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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
Effects of Relaxation Therapy and Exercise Therapy on the ACTH and Cortisol Hormone Level in Workers
Kim In-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 293~301
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise therapy and relaxation therapy on the level of ACTH and cortisol in workers and to determine, from this information, the effectiveness of applied exercise therapy and relaxation therapy as a nursing intervention method for workers experiencing stress. Method: The subjects were divided into an exercise therapy group. a relaxation therapy group, and a control group. The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design (exercise therapy : n=12. relaxation therapy: n=12, control group, the group without exercise or relaxation therapy: n= 12). The subjects in the exercise therapy group were given a particular intensity for each kp over 30 min, bicycle ergometer which uses the LX PE training system before and after four weeks of training. The subjects did 60-70% exercise intensity exercise therapy for eight weeks The relaxation therapy subjects were trained using a modified Jacobson's relaxation technique for eight weeks. The exercise and relaxation therapy groups were trained at the following intensity for eight weeks (3 times/week, 30 min/day). Changes in the levels of ACTH and cortisol were identified. Two-way ANOVA and multiple range test (SNK: Student Newman Keul) were used to examine the effects of exercise therapy and relaxation therapy at four and eight weeks. Result: 1. Changes in the level of ACTH in the relaxation therapy group were statistically significant at .05 level, and were better than that of the exercise therapy group after eight weeks. But there was no significant difference between the exercise therapy group and the control group. 2. Change in the level of cortisol in the relaxation therapy group were statistically significant at .05 level as compared to the exercise therapy group and the control group after four weeks, but not after eight weeks. Also, the relaxation therapy was statistically significant at .05 level after four weeks compared to before treatment, but there was a tendency toward increased cortisol after eight weeks. Conclusion: Relaxation therapy was found to be more effective in stress treatment than exercise therapy and as such is a desirable nursing intervention method for stress hormone reduction in workers.
Chronic Fatigue and Related Factors in Adults
Byun Young-Soon ; Park Mi-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 302~313
Purpose: To identify characteristics of chronic fatigue, difference between the duration of fatigue and characteristics of chronic fatigue, and association between chronic fatigue and related factors in adults. Method: The subjects for this study were 180 adults who had experienced fatigue for over one month The measurement tools were the Revised Fatigue Scale by Chalder et al. (1993), the Visual Analogue Scale-energy developed by Lee et al. (1991), the BEPSI (Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument) by Frank & Zyzanski (1988), Zung's self rating depression scale (1965) and life style items including exercise sleep, drinking smoking and diet as developed by the researchers. Results : Those who complained of fatigue over six months experienced higher disturbances in their daily life compared to those who had suffered from fatigue less than six months. There were a significant correlation between severity of fatigue and depression (r=.46, p<.001), stress (r=.41, p<.001), and sleep (r=.20, p<.01) Statistically significant relationships were found between severity of fatigue and amount of exercise per week (F=3.79. p<.05) disturbed sleep (t=-2.66, p<.01), number of times awakened during the night (F=3.48, p<.05) types of drinking (F=2.65, p<.05), and diet regularity (F=5.83, p<.01). The construction of a multiple regression model revealed an adjusted
of .27 with the depression score serving the major predictor variables for severity of fatigue. Men and people in the younger age group were more energetic than women and those in other age groups. Also married people experienced more fatigue than people who were single. divorced or separated. Conclusion: In nursing interventions for fatigue, medical personnel should consider sociodemographic characteristics of the clients, ways to reduce of stress and counter disturbances in daily life and develop strategies for a health promoting life style.
Nurses' Perceptions and Experiences with Complementary and Alternative Therapies
Son Haeng-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 314~323
Purpose : Complementary and alternative therapies(CAT) are defined as those treatments and healthcare practices not taught widely in medical schools, not generally used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by health care insurance. Recently, CAT have become increasingly popular with health care consumers and health care professionals. This study investigated nurses' perceptions and experiences with CAT. Method: 124 nurses who were working in university hospitals in Seoul and Inchon were randomly selected as participants for this study. They answered open and closed questionnaires on their Perceptions and experiences with CAT. Results: Most of the subjects recognized the existence of CAT (86.3%), and expected a treatment effect from CAT when it is combined with conventional therapy (84.7%). Nurses accepted CAT positively as complement for conventional therapy and useful modalities of psychological support when its effects have been proven scientifically. Forty nurses (32.3%) had learned CAT including soojichim, aroma therapy, relaxation, meditation, music therapy, massage, and acupressure. Eight nurses (6.5%) used CAT with patients including soojichim, hand massage, relaxation, and music therapy. Conclusion: In spite of the nurses' positive perceptions of CAT, the nurses' professional experiences were quite limited. Nurses need authorized training programs and continuing education opportunities in CAT. This would increase their ability to use CAT. But to improve scientific knowledge more evidence based research is.
