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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Germination and Radicle Elongation of Berseem , Subterranean and White Clover as Affected by NaCl and Temperature
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 80~86
High salinity common in reclaimed soil can reduce germination of crop seeds and aftermath its establishment and production. The experiment was done to measure germination and radicle elongation of berseem, subterranean, white clover and Italian ryegrass as Control under different temperature and NaCl concentrations. Onehundred seeds of berseem (Trifolium ulexandrinum cv. Bigbee). suberranean (T. suhterruneum, cv. Nungarin), white clover (T. repens, cv. Regal) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium mulriflorum, cv. Terafloum) were placed in petri dishes with a sheet of filter paper replaced every two days, and then exposed to 0, 12.5, 25. 50, 100 and 200mh4 of sodium chloride in darkened growth chambers controlled with 10, 15 and
. Percent germination and radicle elongation were measured. Beneem clover showed greatest daily percent germination among the cloven. That of subterranean clover, moreover, was higher than that of white clover till 4 days after imbibition but the reverse result was true thereafter. Although germination of Italian ryegrass was delayed with decreased at 200mM of NaCl of
. at 200mM of under
, and at higher than lOOmh4 of all level of temperature, respectively. Berseem clover had greatest radicle length under the same concentration of NaCl regardless of temperature treatment while radicle elongation of subterranean and white clover was repressed over 50-100mM of NaC1. The slope of linear regression equation between concentration of NaCl and percent germination declined under all temperature treatment in order of berseem, subterranean and white clover whereas the reverse result was showed in radicle length.
The Similarity between Plant Communities as Affected by Botanical Composition in Natural Grassland
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 87~92
The ecological behaviour and forage value of natural grassland communities and the similarity between plant communities near Wit~enhausen in middle part of Gennany were investigated from June to August. 1993. The total number of plant communities at different place surveyed during the study period was twelve. The ecological behaviour and forage value of the natural grassland communities except mesobromion (half dry grassland community) were relatively good for roughage production. The correlation coefficients between plant eornmunilies were greatly affected by botanical composition. The clustering analysis showed that the communities of relatively similar botanical composition were grouped closely, and the other communities were clustered to the same group although the degree of similarity between communities was low.
A Study on the Effects of N ,
Application on the Vegetation and Dry Matter Yield in the Mixed Sward of Oechardrass and Crabgrass ( Digitaria sanguinalis [L.] Scop.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 93~100
This experiment was carried out to investigate how to effect the application of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium on the vegetation and dry matter yield in the mixed sward of orchardgrass and crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis [L.] Scop.). The experimental sward wa5 consisted of eight plots of non-application, P, K, PK, N. NK, NP and NPK. These plots were sown with seeds mixture of orchardgrass 17.5 kglha and crabgrass 17.5 kg/ ha on 22 April 1975 in the forage experimental field of Kangwon National University, Chunchon, Korea, and were cut four times from 6 July to 18 November 1975. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. In orchardgrass density measured after summering, the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate marked only 3 1.0% of the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate while in crabgrass density measured at that time the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate marked as high as 112.5% of the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate. 2. Application of phosphate and potassium improved wintering record of orchardgrass. In orchardgrass density measured after wintering, the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate marked only 9.7% of the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate, and the plot of NP applied without K marked 63.6% of the plot of NP applied with K. 3. In surface coverage of orchardgrass, in midsummer any plot applied with nitrogen regardless of accompanying with or not with phosphate wa5 0%, but in autumn the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate was 56-58% and the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate was 5%. While after wintering the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate was 28-37% though the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate was only 0.3-0.6%; the application of phosphate improved summering and wintering record of orchardgrass. 4. Application of phosphate demonstrated remarkable effect on increasing dry matter yield in orchardgrass. In year total yield of orchardgrass, the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate marked as low as 11.3% of the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate, but in crabgrass the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate was almost equal to the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate showing 97.5% of this plot. 5. Application of potassium was not effective on increasing dry matter yield of orchardgrass but its application was effective on increasing dry matter yield of crabgrass. In dry matter yield of orchardgrass significant difference was not found between NP plot and NPK plot, but in dry matter yield of crabgrass NPK plot recorded significantly higher yield compared with NP plot (p<0.05). 6. In botanical composition of the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate, crabgrass recorded 46.5-50.5% in early summer (July) but in midsummer (August) it dominated the plot recording 85.6-91.2%. 7. In botanical composition based on the year total yield, in the plot of nitrogen applied with phosphate orchardgrass marked 21.7-26.2% and crabgrass recorded 73.8-78.370, but in the plot of nitrogen applied without phosphate orchardgrass marked only 3.5% being overwhelmingly dominated by crabgrass which recorded 96.5%. 8. Application of nitrogen not accompanied with phosphate strengthened competitive power of the crabgrass unilaterally, making orchardgrass be oppressed fatally by the crabgrass.
