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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
Selecting the target year
Factors Required to Sustain Pastoral Farming Systems and Forage Supply In Winter-Cold Zones in Canada
Kunelius, H.T. ; Fraser, Joanna ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 3~12
Forage grasses and legumes ar
the mam component of livestock diets in Canada. There are over 30 million ha of grassland in Canada and there is a large, undeveloped land base in fringe areas suitable for forage production. The short growing s season limits the grassland farming to the southern p parts of Canada. The win!er season is long and in most parts of Canada cold temperatures, fr
ezmg, and thawing, and diseases exert sever
stress on overwintering forage plants. The development of persistent cultivars is essential for sustained production particularly in the fringe areas with short growmg s
ason. The seasonality of dry matter production is a result of high growth rates in early summ
r and low dry matter accumulation in late summer and fall. Innovative management practIces a and cultivars with improved regrowth capacity are n necessary to overcome such skewed production pattern and to extend effiectlVe grazmg season l Improved pasture production is an important part of reducing costs in livestock operations and remaining competitive. It is suggested that applying available technology would increase pasture productivity and reduce d
pendence on stored feeds thus improving profitability of small producers in particeular. Reducing nutrient losses during harv
stmg, s storage, and feeding is essential for improved production efficiency during confinement. The devclopment of low cost and labor saving methods of ensiling is critical for improved efficiency and profitability of forage based enterprises Livestock industries must respond to consumer preferences for low fat and cholesterol foods. Research and development of entire production systems is emphasized for dev
enterprises. It is increasingly difficult to secure resources for r
search, education, and extension, and alliane
s and cooperation must expand among organizations with interests in forage based livestock systems.
Factors Required to Sustain Pastoral Farming Systems and Forage Supply In Winter-Cold Zones in Japen
Hirota, Hidenori ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 13~22
Factors Required to Sustain Grassland Farming Systems and Forage Supply In Winter-Cold Zones in China
Zhu, T. ; Zu, Y. ; Fu, L. ; Gao, H. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 23~29
This paper discussed the effect of cold on the forge and animal production and reviewed the main problems and present developement of grasslands farming in winter cold zones in China. It is considered that climatic factor,sepecially cold winter conditon, is the ,main limitint factor of the frasslands productionm which cause the seasonal unballance of forage prduction and forage supply in winter cold zones in china. Present ang future development of grasslands farming in winter cold zones are discussed ditailly.
Factors Required to Sustain Pastoral Farming Systems and Forage Supply In Winter-Cold Zones in Korea
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 30~40
The area of grassland established and the arable land in forage production have been decreased recently in Korea. As a result, forages available from the grassland and the arable land provided only 40% of the total roughage consumed by cattle in 1991, compared with 54% in 1989. The decreasing trend of the forage production has been impinged on by a number of legislative. socio-economic. technical and other constraints negatively affecting grassland and forage development. Consequently. effective systems and strategies are quite necessary to have sustainable grassland farming in Korea. In spring and autumn, temperatures are too low for subtropical forage crops, and the summer monsoon climate is another serious limitation to the use of cool-season species. Therefore it is an imperative that not only the research-based grassland development but also the forage crop production should be strongly supported by the government authorities to overcome such climatic limitations. Private forest land holdings are of relatively small units in Korea. Accordingly. it is necessary and important to enlarge the forest land holdings per farm to develop as economic units of grassland. For this the government should introduce new policy measures such as for example: long-term leases of Sorest land and the idle arable land of absentee owners ; rational rental system of national and public forest lands; integrating livestock and forest production. All the laws and regulations standing in the way of the grassland development in forest lands should be modified and revised to open the way for much easier development of grassland. It is also proposed that a high level of financial incentives -hould be provided for structural improvements for the grassland development. They may be: mechanization facilitation, construction of new roads relating to grassland, and land exchange and consolidation. And it is basically necessary that financial enumeration or profits must be garanteed in order to motivate farmers to keep up farming continuously. For more efficient grassland development in mountainous areas, reorganization of Alpine Experiment Station and NAB1 Namwon Branch Station may be needed. Research should be strengthened for completion of pasture mixtures, development of maximum forage production methods with a view to saving labor and reducing production costs, introduction of grazing and forage conservation techniques. and utilization of rice straw as more palatable and nutritious forage source. In order to have more efficient and effective transfer of advanced forage production technologies to livestock farmers the user-clients. it is also essential that special training measures should be given to livestock farmers through making greater use of specialized research and extension workers.
