who preferred chubby reported using weight control behavior. For weight control behavior according to satisfaction with body type, 82.9% of the students who were dissatisfied with their body type and 52.8% who were satisfied practiced weight control behavior. Variables influencing weight control behavior were body mass index (underweight OR 1.37, p=.050), cognition of the body (chubby/fat OR 2.68, p=.047), and preferred body type (slim OR 1.29, p=.006). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that, health providers need to educate female college students about appropriate body image and weight control behavior. Also, more studies are needed to identify other factor influencing weight control behaviors.
Factors Affecting Body image of Undergraduate Students
Yom, Young-Hee ; Lee, Kyu-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 452~462
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the factors affecting body image among undergraduate students. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-report questionnaires with 319 undergraduate students located in 3 cities, Seoul, Gangneung and Seosan. Pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS Win 12.0 Program were used to analyze the data. Results: In the hierarchical multiple regression analysis, gender, height, weight and college major were controlled. Body surveillance and body shame significantly predicted 72.3% of appearance orientation. Sociocultural attitudes toward appearance and self-esteem significantly predicted 33.5% of appearance evaluation. Self-esteem and body surveillance significantly predicted 15.9% of health orientation. Self-esteem significantly predicted 23.3% of health evaluation. Conclusion: Findings from this study provide a comprehensive understanding of body image and related factors in undergraduate students in Korea. However, further study with a larger random sample and more a detailed research design is necessary.
Development and Evaluation of Nursing Practice Guidelines for Water Treatment System in Hemodialysis
Kim, Su-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 463~471
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop nursing practice guidelines for water treatment system used in hemodialysis and to evaluate the guidelines by applying them in practice. Method: The first draft for the guidelines was developed based on advice and recommendations obtained from procedure review of critical literature. The draft was modified through evaluation by an expert group and pilot application to practice. The final draft was evaluated by the expert group using the AGREE instrument (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation). Results: For the pilot test using the draft guidelines, 144 samples were collected from the water treatment system and hemodialysis machines. Results showed no bacteria. Endotoxin tests and chemical tests passed the criteria. After revision of the draft guidelines and additions to the draft guidelines, the final draft was confirmed. The quality of the final draft was evaluated by 4 experts using the AGREE instrument. The mean standard score was 76.9% for the 19 items. Conclusion: The clinical guidelines developed in this research can be utilized as systematic and scientific guidelines for water treatment systems used in hemodialysis. In addition, the results of the research can contribute to improving care services.
Comparison of Equipment Contamination Level according to Enteral Nutrition Bag Cleaning and Disinfection Methods
Park, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 472~479
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop guidelines for cleaning of enteral nutrition bags by comparing the level of equipment contamination according to cleaning and disinfection methods. Method: This study was a true-experimental study, with 60 cases in total. Twenty cases each were randomly assigned to tepid water, detergent and brush, and disinfectant groups. The period of the experiment was March to April 2010, and enteral nutrition was given for 1 houre, 3 times a day at 7AM, noon, and 7PM for seven days. Enteral nutrition bags were cleaned after each feeding according to assigned cleaning and disinfection method followed by microbial cultures on 4th and 8th day before the 7AM feeding. Results: After 3 days of feeding and cleaning, the level of contamination of bags was not significantly different among the three groups. After seven days, the level of contamination was significantly lower when bags were cleaned with detergent and brush or with disinfectant compared to cleaning with tepid water. Conclusion: In cases where enteral nutrition bags are reused for example, in home care settings, studying findings indicate that cleaning bags using detergent and brush or disinfectant is an effective way to prevent contamination of bags.
Effects of Aroma Hand Massage on the Stress Response and Sleep of Elderly Inpatients
Lee, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Young-Whee ; Kim, Hwa-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 480~487
Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of aroma hand massage on stress response and sleep in hospitalized elderly patients. Methods: A non-equivalent pre-and post-test design was used. Sixty-six hospitalized patients were recruited using a convenience sampling method and assigned to the experimental (n=34) or the control group (n=32). For the experiment, bergamot, lavender, and roman camomile oil were mixed in 2:1:1 ratio to provide aroma hand massage to both hands of each patient in the experimental group for 5 minutes per hand, for 3 days. Post-test data collection was conducted three days after completion of the hand massage. Results: The experimental group had significantly lower stress score (t=-2.648, p=.010, and anxiety scores (t=-4.166, p=.000), and higher sleep measurement scores (t=2.328, p=.023) than those in the control group. Conclusion: These results indicate that short-term application of aroma hand massage for hospitalized elderly patients has a positive effect on hospitalization stress, anxiety, and sleep. Therefore, aroma hand massage should be applied as a nursing intervention to reduce stress response and enhance sleep in elderly hospitalized patients.