Effect of Some Factors Affecting Callus Formation of Red Clover
Dae Young Son ; Jin Ki Jo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 101~105
This experiment was conducted to determine factors affecting callus formation of some varieties of red clover. Growth regulators. basal medium, medium pH, agar concentration, and plant age for explant were investigated. The result obtained were as follows. As auxin source, 0.1 mg/ l picloram was found to be effective on callus formation. Callus formation was the highest on PC medium among several growth media. The callus produced on PC medium was more friable than those produced on the other media. The medium pH 5.8 gave the best response for callus formation. The effective seedling age for callus formatiom was around 5-7 days old. In agar concentration, 0.5-0.8%(WN) was suitable for callus formation.
The Effect of Low-Temperature on Alcohol Dehydrogenase Isozyme Variations in Italian ryegrass Varieties
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 106~111
This study was planned to identify the effect of low-temperature stress on Alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) isozyme in sixteen varieties of Italian ryegrass using starch gel electrophoresis. The specific electrophoretic zymograms of each variety were observed by ADH isozyme. The results were summarized as follows: 1. All tested varieties displayed two band zone by ADH and R.f values were 0.63 and 0.60, respectively. 2. There were four band type for ADH isozyme of 16 varieties classified with ADH isozyme dyeing intensity. According to dyeing intensity 7, 2, 1 and 6 varieties belong to banding type I,II,III and IV, respectively(Fig.2-A, B). 3. The effect of short tern low-temperature stress induces ADH gene expresson in Italian ryegrass, which may reflect a fundmental shift in energy metabolism to ensure plant tissue survival during the low-temperature stress period.
Studies on the Management and Utilization of Reed Canarygrass III. Effect of harvest time on the dry matter yeild, nutritive value, and weed development in four cultivars of reed canarygrass pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 112~117
A field experiment was canied out to determine the effects of harvest time (grazing, soiling and hay stage) on the grass growth, dry matter (DM) yield, nutritive value, and weed development in reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) pasture. The cultivars of reed canarygrass used in this study were Palaton, Venture, Castor, and Frontier (control). The grass was harvested 3 times at hay stage, 4 times at soiling stage, and 6 times at grazing stage in 1992. The average plant height was 31-41cm at grazing, 47-59cm at soiling, and 76-86cm at hay stage. Similar DM yield was observed in Palaton(12,567 kglha), Venture(l2,435kg), and Frontier(12,762kg), and the yields of 3 cultivars were significantly higher than that of Castor(ll,025kg) (P<0.05). Total yields affected by harvest time were lO,O6 1, 1 1,832, and 14,699 kg/ha at grazing, soiling, and hay stage, respectively(P<0.05). The content of crude protein (CP) was not significantly different among cultivars. CP contents by harvest time were 21.6% at grazing, 19.3% at soiling, and 18.8% at hay stage, regardless of cultivm(P<0.05). The contents of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) were similar among cultivars and harvest time. However, slightly higher NDF and ADF contents were found in Frontier. The contents of Ca, P, K, and Mg were not affected by cultivars and harvest time. The appearance of weeds was high in Castor, and low in Frontier. The weeds at grazing stage(33.3-60.0%) were remarkably higher than those at soiling and hay astage (ca 10%). In conclusion, it is suggested that 3-4 times (soiling and hay stage) of harvest was recommended for grass production, nutritive value, and weed control in reed canarygrass pasture, regradless of cultivars of Palation, Venture and Frontier, except Castor.