Sugestion for the Development of Forage Production in Cheju
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 41~47
Cheju Island has an optimal environment for herviborous animal production. However, the infrastructure has been degraded under the pressure from the development of tourism and thus the technological development for livestock production has not been great. This is the time to re-evaluate and re-direct the system of livestock production on the island. My suggestions on the development of grassland agriculture on the island are as follows : 1. Grassland area of Cheju, 65,695 ha should be maintained and the local government should try to improve more grasslands which can hold 3 or more cattle per ha on pasture. including enterpriseowned lands. 2. For better management of co-operatives village. the local government should evaluate the conditions of the grasslands yearly after being grazed and suggest a new management method accordingly. 3. In order to strengthen grassland research. it is recommended that Cheju Experiment Station be reorganized as a Grassland Research Institute or Department of Grassland Science be added. 4. [mport of good forage varieties. especially legumes, from foreign countries and distribution to farmers after adaption studies, are required to improve nutritive values of forage produced. 5. Methods for production of good quality forage seeds at rcasonablc prices should be established.
Natural Grassland in Korea
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 48~55
Breeding of Forage Crops
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 56~63
Physiology and Nutrition of Pasture Plants
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 64~129
Physiology of Forage Crops
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 70~73
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 74~82
Soil Charateristics and Fertilization Applications in Korean Hilly Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 83~93
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 94~102
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 103~106
Grassland management for Cutting
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 107~115
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 116~121
Studies on Animal Excreta Application to Grassland
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 122~126
Cultivation of Forage Crops after Rice on Paddy-land
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 127~133
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 134~140
Effects of Lime and Phosphate Application on Mineral Content of Pasture Species in Volcanic Ash Soil of Cheju Island
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 138~144
This study was carried out to determine the effects of lime(0, 300 kg/lOa) and phosphate application( 0, 20, 40, 80 kg/lOa) on mineral contents in herbage when 5 pasture species(orchardgrass, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, redtop and ladino clover) were grown in pot of black(B) and very dark brown (VDB) volcanic ash soil of Cheju island, respectively. P content of orchardgrass and perennial ryegrass were higher in VDB than in B (P<0.01), but other grasses were not different between two soil types. Also, Ca and Mg contents of ladino clover were higher in VDB than in B, but other grasses were not different between two soil types. P and K contents were not affected by lime but Ca and Mg contents were increased by lime application in most of the pasture species. P, Ca, Mg and Na contents of all pasture spesies were increased by phosphate application(P< 0.Ol)except for Ca content of tall fescue. K and Fe content were decreased, with increasing phosphate application but Zn content was not changed by phosphate application.
The Role of Phosphorus on Plant Succession of Grassland in Andosol Region I. P-cycle in annual and perennial plant communities
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 145~152
Phosphorus(P) cycle of Miscanthus sinensis, Sasa palmata and Artemicia princeps for perennial plants and Polygonwn thunbergii for annual plant were investigated in natural plant communities established in Andosol region. 1. Perennial plants contained about 50-80 % P of the maximum accumulated in whole plant in under ground parts as reserve P before wintering. On the other hand, annual plant returned the most part of P in plant tissues to soil and wintered with a small amount of P in only seed. 2. The storage percentage of K was low compared to P in both perennial and annual plants. And the return of K from litter to soil proceeded rapidly because of easy leaching of K. 3. Perennial plants stored a large amount of P in reserve organs before wintering and carry it over next generation, and P holded in an individual showed a yearly increase. Consequently, P was less susceptible to depressive factor for growth of perennial plants even in poor P circumstances like Andosol region, compared to annual plant.
