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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Evaluaton of the Government Recommended Forage Cultivars in Korea III. Forage performance of corn hybrids
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 315~322
Sixteen cultivars of corn(Zea mays L.) hybrids have been recommended as the government recommended corn hybrids since 1984, however, their forage performances have been mostly tested at two locations, such as Suweon and Sunghwan in the Middle parts of Korea. Therefore, the objective of this experiment was to retest the agronomic characteristics and yield of eleven of sixteen government recommended corn hybrids at five scattered locations, such as Icheon, Suweon, Sunghwan, Keonpan and Kwangju in 1993 and 1995 with the intention of improving recommendations to dairy farmers. Among the corn hybrids tested, 'Suweon 19' was susceptible to foliar diseases and poor stay green at all locations in 1993 and 1995. Generally, all hybrids have less lodging and infection rate of rice black streaked dwarf virus(RBSDV) varied by location but mostly not exceed 10%. Infection rate at Sunghwan and Kwangju among locations was the highest as 13.5 and 15.3% respectively. Among the corn hybrids tested, 'Suweon 19' was the highest RBSDV infection rate, but that of 'Kwanganok' and '3282' was lower than other hybrids. At all locations, '3352' and '3394' were the earliest in growth stage, but 'Kwanganok', '3282', 'DK729', 'G4624' and 'DK713' were the latest among the corn hybrids. Ear percentage in total DM of '3352', '3394' and 'G4624' was higher than other hybrids, but that of 'DK713' was the lowest among the corn hybrids. '3352' and '3394' showed the most suitable DM content for silage production at harvest. Among the corn hybrids tested, 'Suweon 19' and '3282' were the lowest DM yield at all locations in 1993 and 1995, but the highest DM yield varied by location. At Icheon, '3144W' and 'G4743', at Suweon, '3352' and '3144W, at Sunghwan, 'DK729' and '3144W', at Keongsan, '3352' and 'DK729', and at Kwangju, '3352' and 'DK689' were the highest DM yield in 1993 and 1995, respectively. Then, '3394' was higher than other hybrids at all locations in 1995. The government recommended corn hybrids tested were generally adapted across the country. However, in forage production situations where wrn should be harvested before the rainy season in late summer, earlymedium maturing corn hybrids, '3352' and '3394' might be preferred.
Ecaluation of Early Maturing and Superior Performance Corn Hybrids for Silage in the Central North and Cheju Regions
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 323~328
Com(Zea mays L.) hybrid is recognized as the principal cmp in a double-cmpping system. Rye(Secale cereale L.), seeded after corn hybrid harvest, is the second crop in the system. Under this forage production system, corn planting is mostly delayed beyond mid-May due to delayed rye harvest on May, but the corn should be harvested until mid-August before the autumn rain started. It is for this reason that early maturing corn hybrids are preferred for silage crops in this system. Twenty eight cultivars of early maturing corn hybrids evaluated in this experiment at three locations (Suweon, Sunghwan and Cheju) for 3 yr(1994-1996) were compared for agronomic characteristics, forage yield and quality. Among the com hybrids tested, DUO1 and GL499 were recommended as the government superior corn hybrids due to their promising agronomic traits, such as short plant and ear heights, adquate dry matter percentage for silage on mid-August, good staygreen along with good lodging and disease resistance, better ear retention, similar yield compared to the control hybrid, Suweon 19 and above average stover quality.
Studies on the Improvement and Management of Hill Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 329~344
To improve germination and growth of forages of hill pasture seeds of several forages were osmotically primed with polyethylene glycol (PEG) under different PEG concentrations, treatment periods, and temperatures. Seeds were coated with several materials, and tested for germination. The best primed or coated seeds in germination tests were surface sow on hilly area. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. Osmotic priming with PEG accelerated germination of forages and reduced time taken for germination. 2. Germinability was best when the seeds of Tama ryegrass or orchardgrass were treated for 6-9 days at 30g PEG1100 ml water, red clover or white clover for 3, or 9 days in 20g PEG1100 ml water at
. 3. Priming seeds of Tama ryegrass or orchardgrass in 30% PEG solution for 6 days, and seeds of red clover or white clover in 20% PEG solution for 6 days at
were most effective in germination, similar to priming at
. 4. Priming seeds of Tama ryegrass at 15C, and orchardgrass, red clover, or white clover at
were effective in germination than priming at other temperatures. 5. Osmotic priming with PEG accelerated germination of forages compared to coated seeds in Petri-dishes, while coated seeds germinated more slowly, but showed better emergence and superior growth to those of primed or intact seeds in the field. 6. Priming seeds increased yield slightly, and coating seeds significantly increased its yield on hilly area.
