Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Polymer Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Nov 2004
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Sep 2004
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 28, Issue 3 - May 2004
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Mar 2004
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Nondestructive Damage Sensitivity of Carbon Nanotube and Nanofiber/Epoxy Composites using Electro- Micromechanical Technique and Acoustic Emission
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 285~290
Nondestructive damage sensitivity of carbon nanotube(CNT) and nanofiber (CNF)/epoxy composites with their adding contents was investigated using electro-micromechanical technique. Carbon black (CB) was used only for the comparison with CNT and CNF. The fracture of carbon fiber was detected by acoustic emission (AE), which was correlated to the change in electrical resistance, ΔR under double-matrix composites (DMC) test. Stress sensing on carbon nanocomposites was performed by electro-pullout test under uniform cyclic loading. At the same volume fraction, the damage sensitivity for fiber fracture, matrix deformation and stress sensing were highest for CNT/epoxy composite, whereas for CB/epoxy composite they were the lowest among three carbon nanomaterials (CNMs). Damage sensitivity was correlated with morphological observation of carbon nanocomposites. Homogeneous dispersion among CNMs could be keying parameters for better damage monitoring. In this study, damage sensing of carbon nanocomposites could be evaluated well nondestructively by the electrical resistance measurement with AE.
Drug Release Behavior and Degradability of Microspheres Prepared using Water-Soluble Chitosan
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 291~297
Water-soluble chitosan micro spheres were prepared by emulsification of chitosan solution in mineral oil followed by cross linking reaction with different amount of the cross linking agent (glutraraldehyde), different chitosan concentration. Then, the physicochemical properties such as morphological change by degradation, drug loading efficiency, and drug release profiles were investigated with the drug loaded water-soluble chitosan microspheres. Norfloxacin loaded water-soluble chitosan micro spheres showed excellent drug entrapping capacities without burst release caused by surface bound drug. The absence of the surface bound drug also confirmed by X-ray diffraction study. Degradation and drug release studies showed that the amount of the crosslinking agent played a crucial role for drug loading, release and degradation. The water-soluble chitosan micro spheres showed more sustained drug release profiles with slower degradation and larger particle size by increasing crosslinking agent.
Electro-Optic Characteristics of Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Cell with Transparent State Initially
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 298~304
We fabricated a polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) cell using LC with negative dielectric anisotropy and UV curable monomer exhibiting transparent state initially (called normally transparent (NT)) and studied the electro-optic characteristics. The NT PDLC cell made with the ratio of LC : monomer = 70/30 wt%, curing temperature of 20
and strong UV intensity of 198 ㎽/
had high contrast ratio and showed good electro-optic characteristics. In this condition, LC is aligned vertically on the substrate due to the vertical alignment layer and the polymer made with the UV exposure does not influence the alignment of the LC much. Therefore, the transmittance at the zero voltage is very high and the scattering state of the cell is good after applying the voltage because LC with negative dielectric anisotropy tries to align perpendicular to the field. And also, the NT PDLC cell showed better viewing angle characteristics than that in the normally scattering (NS) PDLC.
Fabrication Process of a Nano-precision Polydimethylsiloxane Replica using Vacuum Pressure-Difference Technique
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 305~313
A vacuum pressure-difference technique for making a nano-precision replica is investigated for various applications. Master patterns for replication were fabricated using a nano-replication printing (nRP) process. In the nRP process, any picture and pattern can be replicated from a bitmap figure file in the range of several micrometers with resolution of 200nm. A liquid-state monomer is solidified by two-photon absorption (TPA) induced by a femto-second laser according to a voxel matrix scanning. After polymerization, the remaining monomers were removed simply by using ethanol droplets. And then, a gold metal layer of about 30nm thickness was deposited on the fabricated master patterns prior to polydimethylsiloxane molding for preventing bonding between the master and the polydimethylsiloxane mold. A few gold particles attached on the polydimethylsiloxane stamp during detaching process were removed by a gold selecting etchant. After fabricating the polydimethylsiloxane mold, a nano-precision polydimethylsiloxane replica was reproduced. More precise replica was produced by the vacuum pressure-difference technique that is proposed in this paper. Through this study, direct patterning on a glass plate, replicating a polydimethylsiloxane mold, and reproducing polydimethylsiloxane replica are demonstrated with a vacuum pressure-difference technique for various micro/nano-applications.
Synthesis and Photoalignment of Soluble Polyimides Containing 4-Styrylpyridine Derivatives as Photoreactive Side Groups
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 314~320
Soluble aromatic polyimides bearing 4-(4-oxyalkyleneoxystyryl)- pyridines (ethylene and hexylene) as photoreactive side groups were synthesized and characterized. The photoreactive polymers were soluble in various polar organic solvents and their films were easily formed by solution casting. The photoreactivities of the polymers in the film state were approximately 64% at an exposure energy of 1.5 J/
. Transmittances of the polymer films were about 85% after annealing at 20
. Therefore, these polymers can be evaluated to be photoreactive polyimides with good transparency and solubility. The dichroic ratios of the polymers with ethylene and hexylene groups as the alkylene spacers were 0.023 and 0.026, respectively. The order parameters of 4'-pentyl-4-bipheny1carbonitrile as a liquid crystal (LC) in the film cells of the former and latter polymers were 0.50 and 0.52, respectively. These results indicate that the polymers show the effect of alkylene spacer on the photoalignments. The LC in the film cells of the polymers was perpendicularly oriented to the electric vector of the linear polarized UV light (LPUVL).
