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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Dec 2002
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Aug 2002
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Apr 2002
Selecting the target year
Attitudes toward, and Practice of Hand Washing by Student Nurses in Clinical Practice
Ko Il-Sun ; Kang Kyu-Sook ; Song In-Ja ; Park Jin-Hee ; Youk Shin-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 165~179
Purpose: This descriptive study was done to evaluate the attitude and practice of hand-washing by student nurses. Method: The subjects of the study were 463 senior and junior undergraduate student nurses and RN-BSN students. The questionnaire was developed by the researchers Data were collected from Oct. 16 to Dec. 20. 2001. and analysed by SPSS/WIN. General characteristics. attitude and practice were analyzed by frequency and percentage and differences in attitude and practice according to grade and practice setting were analyzed with
test, t-test or ANOVA. Result: 1) The mean frequency of hand-washing was 6.63. Senior students washed more frequently than junior students. 2) The reasons for non-compliance were 'not being accustomed', 'forgetting', and 'not accessible'. 3) The mean time for hand-washing was 23.79 sec., less than the stated appropriate time of 42 18 sec. 4) 90% of the students washed their hands 'after contacting excretions and contaminated items' and few washed 'before giving care to the client'. 5) Most students washed hands rotationally rubbing with soap and water. 6) While washing, they removed their rings more often than their watches. 7) Soap bar (52.8%) and paper towel (69.6%) were most frequently used as decontaminating agent and drying method, but detergent solution (74.2%) and paper towels (60%) were considered as the most appropriate agent and method. 8) Hand-washing was perceived important generally 'to protect from cross-infection'. 'to protect one-self' and 'the most cost effective'. 9) All students responded nurses should practice 'hand-washing.'
Effects of Dan-jun Breathing Exercise Program Experienced by Women in Midlife
Hyun Kyung-Sun ; Kang Hyum-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 180~189
Purpose : This study focused on affirming of the effects of Dan-jun breathing exercise experienced by women in midlife. Method: The data were collected via direct interview from 20 participants, who participated in a Dan-Jun exercise program during three months. Collected data were analyzed by content analysis. Result : 1. As for the health problems of women in midlife before the Dan-jun exercise program, 93 items were extracted in the content analysis These items were categorized into 59 attributes and 15 higher attributes. 1) Of the 59 attributes of health problems, shoulder pain (30%) was the most dominant. 2) The 15 higher attributes consisted for the physical domain of, weakness, pain, joint stiffness, sexual problem, sleep disorder, gastro-intestinal disorder. menstrual irregularity. circulatory disorder, respiratory disorder. constipation, urinary incontinence, and for the psychological domain, anger, emptiness, depression, and anxiety. 2. As for the effects experienced by women in midlife after the Dan-jun exercise program, 169 items were extracted in the content analysis. These items were categorized into 85 attributes and 14 higher attributes. 1) Of 85 attributes, lightening of physical condition (55%) was the most dominant. 2) The higher attributes consisted in physical domain of, recovery of vigor, pain relief, menstrual regularity and improvements in flexibility. sexual problem, sleep disorder, gastro-intestinal disorder, circulatory disorder constipation, respiratory disorder and urinary incontinence, and for the psychological domain, relaxation, cultured mind and self-confidence. Conclusions : Dan-jun breathing exercise program for three months showed positive effects on physical and psychological health in women in midlife. In this context, it can be also considered as a significant nursing intervention for maintenance and promotion of the health of these women.
