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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Polymer Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Nov 2003
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Sep 2003
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Jul 2003
Volume 27, Issue 3 - May 2003
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Mar 2003
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
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Comparison of the Crystallization Behavior of Syndiotactic Polypropylene and Isotactic Polypropylene
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 509~520
The study was made to compare the crystallization behavior of polypropylene (PP) with different stereo-regularity. The unit cell parameters, lamellar structure of PP, and the growth of thieir spherulites were strongly dependent upon the crystallization condition. It was shown that metastable structure appeared with increasing cooling rate. The structural change of isotactic PP (iPP) was larger than that of syndiotactic PP (sPP). The crystal structure of sPP showed body centered cell III when it is cooled down with 1
/min. When sPP was grown to primitive cell II structure, both unit cell and lamellar structure were less affected by a cooling rate. The overall crystallization rate of ipp was faster than that of sPP.
Melt and Recrystallization Behavior of Syndiotactic Polypropylene and Isotactic Polypropylene
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 521~527
It was found that polypropylene shows rearrangement of crystal structure during the melting process. For the analysis of recrystallization behavior, the change of dynamic mechanical property, crystallinity, and crystal structure were studied by DSC, FT-IR, SAXS, and DMA. Melt-recrystallization-remelting behavior of iPP was clearly observed when iPP was cooled down kom the melt more rapidly. Elastic modulus of iPP increased during the recrystallization process but crystallinity of iPP shows constant value. Furthermore, the full width of half mean of SAXS pattern decreased about 30%, and intra-lamella ordering of iPP increased during the melt process but is was not found for sPP.
Preparation and Characterization of Fluoroacrylate Copolymer by Emulsion Polymerization
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 528~535
The effects of surfactants, organic solvents, and functional monomers on the emulsion polymerization of perfluoroalkyleoylacryaltes and n-alkylacrylates were investigated. In particular, the dependence of the surface properties, contact angle and water repellency on the crystal melting temperature (T
m/) of the fluorocopolymer and the variation of polymer latex particle sizes was investigated. Using WAXD experiments and synthesizing different types of fluorocopolymers which have fallowing fluoroacrylaytes [CH
) nH] (n = 4, 5 or 6), the relationship between the molecular packing structure of pendent side groups of fluorocopolymers and the surface properties was also investigated. We observed that the structure of primary carbon atoms of pendent side groups of fluorocopolymers plays key role in determining the surface properties.s.
Transdermal Drug Release of Polymer Matrix of Unsaturated Poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate)
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 536~541
Unsaturated poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) (UPHA) was biosynthesized and the properties of drug delivery using the polymer matrix were investigated. The biosynthesis of UPHA was carried out by pH-stat fed batch fermentation of Pseudomonas oleovorans (ATCC 29347) grown solely with 10-undecenoic acid as a carbon source. The physical and chemical properties of the biosynethesized UPHA were characterized using NMR, FT-IR, GPC and DSC. The drug release experiments were carried out using HPLC with a diffusion cell fur the release amount of ketoprofen as model drug. The effects of crosslinking degree, patch thickness, and enhancer on the drug release were studied. The drug release rate was linearly decreased and consistent with increased crosslinking degree of the polymer matrix. The duration of drug release was enhanced by the Increased patch thickness. The drug release rate was increased with increased amount of propylene gylcol as an enhancer.
Preparation and Characterization of Unsaturated Poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) Nanoparticles
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 542~548
Nanoparticles with unsaturated poly(hydroxyalkanoate)s (UPHAs) biosynthesized with Pseudo-monas oleovorans were prepared by spontaneous emulsification solvent diffusion method. The influence of nanoparticle formation was investigated with various experimental parameters such as sonication conditions, sol-vent, surfactant and polymer contents, etc. The physical and chemical properties of UPHAS and its nanoparticles were characterized using
13/C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies, attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and gel permeation chromatography. The morphology of particles was observed using scanning electron microscope and the size and distribution of nanoparticles were measured with electrophoretic light scattering spectrophotometer. The mean diameter of particles decreased with increasing sonication amplitude and time. The addition of ethanol into UPHAS chloroform solution decreased the particle size presumably due to increased solvent diffusion into water phase. The particle size increased with increased the concentration of UPHAS solution. Under the 2-4％ poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) aqueous solution the minimum mean diameter of particles was shown. The higher degree of hydrolysis and degree of polymerization of PVA increased the mean diameter of particles.
