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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
The Polymer Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Nov 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Jul 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - May 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Targeted Drug Delivery Carriers Using Folate Conjugated Poly((R)-3-hydroxy butyrate)-Poly(ethylene glycol) Nanoparticles
Kwon, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 515~519
Biodegradable poly((R)-3-hydroxy butyrate) and poly(ethylene glycol) was conjugated to make amphiphilic di-block copolymer. Folate was conjugated at di-block copolymer to target the cancer cells. Copolymer was ready to form the self-assembled micelle whose size was 125~156 nm in aqueous solution. Griseofulvin as a hydrophobic drug was loaded in nanoparticles. Their loading efficiencies were 35~56%. Hydrophobic drug was continuously released for 24 h. Cell viability test showed that folate attached particles were 10% more efficient than the particles without targeting ligands.
Molecular Structure and Tensile Properties Change of Crosslinked Polyethylene Pipes during Oxidative Degradation Process
Park, Sung-Gyu ; Kim, Dae-Su ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 520~524
The effects of oxidative degradation on the performance of crosslinked polyethylene pipes were analyzed by the investigation of tensile properties and chemical structure change of the pipes during oxidative degradation. Annealing at high temperatures or UV irradiation method was used to induce the oxidative degradation of the crosslinked polyethylene pipes and the effects of the die temperature on the oxidative degradation of the pipes were also investigated. The tensile properties and chemical structure change of the pipes were investigated by universal testing machine and FT-IR, respectively. With the progress of thermo-oxidative degradation the tensile strength of the pipes slowly decreased but the elongation at break rapidly decreased, and the chemical structure of the pipes also changed considerably because of the introduced oxygen molecules. These results would be useful in estimating the performance deterioration of the crosslinked polyethylene pipes due to the oxidative degradation during production and storage.
The Effect of Functionalized Organosilane Coupling Agent on the Adhesion Properties of 2 Layer Flexible Copper Clad Laminate
Park, Jin-Young ; Lim, Jae-Phil ; Kim, Yong-Seok ; Jung, Hyun-Min ; Lee, Jae-Heung ; Ryu, Jong-Ho ; Won, Jong-Chan ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 525~529
In order to manufacture 2-layer flexible copper clad laminate (FCCL) s having the excellent performance high adhesion properties between copper foil and polyimide film are required. Silane coupling agents with specific functional groups as an adhesion promoter are generally used to enhance the adhesion. In our study, we synthesized a novel silane coupling agent for increasing the adhesive property between copper layer and polyimide layer. The surface morphology of rolled copper foil, as a function of the concentrations of the coated silane coupling agent, was fully characterized. As fabricated 2-layer FCCL, we observed that adhesive properties were changed by the surface morphology and we confirmed that the novel silane coupling agent affects adhesive properties in FCCL with two types of poly (amic acid)s.
Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Short Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Composites
Huang, Guang-Chun ; Lee, Chung-Hee ; Lee, Jong-Keun ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 530~536
A cycloaliphatic epoxy/acidic anhydride system incorporating short carbon fibers (SCF) and short glass fibers (SGF) was fabricated and thermal/mechanical properties were characterized. At low filler content both SCF- and SGF-reinforced composites showed a similar decrease in coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), measured by a thermomechanical analyzer, with increasing loadings, above which SCF became more effective than SGF at reducing the CTE. Experimental CTE data for the SCF-reinforced composites is best described by the rule of mixtures at lower SCF contents and by the Craft-Christensen model at higher SCF contents. Storage modulus (E') at
was greatly enhanced for short fiber-filled composites compared to unfilled specimens, Scanning electron microscopy of the fracture surfaces indicated that the decreased CTE and the increased E' of the short fiber-reinforced composites resulted from good interfacial adhesion between the fibers and epoxy matrix.