Development of a Korean Sexual Satisfaction Scale
Lee Byung-Sook ; Koh Hyo-Jung ; Kim Myung-Ae ; Im Shin-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 190~200
Purpose; The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure sexual satisfaction in Korean adults. Method: Development of items for the instrument was done by a collecting, reorganizing, reducing and selecting process based on the literature. A total of 19 items were selected in this process. For evaluation of the appropriateness of the 19 items, questionnaires were given to an expert group consisting of 18 professionals (7 men and 11 women). Eighteen items having a response of 70% in 'very good' item or 'good' item were included as items for the instrument. With these 18 items, a 5 point Likert scale was developed, and reliability and validity tests of the scale were done. The subjects for the test were 1,127 Korean adults living in 11 areas in Korea, Data were collected from Dec. 1, 2000 to Feb. 28, 2001 and analyzed with SPSS/PC+ 10.0 program. Item analysis and factor analysis were used to assess the reliability and validity of the scale. Chronbach alpha and corrected item-total correlation were obtained to verify internal consistency, and principal component analysis with the varimax rotation was used to identify structure validity of the developed tool. Result: Reliability of the scale was .9503 and corrected item-total correlations of the items were distributed from .5208 to 7899. As a result of the factor analysis, the items were categorized into three factors. The cumulative variance of the three factors was 67.1%, and all of the variances of the factors were above 5%. Because factor 1 (8 items) indicated a special feeling of psychological satisfaction with sexual activity, it was named 'psychological factor'. Factor 2 (8 items) indicated a feeling of satisfaction in the interaction with sexual partner through communication and variation, therefore it was named 'interactional factor'. Factor 3 (2 items) was about the frequency and duration of sexual intercourse and indicated physical dimensions of satisfaction, so it was named 'physical factor'. The average score for sexual satisfaction of the 1,127 subjects was 65.32 (
), and histogram of the score showed a normal distribution with skewness - .425. Conclusion: Finally, a Korean Sexual Satisfaction Scale(KSSS) was accepted as a 5 point Likert scale with 18 items after the statistical test for reliability and validity. In conclusion, KSSS is a useful instrument which is valid and reliable can be used to understand the sexuality of Korean adults.
A Study on the Sasang Constitution and Type A/B Personality in Kangwon Province
Lee Kyu-Eun ; Kim Nam-Sun ; Ryu Jae-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 201~212
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the association between Sasang constitution and type A/B personality. Method: The subjects for this study were 113 Korean adults living in Kangwon Province, the northeastern part of Korea. The data were collected from March 10 to April 13. 2002 using a structured questionnaire. The instrument for this study were QCSSII (Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Clsssification II) by Kim et al.(1996), and the Revised Type A/B personality by Eysenck & Fulker(1983). The data were analyzed through the SPSS 10.0 for Windows program using frequency, percentage,
-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The results of the study are as follows : 1. Of 113 Korean adults, the portion who were Taieum-in, Soeum-in, Soyang-in was 39.8%, 34.5%, 25.7% respectively. 2. For type A/B personality, mixed type was most common, 19.4% of the participants were of type B and 8.0%., type A. 3. For type A/B behavior, mixed type was most common at 47.8% and type A was 2.7%. 4. There were statistically significant differences in the Sasang constitutional type according to BMI (F=14.542, P<.001), and alcohol consumption (F=4.256, p<.018). 5. There were significant difference between type A/B Personality and BMI (F=3.592, P<.032). 6. The data shows correlations between BMI and amount smoked per day (r=2.74, P<.004), between BMI and alcohol consumption (r=-.303, p<.008), between BMI and Sasang constitutional type (r= -.592, p<.0001), between BMI and type A/B personality (r=285, p<.011), between amount smoked per day and alcohol consumption (r= .-361, p<.001). between alcohol consumption and Sasang constitutional type (r=-.306, p<.019). between perceived health state and type A/A personality (r= .246, p<.011). Conclusion: According to the above findings, it can be concluded that further research is need to understand the Sasang constitution for the discipline of Nursing and for nurses to prepare nursing protocols relevant to Sasang constitutional care. Also, Sasang constitution has to be considered in research and practice in the health care delivery system.
The Effects of Hand Reflexology on Saeng-Chi and Immunity in ESRD Patients
Oh Sei-Young ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 213~225
The purpose of this study was to identify the Effect of Hand Reflexology on Saeng-chi of physiologic, emotional & motivational responses and Immunity in ESRD patients who received hemodialysis in two general hospital from June to September. 2001 A two group quasi-experimental research with pre and post test design was used. The number of participants in the experimental group was 23, and in the control group, 20 The Hand Reflexology Intervention was developed by the researcher based on hand reflexology by Carter & Weber and Chi-massage by Chia. The Hand Reflexology was applied to both hands for 10 minutes per day. and 5 days by 5 times. To evaluate the effects of the program, Pre and Post evaluations were done. In the physiologic response, the PR was decreased at the 1st times post treatment and at the 5th. In addition BP was decreased at the 1st time, but not the 5th. After 5 treatments, there were significant increase in Hb and significant decreases in the BUN and Cr. levels in the experimental group. In the emotional and motivational responses, there were significant increases in vigor, mood, uplifts and self care agency scores in the experimental group, but there was no significant difference in the Rosenberg's self esteem score. In the experimental group, significantly increased CD4, and h/s ratios were found, also NK cells were significantly decreased, and there was a decrease in the CD8. However, no significant differences between groups were observed. There were significant increases in CD32, CD33, CD34 in the experimental group. The self care agency score correlated negatively with the CD8. From the above results, Hand Reflexology is shown to be an effective mind-body nursing intervention for enhancing Saeng-chi responses and affecting some of the immune responses. However, Immune cell activation and differentiation with hand reflexology will be achieved with future study.
