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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Oct 1978
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The Effects of Existing Vegetation and Fertilization on the Improvement of Natural Grassland by Oversowing
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 2~9
A review of factors influencing grass and clover establishment, survival and yield at oversowing was made from the experimental results of home and abroad. The following conclusions are considered: (1) The existing vegetation present at oversowing appeared to be the most critical factor reducing establishment and survival of grass. Therefore, it is essential to check competition from the native vegetation before oversowing. (2) Although lime had comparatively little effect on yield of grassland, the general effect of lime should be more emphasized under our acid soil conditions to promote the availability of all the essential elements and the growth of microorganisms, and to reduce the toxic effects of nutrients. One to two tons of lime per ha at oversowing would be useful. (3) Phosphorus is one of the nutrients most generally deficient in grassland soils of Korea, consequently, this nutrients applied at oversowing is very effective. Application as much as 200kg of phosphorus per ha would be essential. (4) The effect of nitrogen on the establishment and survival of grass depends on the amount and density of the herbage present. The use of nitrogen in dense herbage adversely affected grass establishment and survival, possible because the fertilizer stimulated the growth of the eisting herbage. Around 40kg of nitrogen per ha may be enough at oversowing (5) Potassium is not as universally deficient in soils of native grassland as phosphorus. Therefore, it cannot be over-emphasized at oversowing. Studies determinig the optimum amount of potassium at of oersowing are needed.
Changes of the Yield and Carbohydrate Content during the Regrowth of the Pastuer plants - Especially Ladno clover and Orchardgrass-
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 10~17
The experiment were carried out to determine the rate of regrowth, the changes of carbohydrates contained in the samples right after cutting, plant part for storage of carbohydtates and top-dressing time of ladino clover and orchardgrass. Plants were grown in the simple growth chamber as well as in the fields. The temperature, light intensity and light period were controlled to be 15-20
, 4,250 Lux, and 15 hours in the simple growth chamber. The results obtained are as follows ; 1. The period of recovery to initial stands after cutting was about 3 weeks in ladino clover and 4-5 weeks in orchard grass in terms of dry matter and carbohydrates. 2. The content of total water-soluble carbohydrates of plant parts was the hightest in stolon of ladino clover and in sheath of orchardgrass, and the lowest in roots of ladino clover and orchardgrass. 3. Cutting resulted in a temporary decrease of total water-soluble carbohydrates in the shoots. Similar trends were observed when the plants were left intact with top-dressing. 4. The top-dressing applied simultalliousely with the cutting was more effective to stimu1ate regrowth than that applied after cutting, however, both of the simultaneous and after cutting application were still better than application prior to cutting.
The Evvalution of Different Factors Influencing the Quality of Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 18~28
To study about the effect of harvested stage and physical treatment such as wilting or chopping of plant material on the quality of silage, Italian ryegrass(Lolium multiflorum) harvested at pre-headed or heading stage and Seombadi(Dystaenia takesimana Nakai) harvested at pre-flowering stage, were used for the purpose. The materials were treated in four different ways which were a) non-treated, b) one day-wilted, c) chopped with 1 to 2cm length and d) wilted and chopped, and those were ensiled in plastic containers and stored at room temperature for three months. After three months of storage, it was investigated and obtained the following results. 1) Having 6.31 of NFE/CP ratio and low content of crude fiber, Seombadi contained more suitable constituents for silage than Italian ryegrass. 2) Under the non-treated or chopped condition, the loss of NFE was higher, and lower with wilted material. 3) Wilting or chopping improved DM digestibility. 4) Compared with Italian ryegrass harvested at pre-headed stage, the storage amount per unit volume of heading stage-Italian ryegrass and Seombadi were higher 8% and 69% respectively, and wilting and/or chopping increased the storage amount 41 to 134%. 5) The majority of weight loss during storage was observed at 1st week after ensiling, it continued slightly until 4th week. The highest loss in 8th week were 3.76% of nontreated material. 6) One day wilting increased DM content of silage 23 to 131%. Wilting and chopping increased pH and lactic acid improved the quality considerably. 7) The correlation between
and butyric acid, and between lactic acid and DM were r=0.782**, r=0.634** respectively. The regression equation were y=12.853X+4.908 (X=butyric acid), y=0.016X+1.309(X=DM content), respectively. 8. The above results indicate that it is necessary to wilt or chop material to make good quality silage from Italian ryegrass, and such treatment can improve the quality of silage with Seombadi also.
야생대두의 생리생태에 관한 연구 - 제2보 돌콩 ( Glycine Soja ) 의 자생지 생육특성 ( Studies dn the Physical and Ecological Characteristics of Wild Soybean ( Glycine soja ) II. Growth Characteristics of glycine soja in the habitat )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 29~33
Five districts; Su-weon, An-seong, Ok-cheon, Jin-ju and Je-ju, were chosen and growth characteristics of Glyclns soja in fifteen places were studied. The results obtained are summerized as follows: 1. Growth state was good on the levee of the brook where the soil was wet and fertile. 2. They showed high significant correlation (r=0.76**) between grain yield and phosphate content of the soil, an d also showed positive correlation (r=0.63*) between grain yield and soil pH. 3. Nitrogen content of the plant was high as Glycine soja growed well. 4. Shoot growth and leaf development curve showed similar pattern and the root noddle was prosperous in the middle stage while shoot growth was well in the late stage. 5. Glycine soja was expexted as a hopeful forage ceop, as it grow swell, easy to harvest seeds and nutritional value is high.
Hill Pasture Improvement and Management
Davis, G.H. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 1, issue 1, 1978, Pages 34~35