Study on the Gas Permeation Behaviors of Surface Fluorinated Polysulfone Membranes
Kim, Dae-Hoon ; Im, Hyeon-Soo ; Kim, Min-Sung ; Lee, Byung-Seong ; Lee, Bo-Sung ; Yoon, Seok-Won ; Kim, Beom-Sik ; Park, You-In ; Cheong, Seong-Ihl ; Rhim, Ji-Won ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 537~543
The direct fluorination of polymers is a heterogeneous reaction using the mixture of
and inert gas. In general, the resulting fluorinated polymers have good barrier property chemical stability similar to those of the fluoro-polymers, and could be prepared from the simple process. In this study, the polysulfone dense films were surface fluorinated using the direct fluorination technique and gas permeability and selectivity of the prepared membranes were measured with varying both
concentration and reaction time. The introduction of
was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), water contact angles, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). As the
increased, the permeability decreased while the selectivities for
, and He gases relative to
Preparation and Characterization of Chemical Gel Based on [Epoxy/PEG/PVdF-HFP] Blend for Lithium Polymer Battery Applications
Kim, Joo-Sung ; Seo, Jeong-In ; Bae, Jin-Young ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 544~550
In this study, we have designed [Epoxy/PEG] polymer gel electrolyte systems by thermal curing the mixtures of epoxy, PEG, imidazole catalyst, and a plasticizer of 1:1 ethylene carbonate and propylene carbonate in the presence of
salt. In order to enhance the poor mechanical property of the Corresponding [Epoxy/PEG] gel electrolyte PVdF-HFP was incorporated into the system. The ionic conductivities of the polymer gel electrolytes were related to the amount of PVdF-HFP in blends as well as the amount of liquid electrolyte. The optimized gel system showed room-temperature conductivities of
Fabrication and Characterization of PVA/CMC Hydrogels by Freezing-Thawing Technique and Gamma-Ray Irradiation
Jo, Sun-Young ; Lim, Youn-Mook ; Youn, Min-Ho ; Gwon, Hui-Jeong ; Park, Jong-Seok ; Nho, Young-Chang ; Shin, Heung-Soo ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 551~554
Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) have received increasing attention in biomedical and biochemical applications because of their properties such as being water-soluble and biocompatible. In this study, a PVA/CMC hydrogel applicable to artificial cartilage was prepared by a freezing-thawing technique and a gamma-ray irradiation. The solid concentration of PVA was 7 wt% and the concentration of CMC was 4 wt%. The freezing/thawing process was repeated twice and the dose of gamma-ray irradiated was 30 kGy. Results of gelation before and after gamma-ray irradiation were similar, but the swelling degree decreased and compressive strength increased. The cytotoxicity was investigated with CCK-8 assay.
Gas Permeation Properties of Sulfonated 6FDA-Based Polyimide Membranes Exchanged with Metal Ions
Im, Hyeon-Soo ; Lee, Byung-Seong ; Lee, Bo-Sung ; Yoon, Seok-Won ; Koh, Hyung-Chul ; Lee, Choong-Sub ; Ha, Seong-Yong ; Cheong, Seong-Ihl ; Rhim, Ji-Won ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 555~560
Sulfonic acid of the sulfonated 6FDA-based polyimides were exchanged with the monovalent (
) and divalent (
) ions. The effect of metal cations exchanged sulfonated polyimides was investigated in terms of gas permeability and selectivity for
gases. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that thermal stability of sulfonated polyimide was improved by exchanged metal cations. The permeabilities of monovalent cation-exchanged, sulfonated polyimide were reduced as the ion radius reduced [
(0.138 nm)], and those of divalent cations exchanged were determined by the ionic radii and electrostatic crosslinking between the polymer and metal cations, whereas the selectivities of all the metal cation-exchanged, sulfonated polyimides for
, were higher than those of sulfonated polyimide membranes. The sulfonated polyimide exchanged with the potassium cation showed the
permeability of 89.98 Barrer [
] and the sulfonated polyimide exchanged with the lithium cation showed the
selectivity of 12.9.
A Novel Runner Design for Flow Balance of Cavities in Multi-Cavity Injection Molding
Park, Seo-Ri ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Lyu, Min-Young ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 561~568
Small injection molded articles are generally molded by multi-cavity injection molding. The most important thing in multi-cavity molding is flow imbalance among the cavities because it affects the physical property and the quality of products. The cavity filling balance can be achieved by flow balance in the runner through the thermal balance. In this study, novel screw type runner or helical type runner has been developed for the flow balance in the runner and performed experiment and computer simulation. Flow balance has been observed using various screw type runners for several resins such as amorphous and crystalline polymers including low and high viscosities grades. Flow balance experiments have been performed for various injection speeds since the flow balance can be affected by injection speed among the injection conditions. Experimental results have been compared with computational results and they showed good agreement. The cavity filling balance can be achieved by the screw runner where the temperature distribution is uniform through the circulation flow along the screw channel in the screw runner. It has been verified that the novel screw runner is very effective device in flow balance in the multi-cavity injection molding. cavity filling imbalance, multi-cavity injection molding, runner design, screw runner, thermal balance.
A Study on the Synthesis of Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Waterborne Polyurethane by Using Graft Type Siloxane Polyol
Lim, Jae-Woo ; Yim, Jin-Heong ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 569~574
Organic- inorganic hybrid waterborne polyurethane (PUD) is synthesized by using hybrid polyol consist of carbonate (PCD), ester (PCL), and siloxane (PDSBP) in order to enhance anti-scratch property of PUD film. The diameter of graft type PUD emulsion is bigger than that of linear type PUD due to the graft structure of hydrophobic siloxane chain. The glass transition temperature of linear type PUD increase and the decomposition temperature of linear type PUD decrease with the content of PCD polyol. While, the decomposition temperature of graft type PUD almost same with increasing PDSBP content. The anti-scratch property and pencil hardness of graft type PUD improves as adding PDSBP polyol in the hybrid polyol system. When 9 wt% of PDSBP polyol is mixed, PUD films shows excellent anti-scratch property (~3.3 N), and pencil hardness (> 9 H).