The Effects of a Self-Management Course on Self-Efficacy, Fatigue, Coping Skills and Self-Care Activities in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Kang Sung-Sil ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 324~333
Purpose: A quasi-experimental study was conducted to identify the effects on Self-efficacy, Fatigue, Coping Skills and Self-care Activities by Korean patients following a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Self-Management (SLESM) Course. Methods : A two group pre-test and post-test design was used. The participants in the study were forty-one people with Systemic Lupus Erythematosis of which 21 subjects were assigned to the experimental group and 20 to the control group The experimental group received six weekly 2-hour group sessions, while the control group did not receive any intervention Outcome measures included self-efficacy, fatigue, coping skills and self-care activities. Baseline demographic and clinical variables did not differ between the two groups. Results : Patients who Participated in the self-management course showed significant decrease in fatigue (p= .038), improvement in self-efficacy (P= .001) and coping skills (p= ,048), increase in self-care activities (p= .003), and in the number of types of self-care activities(P= .048). Conclusion: Self-efficacy, coping skills and self-care activities improved and fatigue was reduced following the SLESM course. This study showed that a SLESM course is a good nursing intervention that can be offered in community settings.
Knowledge Level and Compliance of Health Behavior in Patients with Myocardial Infarction
Jeong Hye-Sun ; Yoo Yang-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 334~345
Purpose : This study purposes to examine the knowledge level and compliance of health behavior in patients with myocardial infarction to develope a cardiac rehabilitation program. Method: The subjects consisted of 72 patients with myocardial infarction, hospitalized at three university-affiliated hospitals. The data were collected by interviewing their subjects using a questionnaire and reviewing the medical records from September 15, 1999 to July 31, 2000. Data were analyzed using the SAS program for Windows version 6.12. Results: 1 The average knowledge score of the patients was 19.7 and the average compliance score was 53.9. 2. Knowledge scores were highest in the items of avoiding overeating and taking medicine at prescribed dosage, and lowest in the item of when to avoid sexual activity. 3. Knowledge level were highest on domains of exercise & daily activities, and risk factors and followed by diet. medication. and nature of disease. 4. Those who had higher education, or were living with a spouse were significantly higher in knowledge score. 5. Compliance score was highest in the item of smoking cessation and lowest in the item of measuring heart rate regularly. 6. Compliance score was highest on domain of smoking cessation and followed by diet, exercise, others, and managing mental stress. 7. Female patients had significantly higher compliance scores of health behavior on domain of diet than male patients. 8. The knowledge score was positively correlated to compliance of health behaviors. Conclusion: According to the above findings, it can be concluded that intensive nursing care and education should be provided to the patients who have lower education or are living without a spouse. Also, nursing intervention should be developed to increase compliance of managing mental stress and doing regular exorcise.
A Study on the Inpatients‘ Perception of Comfort
Kim Keum-Soon ; Kang Ji-Yeon ; Seo Hyun-Mi ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Won Jong-Soon ; Jeong Ihn -Sook ; Chung Hae-Kyung ; Kim Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 346~356
This paper describes a Q-methodological study on the Perception of comfort in hospital in-patients. The participants completed a 37-item Q sort made up of statements which could be ranked in terms of their relevance to the subjective meaning of comfort. Three interpretable types of comfort were identified through this Q study : Type I, positive medical action style, feel secure and satisfied when medical staff show a positive attitude towards them as patients. They put a high value on prompt responses from medical staff and physical aspects of care like non-invasive procedures or comfortable position. Type II, social relation style, experience a state of comfort when they perceive support or concern from medical staff, relatives or other patients suffering from similar diseases. They feel safe and secure when medical staff are kind and have a good reputation or when the size of the hospital is big enough, Type III, emotional wellbeing style, feel that hope for a healthy life or maintaining self-care activities are highly valuable. They feel safe and comfortable when their privacy is protected. They put worth on independent thinking, strong will, and emotional or psychological comfort. The results of this study can be used as a basis to develop nursing measures for comfort. Further studies on factors which influence perception of comfort and intervention strategies according to the above types of comfort need to be done.
