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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
Sexuality of Unmarried Males with a Spinal Cord Injury
Han Kyoung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 119~131
The purpose of this study was done to explore and to describe, from a phenomenological perspective. the sexual experience of unmarried males with a spinal cord injury. The methodology used in this study was the phenomenological method. Researcher conducted individual in-depth interviews with persons who had a Spinal Cord Injury. Six males were invited to participate in the study. The data were gathered from November 1999 to August 2000. The finding which emerged from this phenomenological study are as follow: 'Confusion state in shocking situation', 'Reflection on past sexual experience', 'Irresistible impulsive sexual desire', 'Psychological conflict caused by suppression of sexual appetite', 'Groping for a solution to sexual desire', 'Recognition of changed sexual function' and 'Confirmation of changed self'. The conclusion of this study are as follow: The sexuality mankind owns is the criteria of original and common difference in the society of mankind through the categorization of male and female into dichotomy. In fact, the mankind as an social animal is the existence by the sexuality, for the sexuality and of the sexuality. The sexuality has the meaning only within the relationship with the others. The sexuality has the meaning only in the inter-relationship and the sexuality itself in it is already the sexual relationship. Therefore, for the better life of the participants with the spinal cord injury, further understanding of the sexuality of the unmarried male with spinal cord injury is required.
The Research Trends in Fundamental Nursing - Based on the Analysis of Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing -
Jeong Ihn-Sook ; Kang Kyu-Sook ; Kim Kyung-Hee ; Kim Keum-Soon ; Kim Won-Ock ; Byun Young-Soon ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Son Yeong-Hee ; Yang Sun-Hee ; Jo Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 132~146
Purpose: This study was to analyze the trends and content of all the research (171 research papers) published in the Journal of Fundamentals of Nursing from 1994, when it began to 2000 using an objective tool developed by the researches, and to identify the direction for the future research in Fundamentals of Nursing. Method: Research published in the Journal of Fundamentals of Nursing from 1994 were reviewed. Result: Most of research (94.2%) was non-degree based and funded research was very limited. The average number of researchers per research study was 2.2 and collaborative research has been gradually increasing. The total number of key words was 331 and the average was 2.6 per research. The major key words were not different from other nursing departments and included home care nursing (10 times), health promotion (8 times), self-care (7 times). self-efficacy (7 times), and homo-dialysis (6 times). Eighty seven percent of the research was quantitative research. and there were very few qualitative studies. Considering theory level, it was found that 40% were factor related research For study design, non-experimental studies were most frequent (66%), and the rate, especially of surveys, has remarkably decreased. Selection of subjects by convenience sampling, was most frequent and there were very few studies that provided the rationale for the calculation of sample size. The major subjects of study were patients (44.8%) with various diagnoses. The subjects usually gave oral consent to take part in that study. Giving information (46.9%) and exercise (26.5%) were common nursing interventions, and physiological indices (16.5%). vital signs (10.3%), physical functioning (8.2%), level of knowledge/skill (7.2%) and level of activity (6.2%) were frequently measured as outcome. Variables questionnaires were the major approach used to collect data, and 57.8% of the research provided the Cronbach alpha to guarantee internal consistency of study instruments. Data were analyzed with computerized statistical packages using, ANOVA (42.0%), T test(39.5%), and chi-square test. For the last seven years, nursing research in Fundamentals of Nursing has gradually improved in both quantify and quality. Conclusion: It was difficult to find any uniqueness or difference compared to other departments of nursing. In fact, because the history of the Journal of Fundamentals of Nursing is rather short, we can expect that there will be further improvement in qualify and content in the future.
The Changes in the Work Patterns of Nurses after Implementation of an Information System in Tertiary Hospitals in Seoul
Hong Kyung-Ja ; Kim Jeong-Eun ; Kang Hyun-Sook ; Kim Keum-Soon ; Park Ho-Ran ; Kwag Weol-Hee ; Tak Young-Ran ; Choi Jung-Rye ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 147~159
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze changes in the work patterns of nurses working in tertiary hospitals in Seoul, Korea Method: Structured self-administered questionnaires were sent to the nursing department of each hospital, and distributed to nurses. The questionnaires were designed to identity changes in work patterns, frequency of contact inside & between departments, and interpersonal relationship inside & between departments. And also variables for analysis included the followings ; acknowledgement of convenience, information applicability, willingness to participate in, and job satisfaction after implementation of a Hospital Information System. A total of 249 nurses from 13 hospitals replied. Results: Changes in direct nursing time showed the most improvement and the frequency of contact was decreased while interpersonal relationships among coworkers was improved. As most nurses expressed a positive opinion of the HIS including its convenience, and information applicability, their willingness to participate in it and job satisfaction, it can be concluded that the implementation of the HIS has resulted in positive influences in the work patterns of clinical nurses.
