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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 11, Issue 2 - May 1991
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 1991
Selecting the target year
studies on the Production of Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L.) II. Effectcs of liming , manure application , and inoculation with Rhizobium on early growth, nodulation and dry matter yield
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 145~152
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of liming, manure application, and inoculation with Rhizobium on the early growth, nodulation, seedling establishment, winter survival, and forage yield and quality of alfalfa(Medicago sativa L.) at the Experimental Livestock Farm, College of Agriculture, Seoul National University, Suweon in 1985 and 1986. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Seedling vigor and nodule formation of alfalfa at early stage were the best in the treatments of liminginoculation( L1) and liming-manure-inoculation(LM1). 2. Seedling establishment was not significantly affected by the treatments of liming, manure application, nodulation and the combination of these. 3. The LI and LMI treatments showed the highest winter survival of 94.3 and 83.5%, respectively, but the lowest winter su.rvival of 55.9 and 58.5% was found in no treatment(None) and inoculation( I ), respectively. 4. No differences in crude protein(CP1, acid detergent fiber(ADF) and neutral detergent fiber(NDF) contents were found among the treatments. 5. There were significant differences in the total dry matter yield of alfalfa among the treatments. The total dry matter yields of 10,618, 11,830, 11,855 and 13,456 kg/ha from the treatments of L, LM, LI and LMI, respectively, were significantly higher than those of None, M and I treatments. 6. Based on the results of the experiment, it appears that the dry matter yield of alfalfa could be enhanced by the treatments of liming with Rhizobium inoculation and also liming, manure application and Rhizobium inoculation as a practical method.
The Effects of Water Holding Matter on Emergence and Early Growth of Forage Grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 153~157
The present study eluciciated the effect of water holding matter on emergence and survival of forage grasses in seedling and early growth stage. Vermiculite was used as u7ater holding matter. Experiment was conducted with 2 treatments, soil only and soil with 3% vermiculite. The results obtained were as follows: Most of character related to emergence and early growth were improved clearly by adding vermiculite. Specially, root growth was increased when vermiculite was added in soil. Survival percent at drought stress condition was also improved by adding vermiculite. Rut the amount of water keeping by verm~culite was not much.
Esterase Isozyme Banding Pattern in Legume Seedings
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 158~161
Horizontal starch gel electrophoresis, follow by enzyrne-specific staining, separate and visualize several legume esterase isozyme. Using extracts prepared from cotyledon, radicle and plumule of legume seedlings germinated 5 days. The results were as follows. 1. The number and staining intensity of esterase isozyme bands varies depending on the plant species. tissues and developmental stage. 2. Bands in the cotyledon of field bean seedling expressed 4 and 1 in radicle. 3. In soybean cultivars, cotyledon of IIwangkum-kong had 3 bands and 1 band in the examined tissues of Paldal-kong and Jangkyung-kong seedling. 4. The cotyledon and radicle of french bean seedling had 3 bands, respectively. 5. The highest esterase isozyme activity appears to be expressed in the cotyledon and radicle of french bean, as indicated by intensity of stain, with the Paldal-kong particulary active.
Studies on the herbicide Application for Use in Pasture Establishment by Overseeding II. Influence of herbicide residue in soils on the growth of introduce pasture grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 162~168
Iterbicide resduc. cauicd ~rljul-y to ovcrsown pasture grasses \\hen herbicide appliccl for use in pasturc est;~blish~nt~nt lo gro~vth contro! ol n;rtivc ~r ~:cds and shrubs. 'l'hih L~sperirnel~t was conducted to cv;lluati. (he herbicidr residue anti its ph!:totosical ~riiiuence on the growth of introtluccd pasturts species. Esperimcmtal soils was treated with buthitlazolc, ~ o d l ~ l m chlorate, glyphosatc. U-46 anti paraquat each at twt) applici~tion rates. Lhcf~1i.s glowl~mlc~ including othrr pasture grasses and le~urnes were evaluatrd for tolerance to herbicide. IIerbicide residue in the amount ot injury caused to introduced pasture grasses was found in order of buthidazole, sodium chlorate, U-46 and glyphosate. Euthidazole was not available for use in pasture establishment because of their long persist of toxic herbicide residues. A great stand redl~ction of subseq ~ ~ c n t oversown pastures was also observed In sodium chlorate treatment. However, normal vegetative stand and grass production was obtained, when thc pasture grasses seeded 45-60 days later herbicide treatments. Glyphosate did not affect subsequent oversown pasture species in both grasses and legumes. fistuccr arundinc~cea and Pou pratensis were the most tolerant pasture species to herbicide residue while 7'rzfi,lium pyatense and Medicugo suti~u showed a wsceptible response regardless of herbicide.