Studies on the Management and Utilization of Reed Canarygrass IV. Effect of nitrogen fertilizationon the dry matter production, and nutritive value of `palaton` reed canarygrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 118~123
This experiment was canied out to determine the effects of nitrogen (N) fertilization level (0, 70, 140, 280 and 420 k a a ) on the grass growth, dry matter (DM) production, numtive value, and botanical composition in reed canarygrass (Phalaris ancndinacea L.) pasture. \ulcornerhe cultivar used in this study was Palaton, and the grass was harvested at soiling-hay stage (3 times per year) in 1992 and 1993. As the N level was increased, the plant height, DM produdion, and crude protein (CP) content were significantly increased (P<0.05). When the N was applied at the levels of 0, 70, 140, 280, 420 kg, DM yields were 4,540, 5,316, 6,060, 7,923 and 9,960 kgha, and CP contents were 17.6, 17.4, 17.4, 18.4 and 19.8%, respectively. However, as the N level was increased, DM percentage, total digestible nutrients, and relative feed value were decreased, while the contents of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber, and bareland were continuously increased, particularly in the plot of N 420 kg fdzation. From the above results, it is suggested that reed canarygrass was one of the sensitive pasture grasses to N fertilizer, and the proper amount of N application was 280 kg/ha/yr for desirable production, nutritive value, and botanical composition in r e d conarygrass pasmre.
Studies on the Seed Production and Soiling Utilization of Italian Ryegrass on Paddy Field
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 124~131
In order to find out optimum seed production date according to different defoliation and flooding period of Italian ryegrass, this studies with Tetrone were canied out on the experimental field of Honam Crop Experiment Station from 1986 to 1988. Treatments included cutting date of Nov. 20 and Apr. 10 and flooding period of 5-25 days. In soil after experiment, organic matter, phosphate and silicate content increased, but potassium content decreased 0.16% than that before experiment. Heading and maturing date of Nov. 20 cutting were same with those of non cutting, those of Apr. 10 cutting lates 6 days to heading date and 2 days to maturing date. Plant height and culm length of Nov. 20 cutting were sirniller to those of non cutting, those of Apr. 10 cutting were shorter and panicle length have no difference between non cutting and cutting. Lodging of cutting treatment was reduced than that of non cutting. Lodgin was increased as flooding period was long, also loding of all treatment occured at 30 days after heading. Two cutting times of Nov. 20 and Apr. 10 have the most fresh yield, while non cutting have the most dry matter yield. Optimun seed productin date was considered to suitable when 35 days after heading (Jun. 14), at this time, seed production was 1,640 to 2,640 kg/ha. Also if flooding j u r y have, seed production was good between 10 days and 15 days after flooding.
