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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 11, Issue 2 - May 1991
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 1991
Selecting the target year
Esterase Isozyme Banding Pattern in Leaf and Stem of Legume Plants
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 199~202
The esterase isozyme of several legume plants were separated and visualized by horizontal starch gel electrophoresis using enzyme-specific staining. Extracts used were prepared from fully expanded young leaf and stem of six legume species which were red clover(Trifolium Pretense L.), ladino clover(Trifolium repense L.), wild white clover(Trifolium repense L.), alfalfa(Medicage sativa L.), mimosoides(Cassia mimosoides var nomame Makino), and amoena(Vicia amoena Fisch). The number of band, Phenotype and staining intensity of esterase isozyme in leaf and stem varies depending on the plant species. However, there are little difference between leaf and stem esterase isozyme in same species except alfalfa. And in the leaf and stem of mimosoides and amoena showed not any esterase(Fig. 2). Among the examined plants, the highest staining intensity and the rapidest migrating esterase isozyme was Est 1.
Effects of Summer Temperature and Nitrogen Application on Carbohydydrate and Fiber Contents in Orchardgrass Stubble
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 203~208
This experiment was carried out to compare the effects of summer temperature and nitrogen application on carbohydrates and fiber contents in orchardrass stubble grown in the cool summer year, 1980 and in the hot summer year, 1984. For this study, the contents of carbohydrates, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber(ADF) and hemicellulose in orchardgrass stubble were investigated. 1. Total water soluble carbohydrates(TSC) in orchardrass stubble were accumulated during the period of cool season and were declined when the weather was hot and dry. The reserve level of those were decreased when a new leaf emerged after the start of plant growth and then were increased as the plant was in full flourish. 2. The reserve of carbohydrate content in orchardgrass stubble was about twice times higher in cool summer year than that in hot summer year, and the reserve rate of carbohydrates showed to be fast in cool summer year. When the nitrogen fertilizer applied, the content of TSC in orchardgrass stubble more lowered but not significantly different(p<0.05). 3. The contents of NDF, ADF and hemicellulose in orchardgrass stubble in cool summer year were not significantly different from those in hot summer year. These contents showed also no significant difference among different levels of nitrogen applications. 4. The relationship of carbohydrate, NDF, ADF and hemicelluose contents according to the levels of nitrogen applications were negatively correlated in cool summer year. But there was no consistency in hot summer year.
Comparison of Germination Characteristics, and of Logistic and Weibull Functions to Predict Cumulative Germination of Grasses Under Osmotic Water Stress
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 209~214
The germination of seeds is developmentally complex process requiring water uptake, which is regulated by both genotypic and environmental factors. The present study was undertaken to determine the difference in germination characteristics, and to compare the ability of the logistic and Weibull functions to describe the cumulative germination curve when two levels of osmotic potential(0, -5 bar) were put to seeds of alfalfa, tall fescue, orchardgrass, and Kentucky bluegrass. The effects of grass type, osmotic potential, and their interaction on the total germination and coefficient of germination velocity were significant(P<0.01). The Weibull equation for predicting percent cumulative germination curve of alfalfa had significantly lower residuals than the logistic equation regardless of osmotic potential(P<0.01), indicating that the Weibull equation was more efficient than the logistic equation to fit the data of the percent cumulative germination of alfalfa. The rate parameter from the logistic equation was decreased under water stress, whereas the scale and shape parameters were increased. There were significant differences in days to 20% germination estimated from the logistic and Weibull equations.
The Effect of Cutting Frequency and Nitrogen Fertilizing Level on the Root Production and its Distribution in the Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 215~221
This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of cutting frequency and nitrogen fertilization in the mixed pasture on root production and its depth distribution. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Root distribution studied on botanical composition was not significantly different by the upper 20cm level in all treatments. 2. Root yields were all high irrespectively of dominant species. However, Arrhenatherum elatius dominant pasture showed the lowest. Alopecurus pratensis dominant pasture showed the highest in root yield. 3. With the root yield, there was no significant difference in cutting frequency, but the moderate nitrogen level(N-2) showed the highest root yield among three N levels. 4. The depth distribution of root was 1m depth in all treatments.
