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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 10, Issue 2 - May 1990
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 1990
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Effect of Osmoconditioning on the Germination of ltalian Ryegrass and Sorghum
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 121~128
Germination of Italian ryegrass and sorghum were measured at a range of temperatures and with PEG treatment at several different levels of concentration and treatment period to evaluate the effects of osmoconditioning with polyethylene glycol(PEG-8000). The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Cumulative germination percentage of intact Italian ryegrass seeds did not show much difference among temperatures, while that of sorghum seeds decreased markedly at low temperature. 2. Italian ryegrass seeds osmoconditioned with 20% PEG solution for two days at
accelerated germination at
, with injurious effect of osmoconditioning at higher temperature for many days. 3. Osmoconditioning with 20% PEG solution for two or four days at
increased germination of sorghum seeds, while the seeds treated at higher temperatures for long period suppressed germination.
Growth Respose of Several Forage to Potassium Level in Water Culture
Sangdeog A. Kim ; Shigekata Yoshida ; Mitsuaki Ohshima ; Ryosei Kayama ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 129~136
In the present report, two experiments were carried out with the purposes of knowing the differences of response among forage species to growing period and potassium level in culture solution, and investigating possible relation of the responses with occurence of grass tetany on grazing pasture. The results were as follows; (1) At 25 days after germination, fresh weight of top part as well as the sum of top and root parts of the forages increased rapidly. (2) Italian ryegrass was the highest in potassium (K) content but the lowest in magnesiurn(Mg) content among the three gramineous forages, while tall fescue showed the opposite result to it. And orchardgrass was intermediate of the two forage species (Experiment 1). (3) The K contents of forages generally increased, while Mg content became lower with the increase of K level in culture solution. The highest K contents of Italian ryegrass and orchardgrass were more than 3 times of the lowest values. The K contents of alfalfa and tall fescue increased in the narrower range. The decreases of Mg content of Italian ryegrass and orchardgrass were significant in the ranges of 5ppm to 25 or 50ppm KzO, while the content of the leguminous forages and tall fescue decreased up to 1000 level. (4) Fresh yield, water content and K content of the forages were significantly increased with the increase of K20 application levels up to 25 or 50ppm. (5) The K concentration of forage on a tissue water basis was higher at 50ppm than that at 5ppm
level, especially for Italian ryegrass and orchardgrass with the value of 2.6times and 2.5times, respectively. However, the K concentration (tissue water) of leguminous forages increased gradually up to the level of lOOOppm (Experiment 2). It is suggested from the results that rapid changes of water content, Mg content and K concentration (tissue water) may occur to forage on a grazing pasture, when both growing period and K level in the soil affect the changes simultaneously. Under such conditions, plant water especially in Italian reyegrass and orchardgrass can function as toxic material to grazing ruminants.
Effects of Slope Exposure and Altitude on Productivity of Orchardgrass in Mountain Pasture
Woo-Bock Chun ; Kwang-Hyun Kim ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 137~140
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of slope exposure and altitude on the dry matter yield and on the grass quality in mountain pasture for 2-year period from 1986 to 1987. 1. Dry matter yield and crude protein content of grasses by slope exposure in mountain pasture were higher on the northern slope than that on the southern slope and, on both sides of slope, were increased as the altitude was high. 2. Neutral detergent fiber(NDF) and acid detergent fiber(ADF) contents, and in vitro dry matter digestibility were not different between different slope exposures and between different altitudes.
