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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
Selecting the target year
The Environmental Contamination in the Potable Water by Cropping System in the Metropolitan Area
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 201~210
This study was designed to investigate the content of inorganic nitrogen(
) and its change in the 7 different sites; the permanent meadows of alfalfa, orchardgrass, and reed canarygrass, the fields of rye. corn, rice and a mountain region. the results from this study were summarized as follows; 1. The contents of ammonium and nitrate in meadows were 15.89-16.46 and 1.32-1.86ppm, respectively, showing the lower level than in other sites and no significant diffirences among three meadows. 2. In the rice field, the average content of ammonium(7.19ppm) was the highest among all sites, but the content of nitrate(1 l.l7ppm) was the lowest. In addition, almost all of nitrate were spreaded around the surface. 3. In the mountain region, the content of
(5.79ppm) was slightly high, but the content of nitrate ( 15.18ppm) was very low. 4. In the rye field. the average content of
was 35.46ppm and show the highest (92.63ppm) at the deep part of soil in the specific season, but it decreased with increasing temperature. 5. In the corn field, which kept bare after harvesting the corn silage, the content of
was high, regardless of seasons and depths, and increased up to maximum of 103ppm. 6. The ground water concentrations of
were not more than 50ppm in the pasture. In the vegetable house, they were less than 30 ppm during the winter and spring and were 80-100ppm during the summer and fall. 7. The concentrations of
in Han river water were lower during the winter and spring(20-30ppm) and higher dxring the summer and fall (50-90ppm).
Study on the Use of Orchargrass-Red Clover mixture II. Effect of seed rate of orchargrass-red clover on herbage yield and quality
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 211~217
This experiment was conducted over a 3-year period (1990-1992) to evaluate the production and quality of orchardgrass (Potomac)-red clover (Kenland) mixture when orchardgrass + red clover mixture was sown at seed rates of 20+0. 18+2, 16+4, 14+6 and 12+8 kg/ha. Total herbage dry matter, crude protein and digestible organic matter production and organic matter intake were markedly affected by increasing rcd clover seed rate, those increased with increasing red clovcr seed rate due to the cnhancernent of red clover percentage of total herbagc in all 3-year. but significant differences occured between the orchardgrass alone and orchardgrass-red clover mixture with a seed rate of 4,6 and 8 kg/ha red clover (P<0.01). But on the other hand increasing red clover seed rate increased red clover percentage in total herbage, the mean red clover percentage of total herbage at the last cutting ranged from 54 to 65% in first year. 58 to 60% in second year, and 62 to 69% in third year, particularly it was observed that red clover was sown at seed rates of 6 and 8 kg/ha for red clover sown dominated strongly as the cutting times were progressed. Considering the maintenance of good botanical composition balance and the enhancement of production and quality of herbage, the optimized seed rate for orchardgrass-red clover mixtures, 16 kg/ha orchardgrass and 4 kg/ha red clover seems to be considered adequate.
