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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
Selecting the target year
Effects of Sowing Method and Summer Management on Stubbli Carbohydrate Reserves and Microclimate of Orchargrass Meadow
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 77~84
This experiment was designed to gain information on factors affecting stubble death of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) during the first rainy season. According to the experimental plan, the effects of sowing methods, drainages and cutting dates on the stubble carbohydrate content of orchardgrass, available soil moisture content of experimental plots, temperatures at the ground level and in the soil, and relative light intensity and humidity at the base of orchardgrass canopy were measured during the rainy season. The carbohydrate content of orchardgrass was sharply decreased to 2.9 % at 3rd day after cutting in the plots cut before rainy season and a gradural recovery was noted following the sharp reduction, but in the plots cut after rainy season, orchardgrass showed 5.5% of carbohydrate content before cutting and 3.0% at the 3rd day after cutting. The same pattern in both carbohydrate reduction and recovery was found between two cutting treatments. The available soil moisture content in the plots cut before rainy season was slightly higher than that in the plots cut after rainy season. But after the rainy season, the available soil moisture content in the plots cut after rainy season was higher than that in the plots cut before rainy season. Soil temperature at lOcm depths in the plots cut before rainy season was higher than that in the plots cut after rainy season. Daily maximum air temperature at the ground level in the plots cut before rainy season was higher than that in the plots cut after rainy season and changeable. Relative humidity at the ground level was below 70% in the plots cut before rainy season, but 75 to 90 % was observed in the plots cut after rainy season. Relative light intensity at the ground level in the plots cut before rainy season was much higher, recorded 50 to 90 %, than that in the plots cut after rainy season showing less than 10%. The results of this study suggest that the stubble death of orchardgrass during the rainy season is due to plant diseases influenced by a decrease of light penetration and increase of relative humidity at the base of the grass canopy.
Potassium Content of Forage Regrown after Cuttings
Kim, Sangdeog A. ; Shigekata Yoshida ; Ryosei Kayama ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 85~88
Water cultrue method was used with the purpose of obtaining fundamental knowledge on the e effects of regrowth after cutting of 6 forage plants t to potassium(K) and magnesium(Mg) contents. Though there were some exceptions, the K contents of forage plants at both 10 ppm and 30O ppm
levels decreased with the progress of cutting time. The decrease of K content was more significant of gramineous plants than on leguminous plants. On the other hand, the Mg contents of forage plants increased with the progress of cutting tIme. The K/Mg ratio was the highest at 1st growing period with the higher K and lower Mg contents of the forages. The ratio of Italian ryegrass at 10 ppm
was the lowest, while at 300 ppm it was t the highest among the forages. From the facts, the K and Mg contents of forages at 1st cutting were higher and lower, resp pectively, than those observed in the other cutting times. Rapid rise of temperature could result in great difference on the ratio of K/Mg between lighter and heavier K applications.
Effect of Cutting Freqensy and Leavel of Nitrogen Fertilization on Carbohydrate Resreves of Reed Canarygrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 89~97
This experiment was attempted to investigate the effects of growing stage, cutting frequency and the level of nitrogen fertilization on the change of carbohydrate reserves in reed canarygrass(Pha1aris arundinacea L.). The results obtained were as follows: The amount of carbohydrate reserves appeared to markedly decrease up to critical level after the cutting in hot and dry weather season. During the growing stage, the amount of carbohydrate reserves decreased just after the cutting and also during the period of flourishing elongation of reed canarygrass. However, it began to increase sharply from the end of September for wintering. Two cutting system showed the highest mean value(19.53 %) of carbohydrate reserves and those of three, five and four cutting system was 15.32 %. 14.73 %, and 14.60 % respectively. Reed canarygrass with no nitrogen fertilization resulted in 17.17% of carbohydrate reserve, however there was no singificant difference among various levels of nitrogen fertilization. In respect of regrowth. 3 cutting system showed the most effective cutting frequency, however 4 or 5 cutting system had a decreasing tendency of regrowth.
Studies on the Application of Cattle Slurry in Grassland II. Effects of the application times and levels of cattle slurry on the net energy value and mineral content of grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 98~103
With a purpose of finding out the effects of cattle slurry application on thc nutrient contents of herbages and energy productivity in grassland, a field experiment was conducted with two times and five levels of cattle slurry application. The experimental field was designed in a split-plot with threc replications, and lasted from September, 1986 to October, 1990 at the Livestock Experiment Station in Suweon, The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The net energy(NEL, StE and TDN) contents of grasses in the plots with cattle slurry application just after cutting were slightly higher when compared to manuring 15 days after cutting. but DCP content has reverse trend. 2. Average net energy(NEL. StE and TDN) and DCP production of the plot with cattle slurry application 15 days after cutting were insignificantly increased by 26 % than those of manuring just after cutting. The energy and DCP yields in the plot with cattle slurry and with slurry + mineral fertilizer were decreased by 21 -27 % and 8- 11 %, respectively than those of the plot with single dressing of mineral fertilizer. 3. Mineral contents of grasses were not significant difference among the treatments of cattle slurry. but considering nutrient balance of animals, application of cattle slurry of 30-
/ha with mineral fertilizer was profitable as compared to the other treatments.