Effect of Growth Environment on the Root Development of Pasture Species I. Development of hydroponic technique for studies on the root charateristics
Sam Nam Hur ; David. Scott ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 345~350
Using modified Lincoln solution, hydroponic system was developed to compare simultaneously a range of pasture species in terms of relative growth rate(RGR), rate of roots to shoots, and relative root volume and root area. Modified Lincoln solution achieved optimum growth of nineteen forage species tested, and was proved to be a good method for studying plant root characteristics. RGR was measured sucesshlly showing reasonably consistant values over time. There was a much differences in rootkhoot ratio between species within groups as between groups. Root tissue density was lower in grasses than legume or herb group. Root area index was very high for grasses and herbs, and this index should be useful for evaluating the comparative root system of different species.
Forage Value and Ecological Characteristics of Grassland Vegetation by Herbicide Treatments in Rumex acetosella Dominated Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 351~356
With a purpose of finding out the influences of herbicide treatment on the forage value and ecological characteristics of grassland vegetations in the Rumex acetosella dominated pasture, this trial was arranged as a randomized block design with three treatments[1) Seeding(cntrol), 2)dicamba 4
/ha and 3) dicamba 4
/ha], and conducted in Youngam, Jeonnam Province ftom June, 1995 to October, 1996. In the Rumex acetosella dominated pasture, the treatment of dicamba 4
/ha+ lime+seeding+dicamba 4
/ha was improved to the most desirable grassland vegetation with pasture plants of 87%. In the renovated grassland, the life forms of Hemicryptophytes increased greatly by 57.0%, on the other hand Geophytes was much more decreased by 56.8% than those of low productive grassland. The similarity coefficients between grassland vegetation groups were greatly affected by botanical composition. The forage value of standing crop in the renovated grassland with 6.56 was much more increased than low productive grassland with 2.76. The treatment of dicamba 4
/ha+lime+ seedingdicamba 4
/ha increased 2 1% of dry mattaer yield, and were high 18- 19% of energy (NEL and TDN) productivity than those of the control(seeding), respectively.
Effect of Herbicide Treatments on the Renovation of Artemisia princeps Dominated Pasture
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 357~362
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of herbicide treatment and seeding method on the forage yield, weed control, and persistency in the Artemisia princeps dominated pasture. It was arranged as a randomized block design with seven treatments(\circled1 oversowing(control),\circled2 glyphosate 4
/ha + oveysowing a \circled3glyphosate 4
/ha + chiselreseeding, \circled4 paraquat dichloride 3
/ha + oversowing,\circled5 paraquat dichloride 3
/ha + chiselreseeding, \circled6 dicamba 4
/ha + oversowing and \circled7 dicamba 4
/ha + chiselreseeding), and conducted at National Livestock Research Institute in Suwon from June, 1985 to October, 1987. In the Artemisia princeps dominated pasture, the treatments of glyphosate 4
/ha before oversowipg or chisel reseeding controlled 80.7-83.3% of the Artemisia princeps, and for two years the average dry weight of Artemisiaprinceps greatly decreased, but dry matter(DM) yield of forage increased 57-96% than that pf control. In the herbicide treatments, the average DM yield of forage in the plots with chisel r e d i n g was significantly higher when compared to oversowing. The results in this study indicated that herbicide treatment was effective for the control of Artemisiaprinceps, and good renovation of grassland and higher DM yield of forage could be obtained by application of glyphosate.
