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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 20, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Prevalence and Factors Influencing Constipation in School Age Children
Park, Ji Hyun ; Son, Jung Tae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 333~344
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.333
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate prevalence and factors influencing constipation in school age children in order to help prevent and manage this problem. Methods: The participants were 618 elementary school students (4th, 5th, and 6th grade) selected from five elementary schools. Data were gathered using questionnaires and analyzed using
test, independent t-test and binary logistic regression with the PASW 18.0 program. Results: The prevalence of constipation was 15.2% for these school age children. Factors influencing constipation in this population were high stress (OR: 5.77), daily intake of meat (OR: 5.42), more than 3 hours using the internet (OR: 4.50), more than 3 hours of private academy classes (OR: 2.83), obesity (OR: 2.34), and negative perceptions of school toilet environment (OR: 2.26). Conclusion: Psychological factors and physical activities have an important effect on constipation in school age children. Thus, there is a need to educate both children and their parents on prevention of constipation by decreasing stress, decreasing meat intake, increasing active movement and increasing positive perception of school toilet environment.
Protocol for Physical Restraints of Patients in Nursing Homes
Lim, Mi Hye ; Ko, Il Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 345~358
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.345
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a protocol that would help prevent accidents, apply physical restraints properly, and reduce the use of physical restraints in nursing homes. Method: A review of the literature and analysis of existing statutes and regulations were used to develop the preliminary protocol. To test the validity of this preliminary protocol, ten experts were selected from academia and clinical practice to review the protocol. The initial protocol was finalized after it had been reviewed by experts and tested for clinical validity in five different nursing homes. Result: The protocol consists of objectives, definitions and accident probability assessment, principle of using physical restraints, monitoring and documentation of physical restraints. Conclusion: The findings of this study can be used as guidelines to focus on preventing accidents arising out of use of physical restraints, assessing the probability of accidents, and reducing the use of physical restraints through preventive interventions. This will be helpful to prevent ethical, physical, or psychological problems arising from use of physical restraints and to protect the rights of elderly people in nursing homes.
Status of Tuberculosis Infection Control in Hospitals
Lee, Na Young ; Kim, Kyung Hee ; Kang, Hee Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 359~371
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.359
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the status of tuberculosis (TB) infection control in hospitals. Method: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which self-administered questionnaires were used to survey 77 hospitals. Data were collected from August 12 to September 15, 2012. Results: Only 27 institutions (35.1%) were monitoring patients infected with or suspected of having TB. Most hospitals were conducting TB prevention education for patients' family and employees, and TB screening for employees along with follow-up examinations. However, private negative pressure rooms were more often available in wards and intensive care units than in outpatient departments, and in institutions with over 700 beds located in Seoul or GyeongGi Province. Most hospitals ensured that masks were placed on infected patients while transporting them. In addition, efforts to control TB infection such as placing respiratory etiquette posters in outpatient departments and airborne infection signs on the doors in the wards were also well established in most institutions. Conclusion: More efforts are needed to improve the status of TB infection control to ensure quality care, especially in terms of monitoring patients with TB infections and making private negative pressure rooms available in outpatient departments.
Perceived Importance and Performance of Intravenous Fluid Therapy by Nurses in Small-Medium General Hospitals
Kim, Jong Im ; Lee, Jihyun ; Chang, Ockja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 372~380
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.372
Purpose: This study was done to investigate nurses' perceived importance of, and performance of intravenous fluid therapy. Methods: Data were collected from a convenience sample of 234 nurses (return rate: 93%) working in 3 small-medium general hospitals. Results: The score for perceived importance of intravenous fluid therapy (
) was higher than that of performance (
). There were positive correlations between perceived importance and performance (r=.576, p<.001). There were 180 (80.8%) errors in intravenous fluid therapy. Perceived importance and performance scores were higher in nurses who had not experienced medication errors in intravenous fluid therapy. Conclusion: The results indicate a need to develop appropriate strategies to improve perceived importance and performance and enhance safety management during intravenous fluid therapy for nurses in small-medium general hospitals.
Nurses' Awareness of Death and Meaning of Life
Youn, Ji Hyang ; Ha, Ju Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 381~388
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.381
Purpose: This study was done to investigate nurses' awareness of death and the meaning of life and identify factors influencing the meaning of life. Methods: Participants were 198 women nurses who had experienced the death of patients. They answered a self-administered questionnaire including demographics, awareness of death scale and meaning in life II scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff
test, and multiple regression (enter method). Results: The average score for awareness of death was
. This score is moderate not biased toward positive or negative. The average score for meaning of life was
with 51% for loss steps, 45.5% for pursuit steps and 3.5% for discovery steps to the meaning of life. Factors affecting the meaning of life were religion, Buddhism (
, p=.015) or Atheist (
, p=.017), educational level, Master's or higher (
, p=.003), work department, special department (
, p=.017). Conclusions: Results of the study indicate a need to provide nursing programs that will promote nurses' spiritual and inner maturity.
Effects of 12 Weeks Tai Chi Exercise and Education Intervention Program on Glucose Control, Sexual Function and Immune Function for Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Park, Hyoung Sook ; Kim, Kyoungnam ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 389~399
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.389
Purpose: This study was done to identify effects of a 12 weeks Tai Chi exercise and education intervention program on HbA1C, sexual function and IL-12 (Interleukin 12), IL-4 (Interleukin 4), TNF-
(Tumor Necrosis Factor) for women with type 2 diabetes. Methods: The study had a nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design. The participants were 64 women with diabetes recruited from an outpatient clinic of a university hospital. The Tai Chi exercise and education intervention program was provided twice a week for 12 weeks for the 32 women in the experimental group. The 32 women in the control group were maintained on basic outpatient treatment. Outcome variables were HbA1C, sexual dysfunction scores, IL-4, IL-12 and TNF-
. Results: The experimental group showed significantly improved HbA1C (F=3.10, p=.004), and sexual function (F=3.78, p=.001) compared to the control group. Also for the experimental group TNF-
(F=-2.69, p=.004) significantly increased compared to the control group. Conclusion: Results indicate that a Tai Chi exercise and education intervention program can be utilized effectively for women with type 2 diabetes.
