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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Polymer Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Nov 2004
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Sep 2004
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 28, Issue 3 - May 2004
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Preparation and Release Characterization of Biodegradable Poly(
-caprolactone) Microcapsules Containing Tocopherol
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 103~110
The biodegradable poly(
-caprolactone) (PCL) microcapsules containing tocopherol were prepared by oil-in-water emulsion solvent evaporation method. The features of the microcapsules were investigated in the manufacturing conditions and degradation behaviors. The form and structural feature of the microcapsules were measured by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction, respectively. The surface free energy of the microcapsules was executed using contact angle measurement. As a result, the microcapsules were more stable and spherical with poly(vinyl alcohol) given in a surfactant. The surface free energy and crystallinity of microcapsules were decreased with increasing the core concentration, and degradation of PCL was occurred after 21 days. The release behaviors were examined by Uv/vis. spectrophotometer. It was found that the release rate of the microcapsules was increased with increasing the stirring rate, due to the increased interface between microcapsules and release media.
Two Critical Aggregation Concentrations in Interaction of Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) with Anionic Surfactant Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 111~120
The interaction between poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) of positive charge per repeating unit and anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated by light scattering, turbidimetry and fluorescence. Chain behavior of PDADMAC in 0.3 M NaCl aqueous solution seems like neutral polymer chain In good solvent. By adding SDS into PDADMAC solution, strong attractive interaction develops between them, and can be described with two kinds of critical aggregation concentration(CAC). First, at [SDS]/]DADMAC] 0.06, intramolecular critical micellization of SDS occurs inside a single polymer chain. The maximum size of SDS-polymer complex is observed just before intramolecular CAC. Above intramolecular CAC, the size of this complex starts to shrink slowly due to involvement of polymer subchain in micelle. Second, intermolecular CAC is also observed at [SDS]/[DADMAC] 0.5 by means of turbidimetry. Strong aggregation of polymer chains decorated with many micelles occurs after the second CAC, and huge aggregates have formed.
Mass Transfer Phenomena in Polycondensation Reaction of Poly(ethylene naphthalate)
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 121~127
The instantaneous removal of ethylene glycol is very important fur obtaining high molecular weight polymer because of the reversibility of the polycondensation reaction of poly(ethylene naphthalate)(PEN). In this study, we investigated the mass transfer phenomena in the thin film of PEN oligomer where the polycondensation reaction took place at 280
and under 0.1mmHg. In case of less than 0.025cm film thickness the mass transfer resistance through the thin film of the polymer melt was not so high that the overall reaction rate was governed only by the polycondenstion reaction. Both the mass transfer model and the diffusion model predicted the experimenatal data well but the diffusion model showed faster reaction rate in the low molecular weight range than the mass transfer model . It was estimated from the two models that the diffusivity was 4.7
/sec and the mass transfer coefficient was 1.4
-4/cm/sec both of which were smaller than In case of poly(ethylene terephthalate).
Preparation of Cellulose Nanoparticles Loaded with Vitamin E Acetate
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 128~134
Cellulose nanoparticles loaded with vitamin I acetate were prepared by modified spantaneous emulsification solvent diffusion method. After cellulose derivatives were dissolved in mixed acetone/ethanol organic solvent with vitamin E acetate, cellulose nanoparticle suspensions were dispersed in poly(oxyethylene sorbitane monooleate) solution using ultrasonicator. Particle size and loading amount of vitamin I acetate were measured by particle size analyser and UV-spectrometer, respectively. The stability of nanoparticle was determined by measuring the change of the particle size at room temperature for 30 days and the morphology was observed by SEM. Morphology of cellulose nanoparticles was spherical and particle size was not changed at room temperature for 30 days. The optimum condition for the preparation of cellulose nanoparticles was 1% w/v cellulose nitrate with 8% w/v poly(oxyethylene sorbitane monooleate) solution. It showed that particle size and loading amount of vitamin E acetate was 65nm and 71%, respectively.
Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl acetate-Butyl acrylate Copolymer
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 135~142
Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) prepared by emulsion polymerization has broad applications for additives such as paint binder, adhesive for wood and paper due to its low glass transition temperature which help to plasticize substrate resins. Since emulsion polymerization has a disadvantage that surfactant and ionic initiator degrade properties of the product polymer, poly(vinyl acetate-co-butyl acrylate) (VVc-BA) was synthesized using potassium persulfate as catalyst and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as protective colloid to prevent the degradation. The copolymer latex product was internally plasticized and has enhanced colloid stability, adhesion, tensile strength and elongation. During VAc-BA emulsion polymerization, no coagulation and complete conversion occur with the reactant mixture of 0.7wt% potassium persulfate, 15wt% poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA-217), and the balanced monomer that the weight ratio of vinyl acetate to butyl acrylate is 19. As the concentrations of PVA increase, the copolymerization becomes faster and polymer particles are more stable, resulting in enhanced mechanical stability of the VAc-BA copolymer. However, the size of the polymer particles decreases with increasing PVA contents. Properties of the VAc-BA copolymer, such as minimum film formation temperature, glass transition temperature, surface morphology, molecular weight and molecular weight distribution, tensile strength and elongation, were characterized using differential scanning calorimeter, transmission electron microscope and other instruments.
Preparation and Characteristics of Liquid Silicone Rubber Using Polyorganosiloxane Modified with Dimethylacrylamide
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 143~148
-Hydrogen polyorganosiloxane(HPMDMS) prepolymer was prepared from equilibrium polymerization ofoctamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, 1,3,5-trimethylcyclotrisiloxane, 1,3,5,7-tetravinyl-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-cyclotetrasiloxane, and 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl disiloxane as an end-blocker in the presence of tetramethylammonium siloxanolate as a catalyst. Polyorganosiloxane modified with dimethylacrylamide(APMDMS) was prepared by hydrosilylation of HPMDMS with dimethylacrylamide in the presence of Pt catalyst, and followed by coordination of metal oxide (APMDMS-MO), such as NiO and FeO, to the amide moieties of the resulting polymer. The chemical structures of HPMDMS and APMDMS were confirmed by FT-IR and
H-NMR analysis. Liquid silicone rubber containing metal oxide composite (LSRMO) was prepared by compounding APMDMS-MO,
-vinylpolydimethylsiloxane, and a catalyst in a high speed dissolver. The thermal conductivity of LSRMO composite was determined to be 0.29 W/mK, and the volume resistivity exhibited a lower value than that of LSR composite. The mechanical and thermal properties of LSRMO and LSR composite were measured by UTM and TGA.
Phase Transition and ionic Conductivity of Cesium Hydrogen Sulfate-PAN Composites
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 149~153
The cesium hydrogen sulfate (CsHSO
) crystal is a superprotonic conductor above 140
and possesses protonic conductivity three to low orders of magnitude higher than that at room temperature. Recently, the possibility of it as an electrolyte material for fuel cell system draws much attention. However, its plasticity and absorption of humidity place a limitation on its application. In this study, composites consisting of CsHSO
and polyacrylonitrile were prepared, and their phase transition properties and the ionic conductivities were evaluated. When the content of CsHSO
was about 80 vol%, a mechanically strong film with the protonic conductivity of 1
-1/ were made.
Aggregation of Partially Quarternized Poly(4-vinylpyridine) with Anionic Surfactant Sodium Dodecvl Sulfate
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 154~161
Modified poly(4-vinylpyridine) was obtained by partial quarternization of nitrogen atoms in pyridine rings of poly(4-vinylpyridine) with methyl group. By means of laser light scattering and fluorescence, it was found that this modified polymer chains were aggregated in the aqueous solution and its structure was core-shell type. The hydrophobic parts of the chains were densely condensed in core part and the hydrophilic part of quarternized amino with positive charge formed the shell part. In the mixed system of modified poly(4-vinylpyridine) and anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate, it was observed that a critical aggregation concentration existed and that this critical concentration was suddenly decreased above 0.1 M NaCl. The size change of aggregates was also investigated by dynamic light scattering while sodium dodecyl sulfate was added into polymer solution upto the critical aggregation concentration.
Properties of Poly(oxymethylene)/Modified Poly[styrene-b-(ethylene-1-butene)-b-styrene] Triblock Copolymer Blends
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 162~169
Poly[styrene-b-(ethylene-1-butene)-b-styrene] triblock copolymer (SEBS) was functionalized with 0 to 3.0 phr maleic anhydride and the amount of dicumyl peroxide used as an initiator was varied from 0 to 0.3phr. The gel content of the modified SEBS was determined by xylene extraction and poly(oxymethylene) was blended with the modified SEBS. The impact, tensile, flexural strength and morphologies of the blends were investigated. The Izod impact strength of poly(oxymethylene) was improved through its blending with modified SEBS. However, the Izod impact strength of poly(oxymethylene)/modified SEBS blend decreased above 5% modified SEBS content. Regarding the effect of dicumyl peroxide content on the Izod impact strength, the blend had a maximum Izod impact strength when poly(oxymethylene) was blended with modified SEBS prepared with 0.1 phr dicumyl peroxide. It was also confirmed by SEM micrographs that the average particle size of modified SEBS in poly(oxymethylene)/modified SEBS blends was smaller than that of SEBS in poly(oxymethylene)/SEBS blends.
