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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Effect of Maturity at Harvest on the Changes in Quality of Round Baled Rye Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~6
This experiment was conducted to evaluated the effect of maturity at harvest on the changes in quality of round baled rye silage at forage experimental field of Grassland and Forage Crops Division, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA, Suwon in 1998. The experimental design was a split-plot design with three replications. The main plots were three different harvest stages : boot, heading and flowering stages, and the subplots were days after ensiling : 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 30, 45, and 60 days. The wilting period of boot, heading and flowering stages were 1, 0.5 and 0.5 days, respectively. The final pH of rye silage was higher in the order of flowering, boot and heading stages. And pH of flowering stage began to change at early fermentation period, but that of boot and heading stages was delayed 1~2 days. Ammonia-N content of boot stage was highest. and that was increased as fermentation progressed. But Ammonia-N of heading stage was decreased to 30 days. then that was increased after 45 days fermentation. Among fermentation periods, inside temperature of deep place was not affected by external temperature. And that of deep place was increased to 3
at early fermentation. then decreased as fermentation progressed. However surface temperature was affected by external temperature after 10 days. Acetic acid content was not changed with 5 days by harvest stages, but that of boot stage was increased after 10 days. Butyric acid of boot stage was increased after 5 days. but that of heading stage was increased after 10 days. However lactic acid was increased from 1~2% to 6~8%. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) of heading and flowering stages were highest at 5 days fermentation, and that of boot stage was highest at 10 days fermentation. The results of this study indicate that fermentation of round baled rye silage occur within 5 days. Therefore, any modification should be applied with an 5 days for high quality of round baled rye silage.
Effects of the Application of Different Fertilizers on the Forage Productivity and Quality on Newly Reclaimed Hilly Soil II. Changes in the contents and yields of mineral and general components
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 7~14
This pot experiments was conducted to find out the forage productivity and quality in a grass/clover sward as affected by the application of three different fertilizers; double superphosphate(DS), fused Mg-phosphate(FP), and complex fertilizer(CF) on newly reclaimed hilly soil. This 2nd part was concerned with the contents and yields of mineral nutrients and general components. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The concentrations of P, Ca. Mg, and Na by the forage species were relatively higher in the CF plots than in the FP and DS plots. The yields of mineral nutrients by the forage species were high in the order: CF>FP>DS plots. Especially. these were higher in the ladino clover and mixed forages than in orchardgrass. 2 The contents of crude protein and crude ash were highest with the CF plots, compared with the FP and DS plots. The yields of general components in the ladino clover and mixed forages were apparently highest with the CF plots. whereas these in orchardgrass not showed consistent differences among the plots. It was recognized that the positive effects on the concentrations and yields of mineral nutrients and general components in forages were higher in the order: CF＞FP＞DS plots.
Effects of Plant Growth Regulators on the Regrowth of Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 15~20
Plant growth regulators were treated on the cut perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L. cv. Reveille) to investigate the effect on the regrowth after cutting. The growth showed better result when 0.1 or 0.5 mg/L cytokinin were treated. Among cytokinins, kinetin or 2iP gave the better effect on the growth than BAP. In 2.4-D as an auxin. cut plants grew best at the concentration of 0.1 mg/L. The initial regrowth was very vigorous when GA
was treated as a growth regulator, but the growth was retarded after 2 weeks later of cutting. Co-treatment of kinetin as a cytokinin and 2,4-D as an auxin showed synergistic effect on the regrowth of cut perennial ryegrass. Both plant growth regulators gave the same result at the same concentrations in the suspension culture of perennial ryegrass cells.
Transformation of Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) with Glutathione Reductase Gene
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 21~26
To develop transgenic orchardgrass resistant to reactive oxygen species produced from environmental stresses, a vector with the cytosolic glutathione reductase cDNA (BcGRl) from Chinese cabbage was constructed under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter and was introduced into orchardgrass using Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA101. Transgenic plants from hygromycin-selected calli of orchardgrass did not show any morphological difference from wild-type plants. The results of PCR amplification and genomic Southern blot analysis confirmed the integration of foreign gene into the chromosome of transgenic orchardgrass. Northern blot analysis with total RNA from leaves also confirmed the constitutive expression of BcGR1 in transgenic orchardgrass.
