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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Factors Affecting Plant Regeneration from Seed-Derived Calli in Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb).
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 45~48
In an effort to optimize tissue culture responses of tall fescue, the effects of basic medium and carbon sources on seed culturability and genotypic difference of plant regenerability were investigated. The MS basal medium was superior to
in enhancing callus growth and plant regeneration. To determine the effect of carbon sources on plant regeneration, the seeds were cultured on medium with 30 g/L sucrose and maltose, respectively. Medium supplemented with 30 g/L sucrose resulted in regeneration of shoots from 50% of the calli. The genotypic difference in plant regenerability was obvious among five cultivars of tall fescue tested. \\`KY31\\` and \\`Hokuryo\\` showed to have higher regenerability with the frequency of 33% and 51%, respectively.
Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration form seeds of Zoysia japonica Steud.
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 49~52
conditions for callus induction and plant regeneratin from seeds of lawngrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) were confirmed in this study. MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium containg 2,4-D 3 or 5mg/l was used for callus induction, and MS medium with different volumes of BA, NAA and kinetin hormones was used to regenerate the plants from induced calli. MS basic medium containing agar with no hormones or kinetin 1.0mg/l and MS basic medium containing gelite and NAA 1.0mg/l were higher for green callus induction. MS medium containing agar and kinetin 1.0mg/l ws highest degree of efficiency for plant regeneration.
Effects of Planting Densities on the Major Characters, Forage Yield and Chemical Composition of Jeju Italian Millet
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 53~58
Jeju Italian millet was grown at five planting densities(5
20, 25cm) form May 13 to Aug. 14, 2000 at jeju island to determine influence of planting density on agronomic characters, forage yield and quality. Days to heading increased from 87 to 89 days as planting density was decreased. In 5
5cm planting density plot, plant height was 185.4cm and it was gradually decreased as planting density was increased. So in 30
30cm planting density plot, plant height was 173cm. As planting density increased, stem diameter, the number of nodes per plant, the umber of leaves, leaf width and SPAD reading values was increased, the longer leaf length as the broader planting density. Fresh forage yield increased from 29.99 to 55.01MT/ha, dry matter(DM) yield from 8.04 to 15.59MT/ha, crude protein(CP) yield from 0.78 to 2.26MT/ha and total digestible nutrients(TDN) yield from 3.65 to 7.93MT/ha as planting density was decreased. Crude protein content increased from 9.8 to 14.5% ether extract comtent from 1.4 to 1.9%, nitrogen free extract content from 38.4% to 38.9% and TDN content from 45.4 to 50.9%, but crude fiber content decreased from 34.5 to 30.1% and crude ash content from 9.1 to 8.0% as planting density was decreased.
Effect of Nitrogen Rate on Agronomic characteristics, Forage Yield and Chemical Composition of Kenaf on Jeju Island
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 59~66
In order to determine the influence of nitrogen on agronomic characters, forage yield and quality, a Kenaf was cultured on the volcanic ash soil at the Experimental Farm of Cheju national University under the seven levels of nitrogen rates(0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250kg/ha) from April 25 to Dec. 25, 1999. The plant height increased by increase of nitrogen rate, showing longest 250kg/ha with 286.6cm and shortest at no application plot with 255.7cm. The difference on leaf number, leaf withering number, stem diameter and branches number by nitrogen rate showed a similar tendency to the plant height. Increasing N rate from 0 to 250kg/ha fresh forage yield form 55.8 to 99.8MT/ha, dry matter (DM) yield from 8.8 to 15.8MT/ha, crude protein(CP) yield form 1.2 to 3.1MT/ha, total digestible nutrients (TDN) yield from 3.8 to 8.6MT/ha. However, no significant differences in these yields were found between 200 and 250kg N/ha. Nitrogen uptake increased form 192.9 to 496.2 kg/ha but N use efficiency decreased form 95.0 to 66.6 kg DM
/kg N with increasing from 0 to 250 kg/ha. As N rate increased from 0 to 250kg/ha, leaf and stem out of CP, crude fat (CF), nitrogen free extract (NFE), TDN contents increased from 20.1% to 25.8% and from 9.7% to 12.4%, from 5.6% to 8.1% and from 3.3% to 4.4%, from 36.1% to 40.2% and from 21.9% to 32.4%, from 59.3% to 75.0% and from 32.2% to 38.2%, respectively, while leaf and stem out of crude fiber decreased from 18.5% to 16.7% and from 51.5% to 39.3%. Based on the these findings, the optimum N rate for forage production of kenaf seems to be about 200 kg/ha in atmospheric phenomena and volcanic ash soils of jeju island.