Changes in Nutrients Uptake and Dry Matter Yield of Orchardgrass ( Dactylis glomerata L. ) and Alfalfa ( medicago sativa L. ) by Gypsum Application.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 141~146
Changes in dry matter yield, crude components, nutrients uptake(
, CaO, MgO) and sulphur containing amino acid(cysteine, methionine) of orchardgrass(Dacty1is glomerata. L) and alfalfa(A4edicago sativa. L) by gypsum application(as sulphur source, 0, 2. 5, 10, 20kg SIlOa) were investigated to understand the effect of sulphur on herbage production in pasture, which was established in 1987 as means of hand broadcasting. The effect of gypsum on dry matter yield at different cutting times during growing seasons has not been found both in orchardgrass and in alfalfa, but in respect to annual total dry matter yield there were increment in herbage yield (P<0.05) of alfalfa at 5, 10, 20kg SIlOa in 1989 and the amounts of sulphur taken up in herbage slightly increased according to the rates of gypsum application. Maximum apparent recovery of sulphur was 7.55% at 2kg SIlOa in orchardgrass and was 17.8% at 5kg S/lOa in alfalfa. There were no any great differences in the content of crude components of both species and this trend was similar with the mineral contents of orchardgrass. But in alfalfa, the amounts of
, CaO, and
taken up were increased by gypsum application and the increment in the amounts of minerals taken up in herbage at 20kg SIlOa were 14.9 of
, 9.1 of CaO, and 2.5kgIlOa of
as compared to those of at untreated plot. Cysteine and methionine were not influenced by gypsum applicaton not only in orchardgrass but also cysteine in alfalfa, however, the content of methionine in alfalfa was slightly increased at 2, 5, lOkg SIlOa and at 20kg SIlOa was reverse.
Vegetational Structure of Orchardgrass Sward V. Survival rates of seedling plants and control of orchardgrass populations
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 147~151
The purpose of this study is to clarify the relation of survival rates of seedling plants under grown orchardgrass populations and control by the difference cutting frequency. The orchardgrass populations investigated in this study have passed for 10 years after establishment. Cutting frequencies were 3, 4 and 5 times in a year. This experiment was conducted from April to October, 1989 at the experimental field of Institute of Agricultural Development, Yonsei University. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The survival rates of seedling plants decreased by the days after sowing. The final survival rates of seedling plants were 7.8%, 38.9% and 33.8% in 3, 4 and 5 cuttings, respectively. 2. Relative light intensity indicated highly possitive correlation with relative survival rates of seedling plants and negative correlation with plant length of orchardgrass populations in 4 and 5 cuttings. 3. The frequency distribution of survival seedling plants at 177 days after sowing were showed high values in seeding spots near the adjacent plants of 3 cutings, but in the middle of seeding spots between adjacent plants of 4 .and 5 cuttings, respectively. 4. The plant length of seedling became longer towards the seeding spots near the adjacent plants but the number of tillers increased slightly up to the middle of seeding
Studies on Application of the Nitrogen and Potassium Fertilizer in Grassland I. Effect of the N and K2o-fertilizer distribution on dry matter yield and botanical composition in grassland
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 152~157
To find out the effect of different patterns of nitrogen and potassium distribution on dry matter yield and botanical composition of temperate pastures, a field experiment was conducted with 6 treatments replicated 3 times in a randomized complete block design. It was lasted from September, 1986 to October, 1989 at the Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. In early spring, winter hardiness, growth vigour, cold damage and coverage of grasses with 30% dressing of the total amount of N and K20 fertilizer in spring and at the 4th cutting time respectively were better than those of the other treatments. 2. Average dry matter yield for 3 years with heavy dressing in spring and at the 1st cutting time(l1, 187 kg DM/ha) was much more increased by 9% than that of the equally fertilized treatment(l0,24lkg DM/ha). 3. Changes in the botanical composition showed, in general, the same tendency for all treatments except equal N and K20 distribution. However, grassland vegetation with heavy dressing in spring and at the 1st cutting time was changed into relatively good botanical composition with 76.7% grasses, 22.3% legumes and 1.0% herbs at the end of the experiment. 4. By DM yield and botanical composition treatment 3(40-30-15-0-1570) seemed to be an optimal nitrogen and potassium distribution pattern in a temperate pasture.
Efficiency of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilization on Yiled and Botanical Composition of Grassland II. Seasonal distribution of dry matter yield and economical mineral nitrogen application on grassland
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 158~163
This experiment was to study the effect of pure mineral nitrogen fertilizing on seasonal distribution of dry matter yield and the advisable mineral nitrogen amounts on grassland. The results were as follows: 1. With longer regrowth periods the absolute dry matter yields and the nitrogen-efficiences due to nitrogen fertilizing increased substantially, whereas the quality declined at the relatively lesser cutting frequencies. 2. The first cut at 3-cut regimes, the first and fourth cut at 4-cut regimes, and the second and last cut at 5-and 6-cut regimes showed the highest nitrogen-efficiency, respectively. 3. By the sigmaformed process of production curve the most efficient mineral N-dressing rate per ha and cut was calculated: 42-56kg N on the 3-cut areas, 39-55kg N on the 4-cut areas, 38-47kg N on the 5-cut areas and 35-48kg N/ha/cut on the &cut areas. 4. In dependence on site and kind of calculation the economical borders were reached with the following dressings of mineral N/ha/cut: 90-100kg on the 3-cut areas, 70-100kg on the 4-cut areas and 50- 90kg on the 5-and 6-cut areas.