The Effect of Footbaths on Sleep and Fatigue in Older Korean Adults
Seo, Hee-Suk ; Sohng, Kyeong-Yae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 488~496
Purpose: To determine the type and degree of effect that a hot footbath has on sleep quality and fatigue level in older Korean adults. Methods: A non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design was used. Fifty participants from a long-term care facility in Kwangju, South Korea, were randomly selected and assigned to two groups: experimental group (27 participants) and control group (23 participants). The participants in the experimental group received hot footbaths in a temperature-controlled water tub of
. They soaked their feet up to 20cm above the ankles for 30 minutes before going to bed for 3 nights. Actigraphy was used to measure their sleep patterns. The data were analyzed using the SAS program. Results: After the intervention, the total sleep satisfaction rate of the participants increased, while sleep latency and fatigue decreased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: The study results suggest that hot footbaths are beneficial for older Korean adults in enhancing sleep quality as well as reducing fatigue. Therefore, hot footbaths are recommended as a nursing intervention to improve sleep quality and to reduce fatigue in older Korean adults.
Development and Effects of a Comprehensive Web-Based Nursing Process for Nursing Students
Hong, Sung-Jung ; Kim, Hwa-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 497~505
Purpose: This study was conducted to develop a comprehensive web-based nursing process program to assist nursing students and to evaluate the effects of the program. Methods: The system provides nursing students with guidelines based on NNN (NANDA, NOC, NIC) when the nursing students conduct a series of nursing procedures on diagnosis-outcome-intervention for a specific symptom. It also maintains and manages nursing processes actually conducted by students for clinical practices, and provides an environment where the patient information and nursing process can be converted into a formatted document for printing. This web-based program was used to surgical patients from April to June 2011. Results: The overall satisfaction rate was 3.64. The item with the highest score was, 'Do you think a web-based nursing process program is necessary?' (3.87), followed by 'Do you want to use this program when you become a nurse and implement the nursing process?' (3.33). Conclusion: These results indicate that implementation of web-based programs needs to be continued as an effective tool, but more research is needed on the best way to implement web-based programs in various clinical setting.
Content and Educational Needs for Fundamental Nursing Practice
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Chang, Sung-Ok ; Kang, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Keum-Soon ; Kim, Jong-Im ; Kim, Hwa-Soon ; Park, Jin-Hee ; Eom, Mi-Ran ; Youn, Mi-Sun ; Lee, Og-Cheol ; Won, Jong-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 506~519
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify content of Fundamental Nursing Practice (FNP) and the educational needs for nursing practice items in schools of nursing. Methods: Participants were 81 professors who were teaching FNP and 166 clinical nurses. The research questionnaire included 148 practice items, which were selected by content analysis of 7 FNP textbooks. Data were collected from May 20 to July 27, 2011 and analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test with SPSS 17.0. Results: The research findings showed that : 1) the seven items included in the education content of all schools of nursing were putting on sterile gloves, checking radial pulse, checking blood pressure in the arm, Foley catheterization, injection preparation with ampule, intramuscular injection in the buttocks, and mixing intravenous fluid. Fifty items were included in the content in more than 80% of the schools. 2) Educational domains needing emphasis were medication, infection control, health assessment, oxygenation, urinary elimination, activity/positioning, and nutrition. There were significant differences in reported educational needs between professors and clinical nurses for 62.8% of practice items. Conclusions: Results indicated that standardization of FNP education contents using the findings of this study should lead to improvement in quality of FNP education.
