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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
Studies on Use of Korean Lespedeza (Lespedeza stipulacea Maxim) Germplasm
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 238~250
Sixty two natural habitats of Korean lespedeza (Lespedeza stipulacea Maxim) were investigated to obtain basic data on the plant growth and the soil physico-chemical properties such as pH, mineral elements, organic matter content, soil separats and texture. Analyzed results can be summarized as follows. 1. Plant height and dry matter yield of the samples higher in late August and early September, although they varied greatly depending on the sampling date and location. 2. The plant shoot should higher contents of N, P, K. Ca and Mn than root and the plant root was higher in Mg, Fe, Cu, and Zn contents than shoot. 3. Soil pH and Ca content of the natural habitats were higher, but the contents of P
, K, Mg, Na and organic matter were lower than those of the average soil in Korea. The soil texture of natural habitats showed much higher portion of sand and extremely low portion of silt and clay 4. Korean lespedeza is well adapted to soils so low in fertility and organic matter that other crops and most weed fail. also it appears to thrive on the loamy sands, sandy loams of the piedmont region and on similar soils with variously physico-chemical properties.
Environmental Adaptation of Tall Fescue Varieties in Mountainous Pastures IV. Evaluation of winter hardiness by DW / RTAR
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 251~256
This experiments was carried out to evaluate the potential winter hardiness of tall fescue varieties based on the data of dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW/RTAR) in mountainous pastures of Taekwalyon area. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The varieties were classified into 2 groups by dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates (DW/RTAR). Thus. Forager and Fuego belong to the group with more than 2.0 in DW/RTAR but Barcel, Barvetia, Demeter, Enforcer. Johnstone, Safe and Stef belong to the group with less than 2.0 in DW/RTAR respectively. 2. The dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DM/RTAR) and dry weight of plant(DW) of 1st cutting were significantly positive correlated with number of heading tillers and dry weight of heading tillers. 3. The dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW/RTAR) was significantly positive correlated with dry weight of plant(DW) of final cutting and of 1st cutting. 4. The varieties with high DW/RTAR showed a high dry weight of plant(DW) of 1st cutting. Accordingly, it was concluded that DW/RTAR is a valuable character for evaluating potential winter hardiness of tall fescue on mountainous pastures of Taekwalyon area.
Effects of Cutting Management during Summer Season on Growth and Reserve Carbohydrates of Orchardgrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 257~267
Optimum pasture management during the summer season is an important factor to maintain good regrowth and persistence of pasture. The field experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of cutting management on growth and reserve carbohydrates in stubble. and on dry matter yield of orchardgrass dominated pasture during the mid-summer season. Three different cutting times(July 15, 25 and August 5) as a main plot and three cutting heights(3, 6 and 10cm) as a sub plot were disigned with three replications. The experiment was done at pasture of Changsung Agricultural High School in 1988. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. Temperature of soil surface and underground in the cutting of July 15 and July 25 was not showed significantly different, because of low intensity of radiation with a run of wet weather, and that of August 5 cutting tends to be lowed in high cutting height during the mid-summer season. 2. Amount of soil moisture against cutting height showed that high cutting had a low content. 3. Growth rate against regrowth of plant height, lear length and leaf area showed to be fast in high cutting. 4. Rapid recovery period of carbohydrate content after cutting and large amount of carbohydrate accumulation were showed in the cutting of July 15 and 25 compared with August 5 cutting in the reserve carbohydrate content against cutting of time and height during the mid-summer season. 5. Dry matter yield of the 4th and 5th cutting showed to be remarkable in July 15 cutting compared to those of July 25 and August 5. From the above results, it is suggested that the 10cm cutting height during the mid-summer season is the most effective for good regrowth, reserve carbohydrates and dry matter yield of orchardgrass.