Root Initiation in Cut Alfalfa Stems by Treatment of IBA
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 27~30
When root initiation ratio of cut alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) stems was examined in several medium conditions containing different IBA concentration, Highest root initiation ratio was confirmed at 1.0~1.5 mg/
of IBA and the ratio was 70~75%. When the stems from regenerated shoots from callus were treated at 8 kinds of medium for 10 days, the root iniation result was 10 (50%) at 1/2 SH-0 medium, 10 (50%) at SH-0 medium, 12 (60%) at SH-0.5IBA medium, 15 (75%) at SH-1.0IBA medium, 15 (75%) at SH-1.5IBA medium. 10 (50%) at SH-2.0IBA medium, 9 (45%) at SH-2.5IBA medium and 8 (40%) at SH-3.0IBA medium.
Root Initiation in Cut Italian ryegrass Stems by Treatment of IBA
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 31~34
When root initiation ratio of cut Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) stems was examined in several medium conditions containing different IBA concentration, most higher root initiation ratio was confirmed at 1.0 mg/
of IBA and the ratio was 37.5%. When cut Italian ryegrass stems were treated in cold chamber at 4
for 40 days and incubated in growth chamber at 26
for 1 month, the root iniation result was 0.0% at MS-0 medium, 8.3% at MS-0.5IBA medium, 37.5% at MS-1.0IBA medium, 16.7% at MS-1.5IBA medium and 12.5% at MS-2.0IBA medium.
Root Initiation in Cut Birdsfoot trefoil Stems by Treatment of IBA
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 35~38
When root initiation ratio of cut Birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) stems was examined in several medium conditions containing different IBA concentration, the higher IBA contration of medium was elucidated superior then lower IBA concentration. Highest root initiation ratio was confirmed at 2.5 mg/
of IBA and the ratio was 90~95%. When the stems from regenerated shoots from callus were treated at 8 kinds of medium for 12 days, the root iniation result was 9 (45%) at 1/2 SH-0 medium, 10 (50%) at SH-0 medium, 10 (50%) at SH-0.5IBA medium, 10 (50%) at SH-1.0IBA medium, 13 (65%) at SH-1.5IBA medium, 14 (70%) at SH-2.0IBA medium, 19 (95%) at SH-2.5IBA medium and 14 (70%) at SH-3.0IBA medium.
Growth Characters and Productivities of Corn Varieties at Deakwanryoung District of Korea
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 1, 2001, Pages 39~44
Growth characters and productivities of corn varieties were compared to provide the basic data to the famers that in order to select the good corn varieties at Deakwanryoung district of Korea. Currently cultivated 8 recommended corn varieties and Suwon 19ho as check variety were used in this experiment and experimental design was randomized complete block with three replications. Resarch results obtained at Deakwanryoung branch (sea love 800m) of National Livestock Research Institute in 1999 are summarized as follows. Culm lengths of DK501 and GL4899 among corn varieties were shorter as 180cm and 198cm, respectively and rest of varieties were more or less 230cm and no difference among varieties. Inflorescence height was lower in varieties showing low culm length, and inflorescence heights of PK3525 and DK729 were higher about 10～15cm than those of other varieties. Stem diameters of all varieties except DK501 were thicker compared to check variety, Suwon 19ho and P3144W was thickest. Leaf numbers of late maturing DK729 and G4743 were higher as average 12 and 12.3 per plant, respectively. Silking dates among varieties were ranged from August 10 to 20 showing 10 day difference and DK501 was earliest as August 10 and G4743 was latest as August 20. Ear rates of early silking varieties were more than 46% and late silking varieties were less than 40%(P>0.1). Dry matter and TDN yield of P3351 was highest as 24,710 and 17,470kg/ha respectively, and DK729 and G4743 were second and third in order. In conclusion. early and medium maturing variety. P3352 with high yield and good growth characters was desirable at Deakwanryoung district of Korea.