Effect of Drying Methods on the Field Drying Rate and Quality of Alfalfa and Spring Oats Hay
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 67~74
A field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of chemical/mechanical treatments at mowing on the field drying rate and hay quality of alfalfa(Medicago sativa L., cv. Vernal) and spring oats(Avena satvia L., cv. Swan). The chemical drying agent of 2%
, mechanical mower conditioning, and no treatment(control) were treated for hastening hay-making in the spring of 1997. The forages were harvested at early bloom stage in alfalfa and heading stage in oats. After field dry, square bales were made by hay baler, and the dry matter(DM) loss, visual estimation and nutritive value of hay were evaluated after storing two months. The field drying rates of alfalfa and oats were high at mechanical treatment, but the drying effectiveness of chemical agents alone was very low. With mower conditioning, the duration of field dry was shortened by 1 day compared with control. therefore, mower conditioning enhance the field drying rate of alfalfa and oats. The DM loss of alfalfa and oats hay was reduced by mechanical treatment, but the efficiency by chemical alone was low. The visual score(leafiness, green color, odor and softness) of hay at mechanical treatment was slightly higher than that of chemical and control. The nutritive value(ADF, NDF, in vitro digestibility, and relative feed value) of hay was also high with treatment of mechanical, but those of chemical alone were similar compared with control. The nutritive value of hay after two months in both alfalfa and oats was decreased when compared with at harves.
Effect of Storing Method and Film Layers on the quality of Round Baled Fresh Rice Straw Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 75~80
This experiment was carried out to determine the effect of storing method and wrapping frequency on the quality of round baled rice straw silage at experimental field of Grassland and Forage Crops Division, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA, Suwon fro 1999 to 2000. Storing methods consisted of erect and lay type, and wrapping frequencies were composed to 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 film layers. there were no significant difference in feed value between storing methods, but acidity of lay type was significantly higher than that of erect type. According to the wrapping frequency, crude protein(CP) content of 2 film layers treatment was lowest during 6 month storing periods, and that of 4 film layers treatment was lowest during 10 month storing periods. The two film layers treatment which was stored for 10 month was impossible for ruminant to feed it, because it was rotten severely. Storing for 6 month, 2 film layers treatment represented highest pH value by 8.23 and storing for 10 month, 4 film layers treatment showed highest pH value by 7.17. Most of silage ranked grade 3 in quality grade. According to this experiment, it was recommended that application of round bale silage system to fresh rice straw should wrap above 4 film layers for 6 month, and above 6 film layers for 10 month storing periods.
Effects of Potassium Deficiency on C and N Metabolism during Regrowth of Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 81~88
To investigate C and N metabolisms in response to potassium-deficient stress during regrowth of Italian ryegrass(Lolium multiflorum L.), C and N metabolites were analyzed at day 0 (cutting date), 6, 12 and 24 days after defoliation. K-sufficient (control, +K) and K-absent (-K) nutrition solutions were applied from 7 days before defoliation, and continued for one cycle of 24 days-regrowth period. During 24 days of regrowth dry matter of regrowing shoots and remaining tissues were not significantly different between +K and -K treatment. In remaining stubble, all C compounds in both +K and -K treatment largely decreased (69% to 84% of the initial level) during the first 6 days of regrowth, and then rapidly recovered. The decline of soluble sugars and fructan in roots for the first 6 days much less in the -K medium. Amino acids, soluble and insoluble proteins in stubble also feel down during the first 6 days, thereafter actively replenished in both +K and -K treatment. The decline of nitrate in stubble prolonged to 12 days of regrowth. Initial amounts of all N compounds in roots were significantly lower in the -K medium. Higher accumulation of amino acids and soluble protein in roots in the -K medium was observed after 12 days of regrowth. In regrowing shoots, 3 all carbohydrates increased with a very similar pattern for both treatments. Nitrate was not significantly different between two treatments. Depress of soluble protein accumulation in -K medium was noteworthy after 12 days of regrowth. These results indicated that an active utilization of organic reserves occurred to support regrowth even under K deficient condition with a similar extent with K sufficient condition.
