Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
예취빈도에 따른 무기태 질소시비가 초지의 생산성에 미치는 영향 II. 예취빈도와 질소시비에 따른 오차드그라스의 주요영양성분의 변화 ( The Effect of Minaral Nitrogen Fertilization on Grassland Production under Various Cutting Frequencies II. The changes of maj
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 257~263
The experiment was canied out to investigate the effects of cutting frequencies (3, 4 and 5 cuts per year) in relation to fertilization of mineral nitrogen on crude protein yield and the contents of crude protein and acid detergent fibre in orchardgms(Dacty1is glomerata L.). Tne results are as follows : 1. The content of crude protein increased according to the increase in cutting frequency and showed the highest in the 1st cut in all treatments. At 4 and 5 cutting frequencies per year, the content of crude protein increased in a large extent according to the increased fertilization of mineral nitrogen. However at 3 cutting frequency, the content of cmde protein appeared higher for no application of mineral nitrogen than for the treatments with fertilization. 2. 'Ihe content of acid detergent fibre(ADF) was considerably reduced at 4 and 5 cutting frequencies and in all treatments, the lowest were recorded in the 1st cut or in the last cut. At 3, 4 and 5 cutting frequencies, the highest ADF were shown in the 2nd cut, 3rd cut and 3rd cut respectively. However, the general trend was that the content of ADF was greatly reduced according to increased level of mineral nitrogen fertilization. 3. The yeild of cmde protein was the highest at 5 cutting frequency(l.2 ton DMIha) and it indicated that the yield of cmde protein increased in accordance to the increase in fertilization of mineral nitrogen and cutting frequency. 4. In all treatments, positive correlation(p<0.001) between the yeilds of crude protein and annual dry matter yield appeared. Negative correIation(p
effect of Pasture ages on the Dry Matter Yield , Botanical Composition and Forage Quality of Pasture Mixtures
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 264~270
This experiment was undertaken to determine the effect of pasture ages on the total production and seasonal yield trends, botanical composition and forage quality of pasture mixtures. This experiment was conducted at the Livestock Experiment Station, RDA, Suweon. The results obtained were as follows : 1. Total dry matterDM) yield of pasture mixtures was the highest in the first year, and thereafter no significant reduction in the 2nd through the 4th year, but decreased by 30% in the 5th year. 2. The 34.4% of total DM yield was produced at the first cut, and decreased from then on. Total DM yield of pasture mixtures varied by year and climatic facton. In 1992, Total DM and TDN yields of pasture mixtures were 13.4 and 8.5 IvlT/ha, respectively. 3. The content of crude protein(CP), in virro DM digestibility(IVDMD) and TDN of pasture mixtures were 12-14, 70-80, and 62-65%, respectively. The highest forage quality was obtained at the 4th cutting. 4. The botanical compositions of legumes and weeds were increased as the year of establishment advanced, and highly increased at the 3rd cut after summer growth. 5. Based on the results of this study it appears that economic forage production could be expended to the 4th year with proper management, and the special renovation techniques may be needed for maintenance of pasture yield from the 5th year.
The Potential Herbage Production of Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L. ) using Uncultivated Rice Paddy. I The effect of mineral nitrogen fertilization according to cutting frequencies on dry matter yield on Reed canarygrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 271~280
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of fertilizing mineral nitrogen on dry matter yield of Reed canarygrass and also to estimate proper levels of fertilizing nitrogen when uncultivated rice paddy rapidly increased these days, was used for the production if Reed canarygrass. \ulcornerhe results are as follows. 1. Relative dry matter according to cutting frequency was appeared the highest at the 2nd cut for 3 and 4 cutting frequencies, and the 3rd cut for 5 cutting frequency. Those were 43.1, 34.0 and 34.1 % respectively. 2. When using only phosphrous and potassium, the average dry matter per year and ha was between 9.0 and 12.0 tons(3, 4 and 5 cutting frequency) and the highest dry matter was shown at 5 cutting frequency. 3. In accordance to the increase in the fertilization of nitorgen, the yield of dry matter was increased and, when 30 kg/ha/cut of mineral nitrogen was added, the biggest increase rate per added nitrogen for dry matter yield per year compared to that of no fe~tilization of nitrogen was recorded and it was 2.7, 3.3, and 3.4 tons/ ha for 3, 4 and 5 cutting frequencies respectively. 4. The efficiencies of mineral nitrogen on dry matter yield(DM kg/N kg) were the highest when 30kg nitrogen was applied particularly in 3, 4 and 5 cutting frequencies(29.7, 27.2, 22.8 DM kg/N kg). It recorded the highest of all the treatments. The efficiency was actually decreased in higher application of mineral nitrogen. The total nitrogen yield efficiency was the highest in 30kg(0.45kg and 0.48kg at 4 and 5 cutting frequency) and 60kg fertilization/ha/cut (0.46kg at 3 cuting frequency) and the decreased efficiencies appeared at fertilization of higher nitrogen. 5. Economical borden of mineral nitrogen fertilization were between 199.2 and 243.3kglha at 3 cutting frequency, between 253.4 and 295.9kg at 4 cutting frequency and between 302.2 and 361.3kg at 5 cutting frequency. 6. Under the condition of this experiment, the cutting frequency leading the potential production at maximum was 3 cutting frequency. At 3 cutting frequency, the efficiency of nitrogen utilization was higher and 15 or 16 tons of dry matter was obtained which is a level of economical border at fertilization between 200 and 240kglha. It wrs possible to obtain the maximal dry matter yield(l7 tonslha) at fertilization of lower level than 400kgl ha.