Fabrication and Characterization of C/SiC Composite by Electron Beam Curing
Shin, Jin-Wook ; Jeun, Joon-Pyo ; Kang, Phil-Hyun ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 575~580
Carbon fabric-reinforced silicon carbide composites (C/SiC) have attracted a considerable attention for high temperature structural application because of their outstanding oxidation resistance property and thermal shock resistance. In this study, we reported on the preparation of C/SiC composites by the polymer impregnation and pyrolysis (PIP) method. For this, polycarbosilane solution was impregnated into the carbon fabric and then cured by electron beam irradiation under argon atmosphere. Afterwards, the cured composite was pyrolyzed at
for 1 h under argon atmosphere to produce the C/SiC composite. The porosity and density of the C/SiC composite were 13.5% and
, respectively, when the impregnation of the carbon fabric with the 30 wt% polycarbosilane solution conducted four times. In addition, in the isothermal experiment at
in air for 5 h, the 95.9 wt% of the C/SiC composite was remained, indicating that the prepared C/SiC composite has a outstanding oxidation resistance.
Effect of In Vitro Degradation on the Weight Loss and Tensile Strength of PLA/PEG Melt Blend Fiber
Yoon, Cheol-Soo ; Ji, Dong-Sun ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 581~587
PLA/PEG blend fibers composed of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) were prepared via melt blending and spinning for bioabsorbable filament sutures. The blend fibers hydrolyzed with the immersion in a phosphate buffer solution at pH 7.4 and
for 1~8 weeks. The effects of blending time, blend composition, and hydrolysis time on the weight loss and tensile strength of the hydrolyzed blend fibers were investigated. After hydrolysis, the weight loss of the blend fibers increased with increasing PEG content, blending time, and hydrolysis time. The tensile strength and tensile modulus of the blend fibers decreased with increasing PEG content, blending time, and hydrolysis time. Therefore, it can be concluded that the weight loss of the PLA/PEG blend fibers was less than 0.9% even at hydrolysis time of 2 weeks and their strength retentions were over 90%.
Morphology and Rheological Property of PLA/PCL Blend Compatibilized by Electron Beam Irradiation
Shin, Boo-Young ; Cho, Baek-Hee ; Hong, Ki-Heon ; Kim, Bong-Shik ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 588~595
The aim of this study was to increase compatibility of immiscible PLA/PCL blend by using electron beam irradiation in the presence of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA). The blends of PLA/PCL containing GMA were irradiated at doses of 10, 50 and 100 kGy and then the irradiated samples were characterized by observing morphology and rheological properties. Blends irradiated with 50 and 100 kGy showed greatly improved interfacial adhesion between two phases in the morphology. Complex viscosity of PLA/PCL(9/1) blend irradiated at dose of 100 kGy was about 100 times higher than that of pure PLA. We found that the compatibility of immiscible PLA/PCL could be improved by electron beam irradiation in the presence of GMA from the investigation of morphology and rheology.
Characterization and Improved Dissolution Rate of Aceclofenac Solid Dispersion
Kim, Yun-Tae ; Park, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Young-Hyun ; Hong, Hee-Kyung ; Eom, Shin ; Kim, Yong-Ki ; Lee, Eun-Yong ; Choi, Myoung-Gyu ; Lee, Jae-Jun ; Cho, Yong-Baik ; Khang, Gil-Son ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 596~601
We prepared nanoparticles containing insoluble aceclofenac by the method of solid dispersions using spray dryer to improve solubility of aceclofenac. We used PVP-K30 as a water soluble carrier for the solid dispersion and poloxamer as a surfactant. Characterization of aceclofenac solid dispersion was performed by SEM, DSC, XRD and FT-IR. The results of SEM, DSC and XRD demonstrated that aceclofenac is amorphous in solid dispersion. The formation of salt by hydrogen bond between aceclofenac and PVP K-30 was confirmed by FT-IR. The dissolution rate measured in intestinal juice showed the method of solid dispersion improved aceclofenac solubility as compared with a conventional drug(
). In conclusion, the method of solid dispersion using spray dryer would improve solubility of aceclofenac in oral administration.