Estimation of Pasture Production and Nutritive Vallue in Relation to Plant Heigth of Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L. )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 169~174
For simple estimation of pasture production and nutritive value in relation to height of orchardgrass (Ductylis glomumtu L.), the experiment was carried out in a pasture mixture dominated by orchardgrass. The samples of grasses were harvested at the heights of about 30, 40, 50, 70 and 90 cm at the first harvest under different percentage of 100 (grass coverage): 0 (bareland), 80 : 20, 60 : 40, 40 : 60 and 20 : 80, respectively. As the height of orchardgrass was increased, fresh and dry matter (DM) yield were significantly increased. The regression equation between DM yield (Y) and height (X) was Y=ll. 5390 X- 146.60 (r=O. 9414 * * ). Also the higher bareland, the lower pasture production was observed. As the plant height at the first harvest was increased, the contents of crude (C) protein, C. fat, C. ash and relative feed value were markedly decreased. On the other hand, the contents of C. fiber, NFE, NDF. ADF, cellulose and lignin were significantly increased, respectively. The higher height, the lower DM digestibility was found. The equation between digestibility (Y) and height (X) was Y=- 0.2193 X+ 80.99 (r = - 0.9862**). Considering DM yield, digestibility and crude protein, the optimum height of orchardgrass at the first harvest was 59 to 67crn for better pasture production and nutritive value.
the Effects of Shade and N Fertilization on the Dry Matter Production of Orchargrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 175~181
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of shade and levels of N fertilization on the dry matter yield and chemical compositions of orchardgrass grown under floor of chestnut tree. Shading conditions consist of
, (full light),
, (about 6OC4 shade) and
, (about 70% shade). And, nitrogen fertilizer was applied at 3 levels, O(
), and 30(
) kg per 10a, respectively. The results are may be summarized as follows: 1. Maximum total dry matter yield of
, was obtained about 1.28 ton/lOa at
, level. But, total dry matter yields of N levels in
, were decreased about 42-45% compared with
. 2. The response of the dry matter yield to N fertilization were differences between shading and levels of N. Thus, the dry matter yield of
, increased almost linear up to about 30 kg/l0a level, while the dry matter yield of S, was increased slightly up to 30 kgIl0a. But.
, was increased up to 12 kg/lOa and then decreased slightly with N fertilization over the 12 kg/l0a. 3. Average increase in total dry matter yield to N fertilization were 23.85 kg, 7.97 kg and 5.08 kg DM for
, respectively. 4. The level of 12 kg N/lOa is the limiting N level to obtain dry matter production under 60-709 shading conditions. 5. The contents of crude protein arid nitrate nitrogen were increased with shading and incremental N fertilization up to 30 kg/l0a. But, water soluble carbohydrate content was decreased greatly with high shading and high levels of N. 6. Nitrate nitrogen content indicated highly significant positive correlation with crude protein, but significant negative correlation with water soluble carbohydrate content. 7. At 30 kg N level with
, was necessary to exceed the potentially toxic nitrate nitrogen level of 0.20%.
Studies on the Application of Cattle Slurry in Grassland I. Effect of the application times and levels of cattle slurry on the fry matter yield and botanical composition in grassland
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 182~188
With a purpose of finding out the effects of cattle slurry applicatioin on the dry matter yield, yield component, and botanical composition in the mixed sward, a field experiment was conducted with two times and five levels of cattle slurry application. The experimental field was laid.out in a split-plot design with three replications, and lasted from September. 1986 to October, 1990 at the Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. At each harvest time, the plant growth of the plots with cattle slurry application was slightly worse when compared to dressing of mineral fertilizer. 2. Average dry matter yield for 4 years was not significantly different between the slurry application times, just after cutting, and 15 days after cutting, The DM yield in the plot with cattle slurry 30 m!/ha and mineral fertilizer(9,095 kg/ha) and with cattle slurry 60 m1/ha and mineral fertilizer(8, 987 kg/ha) were decreased by 8% and 10% than that of the plot with mineral fertilizer application(9,937 kg/ha), respectively. 3. The DM yield component of the plots with cattle slurry application just after cutting was much better when compared to manuring 15 days after cutting. And it was much better in the plot with cattle slurry 60 m"/ha and mineral fertilizer which was composed of 73.8% grasses(6.636 kg/ha). 24.6% legumes (2,207 kdha) and 1.6% weeds(144 kdha). 4. In general, the botanical composition was relatively good in the plots with slurry application just after cutting. Grassland vegetation of the plots with cattle slurry 60 m"/ha and mineral fertilizer was changed into much better botanical composition with 66.8% grasses, 30.2% legumes and 3. 1% weeds at the end of the experiment.xperiment.
Efficiency of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilization on Yield and Botanical Composition of Grassland VII. Estimation of economical way of mineral nitrogen application depending on difference of annual precipitations in permanent grassland.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 3, 1991, Pages 189~194
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of pure mineral nitrogen fertilization on dry matter yield and to determine the amounts of advisable mineral nitrogen according to difference of annual precipitations in permanent grassland. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Only PK-fertilizing without additional mineral nitrogen application produced 6. 9 tonlha of annual dry matter yields on average in relatively wet years that was higher than in rel. dry and normal years under 3-cut system by 0. 7 and 0.6 ton DMIha, respectively. 2. Due to the lesser rainfall the nitrogen-efficiency was substantially higher with heavy dressing of nitrogen fertilizer. The absolute differences in yield between rel. dry and wet years were 0.4 and 0.7 ton DMIhalyear respectively when dressed with 90 and 120 kgN/ha/cut at 4-, 5- and 6-cut systems, whereas at 3-cut system differences around 1.3 and 1.1 ton Dhllhalyear respectively were recorded. 3. In rel. dry years the most efficient N-dressing rates per ha and year tended to be slightly higher than in rel. wet and normal years. Particularly at 5-cut system 4-7 kg/ha/cut of more nitrogen fertilization was required in order to obtain the highest overyields. 4. The N-dressing rates needed to maintain a nitrogen-efficiency of 8 to 16 kg DM/kg N tended to be stronger particularly at high cut system, and also in rel. dry years higher dressing rates were required that in rel. wet and normal years.