Effect of Reaction Conditions on the Size and Size Distribution of Magnetite Nanoparticles Coated with Siloxane
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 170~176
The effect of reaction conditions on the size and size distribution of superparamagnetic iron oxide coated with siloxane was big investigated by using dynamic light scattering. The hydrogen bond between the hydroxyl groups on tile surface of the magnetite and silanol was confirmed by FT-IR. The size of nanoparticles increased with the reaction temperature, but decreased with monomer contents and agitation speeds. There was not a big difference in size of nanoparticles, prepared by different reaction conditions, but its distribution was in the range of 14∼41nm. All samples exhibited the superparamagnetic nature. The magnetic susceptibility of the nanoparticles increased with the reaction temperature while it decreased with the monomer content and agitation speed.
Synthesis and Characterization of Allyl Ester Resin-Layered Silicate Nanocomposite
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 177~184
Polymer-clay nanocomposite containing the low amounts of clay shows improved physical, mechanical properties. In this study, allyl ester prepolymer was synthesised by reactions of the diallyl terephthalate monomers and the 1,3-butanediol monomers. Nanocomposites of allyl ester prepolymer and the two kinds of the organically layered silicate were prepared by using the intercalation method as well as the in-situ polymerization method using. By varying the amount of clay content, curing conditions, and feeding conditions. the nanocomposite was studied using X-ray diffraction. From XRD results, allyl ester-Cloisite 30 B nanocomposite made by the in-situ polymerization method shows better exfoliation behavior compared with the intercalation method. It can be said that the transesterification reaction between functional groups (-OH) of intercalant and monomers results in the increased gallery distance. Also mechanical and thermal properties indicate that the dispersity of clay is an important factor for improving physical properties of the nanocomposite.
Preparation and Physical Properties of Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber Nanocomposites Filled with Zinc Dimethacrylate
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 185~193
Elastomeric nanocomposites were prepared by employing zinc dimethacrylate into an acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber, and their network structures, mechanical properties, and fracture morphologies were investigated according to the adding methods and contents of zinc dimethacrylate. The total crosslink density increased with increasing the zinc dimethacrylate level, due to increased ionic bonds. Both the tensile strength and tear strength increased with increasing zinc dimethacrylate loadings, and then decreased after reaching a maximum value. It was found that the tear strength and crack resistance were greatly affected by the mixing method of zinc dimethacrylate. The in-situ nanocomposites, where zinc dimethacrylate particles were formed by the reaction of zinc oxide and methacrylic acid, showed much improved tear strength and crack resistance compared to those of the nanocomposites based on the direct mixing of zinc dimetacrylate powders. This was because of the finer zinc dimethacrylate particles and improved dispersion of the in-situ nanocomposites.
Preparation and Characterization of Sponge Using Porcine Small Intestinal Submucosa
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 194~200
Porcine small intestine submucosa (SIS) has been widely used as a biomaterial without immunorejection responses. Crosslinked SIS sponges were characterized for the possibility of the bio-interactive wound dressings and tissue engineered scaffolds. SIS powders were dissolved in 3% acetic acid aqueous solution at 48hrs followed by pouring into mold and then fabricated by freeze-drying method. SIS sponge was prepared by crosslinked with 1-ethyl-(3-3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) solution (deionized water: ethanol=5:95) with 1-100mM concentration for 24 hrs and Iyophilized. SIS sponges were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimeter, and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer and were tested their porosity and water absorption ability. It was observed that the concentration of EDC might be exceeded 50 mM to get good physical characteristics. In conclusion, it seems that SIS sponge could be very useful for the applications of wound healing and tissue construction.
Viscoelastic Characteristics of Plasticized Cellulose Nanocomposites
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 201~205
Single-Mode Propagation in Polymer Photonic-Crystal Fibers
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 2004, Pages 206~209