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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Dry Matter, Nitrogen Distribution and Organic Reserves Accumulation as Affected by Nitrate Supply Level in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)
Kim, Tae-Hwan ; Jung, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Bok-Rye ; Kim, Dae-Hyun ; Kim, Kil-Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 153~160
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.153
To investigate the effects of the exogenous N
supply level on the nitrate assimilation and growth during the vegetative growth stage, and on the accumulation of organic reserves during the successive regrowth period, dry matter (DM), the amount of nitrogenous compounds, total N and starch in alfalfa plants grown hydroponically with 0.2, 1.0 and 3.0 mM KN
was estimated, respectively, during vegetative growth period and two cycle of regrowth. When compared with DMs and N contents in various N compounds in the organs grown with 1.0 mM N
, N starvation symptoms were found in 0.2 mM and a depressive effect was observed in 3.0 mM after 10 weeks of vegetative growth. Total starch content in root system gown with 0.2, 1.0 and 3.0 mM N
during the first regrowth was 50.96, 15.47 and 6.37 mg plant
, respectively. Starch was contained mainly in taproots. The starch content was not significantly changed by 24 days of the second regrowth with 1.0 mM N
. Total nitrogen content in root system grown with 0.2, 1.0 and 3.0 mM N
during the first regrowth was 6.66, 8.43 and 11.09 mg plant
, respectively. Nitrogen was contained mainly in lateral roots; 80% (in 0.2 mM), 74% (1.0 mM) and 76% (3.0 mM) of total nitrogen in root system. Total N content in root system at the end of the second regrowth also closely affected by the N
supply level during the first regrowth. These results suggest that the level of N
may strongly influence the accumulation of organic reserves in root system, and that the initial level of organic reserves for the successive regrowth was one of the determinants for shoot regrowth.
Study on the Rumination Behaviour in Spotted Deer (Cervus nippon) Equipped with EMG Telemetry System
Jeon, B.T. ; Moon, S.H. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 161~168
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.161
A behavioral investigation in deer equipped with EMG telemetry system was carried out to examine the chewing behavior pattern for efficient feeding management of Korean spotted deer(Cervus nippon). There was more frequent and irregular eating and rumination behavior pattern in deer than those in other ruminants. Time spent on eating and ruminating was 261 and 291 min., respectively. Total number of boli regurgitated was 647 times per a day and deer regurgitated an average boil of 21.6 times per a rumination period. Total rumination time was 291 min. and deer have an average rumination time of 26.9 sec. per a boli. Deer had 245.3 min. for total chewing time, 20,405 times fur number of chews, 31.5 times for number of chews per bolus, and 53.4 times for number of chews per minute during rumination period. An average regurgitation bolus an hour was lower with 15.3 numbers in the 09∼15 hours subperiod and higher with 26 numbers in the 15∼21 hours subperiod and it had been gradually trended to become to low after 15∼21 hours subperiod. An average numbers of chews a bolus at every 6 hours subperiod increased gradually according to time. A deer spent 23.3 min. on eating and 26.2 min. on ruminating per 100g ingested dry matter. Consequently, since deer have a different chewing behavioral pattern to other ruminants such as more frequent and irregular eating and ruminating patterns, small bolus and low number of chew, it is likely to needed to establishment and development efficient feeding system for deer.
Study on the Internal Availability of Forest by-product Silage in Spotted deer (Cervus nippon)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 169~176
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.169
To determine availability as a feed source of deer of by-products that produced at reforestation areas and comprised shrubs and wild grasses, mixed forest by-product silage(FBS), arrowroot silage(ARS), bristletooth oak tree silage(BOS), white oak tree silage(WOS) were prepared to compare dry matter intake, digestibility and nitrogen balance in digestion balance trials with spotted deer. Dry matter intake was highest in WOS and lowest in ARS but there was no significant difference(P＞0.05). Digestible dry matter intake was higher in FBS and ARS that had higher dry matter digestibility than in WOS and BOS that had lower dry matter digestibility(P＞0.05). Dry matter digestibility was highest fur ARS and lowest for BOS(P＜0.05). Digestibility of crude protein was similar to that of dry matter. That of crude fiber was higher for FBS and ARS than for BOS and WOS(P＞0.05). Daily gain of body weight was slightly greater for WOS than fer other treatments(P＞0.05). Nitrogen intake was highest for ARS and lowest for BOS(P＜0.05), and fecal nitrogen was opposite to nitrogen intake(P＜0.05). Nitrogen excretion with urine was highest for ARS that had higher nitrogen intake and lowest for BOS and there was a significant difference(P＜0.05). Retained nitrogen was highest for FBS and lowest for. BOS (P＞0.05). Although there was no significant difference(P＞0.05): the ration of nitrogen intake to retained nitrogen was highest in FBS for 43.9% and lowest in BOS for 24.7%. Consequently because by-products that produced at reforestation areas had high intake and internal availability, it was evaluated to valuable feed source for deer.