Effect of Aromatherapy on Anxiety and Fatigue in Students Nurses Experiencing their First Clinical Practice
Kang Ji-Yeon ; Kim Keum-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 226~236
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aromatherapy on the level of anxiety and fatigue in student nurses who were undergoing their first clinical practice. Method: A non-equivalent. control group. pretest-posttest design was used. A convenience sample of 42 student nurses were selected. They were assigned to experimental and control groups. The aromatherapy using lavender, geranium and camomile was given to the experimental group for four consecutive days while the control group only rested. Result: 1. Anxiety scores for the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group on the
days of clinical practice. 2. Fatigue scores for the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group on the
day of clinical practice. Conclusion: The results support the conclusion that aromatherapy using selected essential oils is an effective intervention for relieving anxiety and fatigue in student nurses experiencing their first clinical practice. However differences between aromatherapy and massage were not clear. Further investigation needs to be done.
The Effects of Blanket Application on Reducing Cold Discomfort after Cesarean Section
Kim Myung-Hee ; Kim Ju-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 237~245
Purpose: This study was to examine the changes in cold discomfort according to the type of blanket used after surgery. Methods : Women scheduled for Cesarean Section were divided into two groups. After the surgery, 30 patients were covered with a warming blanket which was set at
by the warmer and the other 30 patients were covered with an ordinary blanket. Both group's cold discomfort was measured at 5 time points using a mercury thermometer, shivering scale. and subjective thermal sensation scale. Data were analyzed by using mean scores with t-test, paired t-test using the SPSS/WIN program. Result: At 30 min after being covered with the blanket, the axillary temperature had returned to the pre-operation temperature in both groups. At 45 min after being covered with the blanket, the women in the warming blanket group had no further shivering but for those in the ordinary blanket group shivering continued. At 45 min after being covered with the blanket, the women in the warming blanket group had returned to the condition before surgery, but those in the ordinary blanket group continued to complain of cold sensation. Conclusion: This study suggests that use of a warming blanket helps to relieve cold discomfort following surgery. This study is also expected to enhance understanding of the Importance of subjective data by exploring the difference between subjective complaints and objective data about cold discomfort.
A Study on Disturbing Behaviors and Environment Characteristics in Elderly People with Dementia
Byeon Young-Soon ; Nam Jeong-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 246~256
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate correlations between environmental characteristics and disturbing behaviors in elderly people with dementia living in institutions. Method: A random sample of 107 subjects in three institutions for people with dementia in the Gyeongnam Province was tested between May 29 and June 5, 2002. Data was collected through a questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS/PC Win 10.0 Result: The major findings of the study are as follows. 1) the mean score on physical environment was
, and on psychosocial environment,
. 2) the mean score on disturbing behaviors showed that nonaggressive psychomotor behavior was the highest, and aggressive psychomotor behavior was the lowest. 3) the disturbing behaviors. in 5 the domains correlated with the environment and influencing factors included environment, family, level of dementia and level of ADL. Conclusion: Both the present physical environment and psychosocial environment influence the type of disturbing behavior in elderly people with dementia. Therefore, nursing can reduce the disturbing behaviors through maintenance of both the psychosocial environment and the physical environment. Furthermore, nurses must consider disturbing behaviors of elderly people with dementia by being aware of the level of dementia and ADL.
The Effect of Aquatic Exercise Program on Body Weight, Muscle Strength and Flexibility in Healthy Middle-aged Women
Kim Jong-Im ; Kim Tae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 257~267
Purpose: Aquatic exercise program is known to have positive effects for health maintenance and improvement in inpatients with arthritis. Aquatic exercise program could be a way to obtain wellness in middle-aged women. However, there have been few studies to evaluate physical function. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of aquatic exercise on physical health such as body weight, BMI, muscle strength (grip strength, pinch pressure), and flexibility in healthy middle-aged women. Method: The subjects of the study were fifty healthy middle-aged women (40-59 years) who had no experience with exercise. Twenty five subjects were assigned to the experimental group and 25 to the control group. An aquatic exercise program which consisted of approximately one hour of exercise in the water two days per week. for six weeks was given to the experimental group. Data were gathered from October 2000 to April 2001 using a questionnaire and physical function measure tool (pinch pressure, grip strength. weight. centimeter ruler). Data were analyzed with the SPSS win 10.0 using frequency, t-test,
test, paired t-test. and ANCOVA. Result: The results of this study are as follows: There were significant differences in body weight, BMI, right, left grip strength and right and left pinch pressure between the two groups. Conclusion: From these results, it is concluded that the aquatic exercise program for healthy middle-aged women can be effective in increasing physical health in these women.
