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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Polymer Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Nov 2004
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Sep 2004
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 28, Issue 3 - May 2004
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
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Surface Characteristics of Silicon Substrates Coated with Self-assembled Mono-layers
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 3~9
Silane modified perfluoropolyethers (SPFPE) was synthesized as a self-assembled mono-layers (SAMs) thin film for micro-electro mechanical system (MEMS). SPFPE was compared to the Perfluoropolyethers (PFPE) as well as octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) and perfluorooctyltrichlorosilane (FOTS) with respect to the development of hydrophobicity in the SAMs surface. SPFPE shows less hydrophobicity than those of OTS and FOTS. Thermal annealing of SPFPE SAMs resulted in the enhancement of hydrophobicity as much as those of OTS and FOTS. The SAMs formed from SPFPE were found to be similar as OTS and FOTS SAMs with smooth R
a/ values of 0.3 nm. However, the flexible chain mobility of SPFPE resulted in 50% reduction as much as the fiction force in OTS.
Miniemulsion Polymerization of Poly(vinyl acetate) Nanoparticles Stabilized by Hexadecane
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 10~17
Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) nanoparticles were synthesized in oil/water miniemulsion polymerization in the presence of low amount of hexadecane as a cosurfactant. The nanoparticles were tested to apply as a drug carrier. The shape of nanoparticles was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and the average particle size and size distribution were examined by particle size analyzer. Inclusion of antibiotic drugs into the nanoparticles was confirmed by CHO, C=O, and OH peak of FT-IR. Size of the nanoparticles were adjusted between 80∼300 nm by changing the homogenization rate and amount of cosurfactant and surfactant. The monomer droplets prepared by miniemulsion method using a cosurfactant were homogeneous and stable compared with those prepared by conventional emulsion polymerization. This might be occurred due to the prevention of Ostwald ripening and coalescence between droplets by using hexadecane as a cosurfactant.
Preparation and Swelling Properties of Poly(potassium acrylate-co-acrylamide) Superabsorbent Particles
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 18~23
Superabsorbent poly(potassium acrylate-co-acrylamide)s were synthesized in particle form using inverse suspension polymerization technique. Mean diameter of the prepared polymer particles decreased from 300 to 50
with increasing surfactant concentration. The dynamic and equilibrium swelling behaviors during water absorption and drying process were investigated by weight measurement. The swelling ratio of polymer particles in water changed according to not only polymer crosslinking density, but particle size, saline concentration of aqueous medium, and copolymer compositions. Water sorption amount was increased with decreasing particle size, crosslinking agent concentration, and ion concentration in bulk solution. Being different from the water sorption process, the drying process was not significantly affected by particle size, polymer composition, or crosslinking amount.
Non-Fickian Diffusion of Organic Solvents in Fluoropolymeys
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 24~34
Transient sorption experiments were conducted among several combinations of fluoropolymers and various organic solvents. Fully fluorinated polymer tended to exhibit ideal sorption behavior, while partially fluorinated polymers showed anomalous sorption behaviors with a drastic acceleration at the final stage of uptake. Minimization of least-squares of the measured and predicted fractional uptake, which indicated the increasing degree of deviation from Fickian diffusion, gave values of 3.0
-2/, respectively, for perfluoroalkoxy copolymer, poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene), poly(vinylidene fluoride), poly(ethylene-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene). From stress-strain tests, it was confirmed that non-Fickian diffusion is closely related to the significant variation of mechanical properties (such as modulus and tensile strength) of swollen polymer. Anomalous sorption behavior stemmed from non-Fickian diffusion caused by nonlinear disruption of polar inter-segmental bonds due to solvent-induced plasticization. Thus, it is imperative to investigate the diffusion behavior of swelling solvents in partially fluorinated polymers, especially for the application to barrier materials or perm-selective membranes.
