Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Polymer Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Nov 2002
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Jul 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3 - May 2002
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Mar 2002
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
Effect of Packing Density of ion-Exchange on the Nickel Adsorption Column in Electroplating Rinse Water
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 551~558
It was observed that adsorption characteristics of sulfonated fabric ion-exchanger for separating nickel ion from electroplating rinse water. Swelling ratio was increased by increasing degree of sulfonation and polarity of solvent. Ion-exchange capacity was also increased by increasing degree of sulfonation and showed 3.38 meq/g at 16% sulfonated ion-exchanger. There was little effects of pH. Adsorption equilibrium was attained within 10 min, and adsorption rate was 7.5 mg/min. Adsorption capacity was not changed after 7 cycles of regeneration process. Regeneration adsorption capacity was slightly decreased to 2.01 meq/g. It confirmed that durability of sulfonated fabric ion-exchanger was suitable for adsorption process. Adsorption equilibrium time was linearly increased by increasing L/D and adsorption capacity showed the ion exchange capacity within the range of 2.71 ∼ 3.01 meq/g in continuous process. Design of adsorption column could be possible for L/D<2. Under constant L/D condition, there is no little pH effect when rinse water is acidic solution, and operation condition of adsorption process was optimized under pH 5.
A Study on Solution Blend of Poly(vinyl chloride) with Poly(VC-co-AN)
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 559~567
Poly (vinyl chloride) was blended with blended with vinyl chloride-acrylonitrile copolymers (MO-01 : M
w/=199049, AN=22.79%, MO-02 : M
w/=238523, AN=47.03%, MO-03 : M
w/=289496, AN=52.49%, MO-04 : M
w/=341837, AN=58.68% by mixing dimethylformamide (DMF) solution of each polymer and their morphology, viscosity, viscoelastic and mechanical properties were studied. Blends of PVC and MO-01 showed a homogeneous morphology. On the contrary, the other copolymer blends showed a large phase separation with spherical domains. Miscibility of blends of PVC and MO-01 was shown to be better than that of blends of other copolymers from morphological and viscoelastic studies. Even though blends of PVC and MO-01 were observed to be the considerable compatibility at a composition of PVC/MO-01=90/10, the mechanical properties of blend films were not improved too much in most blend cases.
Study on the Chemical Polymerization of Pyrrole in the Presence of Cyclic Poly(oxyethylene)s
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 568~574
Inclusion compounds using cyclic poly(oxyethylene)s as host molecules have been used to polymerize pyrrole chemically in aqueous medium. This general synthetic strategy makes it possible to grow rigid aromatic polymers in aqueous medium by chemical oxidation method. It is an easy method to obtain rigid polymers in a very mild manner. Some threaded and water-soluble polypyrroles are obtained, and their characterization is performed by NMR, IR, UV, and MALDI-TOF MS measurements.
Preparation and Properties of PE Heterogeneous ion Exchange Membrane with Bead and Fibrous ion Exchanger
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 575~581
Heterogeneous ion exchange membranes were prepared by mixing polyethylene as matrix with bead and fibrous anionic ion exchangers at different mixing ratio. Generally, ion exchange capacities were increased with increasing the ratio of the fibrous ion exchanger content. The highest ion exchange capacity of the membrane was 1.86 meq/g at 30wt% IXF (ion exchange fiber) in the membrane. The water uptake, fixed ion concentration, and ion transport number of the membrane increased with increasing the content of the fibrous ion exchanger. However, the electrical resistivity of the membrane was decreased with increasing the content of the fibrous ion exchanger. The lowest electrical resistivity of 5
was observed at 30 wt%of IXF.
Synthesis and Properties of Block Copolymer Comprising of Poly(DL-lactic acid) and Poly(ethylene oxide)
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 582~588
The block copolymers were prepared by the ring opening polymerizati on of DL-lactide by poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) with diethylzinc (ZnE
) as a catalyst. When the feed ratio of PEO was over 30% relative to DL-lactide, the polymerization of DL-lactide took place from the PEO hydroxyl terminals to provide the desired A -B-A or A-B block copolymer. The block copolymers were made of films by cast method and the films obtained was drawn to 2.5 times at 60
. At the same draw ratio, the tensile modulus of the films was decreased with increasing PEO content in the block copolymers. It was therefore suggested that the block copolymers comprising of PDLLA and PEO, had high potentials as the biomaterials with improved flexibility.