Dental Restorative Composite Resins Containing Asymmetric Spiro Orthocarbonate for the Reduction of Volumetric Shrinkage
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 321~327
The applications of dental restorative composite resins containing 2,2-bis [4-(2-hydroxy-3-me-thacryloyloxy propoxy) phenyl] propane as a base resin, and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate, as a diluent, were often limited in dentistry due to the relatively large amount of volumetric shrinkage that occurs during the curing reaction. In this study, in order to reduce volumetric shrinkage of the current dental restorative composite resin, asymmetric spiro orthocarbonates were synthesized and then the characteristics of resin composites containing them were explored. The volumetric shrinkage of the dental composites containing spiro orthocarbonates was decreased approximately 45%. However, the curing characteristics and mechanical properties of the new dental composites were slightly poor than those of the commercially available dental composite.
Preparation and Release Behavior of Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)- poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) Wafer Containing Albumin
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 328~334
A series of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG)-poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) diblock copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide and glycolide with carbitol (134 g/mole) or different molecular weights of MPEG (550, 2000, and 5000 g/mole) as an initiator in presence of Sn(Oct)
. The properties of diblock copolymers were characterized by using
H-NMR, GPC, and XRD. After uniform mixing of block copolymers and 1% albumin bovine-fluorescein isothiocyanate(FITC-BSA) with a freeze miller, the wafers loaded FITC-BSA were fabricated by using a mold with a dimensions of 3 mm
1mm diameter. The release profiles of FITC-BSA and the pH changes of wafer were examined using pH 7.4 PBS for 30 days at 37
. The release profiles of albumin showed fast initial burst as the molecular weights of MPEG increased. As a result of this study, the release behavior of BSA was controlled with introducing MPEG in the block copolymers.
Preparation and Characterization of BICND-loaded Multi-Layer PLGA Wafer Containing Glycolide Monomer
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 335~343
Carmustine (l,3-bis(2-chloroethyI)-1-nitrosourea, BICNU) used as antineoplastic drug for the treatment of brain tumor is not appropriate for the long term delivery, because it has short biological half life. Therefore, poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) is useful as drug carrier for the long term delivery due to bulk erosion property. Glycolide monomer is applied to release of BICNU owing to non-toxic and monomeric components after biodegradation of PLGA. In this study, BICNU-loaded PLGA wafers with or without glycolide monomer were fabricated by conventional direct compression method for the sustained release of BICNU. These wafers were observed for their release profiles of BICNU and degradation rates by SEM, NMR, and GPC. Furthermore, we make multi-layer wafers and compare them with release profiles of conventional wafer. From these results, drug release of BICNU-loaded PLGA wafers was increased with increasing the glycolid monomer contents. We confirmed that glycolide monomer and BICNU contents in barrier-layer influenced the drug release profiles and degradation rate.
Thermosensitive Sol-gel Phase Transition Behavior of Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(
-caprolactone) Diblock Copolymers
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 344~351
Poly(ethylene glycol)-based diblock and triblock polyester copolymers stimulating to temperature were studied as injectable biomaterials in drug delivery system because of their nontoxicity, biocompatibility and biodegradability. We synthesized the diblock copolymers consisting of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (MPEG) (M
=750 g/mole) and poly(
-caprolactone) (PCL) by ring opening polymerization of
-CL with MPEG as an initiator in the presence of HCl . Et
O. The aqueous solution of synthesized diblock copolymers represented sol phase at room temperature and a sol to gel phase transition as the temperature increased from room temperature to body temperature. To confirm the in vivo gel formation, we observed the formation of gel in the mice body after injection of 20 wt% aqueous solution of each block copolymer. After 2 months, we observed the maintenance of gel without dispersion in mice. In this study, we synthesized diblock copolymers exhibiting sol-gel phase transition and confirmed the feasibility as biomaterials of injectable implantation.n.
Separation and Purification of Chiral Compounds Using Crosslinked Sodium Alginate Membranes
Polymer Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2004, Pages 352~359
Membrane technology was used for the optical resolution of the various racemic compounds such as tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine, using enantioselective membranes prepared from sodium alginate (SA) and glutaraldehyde as a membrane material and crosslinking agent, respectively, The chemical structure of the membranes was characterized with FT-IR spectrophotometry and 3D molecular structure modeling study was done to figure out the optical resolution mechanism through the membrane. Effects of degree of crosslinking, feed concentration, operating pressure and different kinds of feed solution on the membrane performances were studied. As results, it was found that with increasing degree of crosslinking and membrane thickness, and decrease in the concentration of the feed solution and smaller size of solutes, the enantinselectivity of the membrane was improved. When the sodium alginate membranes with 80% of swelling index and 79
of thickness were used, 77% of enantiomeric excess was obtained.