Studies on the Grassland Development in the Forest XII. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on nitrate nitrogen concentration and water soluble carbohydrate content of grasses by growing season and growth stage under shading condition
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 104~110
This experiment was carried out to determine the effects of nitrogen(N) fertilization levels(0. 120, 240 and 360 kg/ha/y) on seasonal nitrate nitrogen(
-N) concentration and water soluble carbohydrate (WSC) content of grasses grown under shading condition. The plants were sampled on 7. 14, 21, 28 and 35 days after harvesting in spring(May), summer(July) and autumn(September), 1988. respectively. Shading degree was controlled artificially ca. 45-50%, and each annual level of N was distributed 5 times equally. The
-N concentration of grasses was very low(0.064 %) in spring, high in summer(O.l98 %) and autumn(0.234%), and NO,-N was slightly decreased with growing of grasses. Also the NO,-N concentration of grasses was increased significantly with increasing level of N. In spring, the
-N of grasses was very safety(less than 0.1 %), regardless of plant height and N level. In summer and autumn, however, plant heights of below 40 cm(summer) and 44 cm(autumn), and N levels of over 210 kg(summer) and 140 kg(autumn) were over toxic level to animals, respectively. The WSC content of grasses was slightly decreased with grass growth. and significantly decreased with high level of N. From the above results, it is suggested that 200 kg/ha of N in this experiment is effective for forage quality. Also a little more amount of N(50-70kgltimes) in spring. and low level of N(20-30 kgltimes) in summer and autumn season may be desirable on woodland posture.
Effects of Spring Seeding Dates on Growth , Forage Yield and Quality of Early and Late Maturing Oat Cultivars
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 111~122
This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of spring seeding dates on the growth, yield and quality of early and late maturing spring oat (Auena sativa L.) cultivars on the forage experimental field, College of Agriculture, Seoul National University, Suwon from March to June, 1991. The experiment was arranged as a split plot with three replications. Oat cultivars, Cayuse and Speed oat, were the main plots, and seeding dates consisted of March 15, 22, 29, April 5 and 12 were the subplots. 1. A 7-day delay in seeding represents approximately 3~8 days being early in heading. The heading date of the early maturing cultivar, Speed oat, was 14 days earlier than that of the late maturing cultivar, Cayuse. 2. The concentrations of Crude protein (CP), Acid detergent fiber (ADF), Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and zn uitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of the late maturing cultivar, Cayuse, harvested May 29 were 19.6, 30.0, 44.9, and 82.7 %, respectively, but those of the early maturing cultivar, Speed oat, were 14.8. 33.3. 52.3, and 71.2 %, respectively. Chemical analyses of oat forage indicated that the contents of crude protein and lVDMD were increased from March 15 to April 12 seeding, while crude fiber was decreased. 3. Theaverage dry matter, IVDDM and CP yields of oats harvested May 29 were 2,960, 2,435 and 572 kg per ha, respectively with the late maturing cultivar. Cayuse. while the early maturing cultivar, Speed oat, recorded 3,255, 2.298 and 475 kg per ha, respectively. No significant dry matter yield differences were found among the different seeding dates of March 15, 22 and 29 for the two oat cultivars. but a significant yield decrease was found from April 5 seeding. No interactions in dry matter yield were observed between oat cultivars and seeding dates. 4. Maximum Leaf area index (LAI) and Leaf area index duration (LAID) were observed with earlier seeding and the LA1 of Cayuse cultivar was twice or three times as much as that of Speed oat cult~var as the growth progresses. 5. As the seeding date was earlier. the Crop growth rate (CGR) of the late maturing cultivar, Cayuse. was increased continuously. but that of the early maturing cultivar, Speed oat, was declined after May 29. This trend was also found on the Net assimilation rate (NAR) of Speed oat cultivar. The present experiment indicates that spring oats can be successfully produced as forages by seeding in March with early maturing cultivars
Influence of Sowing Time on Growth , Yield and Nutrient Quality of Forage job`s Tears ［ Coix lachryma-jobi L. var. mayeur STAPF ］
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 123~126
To determine optimal sowing time of Job's Tears in southern areas of Korea, Job's Tear cv. Seungju local cultivar was grown under three different sowing times. The results obtained are summariz cd as follows:I . Yield components such as plant length, stem diameter and number of leaves etc. were the highest at the sowing time of Apr. 15. 2. Plants sown at Apr. 15 showed the highest fresh and dry matter yield. 3. As plants were grown under later sowing time. they showed higher values in content of crude protein and lower values in contents of crude fiber such as NDF. ADF and cellulose.
Influence of N-Fertilization on Growth , Yield and Nutrient Quality of Forage Job`s Tears ［ Coix lachryma-jobi L. var. mayeur STAPF ］
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 2, 1992, Pages 127~131
To find out the optimum fertilizer levcl for Job's Tears, Seungju local cultivar, experiment with six fertilizer levels was conducted on the experimental field of forage crop in Sunchon National University from Apr. 1989 to Aug. 1990. The results obtained were summarized as follows: I .Raising nitrogen(N) application rate up to 13.5 kg/lOa increased dry matter yield linearly. However, at high N application rate, 18 kg/lOa, plants were too leafy and parts of leaves and lodging were decreased. so that dry matter yield was decreased.2. The optimum application rate of fertilizers turned out to be 13.5-6-6 kg/lOa of
. Content of crude protein, yield of fresh and dry matter were the highest and that of crude fiber such as NDF. ADF and cellulose were the lowest at this rate.