The Phenomenon of Elderly Women's Vitality - A Grounded Theory Approach -
Kim Yeon-Sook ; Moon Myeong-Ja ; Lee Seon-Hye ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 268~278
Purpose: This study provides useful basic information about caring for elderly women. It also promotes understanding by confirming what can vitalize the women and improve quality of life in elderly women as they continue to become important in the society which is moving towards being an 'aged society'. Method: Grounded theory a qualitative research method, was use to develop new thesis regarding life's vitality in elderly women. Thirteen women participated in the research. They were women without any problems in perception or communication and who agreed to participate in the research. Result: The results, using analysis process of Strauss and Corbin (1990). showed that life's vitality in elderly women is to bring well-being through vitalization against weakness. Conclusion: Based on such these results, this study will be helpful to nursing mediation and policy development which will improve the quality of life of elderly women through better understanding and promotion of life's vitality.
Public's Attitude to Organ Transplants and Factors Influencing Attitudes
Shon Young-Hee ; Cho Chung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 279~287
Purpose: This study was done to Identify attitude and factors influencing attitudes to organ transplants. Method: Study participants were 165 people over the age of 18 and living in Seoul. The instrument used for this study was the descriptive questionnaire developed by Ju (1995). Analysis of the data was done with SPSS Win 10.0 with descriptive statistics. t-test. ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression. Results : 1. The scores on attitude toward organ transplants ranged from 14 to 70. and had a mean score of 49.26. There were statistically significant differences in scores on attitude to organ transplants according to age (p= .03). marital status (p= 00), monthly income (p=.02) and experience of having education about organ transplants (p= .00). 2. The factors influencing attitudes to organ transplants were having the experience of education on transplants and marital status. These two variables explained 20.1% of the variance. 3. Reasons given for no written pledge to donate one's organs were 'fear on organ donation', 'not knowing the way of' how to do'. 'plan to give my organs to a family member when needed'. 'physical condition' and 'religious belief'. Conclusion: Experience with education for organ transplant and marital status were identified as important variables in attitudes to organ transplants.
A Study on Emotional State of Preoperative Patients and Postoperative Pain (patients with abdominal surgery who received IV-PCA)
Kim Kyung-Hee ; Chung Hae-Kyoung ; Lee Hyun-Su ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 288~299
The patients with abdominal surgery usually have acute pain. It is important for a patient's qualify of life and for good recovery after surgery to control the postoperative pain. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between emotional state of preoperative patients and postoperative pain. The participants in this study were the 100 patients receiving abdominal surgery who received Intravenous Patient Controlled Analgesia (IV-PCA) at the end of the operation. The data were collected using questionnaires and the period of the data collection was from March to August, 2001. The instruments used for this study were The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Developed by Spielberger (1972), The Center for Epidemeologic Studies-Depression (CESD) scale and Visual Analog scale (VAS). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. t-test, ANOVA and Pearson Correlation coefficient with the SPSS program. The results are as follows. 1. For general characteristics there were significant differences in the degree of trait anxiety according to gender (p= 0.0010), marital status (p=0.0122), religion (p=0.0040), education (p=0.0001), occupation (p=0.0002). monthly income (p=0.0001), diagnosis (p=0.0001), and operation title (p = 0.0001). 2. For general characteristics there were significant differences in the degree of state anxiety according to gender (p= 0.0023), education (P=0.0073), monthly income (p=0.0001), diagnosis (p=0.0005), and operation title (P =0.0063). 3. For general characteristics there were significant differences in the degree of depression according to gender (p= 0.0073), occupation (p=0.0469), monthly income (p=0.0001), diagnosis (p=0.012). and operation title (p =0.0033). 4. For general characteristics there were significant differences in the degree of postoperative pain according to gender (p=0.0213), marital status (p=0.0082), education (p=0.0016), occupation (p =0.0128). monthly income (p=0.0008), diagnosis (p =0.0007), and operation title (p =0.0008). 5. The relationship between trait anxiety and postoperative pain revealed a significant positive correlation (r =0.51, p =0.0001), and the relationship between state anxiety and postoperative pain revealed a significant positive correlation (r=0.50. p=0.0001) and the relationship between Depression and pain revealed a significant positive correlation (r =0.49. p =0.0001).
