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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Minaral Nitrogen Fertilization on Grassland Production under Various Cutting Frequencies I. Dry matter yield and estimation of optimum rate of mineral nitrogen fertilization in orchardgrass(Dactylis glomerata L)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 69~75
This experiment was canied out to study the effect of cutting frequencies (3, 4 and 5 cuts per year) and mineral nitrogen fertilization on dry matter yields, in order to estimate optimum level of fertilizing mineral nitrogen in orchardgrass(Dacry1is glomerafa L.). The results are as follows: 1. Dry matter yields were the highest in the 1st cut at 3 cutting frequency and in the 2nd cut at 4 and 5 cutting frequencies, and they shared 49.7, 37.0 and 37.0% of annual dry matter yield respectively. 2. When only phosphorus and potassium were applied, annual dry matter yields were between 9.4 and 11.5 tons per ha and the highest yield was observed at 3 cutting frequency. 3. Dry matter yield in relation to fertilization of mineral nitrogen was highly increased when more nitrogen was applied as 360 kg per ha compared to 240 kg per ha at 3 cutting frequency. At 4 and 5 cutting frequencies, increases in dry matter yield, to large extent, were showed at 120 and 150 kg of nitrogen per ha(30 kg Nlcutlha) compared to no application of nitrogen. The efficiencies of mineral nitrogen fertilization (kg DM/kg N) were 28.0, 22.7 and 20.6 kg dry matter yields per nitrogen(kg) respectively). 4. At 4 and 5 cutting frequencies, dry matter yields were reduced when 360 kg and 300 kg of mineral nitrogen per ha(90 kg and 60 kg Nlcutlha) were applied respectively. 5. Particularly at 4 and 5 cutting frequencies of this study, maximum marginal yields reached at 129.9 kg and 148.0 kg of fertilizing mineral nitrogen per ha, and economical borden of mineral nitrogen fertilization were between 222.4 and 250.0 kg and between 244.8 and 276.8 kg respectively. At the same cutting frequencies, the highest dry matter yields were obtained at 365.4 and 433.8 kg of fertilizing mineral nitrogen respectively.
Environmental Adaptation of Tall Fescue varieties in Mauntainous pastures V. Effect of Final cutting time in autumn on the dry Weight ofplant ( DW ) and yield components of the 2nd growth
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 76~81
This experiment was carried out to select the best adaptable varieties of Tall fescue in mountainous pastures of Taekwalyon area. The evaluation was based on the data of varietial differences in the dry weight of plant@W) and yield components of the 2nd growth. Nine varieties of Tall fescue examined were Barcel, Barvetia, Demeter, Enforcer, Forager, Fuego, Johnstone, Safe and Stef. And, the final cutting times were Sept. 30 (
), Oct.14 (
),Oct. 28 (
), and Nov. 11(
). The reults were summarized as follows: 1. Barcel and Forager with many tillers per plant(NT) showed a high dry weight of plant@W) of the 2nd growth. 2. The dry weight of plant(DW) of the 2nd growth indicated significantly positive correlation with the number of tillers per plant(NT), but there was not significant correlation with the dry weight of tiller(WT). 3. The maximum dry weight of plant@W) of the 2nd growth was obtained at
(28 Oct.). 4. The dry weight of the 2nd growth showed an inverse relations with the dry weight of the 1st growth as affected by various final cutting time in growth period of autumn.
Studies on the Alcohol Dehydrogenase ( ADH ) and Esterase Isozyme banding Pattern of Italian Ryegrass Varieties
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 82~87
This study was planned to identify the variety of Italian ryegrass using electrophoresis. Thirty seven varieties of Italian ryegrass were tested by starch gel electrophoresis. The specific electrophoretic zymograms of each variety were observed by Alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) and Esterase. The results were surnrnerized as follows; 1. AU varieties displayed two band zones by ADH and Rf values were 0.63 and 0.6 (Table 2, Fig. 2). 2. There were five band type for ADH isozyme of 37 varieties classified with isozyme banding pattern. According to the isozyme band type 7, 2, 6, 18 and 4 varieties belong to group, I, II, III, IV, and V, respectively (Table 2). 3. The varieties displayed single band zone for Esterase isozyme and Rf value was 1.00 (Table 2, Fig. 4). 4. According to banding type, Esterase isozyme of 37 varieties classified into 3 groups, 22, 8 and 7 varieties belong to group, I , II, and III, respectively (Table 2).