Effect of Sowing Season on the Growth and Dry Matter Yield Legumes in Different Legume-Grass Mixtures according to Altitude
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 153~160
This experiment was conducted to investigate the adaptability of legume in different legume-grass mixtures according to altitude(600, 800, lOOOm a.s.1.) in the alpine area. The experimental plot was allocated as a split plot design with three replications. The main plots were sowing season(spring and fall) and subplots legume-grass mixture(alfa1fa-grass, red clover-grass and white clover-grass mixture). The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. At 600m, in case of sowing alfalfa, red clover and white clover in fall. each legume of legume-grass mixtures was consistuted about 30% without between-year variation and then all legumes at fall sowing could grow. 2. At 800m, in case of sowing white clover in spring this species was consistuted about 14.7 % at the last cutting without severe between-year variation. 3. At 1000m, only white clover sown in spring like at 800m was somewhat maintained without severe between-year variation. 4. Percentage and DM yield of legume considerably decreased with the rise of altitude and alfalfa couldn't grow more than 800m.
Comparison of Agronomic Performance of Introduced Corn Hybrid for Silage Production I. Performance of hybrids in different regions
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 161~172
The agronomic performance of four introduced corn(Zea mays L.) hybrids and a domestic hybrid Suwon 19(control) was compared for silage production in the Middle Northwestern Coast(MNWC). Middle Southwestern Coast(MSWC) and Middle Northern Inland(MN1) regions of Korea, 1988 to 19 90. In the MNWC region, DK713 and P3144W were recorded as more resistant corn hybrids to rice black streaked dwarf virus(RBSDV) than other hybrids. P3144W, P3352 and DK689 hybrids produced higher dry matter(DM) and total digestible nutrient(TDN) than the control hybrid Suwon 19 and DK 713. In the MSWC region, P3144W and DK689 tended to yield more DM and TDN than other hybrids and a severe infection of RBSDV was observed during 3 years of experiment. In the MNI region, P3144W and P3352 corn hybrids showed higher ear and dry matter percentage and gave the highest DM and TDN yield compared with other hybrids. The RBSDV infection of the hybrids in the MNI region was moderate level compared with the two regions, but rate of stay green was the lowest. In the three regions, the control hybrid Suwon 19 gave the highest RBSDV infection, followed by P 3352, DK689, and P3144W, while DK713 was the lowest. P3144W and P3352 hybrids gave higher DM and ear percentages than all other hybrids at harvest. During 3 years of experiment, it was found that there were regional and year differences in RBSDV infection, forage DM yield, DM percentage and ear ratio to total DM yield of the corn hybrids.
effect of Harvesting Daates on Forage Yield and Qality of Winter Rye
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 173~177
This experiment was carried out to determine the effect of harvesting dates on the dry matter yield and quality of "Kool grazer" winter rye(Seca1e cereale L.) as a soilage crop at the Forage Experimental Field of College of Agrlc. and Life Sciences, SNU, Suweon. Four-day harvasting interval was allocated to measure the growth, yield and quality of rye from April 14 to May 18, 1987. Rye was rapidly grown as 3 cm/day and the growth was linearly recorded from the elongation to flowering stage. The dry matter and in vitro digestible dry matter(1VDDM) yields per ha were linearly increased up to 0.26 and 0.19 tonlday from April 14 to May 4 and April 14 to 29, respectively, but major breaks in yield increases occurred at the 50% heading stage, than yields increased. The highest crude protein yield was observed at the first heading stage of April 29, then decreased. Acid detergent fiber (ADF) and crude protein(CP) contents of rye at the heading stage of May 5 were 35 and 17%, respectively and the nutritive value of rye in terms of ADF and CP contents was evaluated as the I st grade hay, but neutral detergent fiber(NDF) content of rye was 47 % at the boot stage ofApril 22 and evaluated as the 2nd grade hay in terms of NDF content. The results indicate that the first heading stage or the end of April would be the most suitable harvesting time for early maturing winter rye as a soilage crop in terms of yield and quality in the middle northwestern coast rcgion of Korea. of Korea.