Factors Influencing Self-Management Compliance of Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B
Yang, Jin-Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 520~528
Purpose: Patients with chronic hepatitis B need lifelong health care because of progressive liver damage. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with self-management compliance among patients with chronic hepatitis B. Methods: The research was a cross-sectional, descriptive design using questionnaires. The participants were 118 patients with chronic hepatitis B from outpatient department in a tertiary hospital. Their ages ranged from 20 to 64. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression with PASW statistics 19.0 program. Results: There were statistically significant differences in self management compliance by gender, age, job, alcohol consumption, and smoking. A positive correlation existed between self-management compliance, awareness of the importance of management, and self efficacy. Stepwise multiple regression analysis for self-management compliance revealed that the most powerful predictor was self efficacy. Self efficacy, age, and alcohol consumption explained 37.5% of the variance. Conclusion: The results indicate a need to promote self-management compliance with these participants. The findings also suggest that consideration be given to characteristics of age and alcohol consumption in developing strategies for enhancing self efficacy and developing programs to promote self-management for patients with chronic hepatitis B.
Factors Influencing Ego-Integrity in Community Dwelling Elders
Chang, Hae-Kyung ; Oh, Won-Oak ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 529~537
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of perceived health status, depression, meaning of life, and family function and to ego integrity, and to investigate the main factors influencing ego-integrity in community dwelling elders. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-report questionnaires with 157 community dwelling elders located in 3 cities, Seoul, Seosan and Gyungju. Data analysis was done using SPSS 15.0 pc+ program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: There were significant differences between ego-integrity according to gender, religion, economic level and amount of spending money. Ego-integrity had significant positive correlations with perceived health status, meaning of life, family function and a negative correlations with depression. The major factors that affect ego-integrity in community dwelling elders were self-awareness and acceptance, contentedness with past and present, gender and family function, which explained 62.7% of ego-integrity. Conclusion: Findings from this study provide a comprehensive understanding of ego-integrity and related factors for community dwelling elders.
Factors Affecting Spiritual Well-being in Underprivileged Older Women Living Alone
Lee, Keum-Jae ; Lee, Eliza ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 538~546
Purpose: This study was done to identity the spiritual state of elderly women who live alone, and factors which affect their spiritual well-being. It was a predictive study using correlations. Methods: Data were collected to identify spiritual well-being of underprivileged older women who live alone and their demographic characteristics, activities of daily living, social support, self-efficacy, and health promotion behavior. Participants were 210 underprivileged women, over 65 years of age and living in permanent-rented apartments in Kyonggi Province. Collected data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: Scores for spiritual well-being were higher than the medium, 3.77, out of a possible 6. Health promotion behavior (
=.22, t=3.51, p=.001), religion (
=.38, t=7.95, p<.001), self-efficacy(
=.25, t=4.63, p<.001), social support received (
=.23, t=3.96, p<.001), length of time living alone (
=.12, t=2.51, p=.013), and age (
=.11, t=2.24, p=.026) were significant factors affecting spiritual well-being. Conclusion: The result of the study indicate that to enhance the well-being of underprivileged elderly women, it is necessary to increase health-promotion activity rates and identify mediation strategies to promote social support and self-efficacy.
The Relationships of Professional Self-Concept, Professional Autonomy and Self-esteem to Job Satisfaction of Clinical Nurses
Sung, Mi-Hae ; Kim, Yoon-Ah ; Ha, Myung-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 18, issue 4, 2011, Pages 547~555
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between professional self-concept, professional autonomy, self-esteem, and job satisfaction of clinical nurses. Method: Data were collected from a convenience sample of 289 clinical nurses who worked in one of 4 hospitals located in B City. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: There were significant differences in job satisfaction according to marital status, current position, shift pattern, and average income. There was a significant positive correlation between professional self-concept and professional autonomy, self-esteem and job satisfaction. Job satisfaction showed a significant positive correlation with professional autonomy and self-esteem. The significant factors influencing job satisfaction were professional self-concept, self-esteem and professional autonomy, which explained 29.5% of the variance in job satisfaction. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the important role-related variables of professional self-concept, self-esteem and professional autonomy of clinical nurses are significantly related, and that as, professional self-concept is an important factor for job satisfaction of clinical nurses, strategies to increase professional self-concept need to be developed.