A Study on Change in Death Orientation of College Student Nurses -comparison of pre and post hospice care class-
Baek Seol-Hyang ; Lee Mi-Aie ; Kim In-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 357~365
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the death orientation of college student nurses and to evaluate the effectiveness in death orientation of a class on 'hospice care'. this was done by investigating the difference between the death orientation before and after the class. Method: The instrument used in this Investigation was the death orientation scale developed by Thorson and Powell (1988). The subjects of the study were the 47 college student nurses in a 'hospice care' class. The research was carried out between March 2, 2001, when the class began, and June 21, 2001 when the class ended The collected data were examined using arithmetic mean, percentage, t-test, ANOVA. Result: The results of the study are as follows : 1. The average death orientation score of the subjects before the class was 2.80. 2. There were a significant difference in the death orientation scores before and after the class (p<0.001). Before the class, 'hospice care', the students had an average score of 2,80. Their average score decreased to 2.55 after the class. Of 25 death orientation items on the scale, 14 items decreased significantly after the class as compared to before the class. 3. According to personal attributes (religion. the existence of religion, the experience of a death in recently) of subjects, there were no significant statistical differences in death orientation (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that a class on hospice care was effective in changing the death orientation of student nurses.
Accuracy Comparison of Blood Pressure among the Direct Measurement Method and Two Automatic Indirect Measurement Methods in the Patients with Various Blood Pressure
Song Hyo-Sook ; Jun Tae-Gook ; Choi Eun-Jung ; Kim Mi-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 366~378
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify differences in measurement methods for blood pressure (Direct measurement, HP automatic indirect measurement, and SE 7000 Korean made indirect measurement), and to evaluate the clinical trial of the Korean made automatic indirect blood pressure measurement. Material & Methods: From June, 1999 to February, 2000, fifty five consecutive patients were randomized into hypertension group (n=20), normotension group (n=20), and hypotension group (n= 15). Measuring blood pressure by indirect methods (HP NIBP M 1008B and SE 7000 NIBP Korean made) was done simultaneously in the same arm with arterial line for direct blood pressure measurement (HP M1006A). The procedures were repeated ten times at intervals of 2 minutes. Statistical analysis was Performed using SPSS (version 8.0 for windows) software package. Values were expressed as means and standard deviation and means were compared using t-test. Statistical significance was considered present with a p value less than 0.05. Results: In the hypertension group and noromotension group, the disparity between HP direct measurement and indirect SE 7000 NIBP did not show any differences compared to the disparity between HP direct measurement and indirect HP NIBP. In the hypotension group, the disparity in the diastolic pressure between HP direct measurement and indirect SE 7000 NIBP was significantly different compared to the disparity between HP direct measurement and indirect HP NIBP (p<0.001), however, disparities in systolic pressure did not showed any differences. Conclusion: Direct blood pressure measurement (HP M1006A) can be replaced with indirect blood pressure measurements (HP NIBP M 1008B & SE 7000 NIBP) in normotension and hypertension patients. Korean made indirect measurement was found to be more accurate compared to HP indirect measurement in hypotension Patients, but more study is needed.