Reed Canarygrass 초지의 관리 및 이용에 관한 연구 II. 예취높이가 주요 Reed Canarygrass 목초의 재생과 수량 및 잡초 발생에 미치는 영향 ( Studies on the Management and Utilization of Reed Canarygrass II. Effect of cutting height on the grass regrowth , dry
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 281~287
This experiment was canied out to determine the effects of 3cn1, 6cm, and lOcm of cutting height at harvest on the grass growth, dry matter(DM) yield, and weeds development in reed canarygrass(Phu1uris umndinacea L.) pasttire. The cultivars of reed canarygrass used in this study were Palaton. Veuture and Frontier(contro1). and the grass was harvested four times at soiling stage in 1992. The plant height at first harvest was 84, 96 and 94cm in Palaton, Venture and Frontier, respectively. The average regrowth height was same as 59cm in three cultivars. However, the regrowth height by cutting height was 61 -65cm in 6 and IOcm, and 51 -53cm in 3cm of low cutting height. Annual DM yield was not different in three cultivars of Palaton(l2.58lkg), Venture(l2,752kg), and Frontier (12,243kgIha). The yield at first harvmt wa5 significantly high in 3cm of height, however, the forage yields at second, third and fourth harvest were greatly high in 6cm of stubble height(P<0.05). Total yields by 3, 6 and lOcm of cutting height were 12.306. 14,094 and 11,342kg in Palaton, 12,794, 14,155 and 11,307kg in Venture, and 12,258, 12,940, and 11.535kglhg in Frontier, respectively. The highest yield was achieved in 6cm of stubble heigth(P<0.05). Daily DM production during grass regrowth was not affected by cultivars, and the best regrowth was observed by 6cm of cutting height. Development of weeds was high in 3cm of low stubble height, regradless of cultivars. The contents of crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, and hemicellulose were not affected by cultivar and cutting height. In conclusion, it is suggested that the 6cm of cutting height is the most effective for grass regrowth, forage production, and weed control in reed canarygrass pasture. regradless of cultivm of Palaton, Venture and Frontier.
Seeding Vigro of Two Lotus Entries and Their Reciprocal F Hybrids
Sam Nam Hur ; C. J. Nelson ; P. R. Beuselinck ; J. H. Coutts ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 288~294
Seedling vigor of introgressive hybrids between birdsfoot refoil 'MO-20"(Lotus corniculatus) used as the maternal parent and tetraploid(2n=4x=24)accession PI302921 narrowleaf trefoil(Lotus corniculatus L.), and parents were compared in terms of dry matter accumulation , net photosynthetic rate, dark respiration rate, and growth analysis. The hybrids showed better seedling vigor than PI302921 as they had lower dark respiration rate and higher relative growth rate (RGR) than PI302921. Hybrids grew faster than MO-20, but there was not significant difference between them. Net photosynthesis per unit area increased during three weeks after emergence without difference among the entries, then decreased sharply with leaf age and shading marking much differences among entries Dark respiration rate was very high just after emergence, after which it decreased rapidly until it reached a stable level at 1 week through 3 weeks of age, and then dropped again. In general, dark respiration, photosynthesis, and seedling growth of the hybrid was similar to those if MO-20. Although there are some reports about interspecific hybrids of Lotus species, it still remains as a new area for genetic improvement of seedling vigor of L. corniculatus.atus.