Effect of the Mixed Rates of Endophyte-free and -infected Seen on the Endophyte Frequency , Dry Matter Yield and Forage Quality of Tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 363~370
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of the mixed rates of endophyte-he and -infected seed on the endophyte fkquency, dry matter yield and forage quality of tall fescue(Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) at the Experimental Field of Grassland and Forage Crops Division, National Livestock Research Institute, Suweon, from 1993 to 1994. The results obtained are summarized as follows: Endophyte frequency was increased with mixed rates of higher endophyte-infected seed, however, it was not different between mixed rates of endophyte-free and -infected seed. DM yield of tall fescue was not different between mixed rates of endophyte-fke and -infected seed, and CP, NDF, ADF and IVDMD contents of forage quality were not influenced by mixed rates of endophyte-he and -infected seed. However, the weed contents were slightly increased with high level of endophyte-free seed. The results demonstrated that endophyk-fke tall fescue did not seem to be greatly weak under poor conditions, if the weed contents were slightly increase.
Effect of Phosphate Fertilization and Cutting Management on Nitrogen Fixation and Feeding Value of Alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L. )
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 371~378
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of P fertilization and cutting fkquency without N fertilizer on nutritive value and nitrogen fixation activity of alfalfa. A field experiment was conducted on the experimental farm of Kongju National University at Yesan from 1994 to 1996. The experimental design was a split plot design with two P levels as main plot and two cutting frequencies as the sub-plot. The results obtained are summarized as follows. Available phosphate, exchangeable Ca and Na in the soil were slightly increased with P fertilizer and basal treatment of lime. Average DM yield was 1.5 ton and 1.4 ton in second and third year. There was no significant difference within P level and cutting kquency. The first cut showed higest CP value as cutting times increased the value tend to be lowered. Crude protein content in 3 and 4 cutting regimes were from 16.3 to 16.6% 17.4 to 17.9% respectively, but no significant effect were found among the main and sub-plot. ADF and NDF in 1995 were ranged from 38.2 to 39.9, 45.1 to 58.1% respectively. ADF was 2% more higher in 1996 compared to previous year and NDF was slightly higher in 1996. There was significant difference of ADF between main plot in 1995. .P, Ca, K and Mg of 200kg P level with 3 times cutting treatment in 1995 and 1996 were 0.32 and 0.23, 0.95 and 0.84, 3.24 and 2.87, and 0.36 and 0.26. Significant difference of K and Mg between cutting frequency was observed in 1995. Nitrogen fixing activity of 400kg P fertilizer plots were higher than 200kg P level and 3 times cutting plot also showed higher acetylene reduction activity than that of 4 cutting per year. Phosphate level and cutting frequency treatment of did not significantly affect nitrogen fixation activity.
Acquisition of Thermotolerance in the Transgenic Plants with BcHSP17.6 cDNA
Ki Yong Kim ; Min Sup Chung ; Jin Ki Jo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 379~386
Recombinant plasmid, pBKH4, containing NPT II and P35S-BcHSP17.6 was constructed by ligation of Bum H I -digested pBKSl-l and BcHSP 17.6 (thermotolerance gene) 6om pBLH4. The tobacco leaf disc was cocultivated with transformed Agmbacterium tumefaciens bearing pBKH4 for 24 hours and transformed shoots were selected on MS-n/B medium containing
of kanamycin. Heat-killing temperature of Nicotima tabacum was
for >15min, and transformed tobacco plants with BcHSP17.6 cDNA exhibited thermotolerance at the heat-killing temperature. The transgenic plants were analyzed by Southern blot hybridization with the probe of
labelled BcHSP17.6 cDNA. Transcription and expression level of BcHSP17.6 cDNA were also continued by Northern blot analysis and Ouchterlony double immunodiffusion assay. In this study, we suggest that the BcHSP17.6 cDNA introduced to tobacco plant is related to thenuoto-lerance and 17.6-kD LMW HSP acts as a protector from heat damage in plants.