Effect of Cutting Height on C and N Reserves and Consequent Regrowth in Frequently Defoliated Turf-Type Perennial Ryegrass(Lolium perenne L.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 89~96
Carbohydrate and soluble protein reserves and regrowth characteristics in response to cutting height were investigated over four regrowth cycles of turf-type perennial ryegrass(Lolium perenne L. cv. preludeII). When the plants were at the full-vegetative stage (twelve weeks-old), three sequential defoliations at 3, 6 and 9 cm above the root base were imposed at 2-week intervals. Shoot dry weight in all three treatments continuously decreased with progressing regrowth cycle and the decreasing rate was higher as cutting height was lowered. TNC (total non-structural carbohydrate) in stubble at the end of the fourth regrowth cycle in 3, 6 and 9 cm cutting height decreased by 98%, 82% and 27%, respectively, comparing the initial content. TNC in roots also largely decreased with similar pattern in response to cutting height, whereas the absolute amount was much less compared to stubble. Soluble protein in stubble in 3, 6 and 9 cm cutting height decreased by 98%, 82% and 57%, respectively, at the end of fourth regrowth. A significant correlations between TNC (r=0.906) or protein (r=0.879) at the fourth defoliation and dry weight of regrowing shoots at the end of fourth regrowth were observed. these results indicated that cutting height closely influences the levels of organic reserves available for new growth, and that the levels of reserves might provide a useful tool as a determinant for regrowth dynamics.
Studies on Ecological Characteristics and Control of Exotic Weeds 1. Distribution and ecological characteristics of exotic weeds in forage crop field
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 97~102
This study was carried out to survey the weed distributions in 6 areas(Suwon, Seonghwan, Seosan, Taekwanryeong, Namwon and Yeongam) and to investigate the ecological characteristics of exotic weeds from 1997 to 1999. Total 44 species in 15 families of exotic weds were observed in grassland and forage crop field. Among them 4 species in 1 family were monocotyledonous and 40 species in 14 families were dicotyledonous weeds. Most common species among exotic weeds examined in this study were Rumex acetosella, Rumex crispus. Chenopodium album, Abutilon theophrasti, Amaranthus retroflexus, Polygonum orientale etc. Inedible weeds with hairs, prickles, fetor or poison were Solanum carolinense Xanthium strumarium, Datura stramnium, Erechtites hieracifolia, Anthemis cotula, Phytolaca americana etc. The relative density of Phytolaca americana increased with decreament of soil pH and content of available phosphate, and that of Solanum carolinense increased with decreament of soil pH and increament of available phosphate. Most of exotic weed seeds germinated well under light condition with
, and some of those were hard or dormant seed.
Studies on Ecological Characteristics and Control of Exotic Weeds 2. Introduction route and control of exotic weeds in forage crop field
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 21, issue 2, 2001, Pages 103~108
This study was carried out to investigate the introduced route of exotic weeds and the effects of herbicide treatment. Herbicide trial was arranged as a completely randomized block design with treatment 1(\circled1 Dicamba
/ha, \circled2 Mecoprop
/ha, \circled3 Bentazone
.ha, \circled4 Glyphosate
/ha and \circled5 Pyrazosulfuron-ethyl 2kg/ha), and treatment 2(\circled1 Dicamba
/ha, \circled2 Dicamba
/ha, \circled3 Glyphosate
/ha, \circled4 Glyphosate 4+Dicamba
/ha and \circled5 Glyphosate 4+dicamba
/ha) against 10 exotic weed species, and conducted in Suwon, Seosan and Yeongam from 1997 to 1999. Exotic weeds have been mostly introduced within imported cereals for concentrate feed or within seeds for forage production. Most of exotic weeds in forage crop field were controlled more than 95% by herbicide, but it was desirable that the control of exotic weeds was abreast of chemical and ecological method.