Preparation of Conducting Polymer PEDiTT Thin Film Using SAM Method
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 589~598
thiathlophene (EDiTT) was synthesized. The yield of the synthesis was about 29%. The monomer was identified by using NMR, IR and UV/Vis spectroscopic methods. Poly (3,4-ethylenedithiathiophene) (PEDiTT) was prepared using this monomer and FeCl
. The deep blue green color of the product was changed into brown color by the reduction with
. This was soluble to common organic solvents. Spectroelectrochemistry was used to characterize the PEDiTT. NMP was the best solvent for PEDiTT. PEDiTT/NMP solution was used for making SAM type thin film of the polymer on gold electrode. Electrochemical and IR spectroscopic methods were used to identify the thin film.
Improvement of Toughness of Tetrafunctional Epoxy (TGDDM) Resin Using Polyamideimide (PAI) Resin
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 599~606
In this study, 4,4'-tetraglycidyl diaminodiphenyl methane (TGDDM)/polyamideimide (PAI) blends were cured using diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS). And the effect of addition of different PAI contents to neat TGDDM was investigated in the thermal, mechanical, and morphological properties of the blends. The cure behavior and thermal stability of the cured specimens were monitored by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. Also, the critical stress intensity factor (K
IC/) was measured in UTM, and the phase separation behavior and final morphology of TGDDM/PAI blends were examined in scanning electron microscopy(SEM). As a result, the cure temperature and cure activation energy (E
a/) were decreased with increasing the PAI content. The decreasing of cure temperature and cure activation energy were probably due to the presence of secondary amine group of PAI backbone used as co-initiator. But, the decomposition activation energy (E
t/) and K
IC/ value were increased up to 5. 10 phr of PAI content, respectively and they were decreased above the PAI contents. These results were explained on the basis of chain scission reaction by etherification. And morphology of blends observed from SEM was confirmed in co-continuous structures.
Rheological Properties of Polyurethane Modified with Polyorganosiloxane
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 607~614
Polyorganosiloxane(HBPS) modified polyurethane (UMPS) was synthesized to improve weatherability in the polyurethane (ITPU) sealant and its rheological propoerty was investigated. It was found that the viscosity increased with increasing HBPS content in polyurethane and maximum viscosity was observed in UMPS having 70/30 ITPU/HBPS ratio. This was understood that the segregation of HBPS segment in UMPS chain has been developed. Further increasing of the content of HBPS resulted in the lowering of viscosity because of the flexibility of HBPS block segment in UMPS chain. It was also found that UMPS has more sensitive environmental dependency of viscosity than ITPU such as shear rate, humidity and temperature. In additions, UMPS having Si(O
end group (TUMPS) by adding coupling agent up to 0.3 wt% resulted in the increase of viscosity by the acceleration of curing. But introducing more than 0.5wt% curing agent to TUMPS caused the lowering of viscosity because of less NCO group in TUMPS for the curing.
Film Properties of Weather-Resistant Silicon/Acrylic Coating Resins of Different Compositions
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 615~622
Weather-resistant coatings were prepared by mixing a synthesized mill-base and let-down silicone/acrylic resin in weight ratios of 4 : 6, 3 : 7, and 2 : 8. The weatherability of the prepared coatings was tested. The thermal stability, general physical properties, and weatherability of the films of the coatings were improved with silicone content. Among the three mixing ratios mentioned, the ratio of 2 : 8 was the most suitable for the preparation of weather-resistant Coatings. The coatings containing 30 wt% of silicone proved to be a high weather-resistant coating.