Study on the Palatability, Digestibility and Feeding Behavior in Spotted Deer (Cervus nippon) Fed Forest by-product Silage
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 177~186
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.177
This experiment was conducted to examine possibility and suitability of forest by-product as a roughage source of deer. As a experimental diet, forest by-product silage(FPS) and commercial mixed ration(CMR) were prepared to compare dry matter intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance and feeding behavior in feeding trials with spotted deer. The digestibility of dry matter was higher(P<0.05) in CMR than in FPS. The digestibility of crude protein was higher in CMR than in FPS and there was significant difference(P＜0.05). CMR had more digestibility of crude fiber than FBS but the difference was not significant. Dry matter intake were similar in both diets. Digestible dry matter intake was higher in CMR than FPS, however, there was no significant difference between experimental diets. Nitrogen intake, urinary and digestible nitrogen were significantly higher(P<0.05) in CMR than FPS. The efficiency of nitorgen utilization was higher for FPS than for CMR. Feeding behavior were similar in FPS and CMR. Consequently. It would be expected that FPS that composed with various feed sources can be used as a good roughage source of deer. Because it has high digestibility, dry matter intake and internal availability of nitrogen.
Studies on the Similarity and Ecological Characteristics of the Plant Communities in a Grazing Pasture
;T. Fricke;G. Spatz;
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 187~194
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.187
This study was carried out to investigate the ecological characteristics, forage value and similarity among the plant communities of the gazing pasture at Witzenhausen, Germany. Ten plant communities of the different grazing pasture were the Molinio-Arrhenatheretea that was named the class of plant sociological nomenclature. The forage value of the plant communities were ranged from 4.35 to 6.60 grade for roughage qualify. Hemicryptophyte of lift form and mesomorphic of anatomical structure were greately dominated in all the plant communities. The correlation coeffcient between class No. 3 and 4 of plant communities was highest by botanical composition. The clustering analysis by Euclidean distance showed that class No. 9 and 10 of plant communities were closely grouped as affected by the similar botanical composition.
Research Trends of Papers Published in Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science During Last Twenty
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 195~200
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.195
Research trends of papers published in Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science(JKSGS) during last 20 years(1982~2001) were examined. Total number of papers published in JKSGS during last 20 years was 668. In the classification of published papers according to research objects, the rate of paper related to grassland was highest as average 18.6% of total research papers during last 20 years. Next was an orchardgrass 8.7, com 8.4, and sorghum and sorghum
sudangrass hybrid 7.1%. In classification of published papers according to research fields, cultivation field was studied more than others and the rate of cultivation field was highest as 38.8%, and physiology, utilization, breeding and biotechnology field was 23.7, 20.7, 9.1 and 6.6%, respectively. In comparison of average rate of research contents on the papers published during last 20 years, studies on the manure and fertilization were continously increased up to average 20% during recent 5 years(1997~2001). Study on the biotechnolgy was rapidly increased from average 6.6% of last 20 years to average 15% of recent 5 years. Study on the weed was also increased from average 2.5% to 5.9%. On the other hand, studies on the productivity and quality were rapidly decreased from average 31.3% of 5 years(1982~1956) to average 7.7% of recent 5 years. Research trend on the pasture appeared to be similar.
Selection of Promising Barley Cultivar for Silage 1. Growth Characteristics and Fresh Matter Yield
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 201~208
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.201
This study was carried out to select the promising barley cultivar for whole crop silage in paddy Held of Suwon, Iksan and Milyang from 1998 to 2001. The heading stage of barley were April 30∼May 4, April 24∼May 3 and April 17∼29 at Suwon, Iksan and Milyang, respectively. In yellow ripe stage, fresh of barley were 24.07∼29.88, 23.18∼32.07 and 17.16∼28.11 MT per ha at Suwon, Iksan and Milyang. and dry matter yield of barley were 5.78∼9.98, 6.66∼12.73 and 7.23∼11.57 MT per ha at Suwon, Iksan and Milyang, respectively. Also, total digestible nutrient(TDN) yield was 5.67∼6.57 MT per ha at Suwon and it was best before yellow ripe stage for harvest in cropping system. The promising barley cultivars for whole crop silage in paddy field were Albori at Suwon, and Milyang 92, Saessalbori, Keunalbori, Naehanssalbori at Iksan, and Keunalbori, Albori, Naehanssalbori, Saegangbori at Milyang, respectively.
