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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Statistical Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Statistical Interrelationships of Job Competition between Generations
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Jung, Jae-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 377~387
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.377
Job competition among generations has become an important social issue that has yet to be studied from an academic viewpoint. This study performs statistical tests to investigate the interrelation of employment among generations using seasonally adjusted monthly time series data. Employment by generations is not found to be strongly interrelated, even if the employment of 30-year-olds appears to affect those of 40-yearolds in some tests.
Determining a BMDL of Blood Lead Based on ADHD Scores Using a Semi-Parametric Regression
Kim, Ah-Hyoun ; Ha, Min-A ; Kim, Byung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 389~401
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.389
This paper derives a benchmark dose(BMD) and its 95% lower confidence limit(BMDL) using a semi-parametric regression model for small lead based changes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) scores in the first wave of the Children's Health and Environment Research(CHEER) survey data, which have been regularly collected in South Korea since 2005. Ha et al. (2009) showed that the appearance of ADHD symptoms had a borderline trend of increasing with the blood lead concentration. Butdz-J
rgensen (EFSA, 2010a) derived the BMDL of lead corresponding to a benchmark region of 1 full intelligent quotient (IQ) score using the raw data in Lanphear et al. (2005, EHP). European Food Safety Authority (EFSA, 2010b) determined the BMDL of
as a reference point for the characterization of lead when assessing the risk of the intellectual deficit measured by IQ scores. Kim et al. (2011) indicated that an even lower BMDL could be obtained based on the ADHD score; however, the BMDLs depended heavily upon the model assumptions. We show in this paper that a semi-parametric approach resolves the model dependence of BMDLs.
Further Results on Piecewise Constant Hazard Functions in Aalen's Additive Risk Model
Uhm, Dai-Ho ; Jun, Sung-Hae ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 403~413
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.403
The modifications suggested in Uhm et al. (2011) are studied using a partly parametric version of Aalen's additive risk model. A follow-up time period is partitioned into intervals, and hazard functions are estimated as a piecewise constant in each interval. A maximum likelihood estimator by iteratively reweighted least squares and variance estimates are suggested based on the model as well as evaluated by simulations using mean square error and a coverage probability, respectively. In conclusion the modifications are needed when there are a small number of uncensored deaths in an interval to estimate the piecewise constant hazard function.
A Study of HME Model in Time-Course Microarray Data
Myoung, Sung-Min ; Kim, Dong-Geon ; Jo, Jin-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 415~422
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.415
For statistical microarray data analysis, clustering analysis is a useful exploratory technique and offers the promise of simultaneously studying the variation of many genes. However, most of the proposed clustering methods are not rigorously solved for a time-course microarray data cluster and for a fitting time covariate; therefore, a statistical method is needed to form a cluster and represent a linear trend of each cluster for each gene. In this research, we developed a modified hierarchical mixture of an experts model to suggest clustering data and characterize each cluster using a linear mixed effect model. The feasibility of the proposed method is illustrated by an application to the human fibroblast data suggested by Iyer et al. (1999).
A Comparison of Testing Methods for Equality of Survival Distributions with Interval Censored Data
Kim, Soo-Hwan ; Lee, Shin-Jae ; Lee, Jae-Won ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 423~434
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.423
A two-sample test for equality of survival distribution is one of the important issues in survival analysis, especially for clinical and epidemiological research. With interval censored data, some testing methods have been developed. This study introduces some testing methods and compares them under various situations through simulation study. Based on simulation result, it provides some useful information on choosing the most appropriate testing method in a given situation.
Evaluating Interval Estimates for Comparing Two Proportions with Rare Events
Park, Jin-Kyung ; Kim, Yong-Dai ; Lee, Hak-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 435~446
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.435
Epidemiologic studies frequently try to estimate the impact of a specific risk factor. The risk difference and the risk ratio are generally useful measurements for this purpose. When using such measurements for rare events, the standard approaches based on the normal approximation may fail, in particular when no events are observed. In this paper, we discuss and evaluate several existing methods to construct confidence intervals around risk differences and risk ratios using Monte-Carlo simulations when the disease of interest is rare. The results in this paper provide guidance how to construct interval estimates of the risk differences and the risk ratios when no events are detected.
An Additive Quantitative Randomized Response Model by Cluster Sampling
Lee, Gi-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 447~456
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.447
For a sensitive survey in which the population is comprised of several clusters with a quantitative attribute, we present an additive quantitative randomized response model by cluster sampling that adapts a two-stage cluster sampling instead of a simple random sample based on Himmelfarb-Edgell's additive quantitative attribute model and Gjestvang-Singh's one. We also derive optimum values for the number of 1st stage clusters and the optimum values of observation units in a 2nd stage cluster under the condition of minimizing the variance given constant cost. We can see that Himmelfarb-Edgell's model is more efficient than Gjestvang-Singh's model under the condition of cluster sampling.
Small Area Estimation via Nonparametric Mixed Effects Model
Jeong, Seok-Oh ; Shin, Key-Il ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 457~464
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.457
Small area estimation is a statistical inference method to overcome the large variance due to the small sample size allocated in a small area. Recently some nonparametric estimators have been applied to small area estimation. In this study, we suggest a nonparametric mixed effect small area estimator using kernel smoothing and compare the small area estimators using labor statistics.