Effects of Nitrogen Application Levels and Ryegrasses as a Member of Mixture on Improvement of Oversown Pasture I. Establishment, botanical composition and productivity
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 222~229
This experiment was carried out to determine the effect of improvement of oversown pastures, treated with four nitrogen(N) application levels(0, 100, 200, 300 kg/ha) and three species mixtures (A: orchardgrass+ladino clover; B: orchardgrass+ladino clover+perennial ryegrass; C: orchardgrass+ladino clover+perennial ryegrass+Italian ryegrass). The establishment of perennial ryegrass, Italian ryegrass, and ladino clover were increased with increased N applications, but the ryegrass mixed with orchardgrass and ladino clover decreased the establishment of ladino clover. With the increase of N application levels, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass and Italian ryegrass in comparison on botanical composition were getting better, while the native plants established already were decreased. The botanical composition of newly sown pasture plants was increased as cutting times progressed. The dry matter(DM) yield of pasture species increased significantly with N application up to 300 kg/ha. There was no significance among mixture treatments, although the DM yield of basic treatment(orchardgrass+ladino clover) was higher than other treatments. However, when compared DM yields on each cutting times, newly oversown pastures in A treatment was shown to be significantly higher only on 2nd cutting time than other treatments(P<0.05). The DM yield of native plants survived in basic species mixture was significantly less than those of other mixtures(P<0.05). Results of this study indicate that for improving oversown pastures, at least 300 kg/ha N application should be applied, and basic mixture (orchardgrass+ladino clover) has more advantage than treatments mixed with ryegrass.
Yearly Change of Phosphorus Absorption in Annual-and Perennial Grass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 230~235
This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of soil phosphorus(P) level on growth environment of annual-and perennial plant. The results obtained are summarized as follow:1. With increasing level of phosphorus fertilizer, plant length of Italian-and perennial ryegrass tended to increase. 2. After the second year, DM yield of perennial ryegrass was significantly higher than that of Italian ryegrass in all treatments. 3. In the difference of P-yield between high P-treatment and nil P-treatment, there was tendency for that of Italian ryegrass to be increased but for perennial ryegrass to be decreased throughout 3 years. 4. The growth of perennial ryegrass compared with Italian ryegrass was tended to profitable in low phosphorus environment than high phosphorus environment.
Effects of Slope Orientation and Altitude on the Forage Yield and Botanical Composition of Alpine Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 236~243
A field experiment was conducted during the growing season of 1985 to determine the effects of slope orientation, north and south facing exposures and three different altitudes, 800, 1,000 and 1,200m a.s.1. on the dry matter yield, forage quality and botanical composition of alpine pasture. 1. Total dry matter yield of alpine pasture was influenced by slope orientation and altitude. An average forage yield of both exposures at 1,000m a.s.1. was 9,301kg/ha compared with 10,274kg/ha at 800m a.s.1. and the productivity express in relative percentage decreased by 9.5% per 200m attitudinal increase. 2. An average forage yield of both altitudes, 800 and 1,000m a.s.1. on the south facing exposure was 21.5% higher than that on the north exposure. 3. Crude protein concentration of forage grown on both exposures was lowest at 800m a.s.1. increasing gradually as the altitude increased, but crude fiber concentration decreaced in a manner opposite to that of crude protein. 4. Forage grown on the north facing exposure had a higher concentration of crude protein than that grown on the south facing exposure at the same altitude, but lower concentraion of crude fiber. 5. Orchardgrass and timothy were two main species on both exposures at 800m a.s.1. but timothy was only dominant species at 1,000 and 1,200m a.s.1. and performed well up to 1,200m a.s.1. in alpine area. The economic production limit of orchardgrass would be about 800m a.s.1. in the alpine pasture. 6. No soil property differences were found between the north and south facing exposures as well as three different altitudes in the alpine pasture. It seemed that the previous pasture fertilization of the experimental field completely overshadowed any soil property differences from slope orientation and altitude.