Quality and Feed Value of Ensiled Whole Crop Corn with Cage Layer Excreta and Concentrate
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 164~171
This study was carried out to enhance the nutritional value of whole crop corn silage and the utilization of animal waste as a ruminant feedstuffs. Whole crop corn were ensiled with cage layer excreta and concentrate. Treatments included whole crop corn silage (control), 10% cage layer excreta and concentrate-corn silage (CES lo), 20% cage layer excreta and 10% concentrate-corn silage (CES 20) and 30% cage layer excreta and 10% concentrate-corn silage (CES 30). The characteristics of silage fermentation was evaluated. Digestibility and palatability of the silage were observed through the feeding trial with four male Corridale sheep. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Cage layer excreta-corn silage showed higher contents of crude protein and crude ash than control silage, while crude fibre content was significantlv lower than that of control silage (P(.01). 2. Total nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen content of the cage layer excreta-corn silage was significantly (P< .01) higher than that of control, but CES 10 silage was good in quality. 3. Lactic acid content of CES 10 silage was the highest, but that of CES 20 and CES 30 silage was lower than that of control. CES 20 and CES 30 silage was lower lactic acid content and higher pH than control. Therefore Flieg's score was wrose than that of control silage. 4. The numbers of total bacteria and lactic fermentation bacteria were estimated lo7-10' and 10"1OH, respectively, and there were no significant differences among treatments. Coliform numbers were not detected with CES 10 silage while were detected lo3 per gram in CES 30 silage. 5. Digestibility of crude protein, crude fibre and ADF was improved significantly in the animals fed the cage layer excreta-corn silage compared with animals fed the control silage. DCP and TDN were the highest in the CES 10 silage. 6. The intake of daily nitrogen and dry matter per metabolic body weight was the highest in animals fed the CES 10 silage.lage.
Effects on fermentation of Corn-Broiler Excreta Silage by Addition of Corn-Meal
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 172~178
This experiment was conducted to enhance nutritional value of whole crop corn silage and increase mixture levels of broiler excreta by adding of corn meal. Treatments were included non mixture(control), adding 10, 20, 30% of broiler excreta and adding 10, 20, 30% of broiler excreta and corn meal as a fresh matter basis, respectively. One liter laboratory silos were prepared. The characteristics of fermentation and micro-organisms during the silage process were assessed. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The crude fiber, NDF and ADF contents were high in whole crop corn(P(O.Ol), crude protein and crude ash contents were high in the broiler excreta(P<0.05), and NFE content was high in corn meal (P< 0.05). 2. Crude protein content of silage was increased(I'
-N contents of silage were markedly increased with increasing levels of broiler excreta and corn meal, and was the highest in the 30% broiler excreta treatment(P
<0.05), and Flieg's value gains "very good" by showing organic acids. 5. Numbers of total bacteria and lactobacilli were
, respectively, and were similar in all treatment. Colliform was all but annihilated in the treatment with mixture of broiler excreta and corn rneal.orn rneal.
Effect of the Top Dressing Time on Productivity at Alpine Area
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 10, issue 3, 1990, Pages 179~182
This experiment was carried out to determine the proper application time of nitrogen (N) and potassium (
) as a additional fertilizer in corn cultivation at Taekwalyong alpine area.Two varieties of silage corn (cv. Suwon 19 and Kangwon local var.) were grown under different top dressing time (4-leaf, 7 leaf and 10-leaf stage) in 1989.Kangwon local variety produced more leaf area and higher dry matter yield than Suwon 19. However,there was no describle differences among application time of N and
fertilizer in both Suwon 19 and Kangwon local variety.