Effect of Cutting Frequency and Height on the Herbage Yield and Quality of Orchargrass - Red Clover Mixtures
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 295~306
The object of this experiment was to suggest the suitable cutting frequency and cutting height for orchardgrass (0G)-red clover(RC) mixtures under the intensive system of short-term pasture utilization. The fields trials were conducted over 3-year period(1991-1993) to evaluate dry matter yield, botanical composition, chemical composition and CP, DDM yield on the cutting frequency (30, 40 and 50 days) and cutting height(5, 7 and 9cm) With decreasing the cutting frequency, the DM yield of OG in the OG-RC mixtures was significantly increased(P
Effect of N-P-K Levels on the Herbage Yield and Quality of Orchargrass - Red Clover Mixtures
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 307~315
The object of this experiment was to suggest the suitahle N-P-K fertilization level for orchardgrass(0G)-red clover(RC) mixtures under the intensive system of short-term pasture utilization. The fields trials were conducted over 3-year period(1991-1993) to evaluate dry matter yield. botanical composition, chemical composition and CP, DDM yield on the N-P-K levels (0-0-0. 50-100-100. 100-150-150, 150-2OO-200. 200-250-250 and 300-350- 350kg/ha). With increasing level of N-P-K, the DM yield of OG in the OG-RC mixture were significantly increased(P< 0.05), however, that of RC was remarkably decrcawd(P
조.만생 사초용 호밀의 파종 및 수확시기에 관한 연구 II. 파종 및 수확시기별 수량 및 사료가치 ( Studies on the Seeding and Harvesting Dates of Early and Late Maturing Varieties of Forage Rye II. Yield and nutritive value influenced by seeding and harvesting
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 316~323
In order to reduce the problems from the presence of rye crop residues in maize establishment and yield, and also to improve the growth, productivity and nutritive value of rye(Seca1e cereal L.). an experiment was canied out to determine the variety effect of rye on the forage production system and the eft'ect of seeding and harvesting dates on the production and quality of rye. 'This experiment was conducted at the forage testing field of S.N.U., Suweon, from September 1986 to May 1989. Heading date of an early maturing rye variety, Wintermore. was earlier 10 days than that of a late maturing rye variety, Kodiak. A 15-days delay in the seeding dates of early and late maturing varieties of rye tended to delay the heading dates of the rye varieties for 3 and 4 days, respectively. Dry matter and in vitro digestible dry matter yields were markedly increased with earlier seeding date. Before 20 April, the DM and IVDDM yeilds of an early maturing rye variety, Winterrnore. were higher than those of a late maturing rye variety, Kodiak. However, no such a trend was found between the early and late maturing varieties of rye after 27 April. Less than 35% of ADF was recorded until the harvesting dates of 13 and 27 p r i l for early and late maturing rye varieties, respectively, but less than 46% of NDF was maintained until the harvesting drtte of 13 April for botg varieties. Based on the results obtained from this experiment. it may be concluded that the most desirable forage production from corn-rye double cropping system is to advance the seeding time of rye toward the first 10 days of September as well as harvesting time toward the first heading stage with an early maturing rye variety.
추파유채 ( Brassica napus L. ) 생육기간중 질소화합물의 함량변화 ( Changes in the Content of Nitrogenous Compound during Growth Period in Forage Raps ( Brassica napus L. ) )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 324~330
The objective of this study is to obtain the basic data for investigating the potentiality of continuous utili~ation (first cutting in the late fall and regrowth yield in next spring) of forage rape seeded in fall. Fresh yield and the content of nitrogenous compound in leaves and roots were measured during a growth period. Fresh yield accumulation was very low between the late fall(470kg/10a) and the early regrowth period( 1.070kg /IOa). Total nitrogen content in leaves until the wintering period was decreased from 4.71% to 3.70%. while that in roots slightly increased during this period. The highest content(4.84%) in roots was observed in the early regrowth period, and then rapidly decreased as growth advanced. Protein-N was the largest pool of nitrogenous compound in leaves and roots through entire growth period, Its content in leaves decreased until the wintering period (Feb. 4), and then increased until the bolting stage(Apr. 10). Protein-N in roots highly accumulated from the late fall(11.1mg/gDM) to the early regrowth period(l6.9mg/gDM), and then decreased until the early tlowering stage. The content of amino acid-N in leaves showed a little change with a range from 5.7 to 8.5mgIgDM during entire growth period, while that in roots rapidly decreased from early regrowth period. The content of
-N decreased from 7.0 to 4.3mglgDM in leaves, while increased from 0.9 to 2.3mg/gDM in roots from the late fall to the wintering period. 7he content of
-N was lower and less varillble than other nitrogen compound during entire growth period. The results clearly showed that protein-N was the main storage form and highly accumulated in roots of overwintering forage rape.
추파유채 ( Brassica napus L. ) 생육시기에 따른 비구조성 탄수화물 함량의 변화 ( Changes in the Non-Structural Carbohybrate Content during Growth Period in Forage Raps ( Brassica napus L. ) )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 14, issue 4, 1994, Pages 331~338
The objective of this study is to obtain the basic data for investigating the potentiality of continuous utilization (first cutting in the late fall and regrowth yield in next spring) of forage rape seeded in fall. Non-structural carbohydrates(NSC) in leaves and roots of forage rape seeded on Oct. 3 were analyzed during a growth period. The greatest change in NSC content was observed between the wintering and the early spring period. The total content of soluble sugar in leaves and roots highly increased from the late fall(Nov. 7) to the wintering period (Feb. 4), and then rapidly decreased on the early regrow^ period(Mar. 31). The contents of fructose and glucose were relatively lower, and their quantitative change also was smaller than those of other sugars through entire growth period. The highest accumulation of sucrose occured hum the late fall to wintering period, and then greatly decreased in the early regrowth period. Sucrose content in roots was 2.3 times higher than that of leaves in wintering period. Starch was the largest pool of NSC and its content in leaves and roots showed a similar pattern with that of sucrose through entire growth period. Starch contents in leaves and roots were 38mg and 189mgl gDM in the late fall(Nov. 7), 187 and 497mg/gDM(Feb. 4) in the wintering period and 69 and 79mglgDM(Mar. 28) in the early regrowth period, respectively. The results clearly showed that the main reserve forms of NSC are starch and sucrose, and that they are hlghly stored in roots in overwintering forage rape.