Effectiveness of Magnesium-and Boron-Enriched Complex Fertilizer(14-10-12-3-0.2) on the Pasture Maintenance and Management I. Changes in the soil chemical properties and mutural balance of mineral nutrients in soil in a mixed grass/clover sward
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 244~251
This study was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of magnesium-and boron-enriched complex fertilizer(CF, N-P
: 14-10-12-3-0.2) on the maintenance and management of hilly pasture. The effectiveness of CF was compared to those of some straight fertilizers (SF). This first part of the study was concerned with the soil chemical properties and the mutural balances of mineral nutrients in the soils of a mixed grass-clover and a pure grass swards. The results of a two-year field experiment are summarized as follows: 1. The Mg contents in the soils of the CF plots were higher than those of the SF plots. On the other hand, the Ca contents were higher in the SF plots than in the CF plots. The contents of Mg and Ca, and CEC, except K, in both the CF and SF plots were considerably below the optimum levels. At the normal application rate of NPK, the contents of available P
were close to the optimum level in both the CF and SF plots. 2. The contents of exchangeable Mg were lower than the K contents in soils of all the plots. At the normal application rate of NPK, the Mg contents in the CF plots, but not in the SF plots, were close to the critical level for general crops (0.29me Mg/100g soil). The Mg contents in soils of all the plots, however, were considerably below the critical level for pasture forages and grazing cows (0.41me/100g). 3. Considering the desirable base saturation level of soil, the saturation levels of Ca and Mg were insufficient in both the CF and SF plots. The saturation levels of Mg in the CF plots, however, were relatively good compared with the SF plots. The equivalent ratios or Mg/K, Ca/Mg. Ca:Mg:K, and %Mg of CEC in soils were generally unfavorable in all the plots. These ratios of the CF plots, however, were relatively better than those of the SF plots. 4. Considering the contents of exchangeable Ca and Mg in soils, it is suggested that the application of slaked magnesium lime as a soil amelioration might be desirable for the fundamental increment of those contents at pasture establishment.
Effectiveness of Magnesium-and Boron-Enriched Complex Fertilizer(14-10-12-3-0.2) on the Pasture Maintenance and Management II. Changes in the forage yields, yield components, and chemical compositions in a mixed grass-clover and a pure grass swards
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 252~257
In a two-year's field experiment, the effectiveness of magnesium-and boron-enriched complex fertilizer (CF, N-P
: 14-10-12-3-0.2) on the maintenance and management of hilly pasture was studied. The effects of CF and some straight fertilizers (SF) on forage yields, yield components, and chemical compositions were compared in a mixed grass-clover (orchardgrass, tall fescue, kentucky bluegrass, and ladino clover) and a pure grass (orchardgrass) swards. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Considerably higher average dry matter yields were obtained in the CF plots than in the SF plots. In the mixed sward, the yields of whole mixed forages were inclosed by 10.8-14.5%, grasses by 11%, and legume by 21.5-31.0% by the use of the CF over the use of SF. In the pure grass sward, the yield of grasses was increased by 7.0-21.8%. 2. The rates of yield increase due to the application of CF were dependent on such factors as types of sward (pure or mixed), application rates of NPK, and forage species. The increase of forage yields due to the CF was greater at the normal rate of NPK application than at lower application rate, and in legume forage than in grass forage. 3. The crude fiber, crude fat and NFE contents of forages were not significantly changed by different treatments. However, the forage of CF plot at the normal application rate of NPK contained relatively higher amount of crude protein and crude fat compared with the forages of other plots. 4. There were no significant differences in the contents of mineral nutrients in forages among the different treatments. In spite of the application of Mg-enriched CF, the contents of Mg in soils and forages were below the optimum level.
Performance of Sudangrass, Sudangrass Hybrids and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrids for Forage Production V. Comparison of recommended cultivars of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 11, issue 4, 1991, Pages 258~263
There are ten NLCF's recommended sorghum-sudangrass hybrids(Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench), but they have not been evaluated under same environmental conditions. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted to campare forage yield and quality of the NLCF's recommended cultivars of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids at the experimental forage field, College of Agriculture, SNU, Suweon over two years. Among the ten cultivars used, G83F and NC+855 were classified as early maturing cultivars. Pioneer 988 and Sordan 79 were more resistant to leaf blight than the other hybrids. Jumbo, Sordan 79 and SX-17 were susceptible to lodging. No significant differences in dry matter yield were found among the cultivars used, but the dry matter yields of Pioneer 988, TE-Haygrazer and G83F were slightly higher than the other hybrids in 1989 and those of NC+855 and Pioneer 988 were higher in 1990. There were no marked cultivar differences in CP, ADF, NDF and RFV at the first, second and third cuts in 1990, but the ADF, NDF and RFV of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids at the third cut showed more higher than those of the first and second cut forage. In conclusion, there are no forage yield differences among the ten NLCF's recommended sorghum-sudangrass hybrids.