Studies on the Phosphatic Fertilizer Application in Grassland II. Effects of phosphatic fertilizer application at the establishment and management of grassland on the botanical composition and mineral content of grasses
Park, Geun Je ; Lee, Pil Sang ; Choe, Gi Jun ; Hwang, Seok Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 268~273
With a purpose of finding out the effects of phosphatic fertilizer application at the grassland establishment and management on the botanical composition, mineral content of grasses and the chemical properties of soil. a field experiment was arranged with four treatments as a randomized complete block design and lasted from September, 1989 to October, 1991 in hilly area near Suweon. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The botanical composition of grassland that phosphatic fertilizer was not applied was poor and the rate of legumes was increased with phosphatic fertilizer application and the effect of phosphatic fertilizer applications was obvious at the grassland management. 2. The mineral contents, N. P, Ca, Mg of grasses were increased with phosphatic fertilizer application but the K/Ca+Mg equivalent ratio of grasses was lowered and K content and Ca/P ratio tended not to be regular. 3. The available phosphorus contents and exchangable cation, Ca, Mg, contents of grassland soil were increased with phosphatic fertilizer applications but potasium contents tended not to be regular. 4. It was necessary to apply phosphatic fertilizer for the establishment and management of grassland. The botanical composition of grassland that phosphatic fertilizer was not applied at the establishment could be corrected into good stand with continuous phosphatic fertilizer applications at the management.
Effects of Lime and Phosphate Applications on Growth and Nitrogen Fixation of Alfalfa in Acid Soil
Chun, Woo-Bock ; Park, Ki-Chun ; Kim, Jung-Chul ; Kim, Dong-Hoo ; Kim, Kwang-Hyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 274~277
We investigated the effects of applications of various levels of lime(0, 250, 500 and 1,000 kg/10a) and phosphate (0, 17 and 34 kg/10a) on growth and nitrogen fixation of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Effects of lime and phosphate applications were significantly different on dry matter (DM) weight of each part and on acetylene reduction activity (ARA) of alfalfa at 9 weeks alter sowing (p<.05). The effect of lime on DM of shoot and root was not significantly different at 14 weeks after sowing (early bloom stage), but that of phosphate on DM was significantly improved as increasing of phosphate levels (p<.01). The effects of lime and phosphate on ARA were significantly increased (p<.05). Application of lime and phosphate decreased total nitrogen (TN) content of each part of alfalfa at 9 weeks after sowing (p<.05). The effects of lime application on TN was higher but that of phosphate application on TN was lower than no application of lime or phosphate at 14 weeks after sowing (p<.05).
The Effects of Slurry and Urea Fertilization Levels Application on Productivity of Orchardgrass and NO
-N Content of Soil
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 278~285
This experiment was conducted to investigate the productivity in permanent orchardgrass grassland according to the urea fertilization levels of 0, 100, 200 kg N/ha and the animal excreta fertilization levels of 0. 40, 80, 160 kg N/ha on the basis of N contents respectively and NO
-N content of the soil. The results were obtained as follows; 1. The productivity of grassland was significantly increased by the increase of the excreta fertilization levels until the urea-N level fertilization of 100 kg/ha but repressed and reduced by the increase to 160 kg/ha level of the animal excreta fertilization at urea-N fertilization level of 200 kg/ha. 2. Averaged seasonal productivity of the animal excreta N was decreased in first and third cutting time and was increased in second cutting time according to the increase of urea-N fertilization. 3. The increase of urea-N and animal excreta N increased the content of crude protein but the fertilization effect of urea-N was higher than that of animal excreta N. 4. The total yield of N was continuously increased at both of the urea-N and animal excreta N but the pure yield of N was decreased according to the increase of N fertilization and showed -63.1 kg/ha at the fertilization of the urea-N of 200 kg N/ha and animal excreta N of 160 kg/ha. 5. NO
-N content of the soil of orchardgrass glassland established one year previously was no difference among the N variety and fertilization levels but was increased to the order of summer, autumn and winter. The highest content of NO
-N was measured in winter with the value of 34.9 ppm.