Comparison of Winter Hardiness in Orchardgrass Varieties
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 218~225
This experiment was carried out to compare the varietal differences of winter hardiness based on the values of winter hardiness index(W1) and the dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rate (DWIRTAR), and the evaluate the method of measurements for winter hardiness in 17 orchardgrass varieties grown under mountainous area of Tackwalyon, Kangwon-do. Korea. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Seedling vigours(SV) of plant before wintering indicated highly significant negative correlation with the dry weight of 1st cutting(DW) and the dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates (DWIRTAR). 2. The dry weight of 1st cutting(DW) indicated significant positive correlations with the number of tillers per plant(NT). dry weight of a tiller(WT), lield survival rate(SR). heading rate(HR) and the dry weight of heading tillers(HDW). 3. Correlation coefficients of the dry weight of 1st cutting(DW) with winter hardiness index(W1) was 0.499(p<0.05), and the dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW/RTAR) was 0.895(p<0.001), respectively. 4. Between the winter hardiness index(W1) and field survival rate(SR) showed highly significant positive correlation(p<0.001). And, the dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW/RTAR) showed highly significant positive correlation(p<0.001) with the dry weight of a tiller(WT) and the dry weight of heading tillers(HDW). 5. The varieties were classified into 2 groups by winter hardiness index(W1). The 13 varieties of Hallmark. lna, Rancho, Amba, Filippa, Sparta, Hokuto, Kitamidori, Okamidori, Wasemidori, Shinyo, Potomac and Summer-green belong to the group of W1)100, and 4 varieties of Able, Juno, Napier and Jesper belong to the group of WI(100, respectively. 6. And, also classified into 2 groups by the dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates (DWIRTAR). The 4 varieties of Amba, Okamidori, Wasemidori and Summer-green belong to the group of DW1RTAR)l.O and 13 varieties of Able, Hallmark, Ina, Juno, Napier, Rancho, Filippa. Jesper, Sparta, Hokuto, Kitamidori, Shinyo and Potomac belong to the group of DW/RTAR(1.0, respectively. The variety with DW/RTAR)I.O is belong to the group of high potential winter hardiness, and also obtained a high values over the 100 of winter hardiness index(W1). 7. The dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW/RTAR) may be a very useful ecological character to evaluate the potential winter hardiness of orchardgrass varieties grown under mountainous area of Taekwalyon(altitudinal ranges about 800m).
Seasonal Growth Patterns of Perennial Ryegrass Varieties IV. Growth analysis in spring growth
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 226~231
This experiment was carried out to estimate the dry matter accumulation using growth analysis in spring growth of perennial ryegrass varieties grown under space planting conditions, based on the data of previous paper9'. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Growth parameters of leaf area ratio(LAR), specific leaf area(SLA) and leaf weight ratio(LWR) were recognized siginificant differences between varieties. But, specific leaf area(SLA), leaf weight ratio (LWR) and relative tiller appearance rate(RTAR) were recognized significant differences between growth stages. Specific leaf area(SLA) was significant difference for the interaction of variety Xgrowth stage. 2. The relative growth rate of biological yields(BYRGR) indicated significantly positive correlations with relative growth rate of shoot(RGR) and root(RWGR), and net assimilation rate(NAR) as affected by the varieties and growth stages. 3. The relative growth rate of biological yields(BYRGR) indicated significantly positive correlation with nct assimilation rate(NAR) in all varieties. Leaf area ratio(LAR) had significantly positive correlation with specific leaf area(SLA) in all varieties, but shows a significant negative correlation with leaf weight ratio(LWR) of Maprima variety. 4. The relative growth rate of biological yields(BYRGR) indicated significantly positive correlations with the absolute growth rates of yield components.
Studies on the Management and Utilization of Reed Canarygrass I. Comparison of growth charateristics , dry matter yield , and nutritive value in four cultivars of reed canarygrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 232~238
To understand the basic information on the management and utilization of reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.), four cultivars of Palaton. Venture, Castor and Frontier (control) were compared for growth characteristics, dry matter (DM) yield and nutritive value, 1990 to 1992. The reed canarygrass was harvested four times annually, at soiling stage. The average plant height at harvest was 60 cm in Frontier, 57 cm in Palaton and Venture, and 52 cm in Castor. Initial heading and heading date in 1990 were ca. 21 May and 29 May, respectively, regardless of cultivar. The highest yield (12.495 kg/ha) in 1990 was observed by Frontier. In 1991. Palaton. Venture and Frontier outyielded Castor significantly, and the yields of all cultivars in 1992 were not significant, ranged from 11,460 kg (Castor) to 12,298 kg/ha (Palaton). On an average for three years, Palaton (10,592 kg), Venturc (10,405 kg) and Frontier (1 1,277 kg/ha) produced more forages than Castor. In Frontier the percentage of DM distribution at first harvest (spring) was highest (32.4%). However, the distributions at third (summer) and fourth (autumn) harvest were high in Palaton and Venture, compared with Frontier. The nutritive value of reed canarygrass was not significantly different among cultivars, and the percentage of weeds was slightly high in Castor reed canarygrass.