A Study on Nurses' Ability to Perform Endotracheal Suction
Park Hyun-Ju ; Choi Young-A ; Kim Kyoung-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 379~390
The purpose of this study was to survey the ability of nurses to perform endotracheal suction to provide basic data on correct endotracheal suction. The participants in this study were 181 intensive care unit nurses in two university hospitals and one general hospital located in Daegu, one university hospital and two general hospitals located in Pohang, one university hospital located in Gyeongju. These data were collected from February 1, 2001 to March 10, 2001 using self reported questionnaires. The study instrument, which was developed by these investigators, included questions on general characteristics and performance of endotracheal suction. The results of this study are as follows : 1. Of the Participants 71.3% recognized correct endotracheal suctioning and 23.2% did not. 2. The greatest number, 57.5%, acquired knowledge about endotracheal suctioning at conferences on practice or education for staff. 3 There were significant differences in scores on performance of endotracheal suction according to department (F=2.60, P=.05) and hospitals (F=3.24, p=.01) among the general characteristics. 4. Slightly less than half of the participants, 47.8%, averaged correct scores for endotracheal suctioning procedures. Ventilator
supply had the highest score (84.0%), normal saline exchange time, the lowest (14.4%) From the results, we suggest that education is needed to increase the knowledge and correct performance of endotracheal suction. Further study including direct observation of Performance of endotracheal suction is also needed.
A Study on the Variables that Influence Stages of Change in Smoking Cessation
Chang Sung-Ok ; Park Chang-Seung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 391~401
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify variables that influence smoking cessation based on the transtheoretical model. Methods: Variables that influence the stages of change in smoking cessation were selected based on transtheoretical model. Data were collected from 176 men aged 30-64 who smoked, Data collection was done in community settings in Seoul and vicinity, Korea between December, 1999 and June, 2000. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic analysis using the pc-SAS program. Results: According to the logit model, the influence of significant variables on stage of change for smoking cessation suggest that ; When the scores for Pros in decision making for smoking cessation are high, the possibility that the subjects are in the action, precontemplation and contemplation stage of change will be lower than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. When the scores of habitual craving in smoking temptation is high, the possibility that the subjects are in the precontemplation and contemplation stage of change will be higher than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. When the scores of smoking temptation in negative affect situations are high, the possibility that the subjects are in the contemplation stage of change will be higher than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. When the scores of cognitive process in the process of change are high, the possibility that the subjects are in the contemplation stage of change will be higher than the possibility that the subjects are in the maintenance stage of change. Conclusions : The results provide evidence that physical and psychological dependence on smoking are main barriers to smoking cessation. Therefore nursing interventions based on stage that focus on increasing motivation and intention for smoking cessation need to be developed.
Development of a Home Health Care Nursing Intervention List through Analysis of Home Health Care Nursing Records
Park Hyoun-Kyoung ; Kim Cho-Ja ; Kang Kyu-Suk ; Shin Hye-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 402~415
The purpose of this study was to identify nursing diagnoses and nursing interventions that are found in the home health care patients, and to establish a basis for a standardized Nursing Intervention List that would help nurses doing home health care nursing. For this study, the records of 150 home health care clients who were discharged, from the Home Health Care Center at Yonsei Medical Center, between January to July. 2001 were analyzed. Of the 43 nursing diagnoses recorded for these clients are 43, the most frequent diagnoses were in the area of Exchanging. There were 2.814 nursing interventions which is a mean of 4.73 nursing interventions Per diagnosis. We confirmed that most of the interventions were related to 'education' and 'advice'. We present a Home Health Care Nursing Intervention List that was developed based on the results of this study. It has the five 5 criteria of the ICNP classification, Observing, Management, Performance, Caring, and Informing.
An Analysis of Nursing Research on Diabetes Published in Korea from 1981 to 2000
Hong Yong-Hae ; Kim Myung-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 416~429
The purpose of this study was to analyze research trends and to suggest future directions for nursing research on the diabetes in Korea. The method was a review of 97 nursing research papers on diabetes published between 1981 and 2000. Analysis included year of publication, academic theses or not, research design, key words and the results. The results of the analysis can be summarized as follows : The number of the nursing research papers on diabetes has been increasing. Of those paper analyzed, it was found that 64 (65.97%) were master's theses, and 58 (59.79%) were descriptive or correlational studies. The most frequent key word was client behavior. Client behavior as the dependent variable was reported to be influenced by various causal variables but the results were not consistent. Nursing interventions reported as effective included education, exercise therapy, camps, and telephone coaching. Conclusion: We question whether the concepts, measurement scales, and theories used in these research papers were appropriate for Korean clients with diabetes. Development of concepts and theories for Korean clients is necessary.
Theoretical Substruction: Fatigue in Cardiac Arrhythmia Patients
Kang Youn-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 430~437