Synthesis and Characteristics of Organic Soluble Polyaniline by Emulsion Polymerization
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 549~554
Emeraldine salt of polyaniline-dodecylbenzenesulfdnic acid (PANI-DBSA) in organic solvents such as toluene and xylene was obtained by a direct one-step emulsion polymerization technique. When the molar ratio of DBSA to aniline monomer was 1.5:1, its solubility and electric property showed a maximum value and then the solid contents of PANI-DBSA was 8 wt% in toluene. The cast film of PANI-DBSA with no binder was obtained on glass or plastic substrates under ambient conditions. PANI solution can be also easily blended with polyurethane and polystyrene polymers in toluene. Improved electrical performance up to 5 S/cm was achieved with good light-transmittance up to 70% at 500 m thickness. They also showed more homogeneous morphology than that prepared with PANI-DBSA kom aqueous dispersion polymerization. The partially dispersed PANI-DBSA showed particles sizes of 50-400 m in organic solvents and their XRD pattern were observed from the powder sample.
Surface Characteristics of Silicon Substrates Coated with Octadecyltrichlorosilane
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 555~561
The self-assembled monolayer coating of octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) on the silicon based MEMS was investigated and surface characteristics were considered as a function of coating conditions and reagent composition. The sulfuric peroxide mixture (SPM) solution was used to form -OH group which caused the hydrophilic characteristic on silicon surftce. Highest hydrophilicity was obtained by SPM solution with 85% acid content at room temperature. OTS was applied on the silicon surface by means of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) coating. It was found that sol-gel reaction was took place between -OH group on the silicon surface and -Cl group in OTS. As a result, the contact angle increased due to the increase of hydrophobicity by Si-O bonding of SAMs. Sol-gel reaction could be controlled by coating conditions as well as reagent composition in OTS coating solution.
The Effects of Additives in Waste Tire/Plastic Composites Using Internal Mixer
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 562~568
Environmental problems due to waste tire and waste plastics let us develop practical and economically feasible products. For this purpose, the characteristics of waste tire/plastic composites including various additives were examined using internal mixer. Experimental results indicated that the tensile strength and the flexural strength of waste tire/plastic composites decreased with the waste tire content. When 20 wt% of PP was added to the waste tire (60 wt%)/HDPE composites, the tensile strength was 1.5 times higher than the composite without PP, It was also found that the strain at break of composites increased by 2.5 times with 10 wt% addition of ethylene vinyl acetate and styrene ethylene butylenes styrene respectively. When 10 wt% of glass fiber was added to waste tire (60 wt%)/ HDPE composites, the tensile strength was 63% higher than the composite without glass fiber.
Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene/Montmorillonite Nanocomposites with Halogenated Flame Retardants
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 569~575
The flame retardancy was investigated when the halogenated flame retardant, decabromodiphenyl oxide (DBDPO) and chlorinated paraffin wax (CPW), was added to the polypropylene (PP) / montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites. The flame retardancy of polymer resin could be improved not only by addition of flame retardant but also with nanoparticles compositions. The effect of the contents of flame retardant and nanoparticles on the flame retardancy of polypropylene/ montmorillonite nanocomposite systems was thoroughly examined in terms of limited oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimetry. As a results of cone calorimetry, the heat release rate (HRR) was reduced by the flame retardant DBDPO and CPW, and CPW was a little better than DBDPO. The LOI increased from flammable region (LOI<19) to nonflammable region (LOI>20) for all the flame retardants used in this study. Especially, the improvement in flame retardancy by compounding with PP and MMT was better than that by adding flame retardant to polypropylene. So, the addition of flame retardant after compounding with montmorillonite was more efficient than simple addition of flame retardant.