The Intumescent Flame Retardant Mechanism of Red-phosphorus Containing Ortho-Cresol Novolac / Biphenyl Epoxy Composites
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 623~633
The flame retardant and thermal properties of ortho-cresol novolac (OCN) and biphenyl epoxy blends containing red-phosphorus were investigated. For five types of compounds designed with the volume ratio of OCN and biphenyl epoxy, thermal properties were analysed by TGA or DTC, and flame retardancy effectiveness was estimated through UL-94V test. While the flame retardant and thermal properties were improved with the content of filler and red-phosphorus, the excessive amount of red-phosphorus caused to deteriorate those properties. Using the blends of OCN/biphenyl rather than pure OCN or biphenyl epoxy as a matrix the flame retardancy of composites could be improved by the synergic effects of high thermal resistance of OCN and intumescent property of biphenyl. The flame retardant me chanism of epoxy compound containing red-phosphorus could be thought of the heat-insulating effect of intumescent char-layer formed in the surface of composites.
Studies on the Patterning of Polyimide LB Film and Its Application for Bioelectronic Device
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 634~643
Ultrathin film of polyamic acid having benzene and sulfonyloxyimide moieties was prepared using the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique, and then photosensitive polyimide LB film was obtained by the thermal treatment of precursor polyamic acid multilayers at 200
for 1 hr. The polyamic acid was synthesized by condensation polymerization under THF and pyridine cosolvent. All monomers and polymers were identified through elemental analysis, FT-IR and
H-NMR spectroscopic measurements. The microarray patterning of photosensitive polyimide LB film on a gold substrate was generated with a deep UV lithography technique. The well-characterized monolayer of cytochrome c was immobilized on the microarray patterns using two different self-assembly processes. Physical and electrochemical properties of the self-assembled cytochrome c monolayer were investigated based on cyclic voltammetry and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Also, its application in bioelectronic device was examined.
Effect of ,Shear Stress on the Viscosity and Electrical Conductivity for the Metal-Filled Composite Materials
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 644~652
This study aims at developing the conductive pastes consisting of room temperature vulcanizing (RTV) silicone and metal powder as matrix and filler, respectively. Electrical and rheological properties of metal - filled polymer composites are in general strongly affected by particle shape, side and dispersion state of the filler. In highly filled systems, particles tend to form very complex agglomerated structure which is easily changed when subjected to shear deformation. And the breakdown of agglomerated particles due to shear usually leads to the change of electrical conductivity of the composite. In this study, the effect of particle size and dispersion state of filler on the electrical conductivity of the composites are investigated to offer the selection criteria of conductive filler by measuring the rheological properties of uncured composites and the electrical conductivity of the cured composites. It was found that the type of metal filler systematically affected the rheological property, the susceptibility to shear and the degree of change of electrical conductivity of the composite. The effect of shear on the properties is more conspicuous in the composites containing large particle, indicating that both rheological and electrical properties can be improved by controlling the dispersion state at a given filler content.
Velume Phase Transition of Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide-co-sodium methacrylate) Hydrogel Crosslinked with Poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 653~660
The volume phase transition of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) and poly (N-isopropylacrylamide-co-sodium methacrylate) (P (NIPAAm-co-SMA)) hydrogels crosslinked with poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) was investigated in consideration of water content and surface area. The volume phase transition temperature of hydrogel was not affected by the concentration of crosslinking agent, which increased over 40
by incorporating a small amount of SMA. Higher volume phase transition temperature was obtained when PEGAD was used as a crosslinking agent, suggesting that the chain length of crosslinking agent had a significant effect on the volume phase transition temperature. The surface area of PNIPAAm and P (NIPAAm-co-SMA) gels fell off around the volume phase transition temperature, resulting from the fact that the size of pores reduced remarkably in the course of the volume phase transition. Hence, the surface area and the pore size were considered to be important factors indicating the volume phase transition.
Adsorption Properties of SO
Using Fibrous Strong-base Anionic ion Exchange Scrubber
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 661~669
The purpose of this research is to absorb and remove sulfur dioxide existing in the air by using ion exchange non-woven fabric. So we found out very appropriate condition of anionic exchange fabric scrubber by measuring amount of SO
adsorption under the atmosphere that concentration, velocity, and humidity was 100∼200 ppm, 0.6∼1.0 m/sec, and 30∼90 RH%, respectively. Ion exchange capacity of ion exchanger showed the maximum value, 3.75 meq/g at pH 4, and adsorption equilibrium time was the maximum value, 30 h when gas velocity was 0.6 m/sec, moreover, at 80
, adsorption equilibrium time tended to decrease more than 10 h. When concentration was 200 ppm, while reaction speed between SO
and ligand of fibrous ion exchanger was getting faster, adsorption break point had a tendency to get faster as well. In addition, when relative humidity in the scrubber was 90%, adsorption efficiency was 7.6%/h that seemed to be 30% higher than 4.6%/h coming from the condition that relative humidity had been 30%, and it was totally absorbed under 5 wt% NaOH solution in 5 minutes.