Effects of Different Fertilization Levels and Oversowing on Liveweight Gains of Grazing Cattle in Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) Dominant Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 286~293
This study was carried out to determine the effects of the fertilization levels and oversowing treatment on liveweight gain of glazing cattle, changs of botanical composition, and dry matter(DM) yield in tall fescue dominant mixed pasture during the grazing period. The treatments were T
(low fertilizing; 120-100-100 kg/ha), T
(medium fertilizing; 280-200-200 kg/ha) and T
(medium fertilizing+oversowing). The botanical composition of tail festuce was increased in T
and that of tall fescue, orchardgrass and pernnial ryegrass in T
was 30.5%, 23.8% and 24.1%, respectively. The total forage DM yield was the highest in T
, and the average stocking rate (animal unit; AU) per day during the grazing period in T
was 2.4 AU. 3.0 Au and 3.3 AU, respectively. The total grazing days (animal unit day; AUD) in T
(664 AUD) was higher than that of T
, and T
. There is no significant difference in average daily liveweight gain per head among the treatments but daily liveweight gain per ha in T
was higher than that of T
, and T
. The total liveweight gain per ha during the grazing period in T
was 601kg. 762kg and 877kg, respectively. The herbage consumption per day per 100kg LW was similer among the treatments but crude protein, P, K and Ca contents in herbage were increased with medium fertilization levels(T
) and with oversowing(T
Dry Matter Yield and Feed Value of Oat Plant at Various Planting and HaNesting Date in Fall
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 294~299
This expeiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of the different planting and harvest date on dry matter yield and feed value of forage oat (Avena sativa L.). Seeds were planted on September 1 (first), September 11 (second) and September 21 (third planting date) by hand between rows 30cm and harvest were achieved on November 7 (first) and November 19 (second harvest date) 1992. 1. The plant height was influenced by planting and harvest date. the first planting date showed the tallest plant height. 2. Dry matter (DM) content decreased with delaying planting date from first to third planting date, DM varied from 15.1 to 13.5% and increased with delaying harvest date from first to second harvest date at the same planting date. 3. Leaf weight ratio increased delaying planting date from first to third planting date, varied from 52 to 77%. 4. The content of crude protein increased with delaying planting date from first to third planting date, varied from 14.3 to 25.4% NDF and ADF contents were influenced by planting date and harvest date, it was decreased with delaying planting date. 5. The dry matter yields per ha decreased with delaying planting date: it was 6, 705, 5, 520, and 2, 315 kg at first, second and third planting date, respectively. Significant difference has been obtained among planting date(P<.01). The dry matter yields increased with delaying harvest: it was 4, 027 kg at first and 5, 667 kg at second harvest(P<.01). 6. According to the results obtained from this study. it is suggested that planting date on September 1 and harvest date on November 19 would be recomendable for fall oat forage production.
Studies on the Rotation System to Forage Crop Cultivation at the Alpine Area
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 300~304
This experiment was carried out to increase the utility and productivity of forage crop as to investigate the rotation system which is suitable to cultivat at the alpine area. The treatments were 9 crops combinations including corn - rye treatment. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Rye can be cultivated satisfactorily at cold and high altitude areas such as Tae Kwan Ryong. 2. Corn, to be raised as a second crop after rye in the same year, does not have to be early (short) or medium maturity varieties in the high alpine area. 3. It is possible to increase the harvest by 30% in terms of dry melter or green crop yield through raising two crops, rye and corn, in the same year. 4. Maturity period or growth conditions of corn. as a tropical crop and the best forage crop, can improve or worsen acording to the external circumstance, such as low temperature resulting from high atitude.
Agronomic Characteristics and Silage Quality of Corn Hybrids Produced from Yoju and Ichon Dairy Farms
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 13, issue 4, 1993, Pages 305~311
Although corn (Zea mays L.) hybrids are now widely grown as a silage crop in Korea, but agronomic data and silage quality of the corn hybrids produced from farmer's fields have not been published. Therefore, a research survey assessing forage yield and quality of the corn hybrids was conducted at 8 and 13 dairy farms in 1988 and 1989, respectively. in Yoju and Ichon. Kyeongi Province. In 1988, percent ear bearing plants, plant population, ear/total dry matter ratio. percent dry matter and dry matter yield of corn hybrids were 75.3%, 75,826 plants/ha, 38.3%, 23.8% and 12,661 kg/ha. respectively. compared with corresponding values of 79.5%. 79,981 plants/ha, 41.1%. 20.7% and 16.152 kg/ha in 1989, but 11.9% of rice black streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) was recorded in 1989. The Flieg's score of corn silage made by dairy farmers ranged from 70 to 100 and averaged 91. The corn silage produced from dairy farms was characterized as a high quality grade. Survey data indicated that late maturing types of corn hybrids with a higher plant population were grown at farmer's fields. As a result, the performances of the corn hybrids produced by farmers were much lower than those of research institutes. Therefore, dairy farmers in the mid-northern regions of Korea should grow more early maturing corn hybrids and use much lower plant population than those of the present.