The Effect of Cultivation Period on Growth Characteristics , Palatability and Forage Yield of Soybean Cultivars
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 132~139
This experiment was canied out to select the soybean of high productivity suited for soiling. and growth characterisitcs, palatability, dry matter and crude protein yield of 10 cultivars of soybean have been evaluated at the experimental forage field. College of Natural Science of Kon-Kuk University in Chungju over three years (1 989-1 09 1 ). The results obtained are summarized as follows: JangBaek showed the tallest plant length from the 70th day to 80th day during cultivation period. and BaekUn showed the tallest at 90th day. PalDal among all cultivars showed the fastest growth rate and the strongest resistant lodging during cultivation period. The stem diameter of 70th day showed highly in order of PalDal and HwangKeum > BaekUn > KwangKyo and JangYeob, the 80th day showed highly in the order of TogYu > BaekCheon > JangBaek and 90th day showed highly in order of BangSa > BaekCheon > JangYeob. Stem hardness was highly increased with increasing of cultivation period, but no significant difference were found among the soybean cultivan. Especially, BaekUn and TogYu of 90th day showed very high as 17.9 and 17.6 kg/cm2, respectively. In the number of branch, PalDal was the lowest during cultivation period(70, 80 and 90th day), and 90th day showed lower two and three times than other soybeans(P<0.05). In the leaf rate, BaekCheon showed the highest according to cultivation period and the lowest in JangBaek. The fresh yield was tended to increase by increasing cultivation period at all cultivars except KwangKyo, but no significant differences were found among cultivars. Dry matter yield of JangYeob was the highest as 5, 861 kg/ ha at 70th day, and that of KwangKyo and TogYu was the highest as 7, 471 and 10, 603 kgha at 80th and 90th day, respectively. Relative palatability of 70th days showed very high at all soybean cultivars(81-100%), and that of 80th and 90th day showed the highest at TogYu, while showed the lowest at PalDal. In crude protein content of the 70th, 80th and 90th day, DanYeob, JangYeob and HwangKeum were the highest as 20.1, 17.9 and 20.4 percentage, respectively. Crude protein yield during cultivation period showed the highest at JangYeob(7Oth : 1, 068, 80th : 1, 211, 90th : 1, 882 kglha), but showed the lowest at BangSa(70th : 61 1, 80th : 814, 90th : 1, 078 kg/ha).
Effect of Seeding Times on the Fresh Yield of Fodder Beet Varieties
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 140~145
This experiment was canied out to investigate the effect of seeding times on the fresh yield of fodder beet varieties, and to select the most adaptable varieties of fodder beet in Daekwanryeong areas. Three varieties(Kyros, Zorba and Hugin) and six seeding times(25 July, 4 Aug. and 14 Aug. in 1993. and 30 Apr., 10 May and 20 May in 1994) were combined in the experiment. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The seeding time for the highest fresh yield of fodder beet was obtained as 18.29 tonha on 25 July in 1993. Of various varieties, the highest fresh yields were 22.59 ton and 18.89 tonlha for Kyros and Zorba on 25 July, and 19.15 tonha for Hugin on 4 Aug. in 1993. 2. The fresh yield of fodder beet were 20.30 ton, 19.41 ton and 16.93 tonlha on 30 Apr., 10 May and 20 May in 1994, respectively. The highest fresh yield of the varieties were 77.78 ton for Kyms on 20 May, 19.79 ton for Zorba on 30 Apr., and 20.63 tonha for Hugin on 10 May in 1994. 3. Shoot and root(S/R) ratio was different between seedling times. S/R ratio of the varieties were increased in 1993 due to the delayed seeding times, but on the contrary it tended to decrease in 1994 with the delayed seeding times. 4. Shoot and root(S/R) ratios of varieties were 0.94, 0.89 and 1.18 for Kyros, Zorba and Hugin in 1993, and 1.29 for Kyms, and 1.85 for Zorba and Hugin in 1994, respectively.
Study on the Whole Crop Pelltt Making of Barley Cultivated on Paddy Land after Rice
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 15, issue 2, 1995, Pages 146~150
The yield performance and nutrient quality of barley for pellets making from whole crop material were discussed during 1993-1994. Barley (cv. Olbori) was grown on paddy land after rice cutivation and was harvested at early stage of physiological maturity. A column type of whole crop pellets was produced by 1.5cm diameter and 2.5cm height. Barley war evaluated as a suitable materials for whole crop pellet making. Barley produced higher yield and better qualitative roughage in the utilization of pellet making than in the silage making. Dry matter yields were obtained 12.02 MTha in pellet making and 11.70 MT/ha in silage making. Net energy value of barley pellet were 6.54 MJ in net energy lactation and 635 SV in starch equivalent net energy. Feeding of barley pellet improved milk production of daily cattle Daily milk yields per head were 25.1 liter in silage feeding and 25.9 liter in pellet feeding. Production cost of pellets and silages made from whole crop barley were 169.07 won/kg and 124.15 won/kg dry matter, respectively.