Optimal Design of a EWMA Chart to Monitor the Normal Process Mean
Lee, Jae-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 465~470
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.465
EWMA(exponentially weighted moving average) charts and CUSUM(cumulative sum) charts are very effective to detect small shifts in the process mean. These charts have some control-chart parameters that allow the charts and be tuned and be more sensitive to certain shifts. The EWMA chart requires users to specify the value of a smoothing parameter, which can also be designed for the size of the mean shift. However, the size of the mean shift that occurs in applications is usually unknown and EWMA charts can perform poorly when the actual size of the mean shift is significantly different from the assumed size. In this paper, we propose the design procedure to find the optimal smoothing parameter of the EWMA chart when the size of the mean shift is unknown.
A Variable Selection Procedure for K-Means Clustering
Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 471~483
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.471
One of the most important problems in cluster analysis is the selection of variables that truly define cluster structure, while eliminating noisy variables that mask such structure. Brusco and Cradit (2001) present VS-KM(variable-selection heuristic for K-means clustering) procedure for selecting true variables for K-means clustering based on adjusted Rand index. This procedure starts with the fixed number of clusters in K-means and adds variables sequentially based on an adjusted Rand index. This paper presents an updated procedure combining the VS-KM with the automated K-means procedure provided by Kim (2009). This automated variable selection procedure for K-means clustering calculates the cluster number and initial cluster center whenever new variable is added and adds a variable based on adjusted Rand index. Simulation result indicates that the proposed procedure is very effective at selecting true variables and at eliminating noisy variables. Implemented program using R can be obtained on the website "http://faculty.knou.ac.kr/sskim/nvarkm.r and vnvarkm.r".
Empirical Optimality of Coverage Design Criteria for Space-Filling Designs
Baik, Jung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 485~501
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.485
This research is to find a design D that minimizes forecast variance in d dimensions over the candidate space
. We want a robust design since we may not know the specific covariance structure. We seek a design that minimizes a coverage criterion and hope that this design will provide a small forecast variance even if the covariance structure is unobservable. The details of an exchange or swapping algorithm and several properties of the parameters of coverage criterion with the unknown correlation structures are discussed.
Clustering Observations for Detecting Multiple Outliers in Regression Models
Seo, Han-Son ; Yoon, Min ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 503~512
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.503
Detecting outliers in a linear regression model eventually fails when similar observations are classified differently in a sequential process. In such circumstances, identifying clusters and applying certain methods to the clustered data can prevent a failure to detect outliers and is computationally efficient due to the reduction of data. In this paper, we suggest to implement a clustering procedure for this purpose and provide examples that illustrate the suggested procedure applied to the Hadi-Simonoff (1993) method, reverse Hadi-Simonoff method, and Gentleman-Wilk (1975) method.
The Role of Artificial Observations in Testing for the Difference of Proportions in Misclassified Binary Data
Lee, Seung-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 513~520
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.513
An Agresti-Coull type test is considered for the difference of binomial proportions in two doubly sampled data subject to false-positive error. The performance of the test is compared with the likelihood-based tests. It is shown that the Agresti-Coull test has many desirable properties in that it can approximate the nominal significance level with compatible power performance.
Semi-Partial Canonical Correlation Biplot
Lee, Bo-Hui ; Choi, Yong-Seok ; Shin, Sang-Min ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 521~529
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.521
Simple canonical correlation biplot is a graphical method to investigate two sets of variables and observations in simple canonical correlation analysis. If we consider the set of covariate variables that linearly affects two sets of variables, we can apply the partial canonical correlation biplot in partial canonical correlation analysis that removes the linear effect of the set of covariate variables on two sets of variables. On the other hand, we consider the set of covariate variables that linearly affect one set of variables but not the other. In this case, if we apply the simple or partial canonical correlation biplot, we cannot clearly interpret other two sets of variables. Therefore, in this study, we will apply the semi-partial canonical correlation analysis of Timm (2002) and remove the linear effect of the set of covariate variables on one set of variables but not the other. And we suggest the semi-partial canonical correlation biplot for interpreting the semi-partial canonical correlation analysis. In addition, we will compare shapes and shape the variabilities of the simple, partial and semi-partial canonical correlation biplots using a procrustes analysis.
A Study for Obtaining Weights in Pairwise Comparison Matrix in AHP
Jeong, Hyeong-Chul ; Lee, Jong-Chan ; Jhun, Myoung-Shic ;
Korean Journal of Applied Statistics, volume 25, issue 3, 2012, Pages 531~541
DOI : 10.5351/KJAS.2012.25.3.531
In this study, we consider various methods to estimate the weights of a pairwise comparison matrix in the Analytic Hierarchy Process widely applied in various decision-making fields. This paper uses a data dependent simulation to evaluate the statistical accuracy, minimum violation and minimum norm of the obtaining weight methods from a reciprocal symmetric matrix. No method dominates others in all criteria. Least squares methods perform best in point of mean squared errors; however, the eigenvectors method has an advantage in the minimum norm.