Effect of Hydrophilic Polymers on the Release of BCNU from BCNU-loaded PLGA Wafer
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 670~679
1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU, carmustine) is one of the effective chemotherapeutic agents which has been used clinically for treating malignant glioma. Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA, molecular weight: 20000 g/mole. mole ratio of lactide to glycolide 75 : 15) is a well known biodegradable polymer used as a drug carrier for drug delivery system. In this study, we investigated the BCNU release behaviour of BCNU-loaded PLGA wafers containing poly (N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) or polyethyleneoxide (PEO) and the effect of hydrophilic polymers incoporated in the wafers. BCNU-loaded PLGA microparticles with or without hydrophilic polymers were prepared by a spray drying method and fabricated into wafers by direct compression. Encapsulation efficiency of BCNU-loaded PLGA microparticles containing PVP and PEO was 85 ∼ 97% and crystallinity of BCNU encapsulated in PLGA decreased significantly initial release amount and release rate of BCNU increased with the increasing PVP or PEO amount. Morphological change and mass loss of wafers during the release test were confirmed that hydration and degradation of PLGA would be facilitated with an increase of hydrophilic polymers.
Preparation and Characterization of Pamidronate-loaded PLGA Wafer for the Treatment of Bone Resorption
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 680~690
Implantable biodegradable wafers were prepared with pamidronate -loaded poly (L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA, 75 : 25 mole ratio by lactide to glycolide, molecular weight : 20000 and 90000 g/mole) by direct compression method for the sustained release of pamidronate to investigate the possibility for the treatment of bone resorption. Pamidronate-loaded PLGA powders were prepared by means of physical mixing and spray drying with the control of formulation factors and characterized by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffractometer. The pamidronate-loaded PLGA powders fabricated into wafers by direct compression under the constant pressure and time at room temperature. These wafers were also observed for their structural characteristic, release pattern, and degradation pattern. The release rate of pamidronate increased with increasing their initial loading ratio as well as increasing wafer thickness. The molecular weight of PLGA affects the release pattern : the higher molecular weight of PLGA, the faster release rate. It can be explained that the higher viscosity of high molecular PLGA solution at same concentration tends to aggregate PLGA and pamidronate resulting in unstable pharmaceutical dosage form. This system had advantages in terms of simplicity in design and obviousness of drug release rate and nay be useful as an implantable dosage form for the treatment of aural cholesteatoma.
Characteristics of BCNU-loaded PLGA Wafers
Polymer Korea, volume 26, issue 5, 2002, Pages 691~700
Interstitial therapy using biodegradable polymeric device loaded with anticancer agent can deliver the drug to the tumor site at high concentration, resulting in an increase of therapeutic efficacy. 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU, carmustine) is most commonly used as chemotherapeutic agent for brain tumors. The design of implantable device is regarded as an important factor lot the efficient delivery of antitumor agent to targeting site. In order to control the release profile of drug, the release pattern of BCNU with the changes of various dimension and additives was investigated. The PLGA wafers containing 3.85, 10, 20 and 30% of BCNU were prepared in various shape (diameter of 3, 5 and 10 mm, thickness of 0.5, 1 and 2 mm) by direct compression method. In vitro drug release profile of BCNU-loaded PLGA wafers could be controlled by changing the dimension of wafers such as initial drug content, weight, diameter, thickness, volume and surface area of wafers, as well as PLGA molecular weight and additives. Drug release from BCNU-loaded PLGA wafers was facilitated with an increase of BCNU-loading amount or presence of poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)(PVP) or sodium chloride (NaCl). The effects of various geometric factors and additives on the BCNU release pattern were confirmed by the investigation of mass loss and morphology of BCNU-loaded PLGA wafers.