Effect of Lime and Phosphate Application on Growth and Nitrogen Fixation of alfalfa in Low Acid Soil
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 88~92
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of lime(0, 250, 500 and 1,000 kg/lOa) and phosphate (0, 17 and 34 kg/lOa) applications on growth and nitrogen fixation of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). The phosphate applications improved(p<0.05) shoot, root and root nodule dry weight of Alfalfa and acetylene reduction activity of alfalfa with increasing levels of phosphate in the soil pH 6.2 at 7 and 12 weeks(ear1y bloom) after sowing, but these were not influnced with lime applications. Total nitrogen content of each part of alfalfa was increased with lime application, but was not significantly different by levels of lime application at 7 weeks after sowing. Application of phosphate did not affect total nitrogen content of each part of alfalfa. Total nitrogen contents of each part of alfalfa were not significantly different between lime and non-lime application at 12 weeks(ear1y bloom) after sowing but were decreased(p<0.05) with phosphate application(p< 0.05). These results suggest that lime(250 kg/lOa) and phosphate(34 kg/lOa) applications are effective for the growth and the nitrogen fixation of alfalfa at the soil pH 6.20.
Effect of Slope Exposure on Winter Hardiness of Grasses
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 93~98
This experiment was canied out to investigated the effect of slope exposure on winter hardiness of grasses in mountainous pastures of Taekwalyong area The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. Plant vigour(PV) before wintering influenced on the growth of next spring, field survival rates and winter hardiness of grasses. 2. The dry weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW/RTAR) was significantly negative correlated with plant vigour(PV) before wintering, but the weight of plant per relative tiller appearance rates(DW1 RTAR) were significantly positive correlated with the number of tiller per plant before wintering(
), number of tillers per plant of 1st cutting(NT), dry weight of plant(DW), field survival rates(SR) and relative tiller appearance rate(RTAR). 3. There ranking order of high winter hardiness of grasses, it were west(W), north-north west(NNW), eastsoutheast( ESE) and south-southwest(SSW) exposure, respectively.
Studies on Herbage Utilization by Grazing Dairy Cows under Strip Grazing I. Changes in the sward structure affected by levels of daily herbage allowance
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 99~109
The objective of this study was to examin some animal and sward factors which determine the daily herbage intake of high yielding dairy cows at different levels of daily herbage allowance. In this paper, the principal data relevent to the changes of sward characteristics after five days of daily strip grazing at three experimental peliods were summarized. The pregrazing herbage mass and extended height increased significantly from 5,047 kg OM/ha and 341 mm in period 1 to 6,877 kg OM/ha and 446 mm in period 3, while there was not a significant difference among herbage allowance treatments(average 6,068 kg OM/ha and 410 mm). The live leaf material in the residual herbage showed a greater reduction than the dead material and leaf sheath in terms of extended height, proportion and density. The decreased rates after grazing were higher when the level of herbage allowance decreased. Live leaves were vertically distributed to 50 cm of sward height before grazing. All live lamina distributed to 25 cm were grazed in the high and medium, and to 20 cm in the low levle of herbage allowance after grazing. The depth of grazing and grazed volume of forage material were heighly affected by the levels of hehage allowance. The biomass after grazing in the high, medium and low daily herbage allowance decreased 35, 36 and 52%, respectively, compared to before grazing level. The highly significant correlations between herbage allowance and extended tiller height(r=0.79), proportion of live lamina(r=0.94) and density of live lamina(r=O.91) after grazing, respectively, were observed.
Studies on Herbage Utilization by Grazing Dairy Cows under Strip Grazing II. Herbage intake and milk yield affected by levels of daily herbage allowance
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 110~119
Measurements of hehage intake and milk yield were made on high yielding dairy cows, which were strip-grazed on Loliurn perenne sward at three levels of herbage allowance in three experimental periods. The contents of nitrogen, chrome and ash in the faeces slightly decreased with the progress of growth period of experimental sward, and the decrease of herbage allowance. There were small difference in herbage digestibility among periods or the levels of herbage allowance with falling from 82.7% to 79.1% from period 1 to period 3 and from 81.6% to79.9% from high to low level of herbage allowance. Daily herbage intake was 15.8 and 15.9 kg OMIcow at the high and medium levels of hecbage aljowance, but reduced significantly to 14.6 kg OM/cow at the low level. Herbage intakes in three periods were shown a slight decrease. Daily milk yield in terms of 4% FCM significantly decreased from 23.6 to 20.6 kg/cow from period 1 to period 3. Milk yield at the high and medium levels of herbage allowance were 23.5 and 22.2 kg/cow at the low level of herbage allowance. The highly significant (P<0.01) correlations between the level of herbage allowance and herbage intake (r=0.88), or milk yield (r=0.81) were obtained.