Flame Retardancy and Mechanical Property of Polypropylene/ Nylon Nanocomposite Reinforced with Montmorillonite
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 576~582
When the halogenated flame retardant, decabromodiphenyl oxide, was added to the polypropylene/nylon blend, and was compounded with montmorillonite and compatibilizer, maleic anhydride polypropylene, the improvement of flame retardancy and mechanical properties was investigated. The degree of dispersion between polymer resin and inorganic nanoparticles was investigated, and the flame retardancy and mechanical properties was measured quantitatively. XRD results showed that the montrnorillonite was com-pletely exfoliated after polypropylen/nylon nanocomposites was mixed above twice. By compounding with montmorillonite, polypropylene/nylon blend system was overcome the deterioration of flame retardancy. The tensile strength and impact strength were slightly increased, and by compounding with montmorillonite, the additional increase in mechanical properties was obtained. Therefore, the flame retardancy of polypropylene / nylon blend was decreased by adding nylon, but by compounding with inorganic nanoparticle, improvement of the flame retardancy and mechanical properties was obtained.
Anticoagulation Activities of Low Molecular Weight Sulfated Chitosan and Sulfated Sodium Alginate
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 583~588
Sulfated chitosan and sulfated sodium alginate were synthesized by sulfating reaction of low molecular chitosan and low molecular sodium alginate with SO
-pyridine complex. When the weight ratio of SO
-pyridine complex to polysaccharide was 1:5, the degrees of sulfation were the highest at 2.75 and 2.53 respectively. The anticoagulation effect was the highest when the molecular weight was 8.0
Da, and the anticoagulation activity was the highest at 91% of that of heparin when sulfated chitosan and sulfated sodium alginate were mixed at a weight ratio of 1:1. The anticoagulation activity was highest at 84% of that of heparin in the active plastin trombo test (aPTT) when sulfated chitosan and sulfated sodium alginate were mixed at a weight ratio of 1:1.
Effect of Organic Modifiers and Mixing Times on the Properties of Unsaturated Polyester/Montmorillonite Nanocomposite
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 589~595
Unsaturated polyester (UP) nanocomposite with montmorillonite (MMT) which contains different types of organic modifiers far nano-filler have been prepared to investigate the effect of chemical structure of organic modifiers and mixing time of all components on properties of products. It was found that the morphology and various physical properties of UP/MMT nanocomposites were influenced by properties of organic modifiers of MMTs. It was also confirmed that the content of MMT does not significantly affect properties of UP/MMT nanocomposites.
Adhesive Properties of Acrylic Emulsion Pressure Sensitive Adhesives with Polymeric Emulsifier
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 596~602
A Polymeric emulsifier was synthesized by solution polymerization with 2-ethylhexyl acrylate, n-butyl acrylate, and acrylic acid. A series of polymeric emulsifier have been used in the emulsion copolymerization of 2-ethylhexyl actryacrylate and n-butyl acrylate. The size of the synthesized latex particles was around 145 nm and its distribution was very narrow. Emulsion with polymeric emusifier showed no coagulum after 7 cycles of freeze-thaw test, while the emulsion with traditional emulsifier exhibited coagulum after 2 cycles. The adhesion tests showed that the initial tackiness and peel strength decreased as the molecular weight and acrylic acid content of polymeric emulsifier increased, whereas the holding power increased.
ETIR and Raman Spectroscopic Studies of Crystallization and Polymorphism of Syndiotactic Polystyrene
Polymer Korea, volume 27, issue 6, 2003, Pages 603~608
Syndiotactic polystyrene (s-PS) presents a very complex polymorphic behavior depending on the sample preparation history and exhibits a solid-solid phase transition. Each different polymorphic structures of the s-PS sample were prepared by annealing the samples from room temperature to 220
. The structural changes induced by annealing were investigated using FTIR and FT-Raman spectroscopy. Although the crystallization kinetics of s-PS are difficult to investigate with DSC due to its fast crystallization rate, it was possible to determine crystallinity changes in the s-PS sample using infrared characteristic peaks with Beer-Lambert's law.