Performance of Perennial Ryegrass ( Loium perenne L. ) Cultivars
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 387~398
This experiment was to investigate the surface coverage, sward height and dry matter yield of 63 perennial ryegrass cultivars with control cultivar, orchardgrass(Potomac) at different cutting dates(May 25, July 5, August 20 and October 5), in order to select the adaptable cultivars of perennial ryegrass in the middle region of Korea. Four perennial ryegrass cultivars, E.V. Meadea, Aberystwyth S101, Raidor and Real, didn't survive afler sowing. Surface coverage of perennial ryegrass cultivars cut in August 20 was lower than others. Sward height of perennial ryegrass cultivars at each cutting dates was lower than that of orchardgrass. There were no significant differences in sward heights of each cutting date. Dry matter yield of perennial ryegrass cultivars cut in August 20 was lower than others. Total dry matter yield of Oakpark 6% Viktoria, Petra, G. Manawa, and Kangaroo Valley was fell in the range of 11.76 and 10.37t/ha while that of orchardgrass was 12.09t/ha. On the basis of total annual dry matter yield, the adaptability of perennial ryegrass cultivars was classfied as following.
Effect of Zeranol Injection on Dry Matter and Nutrient Intake Requirements at Growth Stages of Holsein Steer
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 399~406
This research was carried out to investigate the effect of zeranol injection on dry matter(DM) and nutrient intake requirement by growth stage of early castrated bull with 3 treatments(bul1, steer, steer+zeranol) with 28 Holstein bull at National Livestock Research Institute. The main results were as follows: DM intake at growing and fatting stage was the highest in steer groups, that the highest in bull groups at finishing stage and overall mean DM intake was 5% lower at steer+zeranol groups compared to bull and steer, respectively. Net energy intake at finishing stage was the highest as 35.49 Mcal at bull groups, while overall mean net energy intake was 101 - 109% of NRC requirement without significant difference. Concentrate intake to body weight was 1.68- 1.82, 1.91 -2.08 and 1.81 -2.05% at growing, fatting and finishing stage, respectively. Overall mean concentrate intake to body weight at steer groups was 1.94%, which is 1.8 and 1.81% higher compared to bull and steer+zeranol groups, respectively. Feed conversion ratio(DM) during overall period was the worst at steer groups as 9.321g, and also net energy conversion ratio was similar to DM conversion ratio.
Effect of Cutting Frequency and Nitrogen Fertilization on Productivity of Reed Canarygrass ( Phalaris arundinacea L.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 17, issue 4, 1997, Pages 407~414
In this study, the optimum cutting 6equency and level of mineral nitrogen fertilization were investigated for the production of Reed canarygrass in uncultivated rice paddy. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Higher relative dry matter yields were recorded in 2nd cut of plots with 3 and 5 cutting frequencies, and 3rd cut of plot with 4 cutting kquency, respectively. 2. With no nitrogen fertilization, mean dry matter yields per year were 6.2~7.6 tonsha and the highest yield appeared in plot with 4 cutting 6equency. 3. The increased fertilization of mineral nitrogen resulted in the increased dry matter yield. Significantly higher dry matter yields than that of no nitrogen fertilization were recorded in fertilization of 90 kg nitrogen per year in 3 cutting fequency, 240 kg in 4 cutting frequency and 150 kg in 5 cutting 6equency respectively. 4. Efficiency of dry matter production with nitrogen fertilization(kg DMkg N) was higher in 30kg Nhalcut in 3 and 5 cutting eequency, 60kg Nhalcut in 4 cutting 6equency respectively. In each cutting kequency, the higher efficiency of dry matter production appeared in 1st cut in 3 cutting kequency, and 2nd cut in 4 and 5 cutting 6equency respectively. 5. Economic N level(kg/ha) was 179.5~242.3kg/ha in 3 cutting 6equency, and 189.6-241.6kg/ha and 167.0 ~253.2kg/ha in 4 and 5 cutting 6equency respectively, and marginal dry matter yields were 11.4~ 12.3 tons/ ha, 11.2 ~ 11.8 tons/ha and 8.3 ~9.1 tons/ha in 3, 4 and 5 cutting 6equency respectively. 6. The limiting N fertilization level to the highest dry matter were estimated to be 569.9kg/ha, 492.4kg/ha and 654.lkg/ha in 3, 4 and 5 cutting kequency respectively.