Relationship Between Body Image and Self-esteem in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure
Sohn Sue-Kyung ; Lee Myung-Hwa ; Song Myung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 160~171
Purpose: The purpose of study was to identify the relationship between body image and self-esteem in patients with chronic renal failure. Method The subjects of study were 97 patients with chronic renal failure who were outpatients at K medical center. B hospital, H hospital in Busan. Data were collected from Nov 15th to Dec. 17th, 1999. The instruments used for study were the Body Cathexis Scale and Rogenberg's Self-esteem Scale. Collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Result: 1 The mean score for body image was
, the mean mark
, and the mean score of self-esteem was
, the mean mark
. 2. There was a significant difference in the score for body image according to educational level (F=5.189, P=.002) and type of residence (F=6.095. P=.001). 3. There was a significant difference in the score for self-esteem according to age (F=3.615, P=.009), educational level (F= 4.772, P=.004), marital status (F=3.498 P=.019) and presence of children (F=2.511, P=.014). 4. Body image in patients with chronic renal failure patients showed significant correlation with self-esteem (r=.519, P=.000). Conclusion: From this study, a relationship between body image and self-esteem in patients with chronic renal failure was identified. Therefore, nursing interventions are needed to promote body image and self esteem in patients with chronic renal patients.
Effect of Nursing Intervention of Mutual Goal Setting on Recovery of Mastectomy Patient
Jang Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 172~188
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to test the effectiveness of the nursing intervention, mutual goal setting, for patients who have had a mastectomy. Special reference was given to King's goal attainment theory and a theoretical framework for establishing an effective nursing strategy to enhance patient recovery is suggested. Method: This research employed a quasi-experimental design which consisted of pretest-posttest non-equivalent control and experimental groups. Data were collected from 37 patients who had a mastectomy and were hospitalized in the Department of Surgery of Y Medical Center from January 2001 to May 2001. The experimental group received the nursing intervention, mutual goal setting four times from the day before the operation to the fifth day after the operation while the control group received only routine nursing care. As postoperative recovery indicators, ROM of arm joints, arm circumference, pain, physical symptoms, oxygen saturation stress, anxiety and body image were measured. Result: The test results are as follows : 1) there were statistically significant differences between the experimental and control groups in extension and internal rotation of the shoulder Joint and flexion of the wrist joint. 2) there was no significant difference between the two groups in arm circumference. 3) there were no significant differences between the two groups in pain, physical symptoms, or oxygen saturation. 4) there were no significant differences between the two groups in stress, anxiety, or body Image. On the basis of research results, the following are recommended : 1) The effectiveness of nursing intervention in the acute recovery period as well as long term effects need to be investigated. 2) There is a need to develop an instrument to measure perception which facilitates goal attainment in the interactive setting between patients and nurses.
A Study on the Pain, Depression and Relative Factor Perceived by Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Yoo Kyung-Hee ; Kim Keum-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 189~198
The purpose of this study was done to identify the relationship between the level of pain and depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The subjects for this study were 222 patients registered in H University Hospital Rheumatoid Arthritis Center, and the period of data collection was from July 20, 2000 to August 30, 2000. The research instruments used in this study were the Graphic Rating Scale of Pain and the CES-D for depression. The cronbach's
of the CBS-D scale was .89. Data analysis, was done by the SPSSWIN 10.0 program using descriptive statistics. The results are as follows. 1) The total pain score ranged from 0 to 147 with a mean score for pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis of 72.64. 2) The total depression score ranged from 20 to 72 with a mean score of 39.86. 3) There was a significant difference in pain according to sex(F=5.26, p<.05) and education level (F = 3.59, p<.05). 4) There was a significant difference in depression scores according to sex (F=7 76, p<.05) and education level (F=3.02, p<.05). 5) The level of pain had a significant correlation with the level of education level(r=-.174, p<.01). The level of depression was significant correlation with the level of pain (r=.237. p<.01).