Void Formation Mechanism of Thermoset
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 35~40
The formation mechanism of void defect which deteriorate composite's property is various according to each composite process. In this paper, void formation and growth mechanism is analyzed by thermal analysis and GC/MS. We made a vacuum chamber for observing pressure effect. Thermal analysis has been done in various condition. Elements of volatiles during resin curing were turned out by GC/MS. The most of volatiles of polyester were composed of styrene (over 80%) and a small quantity of toluene. In case epoxy resin, butyl glycidyl ether was the main element of volatiles (over 90%). We concluded that the original sites of void growth existed in resin and they were eliminated by vacuum and heating process. And the growth of void was influenced by water, diluents, solvent, and reactants in resin.
Thermotropic Behavior of Hydroxypropyl Chitosans Bearing Cholesteryl and Acryloyl Groups
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 41~50
A new hydroxypropyl chitosan capable of forming a thermotropic liquid crystalline phase and two kinds of derivatives based on the hydroxypropyl chitosan (6-cholesteryloxycarbonylpentoxypropyl) chitosans (CHPCTs) and acrylic acid esters of CHPCT (CHPCTEs) were synthesized. The crosslinked films with liquid crystalline order were also prepared by photocrosslinking CHPCTE in mesophase. The liquid crystalline properties for all the samples and the swelling behavior of the crosslinked samples in acetone were investigated. In contrast with the hydroxypropyl chitosan, all the uncrosslinked cholesteryl-bearing samples farmed monotropic cholesteric phases with left-handed helicoidal structures and exhibited reflection colors over the full cholesteric range. This is the first report of a thermotropic cholesteric liquid crystalline chitosan derivative with reflection bands in the visible region. Both the optical pitches (λ
m/'S) of CHPCT and CHPCTE decrease with temperature or with cholesteryl content at a given temperature. However, the λ
m/ of CHPCT was larger than that of CHPCTE at the same temperature and at the same cholesteryl content. All the crosslinked samples did not display reflection colors, indicating that the cholesteric structure of CHPCTE significantly changes upon crosslinking. The two-dimentional anisotropic swelling characteristic of liquid crystalline networks was observed for all the crosslinked samples.
Bubble Nucleation in Polymer Solutions
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 51~58
The molecular cluster model for the homogeneous bubble nucleation rather than the classical nucleation theory was extended to predict the bubble nucleation events in elastomers(cross-linked polymers), polymers and polymer which are dissolved in the organic solvent. The classical theory assumes the formation of the critical bubble while the molecular cluster model assumes the critical cluster as for the initiation of the bubble nucleation. For the bubble nucleation in elastomers and polymers, the strain energy overcome by a critical bubble was also considered. The calculation results for the number of bubbles nucleated in elastormers and polymer solutions, which are about 10
12/ bubbles/㎤ are in good agreement with observed ones
Temperature-Dependent Release of Drug from Copolymers of N-Isopropylacrylamide Containing Liposome
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 59~66
Thermosensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gels containing temperature-sensitive liposomes showing temperature-dependent sol-gel transition were prepared. The surface of temperature-sensitive liposome was modified with copolymers of N-isopropylacrylamide and octadecylacrylate, which exhibited a lower critical solution temperature at around 30
After mixing the modified temperature-sensitive liposomes with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) solution, the temperature-sensitive 1iposomes formed physically cross-linked gels through heating the solution above their lower critical solution temperatures. The release of drug from temperature-sensitive liposomes was determined by measuring fluorescence intensity. The drug release from temperature-sensitive liposomes in poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel gradually showed sustained-release with increasing temperature.
Structure Development of Uniaxially Drawn Poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/ Poly(ethylene terephthalnte) Blends
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~76
The effects of drawing temperature and draw down ratio on thermal properties, crystallinity and orientation of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)/poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PTT/PET) 100/0 ,90/10, and 80/20 blends have been investigated. The crystallinity and glass transition temperature increased while cold crystallization temperature and cold enthalpy decreased due to the development of orientation and stress induced crystallization by the cord drawing. Introducing PET to PTT decreased the crystallinity of PTT. However, it enhanced the orientation of PTT/PET blends drawn at below the glass transition temperature of PET. This lead to the increase of tensile modulus and tensile strength of PTT/PET blends. The shrinkage increased with increasing orientation, which might be minimized by the development of crystalline morphology of PTT in the course of cold drawing.