갈참나무 수엽의 사료가치 및 생엽량 추정에 관한 연구 ( Nutritive Value and Biomass Estimation of Oriental White Oak ( Quercus aliena Blume ) Browse )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 120~124
Browse from oriental white oak(Quercus aliena Blume) was analysed for nutritive value and biomass estimation. The content of cmde protein was high on August and September. NDF, ADF and lignin contents were increased with progressing the seasons but IVDMD, TDN, DE and ME levels were not different from the variation of seasons. Tannin content was high on May and June. Basal stem diameter
height of tress was highly correlated with browse dry weights(r=0.80**) and the linear regression equation are the follows; Y = 8.23 + O.57X(Y = browse dry weight(g), X= basal stem diameter
height(cm)). Using the traditional cutting method, the amounts of browse was determined as 823 g dry weight per tree, while the new method by the above equation gave a similar results, i. e., 793 g dry weight per tree. The possibility of browse biomass estimation of oriental white oak by the basal stem diameter
height index was found.
The Effect of Different Seeding Date on the Yield and Nutrition Value of Pearl millet ( Pennisetum americanum L. )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 125~131
This experiment was canied out to study -the effects of different seeding date on the yields and nutritional value of Pearl millet. Seeding dates were
, and harvest dates were
, (7 July) and
, (18Augst), respectively. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Plant length was not influenced by seeding date at each harvest. The seeding date at
,showed the longest plant length of 90.4 an on average per year, which was longer by 17 cm compared to 73.3 cm harvested at
. 2. Total dry matter yield was not significantly different among seeding dates. Total dry matter yield in 1993 increased according to delayed seeding date from
. Dry matter yield of 17.3 tonha was obtained in
. 3. The relative yield of leaf tended to increase with delayed seeding date, and varied from 60% to 69%. 4. Dry matter ratio decreased with delayed seeding date from
,(20 April) to
(30 May), and varied from 15.6% to 12.3%. 5. Crude protein content of leaf at 1st and 2nd harvest and stem at 1st harvest were significantly different among various seeding dates. Avenge crude protein content increased with delayed seeding date from 9.0% at
(20April) to 12.8% at (30 May)
(30 May). 6. NDF and ADF of leaf at the 1st harvested were significantly different among seeding dates. NDF content decreased with delayed seeding date from 61.9% to 57.8%, and ADF content decreased with delayed seeding date from 34.8% to 32.2%.
Effect of Formic acid and Caproic acids on the Quality and Aerobic Deterioration of Reed Canarygrass Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1994, Pages 132~141
In order to study the effects of silage additive on the quality and in preventing aerobic deterioration, reed canarygrass silages were made with various levels of formic acid, caproic acid and a mixture of the two acids. Preparation of silages cutted into about 1.5 cm length with the forage cutter and packed in vinyl bags(50 kg of capacity, 0.1 mrn of thickness), and it also divided nine types of experimental treatments. Aerobic deterioration in the silages were investigated for 7 days of aerobic exposure periods, and the plastic vessel of diameter 25 cm, a height 30 cm used as a tool. The results obtained from this experiment are summarized as fellow. 1. Crude protein and NFE contents at the time if opening were increased in the silage with mixture of formic and caproic acids(P<0.01). Crude fiber and ADF contents during the 7 days of aerobic exposure periods were the decreased in the sslages with mixture of two acods treatment(P<0.01). 2. Temperature of the silage treated with fromic acid alone during the 2 days of aerobic exposure period reached
, while that of the silage with caproic acid and mixture formic and caproic acids were not rapidly increased resulting by reduced aerobic deteriorarion. 3. The pH of silages treated with formic acid alone during 7 days of aerobic exposure was not effectively changed, while solages treated with caproic acid were effectively stabilized. 4. The ratio of amminia nitrogen to total nitrogen was significantly decreased in silages with formic acid>caproic acid>mixture of both in the order(P<0.01). 5. Microbiological population of the silage were positively changed during the 7 days of aerobic exposure period. Solages with formic acid were deteriorated at ensiling observed, while applicarion of 1.2% caproic acid was partially reduced deteriorarion by precenting of the growth moulds.