The Relationship Among the Degrees of Life Stress, Social Support and Depression in Postpartal Women
Choi Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 199~209
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between life stress and depression, and the effect of social support in postpartal
week women. Theoretically social support is thought to mediate the relationship between life stress and depression. Data were collected from June 1 to July 30, 1999. The data were analysed by use of SPSS. Two hypotheses were tested using Gamma, a measure of association for ordinal variables. Partial gamma was used to test the third hypothesis. Patterns of elaboration described by Babbie(1986) were selected to interpret the relationship of the three variables in the analyses. The results of this study are summarized as follows ; There was a positive relationship between life stress and depression (Gamma=.45, P=.017), and an inverse relationship between social support and depression (Gamma=-.49, P=.009). Thus the first, two hypotheses were supported. 2. When social support was controlled, the relationship between life stress and depression increased under the condition of low social support, but with high social support, the relationship decreased. It can be interpreted that life stresses are positively related to depression under the condition of low social support, however this relationship cannot be expected with high social support.
Effects of the Ground Exercise for Arthritis Program(GEAP) on Pain, Fatigue, Self-esteem, Perceived Health Status and Self-efficacy in Patients with Chronic Arthritis
Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Kang Sung-Sil ; Kim Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 210~219
Purpose: To examine the effects of the GEAP on pain, fatigue, self-esteem, perceived health status and self-efficacy in patients with chronic arthritis. Methods: One group Pre- & post-test design was used. Outcome domains included pain, number of painful joints, fatigue, self-esteem, perceived health status and self-efficacy. Thirty-four patients were recruited over four times from a rheumatic clinic affiliated to a university medical center in Seoul, Korea The GEAP is an exercise program modified by the investigators from PACE program which developed by Arthritis Foundation. The program duration is about 60 minutes, three times a week for 6 weeks. Participants were predominantly women (68%) ; on average 57.3 years old; and diagnossed with RA (58.8), osteoarthritis (29.4) or other (11.8). Results: After completing the GEAP, subjects showed significant improvement in pain (p=.02), number of painful joints (P= .04), fatigue (p= .0001), and perceived health status (P=.006). There were no improvements in self-esteem and self-efficacy score for adults with chronic rheumatic diseases. Conclusion: This study showed that the GEAP is an effective exercise intervention for improving outcomes for patients with chronic arthritis. More sample and research are needed to 1) accurately evaluate on self-esteem and self-efficacy; 2) understand and improve adherence. And also a longer follow up period is recommended to evaluate long-term effects of the PACE program.
Instructional Motivation and Response According to Cognitive Style after Application of Computer Assisted Instruction(CAI) for College Student Nurses
Sung Myung-Sook ; Lee Jung-In ; Ro Seung-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 220~233
Purpose: This study was done to identity the degree of instructional motivation and response after application of CAI in the student nurses' fundamental nursing course. Method: The subjects of this study were 77 student nurses and the data was collected from October, 7th to 17th in 1997. The examination sheet for cognitive style and a questionnaire to evaluate the degree of instructional motivation were used to collect data. Result : 1) It was found that the degree of instructional motivation of the learner was higher in the CAI class. (134.23/170) 2) After CAI, the learners expressed relatively higher satisfaction in understanding, interest, degree of difficulty, number of problems, icons, and extra information. 3) It was found that 53 learners(68.8%) were field independent-cognitive learners and 24 learners(31.2%) were field dependent-cognitive learners. 4) Among the instructional responses according to the cognitive behavior of the learner after CAI, there were significant differences in reasons for understanding the computer program, interest in the computer program class, and the number of students assigned to each computer. 5) There were no significant difference between cognitive style and instructional motivation. Conclusion: The CAI effect for nursing students fundamental nursing course have been positive evaluated. CAI in nursing education is becoming very available and needs to develop effective CAI and use not only fundamental nursing course but also another nursing education programs.