Production of New Regenerated Plant by Anther Culture of Italian Ryegrass
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 209~212
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.209
We obtained regenerated Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) plants by anther culture. When Italian ryegrass anther was incubated for 20 days on callus induction medium, MS medium containing 30 g/
of sucrose, 2 mg/
of NAA and 1 mg/
of kinetin, its callus was induced. The ratio of callus induction was 9.2 %, the mean of callus weight was 8.6 mg/callus/anther. When Italian ryegrass callus was incubated for 50 days on plant regeneration medium, MS medium containing 30 g/
of sucrose, 1 mg/
of NAA and 2 mg/
of kinetin, Italian ryegrass plant was regenerated. The ratio of plant regeneration was 26%.
Studies on the Growth Characteristics, Forage Yields and Nutritive Values of Heading and Headless Types of Sorghum X Sudangrass Hybrids
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 213~220
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.213
The growth characteristics, forage yields and nutritive values of heading and headless types of sorghum
sudangrass(Sorghum bicolar L.) hybrids were examined to evaluate the adaptability of new cultivars at Suwon and Chunahn for two years from 2000 to 2001 in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Eleven cultivars of heading type and 4 cultivars of headless type were used in this study. The dry matter(DM) yield of AG 2501 was highest in the heading type cultivars, and PAC F8350 in the headless type cultivars, respectively. The DM yields of heading types were slightly higher than those of headless types but there were not significantly different. Early growth and regrowth characteristics of heading type was highest in AG 2501 and GW 9110G, respectively. GW 9110G and DMD were early heading types, and AG 2501 and GW 9161F were middle heading types. AG 2501 was longest and GW 9161F was shortest in plant height. Cultivars with long leaf length were appeared to be larger fur leaf width and stem diameter. Brix content was highest in DMD as 9.7%, and disease and insect resistances were not significantly different among the heading types. Early growth of headless type cultivar, PAC F8350 was slightly lower than that of Jumbo but stronger in regrowth, wider in leaf width and stem diameter, and stronger in lodging. Comparisons of growth characters between heading and headless types of cultivars were not easy in general but between them, brix contents of heading types ranging from 6.7 to 7.9% were greatly higher than those of headless types ranging from 3.6 to 3.9%. Nutritive values such as crude protein, ADF, NDF and digestibility of headless type cultivars were higher than those of heading types. In conclusion, of heading type cultivars, GW 9110G, AG 2501, DMD and GW 9161F, and of headless type cultivars, Jumbo and PAC F8350 were recommended as high yielding cultivars with good adaptability in domestic environment.
Effects of Drill Widths and Nitrogen Application Levels in Early Spring on the Growth Characteristics and Seed Productivity of Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multifloum Lam.)
Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, volume 22, issue 3, 2002, Pages 221~226
DOI : 10.5333/KGFS.2002.22.3.221
The effects of drill widths and nitrogen application levels on the growth characteristics and seed productivity of Italian ryegrasss(Lolium multiflorum Lam.) were evaluated. The experimental design was a split-plot arrangement with three replications. The main-plots were three drill widths of 15, 30 and 45cm, and subplots were three nitrogen application rates of 50, 75 and 100 kg/㏊ in early spring. Among the growth characteristics, lodging tolerance appeared to be highest in the treatment including 45cm of drill width and 50kg/㏊ of nitrogen application compared to other treatments. The numbers of stem per one square meter tended to be increased more in drill width of 15cm than in that of 30 or 45cm, but other growth characteristics were similar among treatments. In seed yield components, the numbers of spike per one square meter were getting increased according as drill width was narrower, but spike length and 1,000 seed weight were longer and heavier. respectively. The rate of ripened pains was highest in treatment including 30cm of drill width and 50kg/㏊ of nitrogen application. Maximum seed yield was also obtained in same treatment.