CD34 Monoclonal Antibody-Immobilization on Polyurethane Surface by Poly(PEGA-co-BMA) Coating
Joung, Yoon-Ki ; Hwang, In-Kyu ; Park, Ki-Dong ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 602~607
A polyurethane (PU) surface enabling in vivo endothelialization via endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) capture was prepared for cardiovascular applications. To introduce CD34 monoclonal antibody (mAb) inducing EPC adhesion onto a surface, poly (poly (ethylene glycol) acrylate-co-butyl methacrylate) and poly (PEGA-co-BMA) were synthesized and then coated on a surface of PU, followed by immobilizing CD34 mAb.
-NMR analysis demonstrated that poly(PEGA-co-BMA) copolymers with a desired composition were synthesized. Poly(PEGA-co-BMA)-coated PU was much more effective for the immobilization of CD34 mAb, comparing with PEG-grafted PU prepared in our previous study, as demonstrated by that surface density and activity of CD34 mAb increased over 32 times. Physico-chemical properties of modified PU surfaces were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), water contact angle, and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results demonstrated that the poly(PEGA-co-BMA) coating was effective for CD34 mAb immobilization and feasible for applying to cardiovascular biomaterials.
Preparation and Characteristics of Crosslinked SEBS/HIPS Cation Exchange Membrane Using Epoxidized Polybutadiene/Divinylbenzene
Choi, Yong-Jae ; Lee, Hong-Suk ; Hwang, Taek-Sung ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 608~614
The cation-exchange membrane which was sulfonated styrene-ethylene/buthlene-styrene(SEBS) block copolymer containing the high impact polystyrene (HIPS) was prepared via post-sulfonation and casting method using the epoxidized polybutadiene and divinylbenzene as crosslinking agents. Post-sulfonation was carried out with sulfuric acid as sulfonating agent and silver sulfate as initiator in the nitrogen atmosphere. The basic properties of membranes, degree of sulfonation (DS), water uptake, ion-exchange capacity (IEC), electrical resistance, and modulus have been examined. DS of membrane increased with increasing the sulfonation time. The maximum DS of membrane containing 10 wt% HIPS was 83.6 %. The water uptake and IEC of membranes gradually increased as increasing the DS. The maximum water uptake and IEC of membranes were 43.8 % and 1.14 meq/g, respectively. The lowest electrical resistance of membrane containing the 20 wt% HIPS was
. The electrical conductivity of membrane containing 10 wt% HIPS was
. The modulus of membrane increased with increasing DS and these values were 153 and
before and after sulfonation, respectively.
Synthesis and Characterization of Hybrid Nanocomposites of Pd Nanoparticles Containing POSS(Pd-POSS) and Poly(acrylic acid) via Ionic Interactions
Jeon, Jong-Hwan ; Lim, Jung-Hyurk ; Chujo, Yoshiki ; Kim, Kyung-Min ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 615~619
Pd-POSS nanoparticles were produced from the reaction of palladium (II) acetate and octa(3-aminopropyl)octasilsesquioxane octahydrochloride (POSS-
) in methanol at room temperature. Pd-POSS nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 60-80 nm were the highly ordered spherical aggregates. In contrast, Pd nanoparticles with a size of 4.0 nm were obtained when POSS-
was not introduced. Pd-POSS/PAA nanocomposites of Pd-POSS nanoparticles and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) were fabricated by utilizing ionic interactions between positively charged Pd-POSS nanoparticles and negatively charged carboxylate groups of PAA. PAA was used as a cross-linker for the preparation of hybrid nanocomposites with the controlled organized structures of Pd-POSS nanoparticles. That is, the self-organization of Pd-POSS nanoparticles was formed into the shape of continuous lines by using PAA as a cross-linker. The composition, structure, surface morphology, and thermal stability of the Pd-POSS/PAA nanocomposites were studied by FE-SEM, AFM, TEM, FT-IR, and TGA.
Biodegradable PLGA Polymer Coating on Biomedical Metal Implants Using Electrospraying
Cho, Seong-Bae ; Park, Chul-Ho ; Park, Kwi-Deok ; Chung, Dong-Jun ; Han, Dong-Keun ;
Polymer Korea, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 620~624
Biomedical metal implants have been used clinically for replacement, restoration, or improvement of injury bodies based on high mechanical properties, but it has some risks such as the inflammatory, late thrombosis, or restenosis due to the low biocompatibility and toxicity. In various techniques of surface treatment developed to preserve these drawbacks, this study examined the electrospray coating technology with biodegradable poly (lactic-co-glycoic acid) (PLGA) on metal surface. Based on fundamental examination of electrospraying and solution parameters, the surface morphology of coated film was closely related to the boiling point of solvent, in-flight distance, and droplet size. The thickness of polymer film was linearly proportional to the emerged volume. This result exhibits that the polymeric droplets were continuously deposited on the polymer film. Therefore, the electrospray coating technology might be applied into the fabrication of single/multi-layered polymer film in nano-/micro-thickness and the control of the topology for biomedical metal implants including stents.