Studies on the Nitarte Acumulation in Forages
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 239~245
Aspects of nitrate accumulation of forages growing on grasslands in Chonbuk Province, and the effects of different rates of N fertilizer on the total nitrogen and nitrate contents of sudangrass-hybrid and corn were studied through the 1991 growing season. The results obtained are summarized as follows: I . Thc nitrate content of the forages was increased by N application and decreased as the plants matured. 2. Nitrate concentration was high throughout the growing season in samples collected at Namweon-gun 1, which was considered as potentially unsafe. 3. Total nitrogen and nitrate content of plants generally increased with the increasing rates of N fertilizer, but not statistically significant among treatments except the plot of 25 kg N/lOa. 4. The annual crops had a greater tendency to accumulate nitrate than the perennial forage species. 5. It is suggested that high level of N fertilizer and manure may result in toxic levels of nitrate, and special attention must be given in feeding them.
Studies on the Seeding and Harvesting Dates of Early and late Maturing Varieties of Forage Rye I. Yield and nutritive value influenced by seeding dates
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 246~252
In order to reduce the problems from overlapping between rye harvest and maize seeding dates, and also to improve the growth, productivity and nutritive value of rye (Secale cereale L.), an experiment was carried out to determine the variety effect of rye on the forage production system, and seeding date effect on the yield and quality of rye. The experiment was conducted in the forage testing field of S.N.U., Suweon, from September 1988 to May 1989. The dry matter and in vitro digestible dry matter yields of rye harvested 14 April were 5.2 t and 4.6 t/ha with an early maturing rye variety, Winter more, but 3.1 t and 2.8 t/ha were obtained with a late maturing rye variety, Kodiak. When seeding date was delayed, a significant decrease in dry matter yield was observed. ADF and NDF contents, and IVDMD of an early maturing rye, Winter more, harvested 14 April were 25.6, 44.8 and 81.9 %, but those of a late maturing rye, Kodiak, were 21.1, 39.5 and 88.9 %, respectively. ADF and NDF contents of rye were increased as the seeding date was delayed, but ail forage ryes from different seeding dates as well as varieties were recorded as the 1st grade proposed by market hay grades. The dry matter and in vitro digestible dry matter yields of rye harvested at 80 %heading stage were significantly decreased as delayed seeding date, but no significant differences were found between early and late maturing varieties. No differences in ADF and NDF contents, and IVDMD of the rye harvested at 80% heading stage were found among the treatments, but all forage ryes were evaluated as the 4 th grade proposed by market hay grades.
Esterase Isozyme Variation in the Tissues of Glycine soja S. and Z. , Vigna vexillata var. tsusimensis Matsmura , and Trifolium repens L. in Korea
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 253~259
The esterase isozyme in tissue of wild legume plants were separated by horizontal starch gel electrophoresis. Extracts used in this study were prepared from fully expanded young leaf, cotyledon and radicle of seedling and root-nodule of Glycine sola, Vigna vexillata var. tsuscmensis and Trifoliwn repens. The results are as follows; 1. Each tissue examined had a characteristic banding pattcrn. Number of bands in each species, G. soja, V. vexillata, and T . repens, were 14, 8 and 1 1 bands, respectively. And difference in esterase isozyme bands were greater from tissue to tissue than difference between habitat. 2. Est-I, Est-2. Est-3 and Est-4 in G. soja, Est-I in V. vexillata and Est-l and Est-2 in T. repens showed strong cnzyme activity than other enzyme. 3. Esterase isozyme variation in G. soja and T . repens showed more variety than V. vexillata. This is resulted from many genotypic differences within species. 4. The main enLyme among thc esterase isozyme were Est-I. Est-2, Est-3 and Est-4.
Grassland and Livestock Farming of Yan Bian in China
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 12, issue 4, 1992, Pages 260~265