Surface and Chemical Properties of Surface-modified UHMWPE Powder and Mechanical Properties of Self Curing PMMA Bone Cement Containing UHMWPE Powder I. Effect of MMA/Xylene Contents on Surface Modification of UHMWPE
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 77~85
It has been widely used ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) for the biomaterials due to its excellent mechanical properties and biocompatibility. In the case of blend of UHMPE with another polymeric biomaterials, however, UHMWPE might have low blend compatibility due to surface inertness. In this study, in order to improve the mechanical properties of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement by means of the impregnation of UHMWPE powder, we developed the novel surface modification method by the mixture of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and xylene. We investigated the variation of composition of MMA/xylene. It was confirmed by the analysis of Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflectance, scanning electron microscope, universal transverse mercator, and digital thermometer. The maximum mechanical strength of surface modified UHMWPE powder impregnated PMMA bone cement compound was observed the ratio of 1 : 1 (v/v％) MMA/xylene. Also its curing temperature decreased from 103
to 58 ∼ 73
The mechanism of surface modification of UHMWPE powder by the mixture of MMA/xylene has been proposed.
Synthetic Hydrogel as an Implant Material with Enhanced Biocompatibility and Biostability
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 86~91
Hydrogels with enhanced biocompatibility and biostability were prepared by copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and sodium methacrylate (SMA) at high monomer concentration to replace a sponge which has limited applications as an implant material. It was found that incorporation of SMA moiety suppressed cytotoxicity. P(HEMA-co-SMA) hydrogel prepared at SMA feed ratio of 0.05 showed minimal cytotoxicity as compared with a normal cell culture plate. The adhesion and the spreading of cells were preferred on the surface of the hydrogel prepared with SMA feed ratio of 0.01. On the other hand, the hydrogel prepared with SMA feed ratio of 0.05 showed lower cell adhesion. Histological findings revealed no evidence of significant foreign body reaction in the tissues around the copolymer hydrogels. Conclusively, it is suggested that the hydrogels prepared by copolymerization of HEMA and SMA at high monomer concentration are strong candidates for an implant material with excellent biocompatibility and biostability.
Synthesis and Characteristics of Hydxoxypropyl Celluloses Containing Cholesteryl and Acryloyl Groups
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 1, 2004, Pages 92~102
(6-Cholesteryloxycarbonylpentoxypropyl)celluloses (CHPCs) with degree of esterification (DE) ranging from 2.25 to 2.91 were synthesized by reacting hydroxypropyl cellulose with 6-cholesteryloxycarbonylpentanoyl chloride. The acrylic esters of CHPCs (CHPCEs) and their photocrosslinked films with liquidcrystalline order were also synthesized. The thermotropic properties of mesophase for both uncrosslinked and crosslinked samples and the swelling behavior of the crosslinked samples in acetone were investigated. The hydroxypropyl cellulose exhibited an enantiotropic cholesteric phas, while all the uncrosslinked cholesterylbearing samples exhibited a monotropic cholesteric phases; the 6-cholesteryloxycarbonylpentanoyl chloride also showed a monotropic smectic phase. The hydroxypropyl cellulose formed a right-handed helix whose optical pitch (λ
m/) increases with temperature, whereas all the uncrosslinked derivatives farmed left-handed helices whose λ
m/'s decreased with temperature. The thermal stability of the mesophase and the magnitude of λ
m/ at the same temperature for both CHPCs and CHPCEs decreased with increasing DE. All the crosslinked samples, in constrast with CHPCEs, did not display reflection colors but exhibited an anisotropic swelling characteristic of crosslinked gel retaining liquid-crystalline order.