Factors Affecting Health-related Quality of Life in Women Undergraduates
Cha, Bo-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 400~409
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.400
Purpose: This study was conducted to define factors influencing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women undergraduates. Independent variables of physical activity, attitude to eating, satisfaction with body shape, stress and self-esteem were used to predict HRQOL. Method: Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Participants were 245 women undergraduates who were recruited from July to September 2012. Result: The mean for the physical component summary (PCS) of HRQOL was 73.89, and for the mental component summary (MCS) was 68.45. There were significant correlations between attitude to eating, satisfaction with body shape, stress, self-esteem and the two components of HRQOL. The groups with minimal or health enhancing activity were significantly higher in PCS and MCS than the inactivity group. Stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that 35% of the variance in PCS was significantly accounted for by self-esteem, perceived stress, attitude to eating, and physical activity, and 45% of the variance in MCS was significantly accounted for by perceived stress, self-esteem, attitude to eating, and satisfaction with body shape. Conclusion: The results indicate that these factors influencing HRQOL should be considered when developing programs to improve HRQOL for women undergraduates.
Effects of Aroma Inhalation Method on Test Anxiety, Stress Response and Serum Cortisol in Nursing Students
Ko, Ye-Jung ; Jung, Myoung-Soon ; Park, Kyung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 410~418
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.410
Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of Aroma inhalation therapy on test anxiety, stress and serum cortisol in nursing students. Methods: The study design was a pre posttest randomized design with a pre-survey, a 5-day experimental treatment (2012.11.17-21) and a post survey. Participants were 65 students - 31 in the aromatic inhalation group and 34 in the control group. The pre-survey included general demographic characteristics and test anxiety, stress and serum cortisol levels for all students. The experimental group received the aromatic inhalation using aroma oil (mixed Maychang, lavender, rosewood essence - ratio of 3:5:2). Results: The experimental group treated with aromatic inhalation scored significantly lower for test anxiety (t=-2.330 p=.023), physical stress (t=-2.910 p=.005) and psychological stress (t=-3.285 p=.002) compared to the control group. However, there were no differences in serum cortisol levels (t=0.228 p=.820). Conclusion: Results indicate that Aromatic inhalation, using maychang, lavender and rosewood essential oils, contributes significantly to reducing anxiety and stress among nursing students, and can therefore be an effective intervention for anxiety and stress.
Influence of Life Stress and Depression on Suicidal Ideation among College Nursing Students
Shin, Mee-Kyung ; Yi, Hyeryeon ; Won, Jongsoon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 419~428
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.419
Purpose: This study was done to explore the level of life stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and to identify the associated factors of suicidal ideation (SI) among college nursing students. Method: The design of this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-questionnaire from 124 students in 2 universities located in Gyeonggi and Chungnam provinces. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Study participants reported low level of SI, depression, and life stress (
). The 53% of variance in SI was significantly explained by life stress related value (
, p<.001), life stress related to interpersonal relationship with family (
, p=.014), life stress related to interpersonal relationship with friends (
, p<.001), and depression (
, p<.001). Conclusions: The results indicate that to decrease the SI in these students, an active interest in the students is needed to lower stress levels in interpersonal relationships with family and friends, in life stress related to value, and for relief of depression. Suicide prevention programs specific to the level of life stress and depression need to be developed for nursing students.
Factors Influencing Nicotine Dependency among College Students Intending to Quit Smoking
Lee, Hea Shoon ; Song, Mi Ryeong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 429~437
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.429
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing nicotine dependency among college students intending to quit smoking, and to provide data for the construction of programs that will be successful in helping the students quit smoking. Method: In this study a cross-sectional survey to analyze was used. The data were collected between April 22 and April 24, 2013 from 218 college students who had unsuccessfully tried to quit smoking in the past but were now intending to try and quit smoking again. Data were analyzed using frequency, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression with the SPSS 21.0. Results: Factors influencing nicotine dependency were self-efficacy for smoking abstinence (t=-6.60, p=<.001), length of time since beginning to smoke (t=5.39, p<.001), level of carbon monoxide intake (t=2.38, p=.018), and withdrawal symptoms as reasons why the students failed to quit smoking (t=2.22, p=.028). These 4 variables accounted for 35.0% of the variance with regard to nicotine dependency. Conclusions: To conduct a successful program for students who intend to quit smoking, self-efficacy for smoking abstinence, length of time since beginning to smoke, level of carbon monoxide, and withdrawal symptoms as reasons for failing to quit smoking should be considered.
Factors Influencing Clinical Competence in Nursing Students
Park, Hyeon-Sook ; Han, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 20, issue 4, 2013, Pages 438~448
DOI : 10.7739/jkafn.2013.20.4.438
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing clinical competence in nursing students. Method: The participants were 125 nursing students and data were collected from October 8 to December 18, 2010 using questionnaires with. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: There were significant correlations for creativity, problem-solving ability, self-directed learning ability, and clinical competence. The factor influencing clinical competence the most was creativity, followed by problem-solving ability, self-directed learning ability, and grade point average score. The regression model explained 37% of variance in clinical competence. Conclusion: The results indicate that for improvement in the clinical competence of nursing students, it is necessary to develop strategies and education programs to enhance creativity, problem-solving ability, and self-directed learning ability.