Comparison of Productivity of Various Silage Corn Varieties I. Growth charateristics and dry matter yield of different part of silage corns
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 178~184
Five varieties of silage corn were cultivated to compare the growth characteristics and productivity. Corn varieties were Pioneer 3144(P 3144), 3160(P 3160), 3282(P 3282), 3352(P 3352) and Suweon 19 (S 19). The corns were seeded on May 2 and harvested on August 15, and measured the plant height, leaf length, leaf width, stem diameter, and yields of fresh and dry matter. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Plant height of P 3352 and P 3144 grown about 280cm throughout the experimental period was the tallest(P<.Ol), and those of P 3160, P 3282 and Suweon 19 ranged from 246.3 to 256.0 cm. 2. Leaf length is the longest in P 3352 and the shortest in P 3282(97.63cm vs 84.17cm), and there was significant(P<.Ol) difference between corn varieties. 3. Stem diameter was the longest in P 3144 and the shortest(P<.Ol) in P 3352(3.28cm vs 2.66cm). 4. P 3144, P 3282 and P 3352 had the greatest(P<.Ol) fresh matter yields per 10a in leaf, stem, and ear and whole plant, respectively. 5. Dry matter yield of P 3282 was the greatest(P<.Ol) in stem(1,080.6 kg/lOa) and leaf(304.5 kg/lOa), and that of P 3352 was the greatest in ear(864.1 kg/lOa) and whole plant yield(2,021 kg/lOa). 6. Ratios of respective part of corn to total dry matter were ranged from 12.7 to 17.8 76 for leaf, 44.5 to 66.9% for stem and husks, and 16.9 to 42.8 % for ear, and the highest in P 3160, P 3160 and P 3352, respectively. Consequently, P 3352, P 3144 and P 3282 shown high productivity in dry matter yield could be recommended as a reliable corn varieties for silage.
Comparison of Productivity of Various Silage Corn Varieties II. Chemical composition and nutrient yield of different part of silage corns
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 185~192
This experiment was conducted to compare the productivity of five silage corn varieties. Corn varieties were Pioneer 3144(P 3144), 3160(P 3160), 3282(P 3282), 3352(P 3352) and Suweon 19(S 19) and were seeded on May 2 and harvested on August 15. Ratios of stalk, leaf and ear, chemical composition and yields of nutrients were investigated in respective corn part. Experimental design was accepted by Latin square arrangement with five replicates and each plot had twenty two plants. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Crude portein, crude ash and nitrogen free extract(NFE) contents of whole plant ranged from 6.32 to 7.18%, 5.16 to 7.43% and 52.62 to 57.90%, respectively, and there were no significant(P>.Ol) differences between varieties. Crude protein and NFE content were the highest in ear between corn parts. 2. Crude fiber conent of whole plant ranged from 18.98 % to 24.01 %, and was the highest in suweon 19 and the lowest in P 3352(P<.01). Crude fiber content was the highest in stem and the lowest in ear, However, crude fat content(2.03-3.66 %) vice versa. 3. Yields of organic matter, crude protein, crude fat, NFE and TDN per 10a were the greatest(P< .01) in P 3282, however crude fiber yield was the highest(P<.Ol) in P 3352. 4. Ratios of different part to total dry matter yield ranged from 12.7 %(P 3352) to 17.8 %(P 3160) for leaf, 44.5(P 3352) to 66.9 %(P 3160) for stem and husks, and 16.9 %(P 3282) to 42.8 %(P 3352) for ear, and there were significant differences between corn varieties(P<.Ol). Consequently, P 3352 has the greatest nutrient yields, particularly by ear, and P 3282 has a great nutrient yield by stem. This result suggested that could be appear a better character of silage corn by hybridization of this two corn varieties.
Effect of Phosphate Fretilization Levels on the Agronomic Characters of Soiling Cowpea ( Vigna sinensis Endlicher )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 3, 1992, Pages 193~200
This study was carried out to determine the optimum fertilizer level of phosphate for maximum yield of soiling cowpea(Vigna sinensis Endlicher) in Cheju. The results obtained are summarized as follows:1. Plant length, fresh yield, stem and leaf weight per plant, node number of main stem, primary branch number per plant, pod number per plant and pod weight per plant increased with increasing of phosphate level regardless of growth stage.2. Plant length and node number of main stem did not increase after August 25, 40 days after planting. Leaf weight and fresh yield were greatest on August 25, and then reduced. 3. Stem weight the number of leaves and pods and pod weight per plant increased until September 13, 80 days after planting. 4. Increased level of phosphate delayed leaf weight decrease after August 25. 5. Root length and root weight per plant increased with increasing level of phosphate regardless of growth stage, and they did not increase after Augest 25. 6. Nodule number and nodule weight per plant also increased as phosphate rate increased regardlessof growth stage. Nodule number and nodule weight were greatest on August 5, and then rapidly decreased.