The Effect of Exercise Combined with Behavior Modification Therapy on the Degree of Obesity, Blood Lipid Level and Self-Esteem in Obese Middle-Aged Women
Kim In-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 234~243
Purpose : To investigate the effects of exercise combined with behavior modification therapy on the degree of obesity. blood lipid level and self-esteem in obese middle aged women. Method : 18 obese middle-aged women volunteers with a BMI over 30% were assigned to exercise combined with behavior modification therapy (n=9) or to a control group(n=9). For the intervention the experiment group used walking outdoors as excercise and behavior modification therapy for 12 weeks. Result Body weight, BMI, TC, TG, LDL-C, and % TC/HDL-C were significantly decreased in experimental group. Changes in HDL-C and self-esteem were significantly increased in the experimental group. Conclusion : This study provides evidence that regular exercise combined with behavior modification is effective in changing the degree of obesity, blood lipid level and self esteem in obese middle-aged women over 12 weeks.
An Example of Development and Implementation of PBL Module in Fundamentals of Nursing
Kang Ki-Sun ; Park Mee-Young ; Lee Woo-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 244~258
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and apply a conceptualized PBL module for Fundamentals of Nursing. Method: A case study method was used to describe and explore the Process of developing and implementing the PBL module. Result: This module included three PBL packages that were designed to deal with more complexed and indepth concepts as the packages proceeded. In order to achieved that, all the contents of Fundamentals of Nursing II and III were reorganized and integrated into three main concepts, hygiene, infection and dehydration. This module was implemented for first year college student nurses in the second semester of year 2000. The student self-evaluation results showed that they were generally satisfied with their achievement in learning, both final outcome and process. Also, the results indicated that they were more satisfied with the subject management, the lecturer and their peers after implementing PBL. Conclusion : This study demonstrated the potentiality for the application of a partially integrated PBL module within an existing subject. However, when student learning needs were beyond the extent of Fundamentals of Nursing, the lecturer had to set boundaries on learning content and this may have reduced the effects of learning. Therefore, the researchers emphasize the importance of developing an integrated PBL curriculum to maximize student learning outcomes.
Effects of Intensive Teaching Program on Knowledge Level of Patients with a Myocardial Infarction(MI)
Jeong Hye-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 259~269
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an intensive teaching program on the knowledge level of MI in patients with a myocardial infarction. Method: The subjects were 47 patients with a myocardial infarction. Of the subjects 23 were assigned to the experimental group and 24 to the control group. The data were collected through a questionnaire (Lee, 1992; Nam, 1998) survey of knowledge level. The data collection was done about MI between September 15, 1999 and December 31, 2000 after hospital discharge. Data were analyzed using the SAS program and the results are as follows. Results: 1. There were no significant difference in knowledge level of the MI (P=0.621) between the two groups before the teaching program was given. 2. After 4 weeks the knowledge level about MI was significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group (P = 0.000). 3. After 12 weeks the knowledge level about MI was significantly higher in the experimental group compared to the control group (P= 0.000). 4. After 4 weeks the experimental group was at a higher scores of knowledge category about MI for nature of disease (P=0.000). risk factors, (P=0.000), diet (P=0.000), medication (P=0.000) exercise and daily activities (P=0.000) as compared to the control group. 5. After 12 weeks the experimental group was at a higher scores of knowledge category about MI for nature of disease (P=0.000). risk factors (P=0.001). diet (P=0.000), medication (P=0.000) exercise and daily activities (P=0.000) as compared to the control group. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that the intensive teaching program used for the experimental group in this study was effective in increasing the knowledge level about MI of the patients with a myocardial infarction.
The Effects of Personality on Drinking Patterns and Drinking-related Problems among Male University Students
Byun Young-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 270~278
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of personality characteristics on drinking patterns and drinking-related problems Subjects were selected through convenience sampling from the two universities in Kyung-Ki area Data were collected from Nov. 1st to Dec. 20th 2000 using a structured questionnaire that including general characteristics, Q-F(Quantity-Frequency) Methods, Personality Scales and Drinking-related Problem Scales. The results of this study show 1. 50.8% of subjects were heavy drinkers. 2. Heavy drinker scores higher on drinking-related problems and amount of smoking than light drinkers. 3. The Drinking patterns and drinking-related problems of heavy drinkers were selected to the influence of a depressive-tendency in personality and the amount of smoking. The results of this study suggest that the drinking-related problems of male university students are selected to the influence of depressive and anti-social characteristics. Therefore, it is necessary that further study on various nursing interventions be done and that personality be taken into consideration in developing programs aimed of preventing drinking-related problems in heavy drinkers.