A study on the Nurses' Perception of Comfort
Kim Keum-Soon ; im Kyung-HeeK ; Kang Ji-Yeon ; Seo Hyun-Mi ; Won Jong-Soon ; Jeong In-Sook ; Chung Hae-Kyung ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 300~310
Purpose: This study describes the perception of comfort by hospital nurses. Q-methodological was used. Method: The participants completed a 37-item a sort made up of statements which could be ranked in terms of their relevance to the subjective meaning of comfort Result: Three interpretable types of comfort were identified. They are as follows : Type I, emotional and spiritual well-being style: The nurses perceived that patients feel comfortable when they feel emotional support from others and spiritual easiness. The nurses felt that the patients put worth in hope for a healthy life. free from pain and fear of death. Type II, acceptive medical environment style: The nurses perceived that patients have a secure and satisfied attitude towards prompt responses, exact information and skilled Intervention techniques. They also perceived that patients feel safe and secure when they feel free of pain and medical staff are kind. Type III, physical well-being style; The nurses perceived that patients feel safe and comfortable when they feel free of pain and have a good sleep and are able to maintain a comfortable position. They perceived that patients put a high value on meeting the basic needs of safety, such pain, sleep and positioning. Conclusion: The result of this study can be used as a basis to develop nursing measures for promoting comfort. Further studies are recommended on factors which influence nurses' perception of comfort and strategies to promote comfort according to the style of the patients.
Physical and Psychological-Emotional Status according to Type of Personality in Female College Student who Smoke
Kim In-Sook ; Kim Ki-Bun ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 311~322
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the physical and psychological-emotional status according to type of personality of female college student smokers and to provide baseline data for smoking cessation education programs for women. Method: The data were collected from May to June. 2002. The subjects were 119 female students who smoked. The data were analyzed using SPSS/PC. Results : The results are as follows 1. There were 91 (76.5%) A type and 28 (23.5%) B Type personality types, indicating that female student smokers were more frequently type A rather than type B. 2. Perceived health status by personality type indicated that those with type B (
) perceived higher health status than those with type A (
) but the result was not statistically significant (p = 237). 3. Perceived stress by personality type indicated that those with type B (
) perceived more stress than those with type A (
). 4. Differences between depression by personality type indicated that those with type B (
) perceived more stress than those with type A (
) but this was not statistically significant (p = .277). 5. There were significant negative correlations between perceived health status and stress (r=-0.300. p<0.004), depression and perceived health status (r=-.456. p<0.000). There was significant positive correlation between stress and depression (r= .700, p<0.000). 6. There was no significant difference between perceived health status, stress, or depression according to general characteristics. Conclusion: According to the results, researchers should continually identify women's smoking behavior included various physical and psychological variables related to women's health. In addition, programs for improving physical and psychological health should be designed and operated to decrease the perception of stress and to increase the perception of health motivation for women smokers.
Comparative Study of Postoperative Analgesic Effect of IV-PCA According to Timing of Infusion in Patients with Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
Park Jeong-Ok ; Lee Pyung-Ae ; Cho You-Sook ; Park Mi-Mi ; Kim Hye-Sook ; Park Jee-Won ; Min Sang-Kee ;
Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 323~334
Purpose: This study was designed to verify preemptive effects of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) infusion on postoperative pain in women having a total abdominal hysterectomy. Method: The research design was a nonequivalent control group post test only design. The participants in this study were 50 women who were scheduled for a total abdominal hysterectomy at a University affiliated Hospital in Suwon, Korea. The subjects were divided into two groups. For the experimental group, IV-PCA infusion was started before the skin incision and for the control group. IV-PCA infusion was started after the skin was closed. Each group was evaluated in terms of pain score by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the number of times they pushed the button for IV-PCA at postoperative hours 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24. The data were collected from July 1 to December 10, 2001. Collected data was analyzed by SPSS/PC + program. Result: 1. There was no difference between the two groups, over six points for the number of times the control button for IV-PCA was used. Group differences and interaction effect were not significant. 2. There was no significant difference in pain scores between the two groups, over seven time points. A significant interaction effect was observed between groups and measurement Points in time. 3. There was a significant difference in the requirements for additional analgesia between the two groups, 32% of the control group received additional analgesia. Conclusion: Preemptive analgesics administration may have a better effect in relieving postoperative pain than the usual analgesic treatment which is started after surgery.